№ 4 (18) 2009 - Юридический журнал Правовое государство: теория и практика

ISSN 2500-0217 / Включен в Перечень ВАК

 

№ 4 (18) 2009

№ 4 (18) 2009
Inside

  • Social and political views of Jean-Paul Marat
  • Legal culture and cultural tradition: essentially, meaningful engagement
  • The influence of the tradition of local government on public relations in terms of rule of law in Russia
  • Functions of state-legal conflict in a legal state

Feature

Rule of law and legal culture

State and Law theory
Utyashev M.M.
Socio-political views of Gean Paul Marat
Galiev.F.Kh
Legal culture and cultural traditions: essential and substantial interaction.
Shaikhullin. M.S.
Influence of local government traditions on social relations under the conditions of rule-of-law state formation.
Yalovega V.N.
On the development of the social theory of human rights.
Muhametdinov R.Kh., Alimbekov A.G.
Functions of state-legal conflict in the rule-of-law state.
Nekrasova O.V.
Guaranties of legal duties' execution.
Khasanshin M.R.
On some issues of “law system” category.

Criminal policy of the state
Minyazeva T.F.
Conditional sentence as a different measure of criminal legal character.
Khismatullin R.S., Klimina K.R.
Some features of judicial examination of a civil claim in the criminal process.
Malikova N.V.
Safety of victims and witnesses among the convicts sentenced to confinement: legal theory aspects
Adigamova G.Z., Kudryavtseva O.G.
Questions of efficiency of criminal-procedural detention in modern conditions
Popova I.A.
Problems of investigation situations in the criminalistic literature.

Legislation perfection issues
Kuznecov R.V.
The civil contract on accessing and provision of geological information on the subsoil.
Kurbanov D.A.
Collection, production, investigation and estimation of evidence according to the Arbitration Procedure Code of the Russian Federation.
Mardanov D.A., Khismatullin O.Yu.
Compulsory execution of the mesne process.
Nadtachaev P.V., Chernova G.Sh.
Legal nature of the notion “sanction” in the civil law.
Muratshina G.P.
Justice of the peace institution: from the issues of formation to prospects of further development.
Akhtyamova E.V.
Nation of tourist services, features and problems of their realization under the treaty.
Valeev R.A.
The issue of the feature’s of legal person’s economic entity definition in the civil law of the Russian Federation.
Amelin A.V.
Legal aspects of ensuring the secrecy of election in the European countries.
Kulakova A.A.
Some of the problems of individual’s rights ensuring when deprived of property for the public benefit
Akchulpanova E.Kh.
On the issue of eviction of citizens from the living quarters.
Ibragimova S.V.
Topical problems of compensation for harm caused to the life and health of citizens in the time of iquidation of legal persons chargeable for the harm.
Gimadrislamova O.R.
Integrity is the characteristic feature of a housing cooperative as a legal person.
Saveliev A.A.
On the right of property burden concept.
Garifullina O.R.
Participation of people’s representatives in the courts of justice of post-soviet states’ legislation.

State and Law theory
Utyashev M.M.
Socio-political views of Gean Paul Marat

The paper deals with the scientific and publi-cistic articles, views, and drafts of the famous figure of the French revolution Marat. Humanistic character of Marats views is emphasized. His ideas of democracy, sovereignty of the people, human rights,  civil liberties are revealed.
Key words: despotism, slavery, «the Friend of the people», «the slavery Purposes», democratism, democracy, human rights, a civil freedom.
Work bibliographic list
1.Zhan Pol' Marat. Izbrannye proizvedenija v 3-h tomah. M.: Nauka, 1956. - T. 1. - S. 337.
2.A. Manfred. Marat. M., 1962. - S. 31.
3.Cit. po: A. Manfred. Ukaz. soch. - S. 34
4.Zhan Pol' Marat. Pamflety. M., 1937. - S. 50
5.Zhan Pol' Marat. Cepi rabstva // Sobranie soch. - T.1.          S. 75-76
6.Zhan Pol' Marat. Cepi rabstva. Pamflety. M., 1937. - S. 77.
7.Zhan Pol' Marat. Cepi rabstva. // Sobranie soch. - T.1.          S. 183.
8.Zhan Pol' Marat. Plan ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva. T. I. - S. 243
9.Zhan Pol' Marat // Drug naroda. Izb. proizvedenija. T. I. – S. 66.
10.Zhan Pol' Marat. Dar otechestvu. T. I. - S. 292.
11.Zhan Pol' Marat Sobr. soch. T. II - S. 22.7
12.Zhan Pol' Marat. Izb. proizvedenija. T. II. – S. 125
 
 
State and Law theory
Galiev.F.Kh.
Legal culture and cultural traditions: essential and substantial interaction

The article deals with the correlation of legal culture and cultural traditions functioning in the society. Cultural traditions, having regulative influence on people’s behavior and actions, promote public and legal order establishment thus they supplement the legal culture with specific diversity.
Key words: the state, the right, legal culture, regulation of public relations, social norms.
Work bibliographic list
1.Kerimov D.A. Metodologija prava: Predmet, funk-cii, problemy filosofii prava. - 4-e izd. – M.: Izd-vo SGU, 2008. – S.  513-514.
2.Panchenko P.N. Gosudarstvennaja vlast', pravoporjadok i bor'ba s prestupnost'ju // Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. – 2009. - # 3. - S. 140-141.
3.Fabrika I.V. Aksiologicheskaja sushhnost' pravosoznanija lichnosti: teoreticheskij aspekt: avtorefer. dis. …. na soisk. uch. step.  kand. jurid. nauk.  Cheljabinsk, 2007.
4.Lezhe, Rajmon. Velikie pravovye sistemy sovremenno-sti: sravnitel'no-pravovoj podhod / Rajmon Lezhe; per. s fr. A.V Grjazova. – M.: Volters Kluver, 2009. – S. 109.
 
 
State and Law theory
Shaikhullin. M.S.
Influence of local government traditions on social relations under the conditions of rule-of-law state formation

The problem of efficiency of the local government traditions’ functioning under the conditions of the present day formation of Rule-of-Law state is viewed in the article. Properties and features of traditions as social norms, in the course of formation of the legal and social regulation system of the local government in the Russian Federation are regarded.
Key words: tradition, the right, lawful state, local government, social norm, municipal unions.
Work bibliographic list
1.Stanislovajtis R.I. Obychai i tradicii v mehanizme social'nogo dejstvija prava: dis. …. d-ra. jurid. nauk. - Vil'njus. 1989. - S. 49.
2.Sarsenbaev N. Obychai i tradicii v razvitii. – Alma-Ata, 1965. - S. 71-89.
3.Aranovskij K.V. Konstitucionnaja tradicija v rossij-skoj srede. – SPb.: Izdatel'stvo «Juridicheskij centr Press», 2003. -  S. 168.
4.Timofeev N.S. Istoricheskij aspekt v prepodavanii kursa municipal'nogo prava Rossii // Problemy prepo-davanija konstitucionnogo i municipal'nogo prava / Pod red. prof. S.A. Avak'jana. M., 1999. - S. 129.
 
