№ 3 (45) 2016 - Юридический журнал Правовое государство: теория и практика

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№ 3 (45) 2016

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№ 3 (45) 2016
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  • OnModernTypesState
  • Problems of the Rule-of-Law State in the С
  • Philosophy of Law and Its Problems
  • Forecast of State Future 

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Modern Problems of State and Law

THEORY AND HISTORY OF LAW AND STATE.
HISTORY OF THE DOCTRINES OF LAW AND STATE
Semitko A.P.
On Person Centrist and Social Centrist Types of States and Law as a Theoretical Construction
Cognitive Methods in Philosophy of Law
Vinokurov V.A.
The Reform of Public Administration in the Russian Federation
Aznagulova G.M.
Metaphysics of Interest in the Philosophy of Kant
Sultanov A.Kh.
The Right of Nations to Self-Determination in European States: Past and Present
Khabirov R.F.
The Problem of the Rule-of-Law State in the Context of State Sovereignty
Romanov A.A.
On Some Directions for the Development of Higher Education System in Russia
Kasimov T.S.
Problems of Future Forecasts, Typology and State Classification
Khafizov E.D.
Russian Law Faculty in “Harbin” Expatriate Community: Legal Education
and Legal Enlightenment
Abezgildin R.R.
The Role of Network Structures in the Field of Combating Organized Crime (Through the Example of the Fight Against Corruption and Extremism)
Arzamaskin A.N.
Legal Groundwork for Information Economy in the Period of Globalization
Makeev I.I.
Bureaucracy In The Conservative Political And Legal Doctrine of  L.A. Tikhomirov
Marakulin A.Yu.
The Genesis of Servitude in the Legislation System of Russia
CONSTITUTIONAL AND MUNICIPAL LAW. CONSTITUTIONAL PROCEDURE.
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW AND ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIVITIES. INFORMATION LAW
Kuksin I.N.
Novopavlovskaya E.E.
Protecting the Rights and Legitimate Interests of Citizens Against Unemployment in Practice of Constitutional Proceedings
Revnov B.A.
On Some Issues of Entering into Force and Executing Administrative Rulings
Usmanova R.M.
Public Control in the System of Local Self-Government as a Factor of Development of Civil Society
CIVIL AND FAMILY LAW. BUSINESS AND PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW. CIVIL AND ARBITRATION PROCESS
Alsynbayeva E.M.
Legal Features of Contractual Relations in the Sphere of Human Organs andTissues Transplantation
Balyakina E.B.
On the Features of Providing Telematic Communication Services
CRIMINAL LAW AND CRIMINOLOGY. CRIMINAL EXECUTIVE LAW.
CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
Polstovalov O.V.
Original Nature of the Reality of Criminal Justice As It Is
Agzamov I.M.
The Concept of Conditional Sentence in Classical and Sociological Schools of Criminal Law (Historical Aspect)
Serdyuk P.L.
On the Problem of State Protection of Victims and Witnesses in Criminal Proceedings
Suleymanova I.E.,
Golubeva E.R.
Characteristics of Justice and Its Importance As an Object in the Offenses Under Sec. 31 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
Klyzbayeva V.A.
Possibility of Involving the Female Employee to Provide Security Measures «Bodyguard». Use of Strong and Weak Points
Suleimanov T.M.
Liability for Abuse of Power in Russia and Germany
(Criminal, Legal and Criminological Aspects)
FORENSICS.  FORENSIC ACTIVITIES. OPERATIVE SEARCH ACTIVITY
Salnikov V.P.,
Stepashin S.V.,
Kondrat I.N.
Scientific School of Professor S.I. Zakhartsev – Looking Into the Future of Operative Search Activity
Vardanyan A.V.,
Aivazova O.V.
Tactical Forensic Technique As a Scientific Category of Forensic Tactics: Current Status and Need for Systematization
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY.
INTERNATIONAL AND EUROPEAN LAW
Andreytso S.Yu.
Gripp E.Kh.
Yakhina J.Kh.
Enforcement of Foreign Citizens’ Rights in Russia: Problematic Aspects
REVIEW
Makarenko I.A.
Review of the Monograph of Malikhina N.I. Forensic Study of the Perpetrator:  Theoretical and Applied Problems / Edited by Doctor of Law, Professor, Honored Worker of the Russian Federation, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation A.F. Volynskyi. M. Urlitinform, 2016, 312 p.
OUR ANNIVERSARY CELEBRANTS
Baranov V.M.
Zakhartsev S.I.
Rayanov F.M.
Celebrating the 70th Anniversary of Victor Petrovich Salnikov!
The 65th Anniversary of Sergei Alexandrovich Komarov!
TO THE AUTHORS

 

ON PERSON CENTRIST AND SOCIAL CENTRIST TYPES OF STATES AND LAW AS A THEORETICAL CONSTRUCTION
SEMITKO Alexey Pavlovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Senior Research Associate of the RAS, Professor, Visiting Professor of University Paris West (France), Dean of the Law Department, Head of the Chair of Public Law of the Autonomous Nonprofit Organization of Higher Education “Liberal Arts University”, Yekaterinburg, Russia.
The article covers the person and social centrist typology of state and law and as a theoretical construction, shows other concepts, which correlate with this construction. The article analyses critical arguments given in literature against the stated construction and shows its full incapacity. The article considers other names of the construction of person and social centrism and shows their theoretical limitation and weakness. As the basis for distinguishing the types of state-legal systems, stands their relation to a person: in one instance, a person is regarded as the most important social and legal value, which is worthy of high-priority protection (person-centrism); in another instance, a person is regarded as a means of solving the problems of the social level (socio-centrism), which are esteemed here as supreme values (for example, religion, race, class or other social groups, ideology, etc.), which are worthy of high-priority protection.
COGNITIVE METHODS IN PHILOSOPHY OF LAW
KHALIKOV Aslyam Nailevich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor of the Chair of Forensics of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.
Methods of cognition in science are characterized by their diversity and state of constant dialectical development. In addition, disadvantages or qualitative properties of one influence the development of the other and vice versa, indicating the interdependence between the method and the object of cognition. The method as the position of human knowledge to the object under study determines the progression from ignorance to knowledge, the effectiveness of research of science subject in the field of its object. The methods used by philosophy of law as a science are the ways of cognition that are used or may be used in scientific research of law in the philosophical aspect. When considering the methods of cognition in philosophy of law it seems legitimate to use fragmentarily almost all pre-existing methods in their creative refraction, that is, maintaining and creatively developing their beneficial properties for the philosophical comprehension of law. Special attention should be paid to such methods as libertarian juristic, positivistic, phenomenological, dialectical materialist, pragmatic, sociological, existentialistic. However, in philosophical cognition of law the preference is given to the dialectical materialist method.
Key words: method of cognition, method of research, methodology, scientific method, law, subject of research, philosophy of law.
References
1. Zhukov V.N. Filosofija prava (teoretiko-metodologicheskij aspekt) (Philosophy of law (theory-methodological aspect)), Gosudarstvo i pravo, 2009, № 3, pp. 21–30.
2. Zav'jalov Ju.S., Galkin I.V. Fenomenologija i poznanie prava (Phenomenology and cognition of law), Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2015. № 2, pp. 63–
3. Korovina O.S. Fenomenologicheskij metod v strukture metodologii otechestvennogo pravovedenija (Phenomenological method in the structure of methodology of domestic science of law). Av-toref. diss….kand. jurid. nauk. Cheljabinsk, 2007.
4. Nersesjanc V.S. Filosofija prava (Philosophy of law). M., 2009.
5. Petjakisheva N.I., Lebedev M.V. Jevoljucija i osnovnye harakteristiki analiticheskoj filosofii (The Evolution and main characteristics of the analytical philosophy), Analiticheskaja filosofija: Ucheb. Posobie, pod red. M.V.Lebedeva, A.Z.Chernjaka. M., 2006.
6. Pjento R., Gravits M. Metody social'nyh nauk (Method of social sciences). M., 1972.
7. Syzrancev D.G. Pragmatizm v prave: Metod Rosko Paunda (Pragmatism in Law: Method of Rosko Paund). Avtoref. dis. …. kand. jurid. nauk. SPb, 2002.
