№ 4 (26) 2011

ISSN 2500-0217 / Включен в Перечень ВАК


№ 4 (26) 2011

№ 4 (26) 2011
В номере

  • Dominant legal state - developed civil society
  • Pravoponimanie: a review of conceptual views
  • Van Nieuwenhuizen Plevako rhetorical arguments defensive speeches
  • The control function of society over the activities of the State

Тема номера

On the way to understand the world civilization

Summaries of articles

Sokolov A.N., Serdobintsev K.S.
Dominance of the rule-of-law state means developed civil society
Problems of developing civil society and rule-of-law theory under conditions of present-day Russia are investigated in the article. Peculiarities and stable trends of functioning, development and interaction of the state and its institutions with the institutions of civil society in Russia are revealed. The idea of these peculiarities, depending critically on the specific character of the Russian state development itself, in contrast to its the western counterparts, and the character of its interaction with the society, is given grounds.
Key words: rule-of-law state, dominance of law, supremacy of legal law, authoritarian regime, police state, civil society.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bocharov, VM, Sokolov AN Theory of State and Law / Tutorial. - Kaliningrad, the Russian Interior Ministry KlYuI, 2010.
2. Enikeev ZI Actual problems of the theory and practice of law in Russia (Materials of the round table discussion on the 5th anniversary of the magazine) / / Rule of Law. 2010. Number 1.
3. Interview with head of Russian Presidential Administration SE Naryshkin / / Rossiyskaya Gazeta. 2010. On January 14.
4. Makarenko VP Bureaucracy and Stalinism. Rostov-on-Don, 1989.
5. The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany (in Russian). - Lek, publishing "Claussen and Bosse," Germany.
6. The enlightened elite. Interview with EM Primakov / / Rossiyskaya Gazeta. 2010. On March 11.
7. Ryan, FM Actual problems of the theory and practice of law in Russia / / The rule of law. 2010. Number 1.
8. Sokolov, AN Legal State: from idea to its materialization / Monograph. Kaliningrad Amber tale, 2002.
9. Brueggemann D. Die Rechtssprechende Gewalt. Berlin. 1962.
10. Kleiner H. Studien ueber die Grundrechte. Berlin. 1964.
11. Scheuner U. Die nene Entwicklung des Rechtsstates in Deutschland. Tuebengen. 1968

Samigullin V.K.
Understanding of law: a brief review of conceptual outlooks
The article views a particularly topical issue – understanding of law. Briefly, but with without compromising the contents, a description to the most important approaches to the understanding of law is given: theological conceptions of law, natural law doctrine, legal positivism, historical school of law, sociological jurisprudence.
Key words: law, understanding of law, conception, theology, sociological jurisprudence, natural law.

Khazhipov R.Kh.
Constitutional and rule-of-law state: dialectics of interconnection
« Constitutional and rule-of-law state: dialectics of interconnection» is devoted to the problem of correlation between the rule-of-law and constitutional states. Along with admitting the inequality of these categories, a special role of the constitution in the formation of ideas and principles of the rule-of-law state and the fact that the constitutional state is a peculiar incarnation of the rule-of-law state are emphasized.
Key words: constitutional state, rule-of-law state, constitutionalism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kotlyarevsky C, A. Power and right. The problem of law. - St. Petersburg., 2001. S.2005-.
2. Hesse V. Foundations of Constitutional law. - Petrograd. 1917. - P.66.
3. Topornin BN The Constitution of the socialist rule of law / / In Sat "The socialist state of law. Problems and judgments. "- M., 1989. - P.24. See also: Alekseev, SS Constitutional state - the fate of socialism. - M., 1988, Buchanan JM, RZ Livshits The socialist state of law: from idea to implementation. - M., 1989, etc.
4. Kravets, VA Formation of Russian constitutionalism (theory and practice). - M., 2002. - S. 157.
5. Sajo A. Self-limitation of power (a short course of constitutionalism) .- M., 2001. - P.22.
6. Habrieva TY, VE Chirkin The theory of the modern constitution. - M., 2007. - P.63-64.
7. Kravets IA The decree. cit. - P.157.