 
State and Law theory
Yalovega V.N.
On the development of the social theory of human rights

Relevancy of the problem is connected the fact that the inclusion of social and economic rights in the list of basic human rights is still a vexed question. The development of the socialist conception is connected with Marxsim, the Social Democratic ideology. The socialist theory contains some contradictory positions but it has a great influence on human rights development.
Key words: the social, economic cultural rights, state functions.
Work bibliographic list
1.Chetvernin V.A. Gosudarstvo: sushhnost', struktura, funkcii // Problemy obshhej teorii gosudarstva i prava.- M.,1999. - S. 639.
2.Rozov N.S. Filosofija i teorija istorii. Kniga pervaja. Prolegomeny. M.: Logos, 2002. - S. 27.
3.Mamut L.S. Social'noe gosudarstvo s tochki zrenija prava // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2001. - # 7.
4.Nersesjanc V S. Filosofija prava. M., 2004.
5.Kass R.Sanstejn. Protiv pozitivnyh prav // Rossijskij bjulleten' po pravam cheloveka. – 1995. - Vyp.6. - S.20- 21.
6.Janova M.V. Problema poznanija sovremennoj istorii: smena nauchnyh paradigm // Istorija gosudarstva i prava.- 2009.-  # 5. -  S. 26.
7.Istorija politicheskih i pravovyh uchenij: uchebnik dlja vuzov. M., 1995. -  S. 48.
8.Darendorf R. Die Chancen der Krise: Uber die Zukunft des Liberalismus. - 2. Aufl. - Stuttgart, 1983. - S. 135.
9.Cit. po: Mjullerson R.A. Prava cheloveka: idei, normy real'nost'. M., 1991. - S. 29-30.
10.Majer T. Demokraticheskij socializm - social'naja demokratija. Vvedenie: per. s nem. - M., 1993. - S. 7.
11.Istorija politicheskih i pravovyh uchenij: uchebnik dlja vuzov // Pod obshh. red. prof. O.V. Martyshina. M., 2004. - S. 304.
12.Rudinskij F.M. Vuzovskaja programma «Istorija, teorija i praktika prav cheloveka». (K itogam diskussii) // Gosu-darstvo i pravo. - 1995. - # 2. - S. 28.
13.Lassal' F. Izbrannye sochinenija. - M., 1993. - S. 1920.
14.Bernshtejn Je. Predposylki socializma i zadachi social-demokratii. - M., 1901. - S. 178.
15.Sbornik dokumentov po istorii rabochego i socialisticheskogo dvizhenija stran Evropy i SShA. - M., 1987. - S. 67-68.
16.Kiselev I.Ja. Sravnitel'noe trudovoe pravo: ucheb.  posobie. M., 2005. -  S. 21-24.
17.Naibolee polno socialisticheskaja koncepcija prav cheloveka otrazhena v knige: Socialisticheskaja koncepcija prav cheloveka. - M., 1986.
18.Sovremennye zarubezhnye konstitucii. M., 1992. - S. 157.
19.Grundsamzprogramm der Sozialdemokratischen Partei Deutschlands. Bonn, 1989. S. 32.
20.Liberale Perspektiren fur mehr Beschaftigung: Beschlus des 32. ord. Bundesparteitages F.D.P. in Hannover vom 23-25. Mai 1986. - Kolh, 1986. - S. 2.
21.Problemy obshhej teorii gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik dlja vuzov // Pod obshh. red. V.S. Nersesjanca. M., 2006. - S. 803.
 
 
State and Law theory
Muhametdinov R.Kh., Alimbekov A.G.
Functions of state-legal conflict in the rule-of-law state

The article “Functions of state-legal conflict in the rule-of-law state” is dedicated to one of the most interesting and up-to-date problem of the development of the theory and practice of rule-of-law state in the contemporary Russian society. The authors of the article have justly noted that there are a lot of conflicts in the course of the state-legal system development in present-day Russia. It is a fact that long and hard transition from totalitarian to the rule-of-law state cannot avoid the increasing number of conflicts in all spheres of public life, including the state-legal one. The authors put forward the idea that the conflict should not be perceived as totally negative issue. They believe that the realization of rule-of-law state principles in the course of state-legal development in the present-day Russian society should develop a different attiude to conflicts. It is obvious that the consequences of a conflict can be either positive or negative. Basing on different classification criteria, the authors analyse both positive and negative functions of state-law conflict.
Key words: lawful state, function, the right, the conflict, management.
Work bibliographic list
1.Slovar' inostrannyh slov i vyrazhenij / Avt.-sost. N.V. Trus, T.G. Shubina. – Minsk, 1999. - S. 490.
2.Kozer L. Zavershenie konflikta // Social'nyj konflikt: sovremennye issledovanija. Referativnyj sbornik. - M.: INION RAN, 1991. - S. 20.
3.Zaprudskij Ju.G. Social'nyj konflikt (politologiche-skij analiz). – Rostov - n/D, 1992. - S. 84.
4.Cit. po: Osnovy konfliktologii. - M., 1997. - S. 96.
5.Zerkin D.P. Osnovy konfliktologii: kurs lekcij. - Rostov-n/D, 1998. - S. 63.
6.Zaprudskij Ju.G. Social'nyj konflikt (politologiche-skij analiz). - Rostov-n/D, 1992. - S. 84.
7.Romashov R.A. Konfliktologija: uchebnoe posobie. - SPb., 2006. - S. 57.
 
 
State and Law theory
Nekrasova О.V.
Guaranties of legal duties' execution

The mechanism of legal duties' realization demands certain guaranties. They provide  necessary opportunities and requirements for proper execution of duties for citizens. We can separate general and special, objective and subjective guaranties. Each guarantee has an important meaning, but only in all its amount they can affect the process of duties' execution.
Key words: legal status, legal duties, guarantees, objective guarantees, subjective guarantees.
Work bibliographic list
1.Matuzov N.I. Pravovaja sistema i lichnost'. - Saratov: Izd-vo Sarat. un-ta, 1987. - S. 8.
2.Tolkachev K.B., Habibulin A.G. Lichnye konstitucionnye prava i svobody grazhdan SSSR: sistema, harakterictika, osobennosti realizacii. - Ufa: Izd-vo Ufim. VSh MVD SSSR, 1990. - S. 46.
3.Sinjukova T.V. Juridicheskie garantii kak metod regulirovanija pravovogo polozhenija lichnosti // Voprosy teorii gosudarstva i prava. Perestrojka i aktual'nye problemy teorii socialisticheskogo gosudarstva i prava: Mezhvuzovskij sbornik nauchnyh trudov. - Saratov: Izd-vo Sarat. un-ta, 1991. - Vyp. 9. - S. 150-160.
4.Marks K., Jengel's F. Soch. - T. 3. - S. 687-688.
5.Pravovye garantii zakonnosti v SSSR / Berezovskaja S.G., Kaminskaja V.I., Lebedev M.P., Savickij V.M. i dr.; Pod red.: Strogovich M.S. - M.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1962. – S. 49; Aleksandrov N.G. Pravo i zakonnost' v period razvernutogo stroitel'stva kommunizma. - M.: Gosjurizdat, 1961. - S. 229; Berezovskaja S.G. Ohrana prav grazhdan sovetskoj prokuraturoj / Otv. red.: Strogovich M.S. - M.: Nauka, 1964. - S. 93; Skobelkin V.N. Juridicheskie garantii trudovyh prav rabochih i sluzhashhih. - M.: Jurid. lit., 1969. - S. 31.
6.Vitruk N.V. Osnovy teorii pravovogo polozhenija lichnosti v socialisticheskom obshhestve / Otv. red.: Patjulin V.A. - M.: Nauka, 1979. - S. 200; Mordovec A.S. Juridicheskaja otvetstvennost' i pravovoj dolg v svete novogo konstitucionnogo zakonodatel'stva // Problemy juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti i sovershenstvovanija zakonodatel'stva v svete novoj Konstitucii SSSR. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov. - Rjazan': Izd-vo RVSh MVD SSSR, 1979. - S. 88-98 i dr.
7.Krohina Ju.A. Vstupitel'naja stat'ja // Imykshenova E.A. Sposoby obespechenija nalogovyh objazannostej po Nalogovomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii. - M.: Jurlitinform, 2005. - S. 8.
8.Gercen A. I. Sobranie sochinenij v 30 tomah. T. VII. - M.: Izdatel'stvo Akademii nauk SSSR, 1956. - S. 251.
9.Shabanova M.A. Obrazy svobody v reformiruemoj Rossii // Sociologicheskie issledovanija. - 2000. - # 2. - S. 30-31.
 
 
State and Law theory
Khasanshin M.P.
On some issues of “law system” category.