8. Tarasov N.N. Metod i metodologicheskij podhod v pravovedenii (popytka problemnogo analiza) (Method and methodological approach in jurisprudence (attempt of problem analysis)), Pravovedenie. 2001. № 1, pp. 31–50.
9. Shvyrev V.S. Metod, Jenciklopedija jepistemologii i filosofii nauki (The method // Encyclopedia of epistemology and philosophy of science). M., 2009.
THE REFORM OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
VINOKUROV Vladimir Anatolievich
Doctor of Law,  Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law of the Law Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia.
The article is dedicated to understanding of some results of the administrative reform that has been implemented in the Russian Federation since 2004 in terms of the system and structure of federal executive authorities. The author gives a historical overview of the system and structure of soviet state administration bodies, formulates concrete suggestions on current administration bodies system and structure and some opinions, which ensure observance of state and society interests in matters of government administration in the state.
Key words: Constitution of the Russian Federation, human and civil rights and freedoms, administrative reform, government administration, federal executive authority, federal ministry,federal service, federal agency, state commission for staffing.
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15. Petrov M.P. Opyt evolyutsii publichnogo upravleniya v Rossii i aktual'nye zadachi admi-nistrativnoi reformy na sovremennom etape (Experience of the evolution of public administration in Russia and urgent tasks of the administrative reform at the present stage), Istoriya gosudarstva i prava. 2010. No. 8. P. 34–39.
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METAPHYSICS OF INTEREST IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF KANT
AZNAGULOVA Guzel Mukhametovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Deputy Director of the Institute of Law, Assistant Professor of the chair of Theory of State and Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia. 
Immanuel Kant placed the utmost importance on the development of the concept of "interest" in his philosophical doctrine; the thinker did not ignore issues of morality, connection between interest and will. The analysis shows that from the conceptual angle I. Kant characterized the interest having in its origin neuropsychological and biosocial nature, by moral and psychological, aesthetic, biological, spiritual, political, economic, legal and other aspects. The author of the article states that the invaluable advantage of Kant's doctrine is that it creates fundamental obstacles - a kind of selection rules of potential actions – in the way of attaining personal profit, namely, the principle of morality, which he reduced to the idea of freedom.
Key words: jurisprudence, philosophy of law, the doctrine of Kant, political and legal thought, metaphysics, interest, public interest, state interest, motive, categorical imperative, will, society.
References
1. Korkunov N.M. Istoriya filosofii prava (History of Philosophy of Law), Izd.8-e. M. LENAND, 2014.
2. Spirkin A.G. Filosofiya (Philosophy), Uchebnik 2-e izd. M. Gardariki, 2010.
3. Khaidegger M. Osnovnye ponyatiya metafiziki. Mir – konechnost' – odinochestvo (Basic concepts of metaphysics. World – finiteness – loneliness), M. V. Dal', 2013.
4. Khaidegger M. Osnovnye ponyatiya metafiziki (Basic concepts of metaphysics), Voprosy filosofii.1989. No. 9, рр.116–157.
5. Novaya filosofskaya entsiklopediya (New Encyclopedia of Philosophy).V 4 t. / In-t filosofii RAN. Nats.obshchestv. – nauch. fond. – Preds. nauchno-red. soveta V.S. Stepin. M. Mysl', 2000–2001. 2-e izd. isprav. idopol. M.: Mysl', 2010. Elektronnyi resurs. URL:http//iphras.ru/enc.htm.
6. Kant I. Osnovy metafiziki nravstvennosti (Grounds of Metaphysics of Morals). Soch. v 6 t. T. 4. Ch. 1. M. Mysl', 1965.
7. Ekimov A.I. Interesy i pravo v sotsialisticheskom obshchestve (Interests and law in socialist society), Leningrad. Izd-vo LGU, 1984.
8. Kant I. Kritika prakticheskogo razuma (Critique of Practical Reason), Sochineniya v 6 t. T. 4. Ch. 1. M. Mysl', 1965.
THE RIGHT OF NATIONS TO SELF-DETERMINATION IN EUROPEAN STATES: PAST AND PRESENT
SULTANOV Akhsan Kharisovich
Candidate of Sciences (History), Head of the Department of History and Theory of State and Law of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Ufa, Russia. 
One of the brightest mottos, which gave evidence on the radical turn in the imperial area of Europe, was the plea for self-determination of people. Such a phenomenon appeared in Europe, where the centers of three largest states – the British, Russian and Austro-Hungarian Empires were situated. In this context, it is interesting to know how the motto of self-determination finds its practical appliance in activities of various political forces. At present, it is obvious that under modern conditions, states, which are destined to personify western democracy, face the legacy of political realia, which appeared in the beginning of the XX century. Throughout the whole XX and the beginning of XXI centuries, the representatives of Western Europe with the assistance of the USA decided when it is necessary to approve the movements for national self-determination. “History boomerang” returned to those, who tried to conceal the problems of national self-determination.
Key words: national self-determination, domestic and foreign policy, radical change, democracy, European countries.
 References
1. Mazover Mark. Dark continent: Europe`s twentieth  century. London. Penguin books, 2010.
2. 501 must – know speeches. Hong Kong, 2009.
3. Cornej Petr, Pokorny Jiri. A brief history of the Czech lands. Prahа, 2003.
4. The Guardian. 2014, June 8.
THE PROBLEM OF THE RULE-OF-LAW STATE IN THE CONTEXT OF STATE SOVEREIGNTY
KHABIROV Radiy Faritovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Deputy Head of the Russian President’s Domestic Policy Directorate, Moscow, Russia.
In this paper, the author attempts to rehabilitate Marxist materialism as a methodological approach, which on the wave of the global crisis of 2008 draws the attention of a number of prominent foreign researchers focused on revealing metaphysics of ongoing transformations. By insisting on the need to maintain continuity including the period of socialism, the author states that Marxism as an ideology and the nationalized Soviet project of nomenclature capitalism can not be compared with the methodology of scientific research of sources of ongoing phenomena, processes and facts and we must not substitute one for another, shifting critical emphasis in the negative form of discussion. The author analyzes leading scientific theorists’ views, Marxist and neo-Marxist ideas, policy documents, party leaders’ statements and reports of the late Soviet era and evolutionary background to the understanding of the need to implement the rule-of-law state concept in the Soviet Union from cautious statements to full adoption on the official level. The author thinks that linear simple external descriptive models are unproductive in the analysis of seemingly insurmountable difficulties in the way to run the Russian rule-of-law state model, therefore according to the author rational neo-Marxist materialist explanations are the most adequate to modern reality. The author directly or indirectly links all these problems to the question of state sovereignty.
Key words: materialist theory of law, Marxism, methodology, rule-of-law state, national sovereignty.
References
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10. Levin I. D. Suverenitet (Sovereignty). Predislovie dokt. yurid. nauk., prof. S.A.Avak'yana. SPb. Izd-vo «Yuridicheskiy tsentr Press», 2003. 
11. Yavich L.S. Sushchnost' prava. Sotsial'no-filosofskoe ponimanie genezisa, razvitiya i funktsionirovaniya yuridicheskoy formy obshchestvennykh otnosheniy (The essence of law. Socio-philosophical understanding of the genesis, development and functioning of the legal form of public relations). Leningrad: Izd-vo Leningrad. Un-ta, 1985. 
12. Gorbachev M. S. O khode realizatsii resheniy XXVII s''ezda KPSS i zadachakh po uglubleniyu perestroyki. Doklad na XIX Vsesoyuznoy konferentsii KPSS 28 iyunya 1988 goda (On the implementation of decisions of the XXVII Congress of the CPSU and the tasks to deepen the restructuring. Report on the XIX All-Union Conference of the CPSU June 28, 1988), v kn.: Gorbachev M. S. Izbrannye rechi i stat'i. T. 6. M. Politizdat, 1989), pp. 323–397.
13. Rezolyutsii XIX Vsesoyuznoy konferentsii KPSS. Istoriya novoy Rossii (The resolution of the XIX All-Union Conference of the CPSU. The history of the new Russia) http:/www.ru-90.ru/content/%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B7%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8E%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%B8-xix-%D0%B2%D1%81%D0%B5%D1%81%D0%BE%D1%8E%D0%B7%D0%BD%BE%D0%B9 %D 0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%84%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%86%D0%B8%D0% B8-%D0%BA%D0%BF%D1%81%D1%81 (accessed date: 22.08.2016).