Baisheva Z.V.
Rhetorical arguments in the defensive speech F.N. Plevako
The article analyses the most frequent rhetorical arguments in Plevako’s speech: psychological arguments, references to Holy Bible, proverbs and sayings, references to listeners. The article also deals with the methods of making rhetorical arguments specific to the famous lawyer and their role in making persuasive court speech.
Key words: rhetorical argument, psychological argument, reference to the authority.
Work bibliographic list
1. Smolyarchuk VT Giants and sorcerers of the word. - M., 1984. C. 202.
2. Michael's NG, Odintsov, VV Art judicial orator. - M., 1981. , P. 44.
3. Michael's NG, Odintsov, VV Art judicial orator. - M., 1981. , P. 50.
4. Kony, AF Final argument in criminal proceedings / / AF Horses Works in 8t. M.: in "Legal Literature," 1967. V.4. S. 367-368.
5. Petrov, OV Rhetoric: A manual for law students. M., 2001. S. 315, the effectiveness of this comparison is also noted in the PS Porohovschikova: Sergeich P. (Porokhovshchikov PS) Art speech at the trial. Tula, 2000. , P. 56.

Galikeyeva I.G.
Control over state activities function of the society and development of its legal bases under modern conditions
The article is devoted to the raising the issue of developing the control over state activities function of the society under the conditions of Post-Soviet development of the Russian society.
Key words: control over state activities function of the society, legal bases of its development.
Work bibliographic list
1. "Moskovsky Komsomolets» № 25 754 of 24 September 2011.
2. Speeches DA Medvedev and VV Putin at the XII Congress of "United Russia", which formed the basis for programs of a political party "United Russia" in the near future.

Research papers
Samoilov A.Yu.
Problems of using auditing and inventorying data for establishing grounds for institution of a criminal case at the enterprises of chemical and oil-refining industry
The article reviews the peculiarities of inquiry bodies’ and investigator’s activities at the stage of institution of a criminal case. There exist tactical methods, aimed at establishing the necessary and sufficient grounds for justified and lawful initiation of a criminal procedure
Key words: materials of audits and inventories, prevention of crime, the enterprises of chemical and oil-refining industry.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borodin, SV Resolve the question of a criminal investigation textbook SV Borodin. - M., 1970.
2. Melikyan, MA Procedural and forensic aspects of the pre-screening of applications for reports of crimes Abstract. dis. ... Candidate. Juridical. Science / MA Melikyan. - Krasnodar, 1998.
3. Ovsyannikov, VA Grounds and motives of making criminal procedure decisions under criminal investigation [Text] Abstract. dis. ... Candidate. Juridical. Science / VA Ovsyannikov. - Omsk, 2001.
4. Tsenova TP Problems of methods of investigation of commercial fraud [Text] Abstract. dis. ... Candidate. Juridical. Science / TP Tsenova. - Krasnodar, 2003.
5. Larichev, VD, AA Protkin Organization and Methods investigation of theft of fuel and lubricants [Text] Tutorial / VD Larichev, A. Protkin. - M., 1989.
6. Aminev FG Methods of investigation of crimes committed in the fuel and energy complex tutorial educational and practical guide / FG Amines, etc. - Ufa UYUI Ministry of Russia, 2008.

Research papers
Gerasimov A.P., Maksimova Ye.V.
On the notion of a normative legal act of a federal executive body
Today the normative legal acts issued by federal executive bodies, exceeding the number of laws tens of times, put the social life to thorough regulation and the importance of the system of these acts is predetermined by the ever growing number of documents of this kind, so the difficulty of study of these acts is conditioned by the mobility of nominations and functions of the executive bodies themselves. Thus, the above-stated explains the topicality of the chosen by the authors theme of investigation.
Key words: executive power, normative legal acts, state power.
Work bibliographic list
1. Russian news. 1992. № 11.
2. Ryabtsev VP Blinov AJ Administrative Acts: systematic problem (for example, the Prosecutor's Office) / / Journal of Russian law. 2002. № 10. , P. 34.
3. RF Vasil'ev Acts of government (legal concept and properties): Dis ... Dr. Juridical. of Sciences. - M., 1980. S. 149-158, 298-301.
4. Laws of the Russian Federation. 1997. № 33. St.3895.
5. Executive power in the Russian Federation / Ed. AF Nozdracheva, Y. Tikhomirov. - M., 1996. P. 8.
6. The Russian newspaper. 2004. On March 11.
7. Kvasha O. Normative legal acts of federal executive authorities and their practical implementation: Diss. ... Ph.D. - Yaroslavl, 2005. P.40.
8. Laws of the Russian Federation. 1997. № 51. Of Art. 5712.
9. Constitution, law, bylaw / under. Ed. JA Tikhomirov. - M., 1994. C. 103.
10. Nozdrachev AF Specification limits of laws and regulations by ministries and departments of the USSR / / Memoirs VNIISZ. 1968. No. 12. P. 74; Levchenko, VM Acts of the Council of Ministers and acts, their developmental / / Soviet State and Law. 1975. Number 3. S. 107, S. Polenina Theoretical problems of Soviet law. - M., 1979. S. 114-120