Issues of “law system” category are viewed in the article. Problems of place and meaning of legal system in the conceptual framework of the legal theory are investigated and characteristics of its structural-functional structure are given. In addition, the analysis of the existing scientific approaches with presentation of the author’s point of view to the problem is carried out. The author has made an attempt to make the category of legal system closer to practical application.
Key words: legal system, structure of legal system, the right, sense of justice, legal activity, legal culture.
Work bibliographic list
1.Sorokin V.V. K ponjatiju pravovoj sistemy // Pravovedenie. -  2003. -  # 2. - S. 4.
2.Kudrjavcev V.N., Vasil'ev A.M. Pravo: razvitie obshhego ponjatija // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. - 1985. -# 7. - S. 12; 3.Tihomirov Ju.A. Publichnoe pravo: Uchebnik. M.: BEK, 1995. - S. 212-213; Mal'ko A.V. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik. M., 2001. - S. 120; Problemy obshhej teorii prava i gosudarstva / Pod obshh. red. akad. RAN, d-ra jurid. nauk., prof. V.S.Nersesjanca. M., 2006. - S. 282 i dr.
4.Pravovaja sistema socializma: v 2 kn. Kn. 1. Ponjatie, struktura, social'nye svjazi / Otv. red. A.M. Vasil'ev. M., 1986. -  S.31-32.
5.Bychkova E.V. Pravovaja kul'tura v anglosaksonskoj pravovoj sem'e: avtoref. dis… kand. jurid. nauk. Kolomna, 2003. - S. 9.
6.Zatonskij V.A., Mal'ko A.V. Kategorija «pravovaja zhizn'»: opyt teoreticheskogo osmyslenija // Pravovedenie. - 2006. - # 4. - S. 5.
7.Kuharuk T.V. Nekotorye teoretiko-metodologicheskie voprosy issledovanija ponjatija pravovoj sistemy obshhestva // Pravovedenie. - 1998. - #2. - S.49.
8.Gojman-Kalinskij I.V., Ivanec G.I., Chervonjuk V.I. Jelementarnye nachala obshhej teorii prava. M., 2003. - S. 396.
Mushinskij M.A. Rossijskaja pravovaja sistema i regional'noe zakonodatel'stvo // Aktual'nye problemy razvitija zakonodatel'stva sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii: sb. materialov nauch.-prakt. konf. «Bajkal'skie juridicheskie chtenija - 2007», 13.09.2007 / Otv. red. V.V.Ignatenko. – Irkutsk: Institut zakonodatel'stva i pravovoj informacii Irkutskoj oblasti, 2007. - S.  103.
9.Kozjuk M.N. Pravovoe prostranstvo i pravovye kommunikacii // Novaja pravovaja mysl'.- 2002. - # 1. - S. 21-26.
10.Arapov S. Zametki o pravovoj srede. (http://www.binanex.spb.ru/6 ).
11.Kuz'menko A.V. «Sistemnyj vzgljad» na sistemu prava // Pravovedenie.- 2003. - # 3. - S. 4-11.
12.Syryh V.M. Teorija gosudarstva i prava. M.: Izd-vo «Bylina»., 1998.-S. 146.
13.Mal'ko A.V. Pravovye sredstva kak obshheteoreticheskaja problema // Pravovedenie. 1999. - # 2. - S. 4-16.
14.Matuzov N.I. Pravovaja sistema razvitogo socializma // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. - 1983. - # 1. - S. 18; Polenina S.V. Rossijskaja pravovaja sistema i mezhdunarodnoe pravo: sovremennye problemy vzaimodejstvija // Gosudarstvo i pravo. - 1996. - # 2. - S. 4.
15.Mal'ko A.V. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik. M., 2001. - S. 120.
16.Sorokin V.V. Ukaz. soch.- S. 6.
17.Gavrilov V.V. Ponjatie nacional'noj i mezhdunarodnoj pravovyh sistem // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. - 2004. - # 11. -  S. 101.
18.Kuharuk T.V. Nekotorye teoretiko-metodologicheskie voprosy issledovanija ponjatija pravovoj sistemy obshhestva // Pravovedenie. - 1998. - # 2. - S. 49-50.
19.Filosofskij slovar' / Pod red. I.T. Frolova. - 5-e izd. - M.: Politizdat, 1987. - S. 559.
Kerimov D.A. Problemy obshhej teorii prava i gosudarstva: v 3 t. T. 2. Filosofija prava. - M.: Sovremennyj gumanitarnyj universitet, 2002. - S. 126.
20.Kerimov D.A. Metodologija prava (predmet, funkcii, problemy filosofii prava). M., 2000. - S. 253; Kudrjavcev V.N. Zakon. Postupok. Otvetstvennost'. M., 1986. - S. 50; Javich L.S. Dialektika formy i soderzhanija v prave // Filosofskie problemy gosudarstva i prava. L., 1970. - S. 43 i dr.
21.Tihomirov Ju.A. Pravovaja sistema razvitogo socialisticheskogo obshhestva // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. - 1979. - # 7. - S. 33; Tihomirov Ju.A. Pravo: nacional'noe, mezhdunarodnoe, sravnitel'noe // Gosudarstvo i pravo. - 1999. -  # 8. - S. 6.
22.Tiunova L.B. O sistemnom podhode k pravu // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. - 1986. - # 10.  - S. 49.
Glebov A.P. Pravovaja sistema Rossii i ee razvitie // Ros-sijskoe gosudarstvo i pravovaja sistema. Sovremennoe raz-vitie, problemy, perspektivy. - Voronezh, 1999. - S. 325.
23.Sorokin V.V. Ukaz. soch. - S. 10.
 
 
Criminal policy of the state
Minyazeva T.F.
Conditional sentence as a different measure of criminal legal character

The article defines legal nature of the conditional sentence. The idea of the essence of this measure of criminal legal character as an independent form of criminal liability individualisation  is proved. A critical assessment of certain regulations of the Article 73 of the RF Criminal Code is given and proposals for its improvement are introduced.
Key words: the legal nature; conditional condemnation; measures of criminally-legal character; punishment; the form of an individualization of a criminal liability; test conditions.
 
 
Criminal policy of the state
Khismatullin R.S., Klimina K.R.
Some features of judicial examination of a civil claim in the criminal process

Problems arising during judicial examination of a civil claim in the criminal process are viewed in the article. Restoration of rights of the wronged person, the civil claimant by means of a civil claim submission in a criminal case provides the fullest constitutional protection of wronged person’s rights. With Article 6 being vested in the Criminal Procedure Code as a basic aim of the criminal procedure – protection of rights and legitimate interests of persons and organisations that suffered from crimes, allows to provide such protection by a civil claim submission in a criminal case.
Key words: the civil suit, the right of the victim, criminal trial, judicial proceedings, a liability.
Work bibliographic list
1.Mezhdunarodnye akty o pravah cheloveka: sbornik doku-mentov. - M.: Izdatel'stvo NORMA, 2000. – S. 165.
2.Vladimirov V.V. Grazhdanskij isk v ugolovnom processe // Ugolovnyj process. – 2005. - # 10. – S. 9.
 
 
Criminal policy of the state
Malikova N. V.
Safety of victims and witnesses among the convicts sentenced to confinement: legal theory aspects