14. Syrykh V.M. Proshchay, klassika, vpered k materialisticheskoy teorii prava! (Goodbye, classic, forward to the materialistic theory of law!), Pravovedenie. 2014. № 5 (316), pp. 42–55.
15. Galiev F.Kh. Pravovaya kul'tura v informatsionnom prostranstve grazhdanskogo obshchestva i pravovogo gosudarstvo (Legal culture in the information space of civil society and rule-of-law state). Yuridicheskaya mysl'. 2011. № 3 (65), pp. 25–33.
16. Galiev F.Kh. Ponyatiya «pravovoe gosudarstvo» i «grazhdanskoe obshchestvo» v sotsiokul'turnom izmerenii (The concepts of "rule-of-law state" and "civil society" in the socio-cultural dimension). Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika. 2012. № 4 (30), pp. 20–25.
ON SOME DIRECTIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM IN RUSSIA 
ROMANOV Anton Aleksandrovich
 Candidate of Sciences (Law), Head of the Printing and Publishing Department of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Ufa, Russia.
 Education holds a unique position among spheres of life of a child, which determines his/her destiny to a great degree, provides his/her achievement of personhood and predetermines the choice of his/her career, etc. Half of a child’s daily activity is dedicated to education. Pedagogic component embedded in education appears to be a condition for preventive measures against deviant behavior of the under-aged. Further improvement of the system of higher education, which should imply its quality increase and strengthening of its creative, scientific and pedagogical components, is of a very great importance. On the basis of the conducted analysis, it is possible to make a conclusion, that the main orienting points of improving quality of higher education in Russia should be: combination of fundamentality of knowledge and applicative skills of a focused specialization; integration of education and science; pedagogical filling of the triune (education, science, practice) vector of development of an educational process; development of interuniversity cooperation not only within the Russian Federation, but also with foreign educational organizations; active engagement of students into volunteer, creative, patriotic, etc. activities, which let young people to increase the level of their self-realization.
 Key words: higher education, university science, right to education, breeding, training, science, practice, fundamental knowledge, applied skills, development of education.
 References
Ob obrazovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii: federal'nyj zakon ot 29 dekabrja 2012 goda No 273-FZ (On Education in the Russian Federation: the Federal Law of December 29, 2012 № 273-FZ), Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii http://www.pravo.gov.ru.
1.merah po realizacii gosudarstvennoj politiki v oblasti obrazovanija i nauki: ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 7 maja 2011 goda № 599 (On measures to implement the state policy in the field of Education and Science of the Russian Federation President's Decree of May 7, 2011 № 599), Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. http://pravo.gov.ru/.
2.Nacional'noj doktrine obrazovanija v Rossijskoj Federacii: postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 4 oktjabrja 2000 g. № 751 (On the National Doctrine of Education in the Russian Federation Government Resolution dated 4 October, 2000 № 751), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii, 2000, № 41, St. 4089.
3.Koncepcii modernizacii rossijskogo obrazovanija do 2010 goda: rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 29 dekabrja 2001 g. № 1756-r (On the Concept of modernization of Russian education until 2010: the disposal of the Russian Federation from December 29, 2001 1756- r), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2002, № 1 (ch. II), St. 119.
4.Ob utverzhdenii gosudarstvennoj programmy Rossijskoj Federacii "Razvitie obrazovanija" na 2013–2020 gody: rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 15.05.2013 № 792-r (On approval of the Russian State Program "Development of Education" for 2013-2020: Resolution of the Russian Government dated 15.05.2013 number 792-r), Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii http://www.pravo.gov.ru.
5.Morozkin N.D. Mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo Bashkirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta (International cooperation of the Bashkir State University), Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo, 2015, No 5 (86), pp. 35–38.
6.Nigmatullin R.V. Rol' juridicheskoj nauki v razvitii sovremennoj Rossii (The role of legal science in the development of modern Russia), Juridicheskij mir, 2012, No 3 (183), pp. 17–19.
7.Nigmatullin R.V. Razvitie juridicheskoj nauki i nauchnyj potencial obrazovatel'nyh organizacij uchrezhdenij stran chlenov Shanhajskoj organizacii sotrudnichestva (ShOS) (The development of legal science and scientific potential of educational institutions of the organizations members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)), Vestnik Tjumenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2012, No 3, Pravo, pp. 19–26.
8.Muhametshin F.B. Razvitie juridicheskogo obrazovanija i pravovoe prosveshhenie v sovremennoj Rossii (The development of legal education and legal education in modern Russia), Zashhita prav cheloveka i sozdanie preventivnyh mehanizmov protiv pytok i drugih zhestokih, nechelovechnyh ili takih, chto unizhajut dostoinstvo, vidov obrashhenija i nakazanija v Ukraine: materialy nauchno-prakticheskogo seminara, g. Zaporozh'e, Ukraina 8–9 sentjabrja 2011 goda(Protection of human rights and the creation of preventive mechanisms against torture and other cruel, inhuman or such that degrade, degrading treatment or punishment in Ukraine: materials of scientific-practical seminar, Zaporozhye, Ukraine on 8-9 September 2011), рр. 39–46.
9.Rebenok v sovremennoj Rossii: prava, vozmozhnosti, sistema zashhity: monografija (Child in modern Russia: rights, opportunities and protection system: a monograph), R.V. Nigmatullin, R.R. Karimov, A.A. Romanov. Ufa, 2015.
10.Oficial'nyj sajt Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii (The official website of the Russian President), http://kremlin.ru/.
11.http://www.mkset.ru/news/kaleidoscope/1413/.
PROBLEMS OF FUTURE FORECASTS, TYPOLOGY AND STATE CLASSIFICATION
 KASIMOV Timur Salavatovich
 Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Chair of Theory and History of the Bashkir Academy of Public Administration and Management under the President of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Ufa, Russia.
 The article is devoted to future forecasts, state typology and classification. The author notes the importance of prognostic function of theory of state and law and their place in futurology of state and the relation with future state concepts. The approaches to state typology based on the values of the social group that rules in the state, religion, production principles and politogenesis stages etc. are characterized. State classifications according to the criteria of economic development and human development index are shown. The concepts of state analogues (supranational entities, transnational corporations, private states, cyberstates, network states) are described. The meaning of state development indices is noted. Attention is drawn to the advisability of further studies of weak and powerful state concepts. The importance of interaction between theory of state and law and other sciences is emphasized.
 Key words: forecast, future, state, theory, conception, futurology, state typology, state type, classification, state analogue, network state, index, powerful state.
 References
1.Alekseev S.S., Perevalov V.D. Glava 1. Teorija gosudarstva i prava kak nauka. Ee predmet i mesto v sisteme juridicheskih nauk (Theory of State and Law as a Science. Its Subject and Place in the System of Legal Sciences), Teorija gosudarstva i prava. Moskva, Norma, 2006.
2.Vinnichenko O.J. Metodologija jurisprudencii: krizis ili novye vozmozhnosti? (The Methodology of Jurisprudence: Crisis or Opportunity?). Vestnik TjumGU. Social'no-jekonomicheskie i pravovye issledovanija, 2015, vol. 1. No. 2 (2), pp. 90–96.
3.Gosudarstvo, Konstitucija, Rodina: k poiskam nacional'noj idei i novoj doktriny gosudarstva (The State Constitution, Homeland: the Search for a National Idea and the New Doctrine of State), Moskva, Prospekt, 2015.
4.Grinin L.E. Gosudarstvo i istoricheskij process: Politicheskij srez istoricheskogo processa (The State and the Historical Process: the Political Section of the Historical process), Moskva, Knizhnyj dom “LIBROKOM”, 2009.
5.Denisov S.A. Obshhaja teorija administrativnogo gosudarstva: Monografija (The General Theory of the Administrative State), Ekaterinburg, Gumanitarnyj universitet, 2010.
6.Indeksy razvitija gosudarstv mira: spravochnik (The Indices of the Development of the States of the World), Moskva: Izd. dom Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki, 2014.
7.Kasimov T.S. Koncepcii kibergosudarstva, jelektronnogo pravitel'stva i kriptoanarhii (Conceptions of Cyberstate, E-government and Crypto-anarchy), Mir juridicheskoj nauki, 2010, No. 9, pp. 26–32.