Research papers
M.R. Khasanshin
Properties of a legal system
In given article the problem of properties of legal system is considered. It is stressed that the given problem is insufficiently investigated nowadays, that there is no completeness of its investigation. The author of the present article makes an attempt to disclose the problem of the basic properties of a legal system. The properties of legal system revealing its structure, interaction with the environment, and special properties of legal system are mentioned.
Keywords: legal system; property of legal system; the properties connected with interaction of a legal system with the environment; the properties revealing the structure of a legal system; special properties of a legal system.
Work bibliographic list
1. Philosophical dictionary / ed. I.T. Frolov. - 5th ed. - M. Politizdat, 1987. - S.421.
2.Vikipediya (electronic resource). Mode of access: http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Системы (date accessed: 09.01.2011).
3. Osipyan BA The idea of ​​self-developing legal system / / Journal of Russian law. -2004. - № 4. - P.71-79.
4. Alekseev, SS Law and legal system / / Legal. - 1980. - № 1. - P.27-34.; Maltsev
VA The law as a regulatory system activity / / Journal of Russian law. - 2002. - № 4. -P.94-103.
5. Narykova SP A systematic approach to the study of the mechanism of legal regulation: Dis. ... Candidate. Juridical. Sciences: 12.00.01. M., 2006. - P.17-18.
6. Breather, VA Instrumental theory of law in jurisprudence / / Current
State and law. Theory and history. Collection of scientific works. Vladivostok, 1992;
MY Vetyutnev Application of the instrumental approach to law / / Journal of Russian law .- 2004. - № 8. - P.165-167.
7. V. Larin On the question of illegality of abuse of the right / / Law and Policy. - 2007. - № 3 (electronic resource). Mode of access: SPS Consultant.
8. Hart G.L.A. The concept of right / Trans. with Engl., under gen. Ed. EV Afonasin and S. Moiseyev. St Petersburg. Univ of St. Petersburg. Press, 2007. - P.120.
9. Aronov, D., D. Buhvostova Prospects for the study of the liberal constitutional law in Russia / / State history and law. - 2008. - № 20 (electronic resource). Mode of access: SPS Consultant.
10. Egorov AV Comparative legal method and setting the content of foreign law / / Journal of Russian law. - 2005. - № 8 (electronic resource). Mode of access: SPS Consultant.
11. Zinoviev, AA On the way to sverhobschestvu. Part 1-3. Moscow: ZAO Publishing House Tsentrpoligraf, 2000 (electronic resource). Mode of access: http://www.situation.ru/app/rs/lib/zin-svo/cont.html (date accessed 10/03/2011).
12. Dmitrienko, JM Current approaches to the study of legal determinism pravostanovleniya transition (electronic resource). Mode of access: http://www.rusnauka.com/10_NPE_2008/Pravo/27861.doc.htm (date accessed 03/20/2011).
13. Tarasov, O. State and Law in Transition: role in the new economy / / Academic Law Journal. - 2002. - № 2 (electronic resource). Mode of access: (Date accessed: 10/04/2011).
14. Blauberg IV, Yudin EG The systems approach to social research / / Problems of Philosophy. 1967. Number 9. - P.109.
15. Tyukhtin VS Systemic-structural approach and the specific knowledge of the philosophical / / Problems of Philosophy. 1968. № 11. - S. 48.
16. Anokhin, PK Philosophical aspects of the theory of operation of the system / / Problems of Philosophy. 1971. Number 3. - P.57.
17. See Latfullin GR, Raychenko A. Organization Theory: A Textbook for high schools. St Petersburg. Peter, 2003. - S.196.
18. Baytin MI Law and Legal System: questions of the relation / / Law and Policy. - 2000. - № 4 (electronic resource). Mode of access: (Date accessed: 05/10/2011 city).
19. Alekseev, SS On the concept of right / / Legal. - 1970. - № 1. - P.22-23.