The article analyses the formation of a legal institution of ensuring safety of victims and witnesses among the convicts sentenced to imprisonment. The theoretical and practical problem of understanding the definitions of the terms «safety» on the whole and «convicts’ safety», «victims and witnesses’ safety» is justified. The term «safety» is studied according to semantic, doctrinal and comparative approaches. The conclusion of the article presents the author’s definition of the term «victims and witnesses’ safety among the convicts sentenced to imprisonment».
Key words: safety, safety, safety condemned, safety of victims and witnesses, imprisonment.
Work bibliographic list
1.Sal'nikov V.P., Morozova L.A., Rostov K.T., Denisov E.A. Bezopasnost' cheloveka i prestupnost': materialy mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. // Gos-vo i pravo. - 1995. - # 12. - S. 110 - 112.
Tak, semanticheskij sposob predpolagaet obrashhenie k znacheniju sootvetstvujushhego ponjatija v russkom jazyke, doktrinal'nyj - nauchnomu znacheniju, sravnitel'nyj - sootnosheniju vneshne shozhih terminov. Sm.: Shhedrin N.V. Vvedenie v pravovuju teoriju mer bezopasnosti. Krasnojarsk, 1999. - S. 46 - 67.
2.Ozhegov S.I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka. - M., 1988. - S. 37, 47; Slovar' russkogo jazyka. - T. 1. - M.: Rus. jaz., 1981. - S. 74.
3.Dal' V.I. Tolkovyj slovar' zhivogo velikorusskogo jazyka. M., 1978. - S. 67.
4.Shhadrin V.S. Obespechenie prav lichnosti pri rassledovanii prestuplenij. - M., 2000. - S. 13; Antonov A.B., Balashov V.G. 5.Osnovy obespechenija bezopasnosti lichnosti, obshhestva i gosudarstva: ucheb. posobie. - M., 1996. - S. 25.
6.Kazak B.B. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistema v mehanizme obespechenija vnutrennej bezopasnosti obshhestva: monografija. Rjazan': Nashe vremja, 2000. - S. 49.
7.Antonov A.B., Balashov V.G. Osnovy obespechenija bezopasnosti lichnosti, obshhestva i gosudarstva:ucheb. posobie. - M., 1996. - S. 30.
8.Brusnicyn L.V. Obespechenie bezopasnosti lic, sodejstvujushhih ugolovnomu pravosudiju: rossijskij, zarubezhnyj i mezhdunarodnyj opyt HH veka (processual'noe issledovanie). - M., 2001. - S. 3.
9.Kondrashov B.P. Obshhestvennaja bezopasnost' i administrativno-pravovye sredstva ee obespechenija: monografija - M., 1998. - S. 6.
10.Glazunov N.S. Sluzhba bezopasnosti v ispravitel'no-trudovyh kolonijah (pravovye i organizacionnye voprosy): avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Rjazan', 1996. - S. 8.
11.Peregudov A.G. Ponjatie obespechenija bezopasnosti v ITU. Ego principy, zadachi i organizacionno-pravovye osnovy // Kurs lekcij po obespecheniju bezopasnosti, porjadka ispolnenija i otbyvanija nakazanija v ITU / Pod red. A.G. Peregudova. - Ufa, 1996. - S. 26.
12.Anisimkov V.M., Epaneshnikov V.S. Osobennosti obespechenija bezopasnosti osuzhdennyh v ispravitel'no-trudovyh uchrezhdenijah // Tam zhe. - S. 469.
13.Mulov F.K. Bezopasnost' lichnosti: teoreticheskie i prikladnye aspekty social'nogo analiza. - Sochi, 2003. - S. 44.
Tihomirova L.V., Tihomirov M.Ju. Juridicheskaja jenciklopedija. - 5-e izd., dop. i pererab. / Pod red. M.Ju. Tihomirova. - M., 2001. - S. 82.
14.Chornyj V.N. Bezopasnost' osuzhdennyh v uslovijah lishenija svobody: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Rjazan': Rjaz. in-t prava i jekonomiki MVD RF, 1996. - S. 41 - 66.
15.Epihin A.Ju. Obespechenie bezopasnosti lichnosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. SPb., 2004.  - S. 53 - 54.
16.Bulavin V.I. Nacional'naja bezopasnost' sovremennoj Rossii: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - N. Novgorod, 1999. - S. 4 - 5.
17.Sergun P.P. Sootnoshenie ohrany i zashhity prav i svobod grazhdan pri primenenii mer administrativnogo prinuzhdenija // Ukreplenie socialisticheskoj zakonnosti i dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennih del. - M., 1987. - S. 162-164; Zyrin M.I. Ohrana prav i svobod sovetskih grazhdan // Rol' organov vnutrennih del v ohra-ne konstitucionnyh prav i zakonnyh interesov sovetskih grazhdan. - Minsk, 1979. - S. 3-12; Bobrova N.A. Garantii realizacii gosudarstvenno-pravovyh norm. – Voronezh, 1984. - S. 95; Rostovshhikov I.V. Prava lichnosti v Rossii: ih obespechenie i zashhita organami vnutrennih del. - Volgograd, 1997. - S. 77-92; Snezhko O.A. Konstitucionnye osnovy gosudarstvennoj zashhity prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina v Rossijskoj Federacii: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Saratov, 1999. - S. 13; Grazhdanskoe pravo / Pod red. A.P. Sergeeva, Ju.K. Tolstogo: V 3  t. T. 1. - M., 2000. - S. 291; Malein N.S. Ohrana prav lichnosti sovetskim zakonodatel'stvom. - M., 1985. - S. 18-19; Matuzov N.I. Pravovaja sistema i lichnost'. - Saratov, 1987. - S. 131.
18.Mal'cev M. Ponjatie «samozashhita prav» po rossijskomu zakonodatel'stvu // Zakon i pravo. - 2006. - # 9.  S. 76-77.
 
 
Criminal policy of the state
Adigamova G.Z., Kudryavtseva O.G.
Questions of efficiency of criminal-procedural detention in modern conditions

The given article considers questions of criminal-procedural detention. The author offers legislative changes, allowing raising efficiency of application of the given measure of enforcement, including its application concerning minors. Besides, on the basis of studying and summarizing of practical materials, it offers measures on the organization of law enforcement bodies activity regarding increase of efficiency of application or the considered measure of criminal-procedural enforcement, and nonadmission of false arrests.
Key words: detention, remedial order of detention, the suspect (accused), minor suspect (accused).
Work bibliographic list
1.Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2008. - 2 dekabrja - # 4803.
2.Gus'kova A.P. K voprosu o ponjatijah «ohrana», «zashhita», ispol'zuemyh v rossijskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve / Novyj Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii v dejstvii: sbornik nauchnyh statej / Pod red. A.P. Gus'kovoj. - Orenburg: Izdatel'skij centr OGAU, 2003. - S. 5.
 
 
Criminal policy of the state
Popova I.A.
Problems of investigation situations in the criminalistic literature

The author reveals problems of investigation situations appearing in the criminalistic literature, carries out comparative analysis of the leading criminal scientists’ point of view. The author claims that the typical investigation situations are of great importance. The article has practical application for the development of programmes for investigators which are based on typical investigation situations.
Key words: investigatory situations, криминалистическая the literature, the inspector, the scientist-criminalist, the program.
Work bibliographic list
1.Gavlo V.K. O sledstvennoj situacii i metodike rassledovanija hishhenij, sovershaemyh s uchastiem dolzhnostnyh lic // Voprosy kriminalisticheskoj metodologii, taktiki i metodiki rassledovanija. - M., 1973. - S. 190.
2.Gerasimov I.F. Principy postroenija metodiki raskrytija prestuplenij // Voprosy kriminalisticheskoj metodologii, taktiki i metodiki rassledovanija. - M., 1973. - S. 82.
3.Drapkin L.Ja. Ponjatie i illjustracija sledstvennyh situacij// Sledstvennye situacii i raskrytie prestuplenij. - Sverdlovsk, 1975. - S. 28.
4.Shikanov V.I. Razrabotka teorii takticheskih operacij - vazhnejshee uslovie sovershenstvovanija metodiki rassledovanija prestuplenij // Metodika rassledovanija prestuplenij. - M., 1976. - S. 157.
5.Belkin R.S. Kurs sovetskoj kriminalistiki. M., 1979. S. 70.
6.Shikanov V.I. Razrabotka teorii takticheskih operacij - vazhnejshee uslovie sovershenstvovanija metodiki rassledovanija prestuplenij // Metodika rassledovanija prestuplenij. - M., 1976. - S. 18.
7.Gavlo V.K. Sledstvennaja situacija // Sledstvennaja situacija: sb.-  M., 1985.- S. 41
8.Drapkin L.Ja. Obshhaja harakteristika sledstvennyh situacij // Sledstvennaja situacija: sb. - M., 1985. -                S. 115.
9.Belkin R.S. Kurs kriminologii. M., 1997 . T. Sh. - S. 203.
10.Jakushin S.Ju. Takticheskie priemy pri rassledovanii prestuplenij. Kazan', 1993. - S. 8.
11.Obrazcov V. A., Tanasevich V. G. Ponjatie i kriminalisticheskoe znachenie sledstvennoj situacii // Gosudarstvo i pravo. - 19.9. - # 8. - S. 113.
 