8.Lazarev V.V., Temnov E.I. Tema 1. Predmet teorii gosudarstva i prava (Theme 1. The Subject of the Theory of State and Law in General Theory of Law and the State), Moskva, Norma, 2013, pp. 14–15.
9.Latypov R.F., Latypova L.A. Fenomen “chastnogo gosudarstva” v global'nom jekonomiko-politicheskom processe (The Phenomenon of "Private State" in the Global Economic and Political Process), Jekonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. 2012, No. 5, pp. 14–19.
10.Malaja rossijskaja jenciklopedija prognostiki (Small Russian Encyclopedia of Prognostics). I.V. Bestuzhev-Lada (gl. redaktor), A.I. Ageev i dr. Moskva, Institut jekonomicheskih strategij, 2007.
11.Morozova L.A. Teorija gosudarstva i prava (Theory of State and Law),  Moskva: Rossijskoe juridicheskoe obrazovanie, 2010.
12.Rajanov F.M. Problemy teorii gosudarstva i prava (Jurisprudencii): (Problems of the Theory of State and Law (Jurisprudence)). Moskva, Pravo i gosudarstvo, 2003.
Semitko A.P. Personocentristskij podhod k pravu i pravovoj kul'ture (Personocentrist Approach to Law and Legal Culture), Vestnik Gumanitarnogo universiteta, 2013, No. 1 (1), pp. 87–90.
RUSSIAN LAW FACULTY IN “HARBIN” EXPATRIATE COMMUNITY:
LEGAL EDUCATION AND LEGAL ENLIGHTENMENT
KHAFIZOV Engel Dinyarovich
Candidate of Historical Sciences, Assistant Professor of the Department of Socio-Humanitarian and Economic Disciplines of the Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Ufa, Russia. 
Educational activity of teachers of the Russian law faculty in Harbin in the first decade of the post-revolutionary expatriate community was very intense and diverse. "Harbin star" was a unique social and cultural phenomenon that was distinct from European exile by longer existence and the practical absence of assimilation effects of other-cultural environment. The pre-revolutionary model of pedagogical education and education of the younger generation was saved by the efforts of the immigrants in "Russian Harbin".
Key words: China, Russian culture in exile, Harbin post-revolutionary expatriate community, Russian press, Russian Law Faculty in Harbin.
Reference
1. Hins. G.K. Family and marriage in Soviet Russia. Russian Review. Beijing, 1921. No. 5. Р. 216.
2. Hins G. Code of Laws / Social and Human Sciences in the Far East. Vladivostok, 2012. No. 1. Р. 9.
3. Hins G. Pushkin and the Russian nation / Day of Russian Culture in Harbin. Harbin, 1937. 10 June. Р. 14.
4. Day of Russian Culture in Harbin and I-th H.R.R. School Collection. Memory I-st Harbin Russian School. Sydney, 1987. No. 2. S. 8.
5. Dorofeeva M.A. Faculty of Law in Harbin as an outpost of Russian education in China. Beach: information and analytical collection of Russian abroad. St. Petersburg, 2008. Vol. 9. Pр. 40–46.
6. Korneva O. Our city. Politekhnik. Sidnei, 1967. No. 10. Р. 110.
7. Kostikov V. We shall not curse the exile ... (Ways and Russian emigration destiny). Moscow. International Relations, 1990. Р. 37.
8. Kuznetsova T. Russian book in China (1917-1949). Ed. A.I. Boukreev. Khabarovsk. Dalnevost. state. scientific. Bk, 2003. Р. 56.
9. Cultural and educational activities of the Russian emigration in China. URL: http:/russian.china.org.cn/russian/80155.htm. (Reference date: 30.10.2014).
10. Rapoport Y.K. End of expatriate community. Modern note. Paris, 1939. Kn. LXIX. Рр. 374, 378. 
11. Russia and the Asia-Pacific Region. 2011. No. 1. Рр. 81–82.
12. Taskina E.P. Russian Harbin. M. Prometheus, 1998. Р. 55.
13. Shanghai Dawn. Shanghai. 1929. 2 July. Р. 5.
14. Shilyaev E. Socio-cultural, religious and political life of Harbin. Notes of Russian academic group in the USA. New York, 1994. V. 26. P. 213.
15. Chronicle H.S.M.L. Harbin HSML-YMCA. Journal. Harbin, 1926. Vol. 4. P. 26.
THE ROLE OF NETWORK STRUCTURES IN THE FIELD OF COMBATING ORGANIZED CRIME (THROUGH THE EXAMPLE OF THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION AND EXTREMISM)
ABEZGILDIN Ruslan Rinatovich
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Political Science of the North-West Institute of Management of the Russian Federation Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Saint Petersburg, Russia. 
In the article, the author considers the issues of network cooperation between law enforcement agencies and civil society institutions with the aim to address various threats to public security of Russia, which are caused by the activities of organized crime. The definition of organized crime is given; the causes and conditions of its origin are identified. The author analyzes the legislation of the Russian Federation on this issue, as well as the main directions of political activity of public organizations aimed at neutralizing this social negative phenomenon using communication technologies. 
LEGAL GROUNDWORK FOR INFORMATION ECONOMY IN THE PERIOD OF GLOBALIZATION
ARZAMASKIN Aleksey Nicolaevich
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Faculty of Law of the Ulyanovsk State University. Ulyanovsk,Russia.  
Currently, due to the processes of globalization, foundations of a new type of the world economy are established, which make institutional, organizational and technological changes. Therefore, informatization is undoubtedly becoming one of the characteristics of the modern society. The study of the issue of  informatization impact on the economy seems to be actual in terms of applicability. There are new types of economic relations virtually at all levels of economic activity, dismantling of industrial-type economy is taking place, flexible networks of cooperation between the parties of the information economic space are created. In the article, the author gives us his own standpoint of information economy, in light of the prevailing views on this issue. Great attention is paid to the matter of legal groundwork for information economy, measures aimed at improving and promoting the development of information economy are proposed.
BUREAUCRACY IN THE CONSERVATIVE POLITICAL AND LEGAL DOCTRINE OF L.A. TIKHOMIROV
MAKEEV Ivan Ivanovich
Postgraduate Degree Seeker of the Chair of Theory of State and Law named after G. V. Maltsev of the Department of Law named after M.M. Speransky of the FSEBI HE "Russian Academy of National Economy and State Service under the President of the Russian Federation",
 Moscow, Russia.
The target of this research is the phenomenon of bureaucracy and its understanding in the Russian political and legal thought of the late XIX- the early XX centuries. This phenomenon is reviewed in terms of the concept of state and law of the Russian conservative thinker Lev Alexandrovich Tikhomirov. Constructive criticism of Russian bureaucrats at the turn of the century in the doctrine of L. A. Tikhomirov is due to the desire to connect the program of bourgeois reforms with traditions and traditional values of the monarchical state. Without denying state forming role of bureaucracy in any complex state, L. A. Tikhomirov saw its dangerous sides to the autocracy and the state: the usurpation of power, excessive centralization, tyranny, abuse, intervention in all spheres of life of the nation. L. A. Tikhomirov found the origins of the bureaucratization in the reforms of Peter I, which interrupted harmonious development of the Russian statehood, introduced alien bureaucracy elements, greed, technocracy, etc., generating destructive processes in the Russian society. Among the most important elements to prevent bureaucracy transformations, the conservative thinker mentioned the system of monarch and public control over government activities, publicity and transparency, a wide development of self-government.
Key words: conservatism, state and bureaucracy, state administration, legality, overcoming bureaucracy.
References
1.Zamaleev A.F. Samosoznanie Rossii: Issledovaniya po russkoi filosofii, politologii i kul'ture (Self-Consciousness of Russia: Studies in Russian philosophy, political science and culture). SPb. Nauka, 2010.
2.Popova A.V. Neoliberal'nyi tip pravoponimaniya v Rossii (vtoraya polovina XIX–nachalo XX v.) (The neoliberal type of law in Russia (second half of XIX-beginning of XX centuries). Zhurnal rossiiskogo prava, 2013, No. 1, pp. 103–108.
3.Popova A.V. Politiko-pravovye vzglyady P.N. Milyukova (Political and legal views of P.N. Milyukov). Dis. … kand. yurid. nauk, M., 2004.
4.Tikhomirov L.A. Monarkhicheskaya gosudarstvennost' (Monarchical state). M. GUP Oblizdat, 1998.