Research papers
Kotkovskiy L.E.
Courts martial of the Nazi Germany – a ruthless machine of pronouncing death sentences
Reactionary and misanthropic practice of the Nazi Germany military courts is analysed in the article.
Key words: army of the Nazi Germany, military courts, military jurisdiction, types of punishment, distortion of law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Hitler A. Mein Kampf, 1940, - S. 588.
2. Sokolov, AN Bocharov, V. Evolution of Justice of Germany from an instrument of class justice to guarantee the rule of law: Monograph - Kaliningrad: Russian Interior Ministry KlYuI, 2007. - S. 79.
3. Messerschmidt M. Deutsche Militaergerichtsbarkeit im zweiten weltkrieg / / HI Vogel AA Die Freiheit des Anderen, 1981. - S. 111.
4. Schwinge E Militaerstrafgesetzbuch. Kommentar. 5. Aufslag, 1993 .- S. 2.
5. Mueller Ingo. Furchtbare Juristen. - Muenchen, 1987. - S. 188.
6. Messerschmidt M. Deutsche Militaergerichtsbarkeit im Zweiten Weltkrieg / / HI Vogel AA Die Freiheit des Anderen, 1981. - S. 116
7. Hennicke O Auszuege aus der Wehrmachtsstatistik / / ZFMG, 1966. S 445
8. Messerschmidt M. Deutsche Militaergerichtsbarkeit im Zweiten Weltkrieg. a.a.o. - S.116 u. ff.
9. Hennicke O Auszuege aus der Wehrmachtsstatistik / / ZFMG, 1966. S 445
10. Viltjus U. Kampfanzug unter der Robe, 1984. - S. 69.
11. Bei R. Absolon (Hrsg) ^ Das Wehrmachtsstrafrecht im Weltkrieg (1958). S.90 ff.
12.Der Spiegel. Nr 32/1972. - S. 148.
13. U. Viltejus. Kampbanzug unter der Robe (1984). -S. 102.
14. Martin B. Zur Untauglichkeit eines uebergreifenden Faschismus - Begriffs, in: VjHZ. 1981. S. 71 f.

Research papers
Feofilaktov A.S.
Confiscation of instrument of an administrative offence: the issues of past arbitration court rulings
The problems of imposition of confiscation, as a punishment for committing an administrative offence are viewed in the article. The author analyses the ruling of the Constitutional Court of the RF, issued on the 25th of April 2011, establishing the fact that practice of confiscation of items that were used as an instrument of an offence and not belonging to the offender as a property is in contradiction to the Constitution. The question of grounds of imposition of the confiscation as an additional punishment is investigated regarding the materials of past arbitration court rulings.
Key words: confiscation, administrative offence, sanction, court.
Work bibliographic list
1.Bahrah DN Confiscation as a measure of administrative responsibility / / Enforcement Proceedings 2008, № 2;
2.Malyshev AN Confiscation of the Russian private and public law / / Legal World 2008, № 4
3.Pankova O. Confiscation as a measure of an administrative penalty / / stuff plus ATP Consultant, 2006
4.Maksimov M. Administrative penalties, M., Norma, 2009;
5.Osipov AA The rules impose an administrative penalty / / Administrative Law, 2008, № 1

Research papers
Karimov A.S.
On the issue of necessity of air protection legislation of the Republic of Bashkortostan perfection.
On the basis of ecological and sanitary-hygienic analysis of atmosphere air condition the Author draws a conclusion that there is a necessity of reinforcement and perfection of regional air protection legislation.
Key words: right to favourable air environment, air protection legislation, modernisation of  air protection legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. The Constitution of the Russian Federation of December 12, 1993 (Advisor Plus version Professional.), As amended by the Law of the Russian Federation on amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation of 30.12.2008 № 6 ERPs and from 30.12.2008 № 7-FKZ.
2. The Constitution of the Republic of Bashkortostan on 24 December 1993 (Advisor Plus version Professional.) As amended by Act of the Republic of Belarus 19.05.2011 № 395-r.
3. Federal Law "On Environmental Protection" dated January 10, 2002 (Advisor Plus version Professional.) In the red. Federal Law of 18.07.2011 № 242-FZ, of 18.07.2011 № 243-FZ.
4. Federal Law "On Air Protection" dated 04 May 1999 (Advisor Plus version Professional.) In the red. Federal Law of 18.07.2011 № 242-FZ.
5. Ecological Code of the Republic of Bashkortostan of the year 28/10/1992 (Consultant Plus version Professional.) As amended by Act of the Republic of Belarus 31.01.2011 № 358-r.
6. Gabitov AD Air protection law. - Ufa, 2010.
7. State reports on the status of natural resources and environment of Republic of Bashkortostan in 2004-2009.
8. B. Commoner circle closes. - Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1974.


ISSN 2500-0217 / Включен в Перечень ВАК