 
Legislation perfection issues
Kuznecov R.V.
The civil contract on accessing and provision of geological information on the subsoil

The analysis of the principal characteristics and types of civil contracts on accessing and provision of geological information on the subsoil, the contract’s place in the system of civil contracts allows to determine the given contract as an agreement of parties, on the basis of which the contactor pledges himself to perform works on geological study of the subsoil, work out documented geological information, and the client undertakes to accept and to pay for the result that is can be used in the economic turnover as a result of an intellectual activity.
Key words: the contract, the geological information, rendering of services, intellectual activity, the legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1.Tarasov V.N. Cena nauchno-tehnicheskoj produkcii v geologorazvedochnoj otrasli / V.N. Tarasov, S.M. Skornja-kov, S.A. 2.Pozdnjakov // Jekonomika mineral'nogo syr'ja i geologo-razvedochnyh rabot: obzor. – M.: MGP «Geoinformmark», 1992. – S.  25.
3.Pribluda A.A. Dogovor na opytno-konstruktorskie raboty / A.A. Pribluda // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. - 1958. - # 1. - S. 34; Barash Ja.B. Dogovory na vypolnenie nauchno-issledovatel'skih i opytno-konstruktorskih rabot / Ja.B. Barash. - M.: Gosjurizdat, 1962. - S. 7 - 8.
4.Braginskij M.I. Dogovor podrjada i podobnye emu dogovory / M.I. Braginskij. - M.: Statut, 1999. - S. 41.
5.Azimov Ch.N. Dogovornye otnoshenija v oblasti nauchno-tehnicheskogo progressa / Ch.N. Azimov. - Har'kov: Vishha shkola.
6.Novickij I.B. Rimskoe chastnoe pravo / I.B. Novickij. - M.: Jurist, 1994. - S. 458.
7.Ioffe O.S. Sovetskoe grazhdanskoe pravo: kurs lekcij. Otdel'nye vidy objazatel'stv. Ch. II / O.S. Ioffe. - L.: Izd-vo Leningradskogo Universiteta, 1961. - S. 211-212; Sheshenin E.D. Predmet objazatel'stva po okazaniju uslug / E.D. Sheshenin // Sbornik uchenyh trudov. Vyp. 3. - Sverdlovsk: SJuI, 1964. - S. 161.
8.Sheshenin E.D. Klassifikacija grazhdansko-pravovyh objazatel'stv po okazaniju uslug / E.D. Sheshenin // Grazhdanskoe pravo i sfera obsluzhivanija: Mezhvuz. sb. nauch. tr. - Sverdlovsk: SJuI, 1984. - S. 44.
9.Braginskij M.I. Dogovor podrjada i podobnye emu dogovory / M.I. Braginskij. - M.: Statut, 1999. - S. 232; Grazhdanskoe pravo: uchebnik v 2-h tomah. T. II, polutom 2 / Otv. red. E.A. Suhanov. - 2000. - S. 1.; Stepanov D.I. Objazatel'stvo po okazaniju uslug i ego ob"ekt / D.I. Stepanov // Prilozhenie k ezhemesjachnomu zhurnalu Hozjajstvo i pravo. - 2004 - # 5. - S. 16. Analogichnoj pozicii pri-derzhivajutsja sudy. Sm. Postanovlenie Federal'nogo Arbitrazhnogo Suda Severo-Zapadnogo okruga ot 03.02.2003 g. po delu # A56-15238/98.
10.Sovetskoe grazhdanskoe pravo: Uchebnik. V 2 t. T. 1 / Pod red. Krasavchikova O.A. - M.: Vyssh.shk., 1985. - S. 189.
Grazhdanskoe pravo: uchebnik. T. 1 / Otv. red. E.A. Suhanov– M., 1998. - S. 300-301.
11.Sheshenin E.D. Klassifikacija grazhdansko-pravovyh objazatel'stv po okazaniju uslug / E.D. Sheshenin. - M.: Statut, 2001. - S. 356.
12.Rjabova S.Je. Grazhdansko-pravovoe regulirovanie otnoshenij, voznikajushhih pri osushhestvlenii nauchno-issledovatel'skoj, konstruktorskoj i tehnologicheskoj dejatel'nosti: avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. - Ekaterinburg, 2004. - S. 12-15.
13.Salieva R.N. Dokumentirovannaja geologicheskaja infor-macija: grazhdansko-pravovoj aspekt poluchenija i ispol'-zovanija: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk.  - Ekaterinburg: UrGJuA, 2007. - S. 18.
14.Braginskij M.I., Vitrjanskij V.V. Dogovornoe pravo. Dogovory o vypolnenii rabot i okazanii uslug. Kn. 3. Izd. dop., ispr. / M.I. Braginskij, V.V. Vitrjanskij // SPS Konsul'tant Pljus. Vkljuchena v informacionnyj bank soglasno publikacii. - M.: Izd-vo Statut, 2002.
15.Muromcev S.N. Grazhdanskoe pravo Drevnego Rima: Lekcii / S.N. Muromcev. - M., 1983. - S. 287.
Bol'shoj juridicheskij slovar'. - 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. / Pod red. A.Ja. Suhareva, V.E. Krutskih. - M.: IN-FRA-M, 2001. - S. 623.
16.Braginskij M.I., Vitrjanskij V.V. Ukaz. soch.
 
 

Legislation perfection issues
Kurbanov D.A.
Collection, production, investigation and estimation of evidence according to the Arbi­tration Procedure Code of the Russian Federation

The given article is dedicated to the issues of collection, production, investigation and estimation of evidence according to the Arbitration Procedure Code of the Russian Federation which is determined as means with the help of which, first of all, the parties convince the arbitration court of validity of their claims or objections.
Key words: the proof, the expert, availability of justice, sufficiency of proofs.
Work bibliographic list
1.Neshataeva T.N. Nadzornoe proizvodstvo: sobljudenie principa spravedlivogo razbiratel'stva dela i principa balansa publichnyh i chastnyh interesov // Vestnik VAS RF. - 2001. -  # 7. - S. 126.
2.Rozhkova M.A. Nekotorye aspekty processa dokazyvanija po delam o vozmeshhenii vreda (na osnove analiza praktiki razreshenija sporov arbitrazhnymi sudami) // Hozjajstvo i pravo. - 2007.  # 9. - S. 122 - 128.
3.Skuratovskij M.L. Podgotovka dela k sudebnomu razbiratel'stvu v arbitrazhnom sude pervoj instancii. - M.: Volters Kluver, 2007. - S. 97.
4.Kommentarij k Arbitrazhnomu processual'nomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii (postatejnyj) / Otv. red. M.S. Shakarjan. - M.: Velbi; Prospekt, 2003. - S. 329.
5.Treushnikov M.K. Sudebnye dokazatel'stva. - M.: Gorodec, 2005. - S. 128.

 
 
Legislation perfection issues
Mardanov D.A., Khismatullin O.Yu.
Compulsory execution of the mesne process