5.Tikhomirov L.A. Rukovodyashchie idei russkoi zhizni (Guiding ideas of Russian life). Otv. red. O. Platonov. M.: Institut russkoi tsivilizatsii, 2008.
THE GENESIS OF SERVITUDE IN THE LEGISLATION SYSTEM OF RUSSIA 
MARAKULIN Alexander Yuryevich
 Master of Law, Senior Instructor of the Chair of Private Law of the Law Department, Postgraduate Student of  the Autonomous Nonprofit Organization of Higher Education “Liberal Arts University”,Yekaterinburg, Russia. 
The article covers problems of the genesis of servitude as a juridical phenomenon and peculiarities of appearance of this institute in the legislation system of Russia. The article notes that one of the peculiarities of the origin of servitude among East Slavs was the possibility to provide every farmer with necessary farming acreage under the conditions of vast territories and insignificant population. Increasing population brought along conflicts between owners of neighboring plots and the necessity of servitudes. A number of servitudes arouse over objects, which provide branch crafts that allow decreasing dependence on the crop yield of a definite land but not over main agricultural activities on farming. Herewith, the use of such servitudes as “beavers’ estrus”, “apicultural units” was targeted largely at commodity production not at consumer production.  Appearance of servitude rights among definite subjects resulted from investiture on behalf of a state, but not from agreement of interests of individuals.
Key words: property right; corporeal right; servitude; servitude rights; neighbor’s right; property; feeding; parcel of land; beavers’ estrus; animal catching; fish catching; Kormchy book; type right; light right.
References
1.Alferova G.V. Kormchaja kniga kak cennejshij istochnik drevnerusskogo gradostroitel'nogo zakonodatel'stva. Ejo vlijanie na hudozhestvennyj oblik i planirovku russkih gorodov (Kormchaya book as the most valuable source of the Old Russian town-planning legislation. Its influence on art shape and planning of Russian cities), Vizantijskij vremennik, 1973, t. 35.
2. Biryukov A.A. Recepciya rimskogo chastnogo prava i servituty v dorevolyucionnoj Rossii (Reception of the Roman private law and servitudes in pre-revolutionary Russia), Istoriya gosudarstva i prava, 2013. No. 15.
3. Goronovich I. Issledovanija o servitude (Studies of servitudes), Aleksandrija, 1904.
4. Gusakov A. K voprosu o teorii servitutnogo prava (To the question of theory of servitude law), Zhurnal grazhdanskogo i ugolovnogo prava, 1884, № 8-9.
5. Petrov V.P. Podsechnoe zemledelie (Shifting Cultivation), Kiev, 1968.
6. Pobedonoscev K.P. Kurs grazhdanskogo prava (Civil Law Course), T. 2, SPb., 1873.
7. Shershenevich G.F. Uchebnik russkogo grazhdanskogo prava (Textbook of Russian civil law), M., 1995.
PROTECTING THE RIGHTS AND LEGITIMATE INTERESTS OF CITIZENS AGAINST UNEMPLOYMENT IN PRACTICE OF CONSTITUTIONAL PROCEEDINGS
KUKSIN Ivan Nikolaevich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of Criminal Law Disciplines of the Law Institute of the State Autonomous Educational Institution of Moscow "Moscow City Pedagogical University", Moscow, Russia.
 NOVOPAVLOVSKAYA Elena Evgenyevna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Assistant  Professor of the Department of State Law Disciplines of the Federal State Government Educational Institution of Higher Education "Belgorod Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation
named after Putilin",Belgorod, Russia. 
The article presents an analysis of the number of economically active population, including by type of economic activity in the whole country and by federal districts. The authors conclude that this number is reducing in working age, which adversely affects the socio-economic situation in the society. To ensure the implementation of constitutional guarantees and the right to protection against unemployment (part 3 of article 37 of the Constitution), the Constitutional Court in its ruling obliges the State to develop and implement a variety of measures aimed at protection against unemployment. The authors attempt to analyze the reasons for the rise in unemployment in the modern period, and identify gaps in law enforcement and legislative activities in the field of labor relations through the analysis of judgments of the Constitutional Court.
 ON SOME ISSUES OF ENTERING INTO FORCE AND EXECUTING ADMINISTRATIVE RULINGS
 REVNOV Boris Alexandrovich
 Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law of the Law Institute, Saint-Petersburg, Russia. 
 The article concerns legal problems related to entering into force judgments of administrative punishments, subject to immediate execution. The author analyzes legal safeguards for individuals, including the issues related to the presumption of innocence in respect of which proceedings on administrative cases are administered, the application to them of such measures of administrative responsibility as a warning, an administrative arrest and an administrative suspension of activity.
 PUBLIC CONTROL IN THE SYSTEM OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT AS A FACTOR OF DEVELOPMENT OF CIVIL SOCIETY
USMANOVA Rezida Miniyrovna
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Dean of the Law Faculty of BashSU Sterlitamak Branch, Sterlitamak, Russia.
 In the system of local self-government the organs of state power, bodies of local self-government, and municipality population are endued with supervisory functions; municipality population exercise them directly and through various social structures. Public control is one of the factors in development of civil society in Russia, which should be accompanied by the extension of public control exercised directly by the municipality population. In the literature, there are several points of view on the place of public control in the system of local government. The author notes that public control should be considered as one of the forms of public participation in local government, and therefore, it is necessary to supplement the Federal law of 6 October 2003 «On General principles of organization of local self-government in the Russian Federation» with the relevant norm.
 Key words: local government, civil society, control, population, form of participation, power.
References
1. Shinkareva O.V. O sisteme municipalʹnogo finansovogo kontroly (On the system of municipal financial control), Audit i finansoviy analis. 2011. No. 4, pp. 8-15.
2. Yichnikova Yu.S. O vzaimodeistvii organov mestnogo samoupravleniy s naseleniem I obchestvennimi institutami v sfere kontrolʹnoi deytelʹnosti. (On the interaction of local governments with the population and public institutions in the field of control activities), Mariiskii yuridicheskii vestnik. 2012. No. 9, pp. 139-143.
3. Federalʹnyj zakon ot 21.07.2014g. No. 212-FZ «Ob osnovax obchestvennogo kontrolyu v RF» (Federal law from 21.07.2014 No. 212-FZ «On fundamentals of public control in the Russian Federation»), Sobranie zakonodatelʹstva RF, 2014, No. 30(I). St. 4213. Ст. 4213.
4. Antipʹev K.A. Ispolʹzovanie mehanizma obchestvennogo kontrolyu v sisteme mestnogo samoupravleniyu (The use of mechanism of public control in the system of local government). Mestnoe pravo. 2011. No. 5, pp. 37-41.
5. Kin Dzh. Demokratiyu i grazhdanskoe obchestvo, perevod s angl. Kin Dzh. (Democracy and civil society). M. Progress-Tradiziyu. 2001.
6. Chihladze L.T. K voprosu o ponyutii I priznakah mestnogo samoupravleniyu (The question of the concept and characteristics of local government). Pravovayu iniziativa. 2015. No. 1, p. 3.
7. Kuryuchayu M.M. Elektronnayu demokratiyu kak vizov sovremennoi pravovoi politiki (Electronic democracy as a challenge to modern legal policy). Konstituzionnoe i munizipalʹnoe pravo. 2013.
8. Shmidt V. Gpazhdanskii kontrolʹ kak forma uchastiyu grazhdan v publichnoi politike (Civilian control as a form of citizen participation in public policy). [Elektronik resource]. URL: http: // www.demos-center.ru.
9. Arnstein S. A ladder of citizen participation in the USA. Journal of the Royal Town Planning Institute, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 176-182.
10. Kerimov A.D. Gosudarstvennayu orientaziyu obchestvennoi zhiznedeyutelʹnosti: voprosi teorii: monografiyu (State orientation of social life: theory: monograph). M. Norma-INFRA-M, 2014.
11. Federalʹnyj zakon ot 6.10.2003g. No. 131-FZ «Ob obchih prinzipah organizazii mestnogo samoupravleniyu v RF» (Federal law of 6 October 2003 «On General principles of organization of local self-government in the Russian Federation») Sobranie zakonodatelʹstva RF. 2003. No. 40. St. 3822.
12. Neznamova EA. Mestnoe samoupravlenie: proshloe, nastoyuchee, buduchee. (Local government: past, present, future), М., 2009.