The article deals with the present-day problems of compulsory execution of the mesne process. The authors suggest ways of this problem’s solution.
Key words: claim maintenance, executive manufacture.
Work bibliographic list
1.Dobrovol'skij A.A. Kurs sovetskogo grazhdanskogo pro-cessual'nogo prava: v 2 t. T. 2. - M.: Nauka, 1981. - S. 71.
2.Jarkov V.V. Obespechitel'nye mery v arbitrazhnom processe // Arbitrazhnyj process: uchebnik // Otv. red. V.V. Jarkov. - 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. - M.: Volters Kluver, 2005. - S.206.
3.Sherstjuk V.M. Novye polozhenija proekta tret'ego Arbitrazhnogo processual'nogo kodeksa RF. - M., 2001. - S.40–41; 4.Sherstjuk V.M. Novye polozhenija tret'ego Ar-bitrazhnogo processual'nogo kodeksa RF. - M., 2003. - S. 78.
5.Tkacheva N.N. Problemy obespechenija iska v grazhdan-skom sudoproizvodstve (po materialam praktiki): dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Saratov, 2004. - S. 37.
6.Zoller. Zivilprozessordnung, begr. von Zoller. 25 Aufl., bearb. - Koln, 2005; Munchner Kommentar zur ZPO. 2 Aufl. - Munchen, 2000 - 2002; Jusupov T.B. Obespechenie iska v arbitrazhnom i grazhdanskom processe: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. - M., 2005; Jusupov T.B. Obespechenie iska v arbit-razhnom i grazhdanskom processe. - M.: Gorodec, 2006. - S. 45 i dr.
International Encyclopedia of Laws // Civil procedure. Vol. 3. United States of America (J.B. Oakley, V.D. Amar). 2001. P. USA – 197; Jusupov T.B. Institut obespechenija iska v sisteme amerikanskogo prava // Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdan-skij process. - 2003. - # 11. - S. 32, 33.
7.Ershov V.A. Obespechitel'nye mery v praktike administrativnogo proizvodstva arbitrazhnogo suda. – M.: GrossMedia, ROSBUH, 2008.
8.Golubeva A.R., Sal'kova N.V., Selionov I.V. Kommentarij k Federal'nomu zakonu «Ob ispolnitel'nom proizvodstve». - M.: Delovoj dvor, 2008. - S. 214 - 215.
Zagajnova S.K. Sudebnyj prikaz kak forma realizacii sudebnoj vlasti v grazhdanskom processe // Sovremennaja doktrina grazhdanskogo, arbitrazhnogo processa i ispol-nitel'nogo proizvodstva: teorija i praktika. Sb. nauch. statej. - Krasnodar - SPb., 2004. - S. 534; Caregorodceva E.A. Sposoby optimizacii grazhdanskogo sudoproizvod-stva: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. - Ekaterinburg, 2006. - S. 20.
9.Alehina S.A., Blazheev V.V., Bonner A.T. Arbitrazhnyj process: uchebnik / Pod red. R.E. Gukasjana. - M.: Prospekt, 2006. - S. 104.
10.Kozhevnikova N.V. Processual'nye granicy obespechenija iska i ispolnenija sudebnogo reshenija // Jurist. - 2008. -  # 2.
 
 
Legislation perfection issues
Nadtachaev P.V., Chernova G.Sh.
Legal nature of the notion "sanction" in the civil law

Issues of the correlation of notions “amenability”, “defence” and “sanction” are reviewed in the article. The legal nature of the notion “sanction” is revealed. The authors suggest their own definition of the notion “sanction” in a narrow and a broad sense.
Key words: responsibility, protection, the sanction.
Work bibliographic list
1.Kovalev E. A., Shevchuk V. D. Zashhita chesti, dostoinstva i delovoj reputacii v sude. - Jaroslavl', 1995. - S. 15.
2.Gavrilov Je. P. Kommentarij k zakonu ob avtorskom i smezhnyh pravah. - M., 1996. - S. 217.
3.Gribanov V. P. Otvetstvennost' za narushenie grazhdanskih prav i objazannostej. - M., 1973. - S. 38 - 39.
4.Ioffe O. S. Objazatel'stvennoe pravo. - M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1975. - S. 95; Grazhdanskoe pravo: uchebnik. Ch.1 // 5.A. P. Sergeeva, Ju. K. Tolstogo. - M.: Prospekt, 1997. - S. 480; Teorija gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik dlja juridicheskih vuzov i fakul'tetov / pod red. V. M. Korel'skogo i V. D. Perevalova. - M.: NORMA - INFRAM, 1999. - S. 418.
6.Krasavchikova L. O. Lichnaja zhizn' grazhdan pod ohranoj zakona. - M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1983. - S. 35 - 36.
7.Vedjahin V. M., Shubina T. B. Zashhita prava kak pravovaja kategorija // Pravovedenie. - 1998. - # 1. - S. 70 - 71.
8.Karhalev D. N. Grazhdansko-pravovye mery zashhity i mery otvetstvennosti: uch. posobie. - Ufa: RIO BashGU, 2004. - S. 100.
9.Alekseev S. S. Obshhaja teorija socialisticheskogo prava. - Vyp. 2. - Sverdlovsk, 1964. - S. 200; Alekseev S. S. Problemy teorii prava. T. 1. - Sverdlovsk, 1972. - S. 379.
10.Tebrjaev A. A. Ukaz. soch. - S. 64; Shindjapina M. D. Stadii juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti. - M., 1998. - S. 17.
11.Mezrin B. N. Sankcii v strukture grazhdanskogo pravootnoshenija // Grazhdanskie pravootnoshenija i ih strukturnye osobennosti: sb. uch. tr. - Vyp. 39. - Sverdlovsk, 1975. - S. 34.
12.Krasavchikov O. A. Otvetstvennost', mery zashhity i sankcii v sovetskom grazhdanskom prave // Problemy grazhdansko-pravovoj otvetstvennosti i zashhity grazhdanskih prav: sb. uch. tr. - Sverdlovsk, 1973. - S. 11 - 12.
13.Slesarev V. L. Jekonomicheskie sankcii v sovetskom grazhdanskom prave. - S. 18 - 19.9.
14.Krasavchikov O. A. Otvetstvennost', mery zashhity i sankcii v sovetskom grazhdanskom prave // Problemy grazhdansko-pravovoj otvetstvennosti i zashhity grazhdanskih prav: sb. uch. tr. - Sverdlovsk, 1973. - S. 13.
15.Cit. po: Potapenko S. V. Oproverzhenie kak sposob zashhity ot diffamacii v SMI // Jurist. - 2002. - # 2. - S. 13.
16.Tebrjaev A. A. Mery otvetstvennosti i mery zashhity v grazhdanskom prave // Juridicheskaja mysl'. - 2001. - # 6. - S. 63.
 
 
Legislation perfection issues
Muratshina G.P.
Justice of the peace institution: from the issues of formation to prospects of further development

The aims and tasks of the justice of the peace bodies are disclosed in the article. Contrastive analysis of the legal status of a justice of the peace in the pre-revolutionary and present-day Russia is carried out.  The problems of   justice’s of the peace activity improvement in present-day conditions are considered.
Key words: the world judge, world justice, judicial reform, judicial system, courts of subjects of the Russian Federation.
Work bibliographic list
1.Doroshkov V.V. Mirovoj sud'ja. Istoricheskie, organizacionnye i processual'nye aspekty dejatel'nosti: dis. …d-ra  jurid. nauk. - M., 2003. - S. 28.
2.Lonskaja S.V. Mirovoj sud v Rossii (1864-1917 gg.): istoriko-pravovoe issledovanie: dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. - Kaliningrad, 1998. - S. 12.
3.Istorija sozdanija mirovoj justicii v Rossii. - (http://oblsud.tomsk.ru/text/appears/2009/11/2958631.html).
4.Istorija sozdanija mirovoj justicii v Rossii. - (http://oblsud.tomsk.ru/text/appears/2009/11/2958631.html).
5.V.N. Cyganash, O.V. Osetrov. Mirovye sud'i v sovremennoj Rossii: opyt juridiko-sociologicheskogo analiza. - Rostov-n/D: Izd-vo Rostovskogo un-ta, 2004. - S. 15.
Doroshkov V.V. Mirovoj sud'ja. Istoricheskie, organizacionnye i processual'nye aspekty dejatel'nosti. - M.: Norma, 2004. - S. 84.
6.V.N. Cyganash, O.V. Osetrov. Ukaz. soch.  - S. 15.
7.Kuprijanovich N.V. Mirovoj sud v sisteme sudebnoj vlasti Rossijskoj Federacii: voprosy teorii i praktiki: dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. - Saratov, 2007. - S. 137.
 
 
Legislation perfection issues
Akhtyamova E.V.
Nation of tourist services, features and problems of their realization under the treaty

Tourism development in Russia presupposes  current legislation improvement. In 1996 the «Federal law concerning bases of tourist activity in the Russian Federation» was passed in our country. Though provisions of this law obviously contradicted the norms of the civil legislation. The legislative reform of tourist activity carried out in 2007 should have regulated relations between the main subjects of the tourist market: tour operators, travel agents and the tourist. Nevertheless, this reform has both positive and negative consequences.
Key words: tourism, tourist service, travel agent, tour operator, the tourist, tourist product, round, booking sheet, the contract.
Work bibliographic list
1.Birzhakov M.B. Vvedenie v turizm. SPb.: «Izdatel'skij dom Gerda», 2008. - S. 109.
2.Zorin I.V., Kvartal'nov V.A. Turistskij terminologicheskij slovar': Spravochno-metodicheskoe posobie. M.: Sovetskij sport, 1999. -  S. 576.
3.Zorin I.V., Kvartal'nov V.A. Tam zhe. - S. 311–312.
4.Parcij Ja.E. Nauchno-prakticheskij kommentarij Zakona «Ob osnovah turistskoj dejatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federacii». M.: Izd-vo Fond «Pravovaja kul'tura», 1998.  - S. 11.
5.Pisarevskij E. O juridicheskih priznakah turoperatora i turagenta // Turbiznes. -  2002. - # 5. - S. 53.
6.Chechenov Ju.A. Sistema dogovornyh svjazej turfirmy // Jurist. - 2003. .# 2. -  S. 34.
7.Mohov G.  Zakon po bukvam // Turbiznes. - 2007. - # 3. - S.119
8.Mohov G. Pora by opredelit'sja… // Turbiznes. - 2007. - # 6. -.S. 18.
 
 
Legislation perfection issues
Valeev R.A.
The issue of the feature’s of legal person’s economic entity definition in the civil law of the Russian Federation
Analysis of the normative feature of the legal person’s structure, the economic entity, is carried out, the issues of the chosen approach to its definition in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. The necessity of civil legislation’s modernisation in the field of normative definition of both legal person’s structure  and its constituent features.
Key words: the legal body, property isolation, a legal subject, property, the civil legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1.Hvostov V.M. Sistema rimskogo prava - M.: Spark, 1996. - S. 110.
2.Suvorov N.S. Ob juridicheskih licah po rimskomu pravu. - M.: Statut, 2000. - S. 123.
3.Strojkina Ju.V. Imushhestvennaja obosoblennost' kak konstruktivnyj priznak kommercheskoj organizacii: avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. - Orenburg, 2002. - S. 7.
4.Greshnikov I.P. Sub"ekty grazhdanskogo prava: juridicheskoe lico v prave i zakonodatel'stve. - SPb.: Izd-vo «Juridicheskij centr Press», 2002. – S. 121.
5.Shershenevich G.F. Kurs grazhdanskogo prava. - Tula: Avtograf, 2001. - S. 124.
6.Braginskij M.I., Vitrjanskij V.V. Dogovornoe pravo: Obshhie polozhenija. - M.: Statut, 1997. - S. 229 - 237.
 
 
Legislation perfection issues
Amelin A.V.
Legal aspects of ensuring the secrecy of election in the European countries

International agreements, containing norms of electoral law (international electoral standarts) and the international legislation of the particular countries regard the secrecy of election as one of the basic principles of free and independent elections. The article is dedicated to the legal mechanisms that ensure the fulfilment of this principle in the largest European countries England, Germany, Italy and France.
Key words: the international selective standards, secret of voting, voting procedure.
Work bibliographic list
1.Montesk'e Sh. L. O duhe zakonov. M.: Mysl',1999. - S 6.
2.Sbornik normativno-pravovyh aktov zarubezhnogo izbiratel'nogo zakonodatel'stva / sost.: I.A. Alebastrova (i dr.); otv. red. A.A. Veshnjakov; Centr. izbirat. komissija RF, Ros. centr obuchenija izbirat. tehnologijam pri Centr. izbirat. komissii RF. - M.: Ves' Mir, 2004. - S. 462.
 
 
Legislation perfection issues
Kulakova A.A.
Some of the problems of individual's rights ensuring when deprived of property for the public benefit

One of the main principles of a rule-of-law state is the fullest ensuring of individual rights.  One of the ways to ensure the rights is seems to be maintenance of balance between private and public interests in the property sphere of the person.  Problems of individual’s rights ensuring when deprived of property for the public benefit are viewed in the article. The author appeals to Article 1 of the Protocol 1 to The European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and also to the practices of the European Court of Human Rights concerning deprivation of property. The author suggests to regard the principles worked out by the European court while developing the inviolability of property principle, secured in the Article 1 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.
Key words: property deprivation, balance of private and public interests, public interest, экспроприация, indemnification, the European convention on protection of human rights and the basic freedom, the European court under human rights.
Work bibliographic list
1.Teorija gosudarstva i prava: kurs lekcij / Pod red. N.I. Matuzova i A.V. Mal'ko. - 2-e izd, pererab. i dop.- M.: Jurist", 2001. - S.252.
2.Andreeva G.N. O vlijanii teorij sobstvennosti na ee konstitucionnoe regulirovanie // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. - 2008. - # 10  // SPS «Konsul'tant-pljus».
3.Rozhkova M., Afanas'ev D. Pravopolozhenija Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka i ih znachimost' dlja arbitrazhnyh sudov Rossijskoj Federacii // Hozjajstvo i pravo. - 2007. - #   4. - S. 75.
4.Tumanov V. Avtonomnoe tolkovanie ponjatij v praktike Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka // Konstitucionnoe pravo: Vostochnoevropejskoe obozrenie. - 2003. - #3 (44). - S. 78
5.Neshataeva T.N. Uroki sudebnoj praktiki o pravah cheloveka: evropejskij i rossijskij opyt. M.: Izdatel'-skij dom «Gorodec», 2007 // SPS «Konsul'tant - pljus»
6.Teorija gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik / Pod red. V.K.Babaeva. M.: Jurist", 2003. -  S.223.
7.Kuznecova O.A. Normy-principy rossijskogo grazhdanskogo prava. M.: Statut, 2006. -  S. 37.
8.Novozhenov A.Ju. Problemy principov nalogovogo prava // Jurist. - 2002 - .# 10. -  S. 52.
9.Kuznecova O.A. Ukaz soch. - S .39.
 
 
Legislation perfection issues
Akchulpanova K.Kh.
On the issue of eviction of citizens from the living quarters

According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, both rights to property and to housing are constitutional rights of the citizen. The right of private property is protected by law, everybody has right to housing (Art.40) and nobody can be evicted arbitrarily. 
The following issues are analysed in the article: grounds and procedure of the eviction the owner of a residential property; grounds, condition and peculiarities of the eviction of the owner ‘s exfamily members.
Key words: the property, premises, eviction, ground area withdrawal.
Work bibliographic list
1.Egorova O.A., Bespalova Ju.F., Gordejuk D.V. Zhilishhnoe pravo: ucheb. posobie. - M.: JuNITI-DANA: Zakon i pravo, 2009. - S. 74.
 
 
Legislation perfection issues
Ibragimova S.V.
Topical problems of compensation for harm caused to the life and health of citizens in the time of liquidation of legal persons chargeable for the harm

Some of the problems of legal regulation of compensation for harm in the time of liquidation of legal persons chargeable for the harm inflicted on life and health of the citizens are viewed in the article with regard to the amount of compensation for the harm liable to be paid by the Russian Federation when the liabilities to compensate for the harm, caused by the legal person being liquidated, are transferred to it; composition of the capitalizable payments; authorised persons, obliged to act on behalf of the Russian Federation when the liabilities to compensate for the harm, caused to the life and health of citizens, are transferred to it.
Work bibliographic list
1.Boldyrev V.A. Kapitalizacija platezhej v vozmeshhenie vreda grazhdaninu pri likvidacii juridicheskogo lica // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. - 2004. - # 1. -  S. 69.
2.Boldyrev V.A. Ukaz. soch. - S. 69-75; Egorov A.V. Kapitalizacija povremennyh platezhej v zakonodael'stve o nesostojatel'nosti // Vestnik VAS RF. - 2004. -  # 5. - S. 117-132; Dobrynina S.A. Vozmeshhenie vreda, prichinennogo zhizni i zdorov'ju grazhdan pri likvidacii juridicheskogo lica // Kadrovaja sluzhba i upravlenie personalom predprijatija. - 2006. -  # 11 // Spravochno-pravovaja sistema «Garant».
3.Boldyrev V.A. Ukaz. soch.  - S. 73.
4.Egorov A.V. Ukaz. soch.  - S. 126.
 