13. Shugrina E.S. Munizipalʹnoe pravo: uchebnik. (Municipal law: the textbook). М. Norma, 2010.
14. Dmitrieva Yu. A. Osuchestvlenie obchestvennogo kontrolyu v Rossii bez uchastiyu grazhdanskogo obchestva. (The implementation of public control in Russia without the participation of civil society). Sovremennoe pravo. 2014. No. 8, pp. 43-45.
15.Lapina М.А., Lapin А.V. Obchestvennii finansovii control kak pokazatel razvitiyu grazjdanskogo obchestva. (Public financial control as an indicator of civil society development). Finansovoe pravo. 2012. No. 4. pp. 2-4.
16. Ogneva Е.А. Obchestvennii control v sisteme prav i svobod cheloveka i grazjdanina: konstituzionno-pravovoe issledovanie. ( Public control in the system of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen in the Russian Federation: constitutional legal research). М. 2015.
17. Karasteleva V.Е. Institualizaziyu obchestvennogo kontrolyu v sisteme pravosudiyu i pravoohpanitelʹnoi deyutelʹnosti v sovremennoi Rossii. (The institutionalization of public control in the justice system and law enforcement in modern Russia). М. 2015.
18. Kin Dzh. Demokratiyu i upadok obchestvennih sredstv massovoi informazii, perevod s angl Kin Dzh. (Democracy and the decline of public media). М. 1996.
19. Pyulin S.V. Munizipalʹnii control: problem I puti pravovogo obespecheniyu. (Municipal control: problems and ways of legal support). Konstituzionnoe i munizipalʹnoe pravo. 2006. No. 11, pp. 32-37.
Chebotarev G.N. Obchestvennii control za deyutelʹnostʹyu organov publichnoi vlasti: ot teorii k praktike. (Public control over the activities of public authorities: from theory to practice). [Elektronik resource] URL: // http: // otrasli-prava rf/article/14711. 
LEGAL FEATURES OF CONTRACTUAL RELATIONS IN THE SPHERE OF HUMAN ORGANS AND TISSUES TRANSPLANTATION
ALSYNBAYEVA Elvira Makhamatovna
 Candidate of Sciences (Law), Teaching Assistant of the Chair of Civil Law of the Institute of Law of the FBSEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.
In the article, legal features of contractual relations in the sphere of human organs and tissues transplantation are considered. The features of regulation of contractual relations in the sphere of transplant treatment are established by the provisions of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, and also by the norms of the Federal Laws «On the Basics of Protection of Public Health in the Russian Federation» and «On Human Organs and (or) Tissues Transplantation». It is established that only specialized institutions of state and municipal health care systems can provide transplant help. The content of contractual relations in the sphere of human organs and tissues transplantation depends on the donation form that can be live or cadaveric. The conclusion is drawn that contractual schemes applied when using this or that form of donation hereinafter are referred to as agreements on providing medical transplant services.
ON THE FEATURES OF PROVIDING TELEMATIC COMMUNICATION SERVICES
BALYAKINA Elena Borisovna
Senior Instructor of the Chair of Civil Law of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.  
In the given article the author analyzes the concept of telematic communication services as a kind of communication services that determines the mandatory availability of data communication services as an organizational component. The nature of telematic communication services as a kind of Internet services is revealed, legal regulation of telematic communication services is studied. The author identifies the gaps of legal regulation that cause disputes when parties execute contractual terms for providing relevant services. In terms of this article, the author highlights the issues of providing telematic services with the involvement of intermediaries without a special permit – a license authorizing the business entity to provide communication services. The conclusions made in the article are based on the analysis of judicial practice in the cases related to providing telematic communication services.
Key words: legal regulation, provision of communication services, Internet services, information services, Internet relationships, access to the Internet, telematic communications services.
References
1. Andreyev B.V., Vagonova E.A. Pravo I Internet: uchebnoe posobie (Law and the Internet: manual), Moscow, IMPE of A S. Griboyedov, 2001, p. 15.
2. Barinov N.A. O tendenciyah innovaciy v grajdanskom prave (On the tendencies of innovations in civil law), the Power of the law, No. 1 (9), 2012, p. 32.
3. Grazhdanskiy kodeks Rossiyskoy Federatsii (chast vtoraya) ot 26.01.1996 No 14-FZ (Civil Code of the Russian Federation), Sobranie zakonodatelstva RF, 1996, No. 5, Art. 410.
4. Konstitutsiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii (prinyata vsenarodnyim golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (Constitution of the Russian Federation), Sobranie zakonodatelstva RF, 2014, No. 31, Art. 4398.
5. Postanovlenie Pravitelstva RF ot 10 sentyabrya 2007 goda No. 575 «Ob utverzhdenii Pravil okazaniya telematicheskih uslug svyazi» (On the approval of the rules of rendering telematic communication services), Sobranie zakonodatelstva RF, 2007, No. 38, Art. 4552.
6. Postanovlenie Pravitelstva RF ot 18 fevralya 2005 g. No. 87 «Ob utverzhdenii perechnya naimenovanij uslug svyazi, vnosimyx v licenzii na osushhestvlenie deyatelnosti v oblasti okazaniya uslug svyazi» (On the approval of the list of names of communication services brought in licenses for implementation of activity in the field of rendering communication services), Sobranie zakonodatelstva RF, 2005, No 9, Art.719.
7. Postanovlenie Pravitelstva RF ot 23 yanvarya 2006 goda No. 32 «Ob utverzhdenii pravil okazaniya uslug svyazi po peredache dannyx» (On the approval of rules of providing communication services on data transmission), Sobranie zakonodatelstva RF, 2006, No 5, Art. 553.
8. Prikaz Minsvyazi RF ot 23 iyulya 2001 goda No 175 «Ob utverzhdenii rukovodyashhego dokumenta otrasli telematicheskie sluzhby» (vmeste s rukovodyashhim dokumentom RD 45.129-2000), (On the approval of the leading document in the field of telematic services), dannyj dokument opublikovan ne byl. SPS «Konsultant plyus».
9. Reshenie Blagoveshhenskogo gorodskogo suda Amurskoj oblasti ot 11.02.2012g. po delu No 2-480/12/ (The ruling of the Blagoveschensk city court of 11 February 2012), https://rospravosudie.com/court-blagoveshhenskij-gorodskoj-sud-amurskaya-oblast-s/act-104978318/.
10. Tedeev A.A. Informacionnoe pravo (pravo interneta): uchebnoe posobie (Information law (Internet law): Manual), Moscow, izd-vo Eksmo, 2005, p. 8.
11. Rederalnyj zakon ot 04 maya 2011 goda No. 99-FZ «O licenzirovanii otdelnyx vidov deyatelnosti» (On licensing several kinds of activity), Sobranie zakonodatelstva RF, 2011, 19, Art. 2716.
12. Federalnyj zakon ot 27 iyulya 2006 goda No 149-fz «Ob informacii, informacionnyx texnologiyax i zashhite informacii» (On information, information technologies and information security), Rossijskaya gazeta, 2006, 29 iyulya.
13. Federalnyj zakon ot 7 iyulya 2003 goda No 126-FZ «O svyazi» (On communication), Rossijskaya gazeta, 2003, 10 iyulya. 
ORIGINAL NATURE OF THE REALITY OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE AS IT IS
POLSTOVALOV Oleg Vladimirovich
 Doctor of Law, Professor of the Chair of Forensics of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.
The author analyzes the assignment of criminal proceedings from the perspective of realistic approach to the modern Russian state policy in the field of detection, investigation, exposure of crimes and criminal proceedings. The author shows the discrepancy between the announced declaration of protective criminal justice and real practice, but also on the basis of economic dimension of criminal procedure. It is proposed to break from the current practice in theory to attempt explaining the difficulties arising out of law itself and turn to analyze the original nature of the reality of criminal justice.
 Key words: assignment of criminal proceeding, restorative and protective criminal justice, legislator’s and law enforcer’s mistakes, economic dimension of criminal procedure.
 References
 1. Vosstanovitel'noe pravosudie. Pod obshch. red. I.L. Petrukhina (Restorative Justice. Under the total ed. of I.L. Petrukhin). M.: MOO Tsentr «Sudebno-pravovaya reforma», 2003.