 
Legislation perfection issues
Gimadrislamova O.R.
Integrity is the characteristic feature of a housing cooperative as a legal person

Housing cooperatives, classified by the civil legislation as non-profit organisations, posses all the features of a legal person. The integrity of a Housing cooperative as a non-profit organisation means that it was created as a constant association, being an organic whole, for a joint activity and it possess the internal structure, headed by the corresponding bodies, which’s competence together with aims and tasks, being set up for the whole association, are secured in the documents of association of the non-profit organisation. Thus, the integrity of the housing cooperatives reveals itself in the subordination of the cooperative’s activity to a single objective – satisfaction of the housing needs of its members, and the unity of the organisation of the housing cooperative – in the unified, fixed by law structure of the controlling and managing bodies.
Key words: housing cooperative, the legal body, organizational unity, controls, general meeting, cooperative society board.
Work bibliographic list
1.Barkov A.V., Lihotnikova E.P. Grazhdanskaja pravosub"ektnost' i pravo sobstvennosti nekommercheskih organizacij: uchebnoe posobie. – M.: Izdatel'skaja gruppa «Jurist», 2004. - S. 67-68.
2.Ioffe O.S. Sovetskoe grazhdanskoe pravo. - M.: 1967. - S. 130.
3.Barkov A.V., Lihotnikova E.P. Grazhdanskaja pravosub"ektnost' i pravo sobstvennosti nekommercheskih organizacij: uchebnoe posobie. - M.: Izdatel'skaja gruppa «Jurist», 2004. - S. 70-71.
4.Korjakovcev V.G. Postatejnyj kommentarij k Federal'nomu zakonu «O zhilishhnyh nakopitel'nyh kooperativah» / V.G. Korjakovcev. - M: GrossMedia, 2006. - S. 106.
5.Krasheninnikov P.V. Zhilishhnoe pravo. Izd. 4-e, pererab. i dop. s uchetom novogo Zhilishhnogo kodeksa Roscijskoj Federacii. – M.: «Statut», 2005. - S. 145.
6.Krasheninnikov P.V. Zhilishhnoe pravo. - Izd. 4-e, pererab. i dop. s uchetom novogo Zhilishhnogo kodeksa Roscijskoj Federacii. – M.: «Statut», 2005. - S. 145.
7.Krasheninnikov P.V. Zhilishhnoe pravo. Izd. 4-e, pererab. i dop. s uchetom novogo Zhilishhnogo kodeksa Roscijskoj Federacii. - M.: «Statut», 2005. - S. 146.
8.Tihomirov M.Ju. Zhilishhnye kooperativy (po novomu Zhilishhnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii) / M.Ju. Tihomirov. - M.: Izd. Tihomirova M.Ju., 2005. - S. 20.
9.Krasheninnikov P.V. Zhilishhnoe pravo. Izd. 4-e, pererab. i dop. s uchetom novogo Zhilishhnogo kodeksa Roscijskoj Federacii. - M.: «Statut», 2005. -  S. 147.
10.Korjakovcev V.G. Postatejnyj kommentarij k Federal'nomu zakonu «O zhilishhnyh nakopitel'nyh kooperativah» / V.G. Korjakovcev. - M: GrossMedia, 2006. – S. 138-139
11.Tihomirov M.Ju. Zhilishhnye kooperativy (po novomu Zhilishhnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii) / M.Ju. Tihomirov. - M.: Izd. Tihomirova M.Ju., 2005. –S. 23.
12.Tihomirov M.Ju. Zhilishhnye kooperativy (po novomu Zhilishhnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii) / M.Ju. Tihomirov. - M.: Izd. Tihomirova M.Ju., 2005. - S. 23-24.
13.Tihomirov M.Ju. Zhilishhnye kooperativy (po novomu Zhilishhnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii) / M.Ju. Tihomirov. – 14.Tihomirova M.Ju., 2005. - S. 24.
15.Zamjatin V.I. Necheckij M.A. Kommentarij k Primernomu ustavu zhilishhno-stroitel'nogo kooperativa. M.: «Jurid. lit.», 1974. - S. 134.
 
 
Legislation perfection issues
Saveliev A.A.
On the right of property burden concept

The article is dedicated to the research of the legal nature of the right of property burden. The author analyses the current legislation and the scientific literature to reveal characteristic features of right of property burden, its differences from adjacent institutions of civil law and also the object and mechanism of burden.
Key words: the property right, encumbrances of the property right, property right restriction, the legal nature.
Work bibliographic list
1.Kamyshanskij V.V. Konstitucionnye ogranichenija prava sobstvennosti // Jurist. -  2004. - # 5. -  S. 5; Dolinskaja V.V. Ogranichenija prava sobstvennosti: ponjatie i vidy // Zakon. - 2003. - # 11. -  S. 3-4; Akkuratov I.Ju., Korshunov N.M., Horeev A.A. K voprosu ob ogranichenijah i obremenenijah prava sobstvennosti // Gosudarstvo i pravo. - 2000. -  # 10. -  S. 68; Semenjuta N.H. Zaprety i ogranichenija v pravovom regulirovanii trudovyh otnoshenii v Rossijskoj Federacii: diss... kand. jurid. nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2000. -  S. 102.
2.Lomidze O.G. Pravonadelenie v grazhdanskom zakonodatel'stve Rossii. SPb.: Juridicheskij centr Press, 2003. - S. 29.
Sm.: Spiridonov V.F., Karcev G.L., Krivonosova O.Ju., Kruglov S.P., Prihod'ko V.F., Rtishhev N.I. Ogranichenija (obremenenija) prav na ispol'zovanie zemel'nyh uchastkov. M., 2000.
3.Sidorenko A.Ju. Aktual'nye problemy pravovogo regulirovanija ogranichenij (obremenenij) v zemel'nom prave // Jurist. - 2000. -  # 11. - S. 35.
4.Grazhdanskoe pravo: uchebnik. - Izd.              2-oe. V 2-h t. T. 1 / Otv. red. E.A. Suhanov. M., 1998. S. 285; Aktual'nye problemy grazhdanskogo prava:  sb. sta-tej / Pod. red. S.S. Alekseeva (avtor stat'i - D.V. Smysh-ljaev). M.: «Statut», 2000. - S. 97.
5.Dolinskaja V.V. Ogranichenija prava sobstvennosti: ponjatie i vidy // Zakon. - 2003. - # 11. - S. 4.
6.Kamyshanskij V.P. Pravo sobstvennosti: predely i ogranichenija. M.: JuNITI-DANA. Zakon i pravo, 2000. -S. 172.
7.Grishaev S.P. Pravovoe regulirovanie nedvizhimosti // Gosudarstvo i pravo.  - 1999. - # 3. -S. 41.
8.Mechetina T.A. Ogranichenie prava sobstvennosti: pro-blema publichnyh i chastnyh interesov: diss… kand. jurid. nauk. Rjazan', 2001. - S. 92-93.
9.Mirovoj sud'ja v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve: nauch-no-prakticheskoe posobie / Pod red. A.F. Efimova, I.K. Piskareva. M.: Izdatel'skij Dom «Gorodec», 2004. S. 197.
10.Mikrjukov V.A. Ogranichenija i obremenenija prava sobstvennosti i inyh grazhdanskih prav: diss… kand. jurid. nauk. Perm', 2004. - S. 34, 7.
11.Senchishhev V.I. O ponjatii obremenenija // Vestnik Vysshego Arbitrazhnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii.- 2003.  - # 5. -  S. 95.
12.Utkin B. Absoljutnoe pravo - otnosi-tel'nye polnomochija // JeZh-Jurist. -  2002. - # 48.  - S. 2.
 
 
Legislation perfection issues
Garijullina O.R.
Participation of people's representatives in the courts of justice of post-soviet states' legislation

Legislation of states, formerly being parts of the USSR, are analysed in order to determine whether legal framework of people’s representatives participation in the distribution of justice is fixed in them. It is proved that the generalisation of experience is important to work out optimal forms of “people’s element” participation in the Russian courts of justice.
Key words: the legislation, the state, the CIS, national representation. Justice, Post-Soviet.
 

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