 2. Lazareva V.A. Ugolovnyi protsess kak sposob zashchity prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhda-nina (naznachenie ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva) (Criminal procedure as a way to protect human and citizen’s rights and freedoms (purpose of criminal proceedings)). LEXRUSSICA. 2010. № 3. T. LXIX, pp. 540–550.
 3. Sostoyanie prestupnosti – yanvar'–dekabr' 2015 goda. Kratkaya kharakteristika sostoyaniya prestupnosti v Rossiiskoi Federatsii, v tom chisle v Krymskom federal'nom okruge za yanvar'–dekabr' 2015 goda (The state of crime - January-December 2015. Brief description of the state of crime in the Russian Federation, including the Crimean Federal District in January-December 2015). Ofitsial'nyi sait MVD RF / https://mvd.rf/folder/101762/ item / 7087734/ (accessed date: 28.08.2016).
 4. M.S. Gorbachev v N'yu-Iorke, 6–8 dekabrya 1988 g.: dokumenty i materialy (Mikhail Gorbachev in New York City, December 6-8, 1988: Documents and materials). M. Politizdat, 1988.
 5. Davey J. D. The new social contract: America's journey from welfare state to police state. Westport, Connecticut, London: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc. First published in 1995.
 6. Postanovleniya Plenuma Verkhovnogo Suda RF ot 19.12.2013 № 41 (red. ot 24.05.2016) ab. 3. p. 7 «O praktike primeneniya sudami zakonodatel'stva o merakh presecheniya v vide zaklyucheniya pod strazhu, domashnego aresta i zaloga» (Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of 12.19.2013 N 41 (ed. of 24.05.2016) s. 3. p. 7 "On the practice of courts to apply the law on preventive measures in the form of detention, house arrest and bail"). Spravochno-pravovayasistema «Garant».
 7. Speranskii M.M. Proekty i zapiski (Projects and notes). Podg. k pech. A.I. Kopanev i M.V. Kukushkina, pod red. S.N. Valka. M. Leningrad, Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, 1961.
 8. Bek U. Chto takoe globalizatsiya? Oshibki globalizma – otvety na globalizatsiyu (What is globalization? Errors of Globalism - responses to globalization) / per. s nem. A. Grigor'eva i V. Sidel'nikova; obshch. red. i poslesl. A. Filippova. M. Progress-Traditsiya, 2001.
 9. Praktiki obshchestvennogo kontrolya za deyatel'nost'yu politsii. Metodich. posobie, sost. D. Meshcheryakov (The practice of public control over police activities: Methodological guide / compiled by D.A. Meshcheryakov). M. Mosk. Khel'sink. gruppa, 2014.
 THE CONCEPT OF CONDITIONAL SENTENCE IN CLASSICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL SCHOOLS OF CRIMINAL LAW (HISTORICAL ASPECT)
 AGZAMOV Ildar Marsovich
 Doctor of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Chief of the Department of Administrative Law Disciplines of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry Of Internal Affairs of Russia”, Ufa,Russia. 
 The author of the article reviews the historical aspect of development of conditional sentence, in particular the institute of summary probation. This criminal and legal phenomenon is considered from a position of representatives of sociological and classical school of criminal law. As a result the conclusion is done that at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries the refusal of absolute implementation of the principle of inevitability of punishment in Russia with gradual transition to the principle of inevitability of criminal liability was enacted  gradually and very moderately.
 On the problem of state protection of victims and witnesses in CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS
SERDYUK Pavel Leonidovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Lecturer of the Department of Criminal Procedure of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation”, Ufa, Russia.
Despite the fact that the Federal law of 28.12.2013 "On introducing amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation in order to improve the rights of victims in criminal proceedings” came into effect in 2014, the issue of  victim protection during preliminary investigation and trial remains important. The list of security measures provided in the law (article 11 of the Criminal Procedure Code) is not complete. Article 186 of the Criminal Procedure Code indicates as grounds for the application of these protective measures only the existence of threats of violence, extortion and other criminal acts, without defining the criteria for assessing the degree of danger in which protection is required and how intense the level of protection should be. According to the author, this is a shortcoming of procedural law, which leads in practice, not only to the difficulty to select protective measures but also to ensure the effectiveness of these measures.  According to the author, protection should not depend on victim's statement, as he may not know about the existing law; the initiative must come from the state.
Key words: victim protection, state protection, persons subject to protection, security measures, participants in proceedings, security facilities, threats of violence, principle of equality of parties, principle of fairness, protection functions.
References
1. Shinkeich N.E. O prave poterpevshego na dostup k pravosudiyu. (On the right of victim's access to justice),  Administrator suda. 2009. No. 1, pp. 38–41.
2. Novikova M.V. Institut bezopasnosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve i puti ego sovershenstvovaniya (Security Institute in criminal proceedings and ways of its improvement), Rossiiskii sud'ya. 2007. No. 7.
3. Borodkina T.N. Problemy i perspektivy razvitiya instituta gosudarstvennoi zashchity poterpevshikh, svidetelei i inykh uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva (Problems and prospects of development of the State Institute for protection of victims, witnesses and other participants in criminal proceedings), Mirovoi sud'ya. 2010. No. 4, pp. 18–22.
4. Matvienko I.V. Klassifikatsiya sub"ektov gosudarstvennoi zashchity i obespecheniya bezopasnosti uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva i ikh polnomochiya (Classification of state protection and security of participants  in criminal proceedings and their powers), Aktual'nye problemy gosudarstva i obshchestva v oblasti obespecheniya prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina : materialy Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, posvyashchennoi 64-i godovshchine so dnya prinyatiya Vseobshchei deklaratsii prav cheloveka. Ufa: UYuI MVD Rossii, 2012, pp. 84–87.
5. Zvecharovskii I.E. Optimizatsiya ugolovno-pravovoi okhrany lichnosti v aspekte obshchikh nachal sovremennogo ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva Rossii (Optimization of criminal and legal protection of the individual in modern aspect of general principles of criminal legislation of Russia), Ugolovno-pravovaya okhrana lichnosti i ee optimizatsiya: sbornik nauchnykh statei. Saratov, 2003, pp. 30–34.
6. Nikolaev E. M. Poterpevshii kak ob"ekt gosudarstvennoi zashchity v ugolovnom protsesse (The victim as the object of state protection in criminal proceedings), Aktual'nye problemy gosudarstva i obshchestva v oblasti obespecheniya prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina: materialy Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, posvyashchennoi 64-i godovshchine so dnya prinyatiya Vseobshchei deklaratsii prav cheloveka. Ufa: UYuI MVD Rossii, 2012, pp. 74–78.
CHARACTERISTICS OF JUSTICE AND ITS IMPORTANCE AS AN OBJECT IN THE OFFENSES UNDER SEC. 31 OF THE CRIMINAL CODE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
SULEYMANOVA Inna Evgenievna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Lecturer of the Department of Criminal Law and Criminology of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia”, Ufa, Russia.
GOLUBEVA Elina Radikovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Lecturer of the Department of Criminal Law and Criminology of the Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
According to the Judicial Department of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the state of criminal records in Russia from 2010 to 2015 showed increase in the number of convicts for crimes against justice. In view of the statistics given in the article, it is necessary to examine comprehensively these crimes. Particular attention is paid to the definition of the concept of "justice". Due to the absence of this term in legal acts and common understanding in the theory of criminal law, the author believes that justice is a form of state activity that carries out the review of cases within the jurisdiction of the court through constitutional, civil, arbitration, administrative and criminal proceedings. It is accomplished in the framework of state well-defined legal procedure, in order to restore legal rights and freedoms of citizens or organizations, or legitimate interests of the society and the state. The author also analyzes diametrically opposite views of Russian scientists on the object of crimes against justice. It is noted that there are no discussions on the definition of the generic object of crimes against justice, as it is a normal activity of state authorities; however, the specific object of these crimes is determined in different ways by different specialists. The author believes that the specific object is to be determined on the basis of the goals and objectives in order to ensure justice.
References
1. Svodnyie statisticheskie svedeniya Sudebnogo departamenta Verhovnogo Suda Ros-siyskoy Federatsii o sostoyanii sudimosti v Rossii za 2010–2015 gg. (Forma - 10-a). (Summary statistics of the Judicial Department of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation on the status of a criminal record in Russia in 2010-2015. (Form - 10-a)).
2. Tolkovyiy slovar russkogo yazyika: Ok. 100 000 slov, terminov i frazeologicheskih vyirazheniy / S.I. Ozhegov; pod.red. prof. L.I. Skvortsova (The Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian language: About100,000 words, terms and idiomatic expressions. S.I. Ozhegov; under ed. prof. L.I.Skvortsova). M.: OOO «Izdatelstvo «Mir i Obrazovanie», 2013.
3. Chuchaev A.I. Prestupleniya protiv pravosudiya. Nauchno-prakticheskiy kommentariy (Crimes against justice. Scientific-practical commentary). Ulyanovsk: Izdatelstvo «Dom pechati», 1997.
4. Vlasov I.S., Tyazhkova I.M. Otvetstvennost za prestupleniya protiv pravosudiya (Responsibility for crimes against justice). M., 1968.
5. Petruhin I.L., Baturov G.P., Morschakova T.G. Teoreticheskie osnovyi effektivnosti pravosudiya (Theoretical basis of the effectiveness of justice). M., 1979.
6. Inogamova-Khegai L.V. Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost za prestupleniya protiv pravosudiya (Criminal liability for crimes against justice). M., 2003.
7. Demin Y.M. Prestupleniya protiv pravosudiya: Lektsiya (Crimes against justice: Lecture). M.: TsIiNMOKP MVD Rossii, 2000.
8. Rossiyskoe ugolovnoe pravo. Osobennaya chast / pod red. prof. A.I. Chuchaeva (Russian criminal law. The special part / ed. prof. A.I. Chuchaev). M.: KONTRAKT: INFRA, 2014.
9. GlistinV.K. Problema ugolovno-pravovoy ohranyi obschestvennyih otnosheniy (ob'ekt i kvalifikatsiya prestupleniy). (The problem of criminal law protection of public relations (the object and the classification of crimes)). L., 1979.
10. Denisov S.A. Aktualnyie problemyi ugolovnoy otvetstvennosti za prestupleniya protiv pravosudiya (Actual problems of the criminal liability for crimes against justice): avtoref. dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. SPb., 2002.
11. Lobanovа L.V. Prestupleniya protiv pravosudiya: problemyi klassifikatsii posyagatelstv, reglamentatsii i differentsiatsii otvetstvennosti (Crimes against justice: problems of classification of infringements, regulation and differentiation of responsibility): avtoref. dis. … d-rayurid. nauk. Kazan, 2000.
POSSIBILITY OF INVOLVING THE FEMALE EMPLOYEE TO PROVIDE SECURITY MEASURES «BODYGUARD». USE OF STRONG AND WEAK POINTS
KLYZBAYEVA Veronika Abdullovna
Lecturer of the Department of Fire and Special Tactical Training of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia”, Ufa, Russia.
Bodyguard as a security measure represents a set of actions that are carried out by units of implementing security measures to the persons who are subject to state defense. It is done in order to protect life, health and (or) property of the protected persons, provide established order of legal proceedings and inevitability of punishment, neutralize illegal influence on the protected persons from threatening people. Female employees serve in state security units and they are involved to implement security measures. Specifics of their work, advantages and shortcomings are considered in the article.
Key words: employee, woman, bodyguard, state protection.
References
1. Sobranie zakonodatelstva RF (Collected legislation of the Russian Federation), 2004 No. 34, St, 3534; 2007 No. 31, St, 4011; 2012, No. 15, St, 1741; 2011 No. 1, St, 16; 2011 No. 49, St, 7030, The Federal law No. 119-FZ.
2. Sobranie zakonodatelstva RF (Collected legislation of the Russian Federation), 1995, No. 33, St, 3349; 1997, No. 29, St, 3502; 1998, No. 30, St, 3613; 1999, No. 2, St, 233; 2000, No. 1, St, 8; 2001, No. 13, St, 1140; 2003, No. 2, St, 167; 200, No. 27, St, 2700; 2004, No. 27, St, 2711; 2004, No. 35, St, 3607; 2005, No. 49, St, 5128; 2007, # 31, St, 4008; 2007, No. 31, St, 4011; 2008, No. 18, St, 1941; 2008, No. 52, St, 6227; 2008, No. 52, St, 6235; 2008, No. 52, St, 6248; 2011, No. 1, St, 16; 2011, No. 48, St, 6730; 2011, No. 50, St, 7366, The Federal law No. 119-FZ.
LIABILITY FOR ABUSE OF POWER IN RUSSIA AND GERMANY
(CRIMINAL, LEGAL AND CRIMINOLOGICAL ASPECTS)
SULEIMANOV Timur Maratovich
Deputy Judge of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Ufa, Russia. 
Abuse of power, not only in Russia but also in many countries is a major element of corruption. Legal groundwork for anticorruption has been  improved recently in the Russian Federation. Our country has ratified a number of international anticorruption conventions, joined the Group of States against Corruption (GRECO), has implemented and is actively carrying out the National Anti-Corruption Plan. Measures of criminal law aspect should be recognized as the most effective measure in this policy. The content of Article 285 of the Criminal Code "Abuse of power" is the basic criminal law in the fight against corruption and it includes a number of evaluative features that are required for it, which often causes mistaken classification of the acts of abuse of office. The problem in question involves the study of international experience, and above all, the experience of the leading European countries, one of which is the Federal Republic of Germany. Studying regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation that define liability for abuse of power, analyzing statistical data, studying the practice of formation of the institute of liability for abuse of power and comparative legal analysis of the current legislation of the Federal Republic of Germany led to the conclusion that it is necessary to improve the norms of the existing criminal legislation of Russia. While analyzing the anticorruption criminal legislation of the Russian Federation related to abuse of power by officials, we think  that the experience of Germany will contribute to strengthening state service relations and thus to preventing corruption.
SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL OF PROFESSOR S.I. ZAKHARTSEV – LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE OF OPERATIVE SEARCH ACTIVITY
SALNIKOV Viktor Petrovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Editor-in-Chief of the “Legal Science: History and the Present” Journal, St Petersburg, Russia.
STEPASHIN Sergei Vadimovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Chairman of the Supervisory Board of State Corporation - Fund of Assistance to Reforming Housing and Communal Services, Moscow, Russia.
KONDRAT Ivan Nikolaevich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor of the Chair of Legal Bases of Management of MGIMO Universiy, Moscow, Russia.
It is hard to find any scientist who deals with operational investigations and who is not familiar with the works of S.I. Zakhartsev, his approaches and teachings. They are used as a base for research and scientists rely on them in scientific cognition. Fundamental character of Zakhartsev’s views and a wide range of his followers allowed to state that there is a new scientific school - School of Professor S.I. Zakhartsev. Currently this school, of course, is a leader in the science of operational search activity. Professor S.I. Zakhartsev is widely known for his works on operational search activity, his books have been translated into English and German.
Key words: law, scientific school, philosophy, investigative activity philosophy, investigative activity science, scientific school of S.I. Zakhartsev.
References
1. Bukharov N.N., Zakhartsev S.I., Rokhlin V.I., Fedorov A.V., Shakhmatov A.V. Proslushiva-nie telefonnykh peregovorov v operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti: ucheb. pos., pod red. V.P. Sal'nikova (Listening of telephone conversations in operational search activity: Textbook, ed. by V.P. Salnikov), Izd. 2-e. Ser. Teoriya i praktika operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti. SPb., 2005.
2. Vinnichenko N.A., Zakhartsev S.I., Rokhlin V.I. Pravovaya reglamentatsiya ispol'zovaniya operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve, pod red. V.P. Sal'nikova (Legal regulation of the use of operational and investigative activities in criminal proceedings, ed. by V.P. Salnikov), Ser. Teoriya i praktika operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti. SPb., 2004.
3. Evstratikov B.M., Zakhartsev S.I., Medvedev V.N., Sal'nikov V.P. Operativno-rozysknye meropriyatiya na kanalakh svyazi (Pravovoi analiz), pod red. V.P. Sal'nikova (Operative search measures on communication channels (Legal analysis), ed. by V.P. Salnikov), Ser. Teoriya i praktika operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti. SPb., 2005.
4. Zakhartsev S.I. Vozvrashchayas' k diskussii ob ispol'zovanii rezul'tatov ORD v ugolovnom protsesse (Returning to the discussion on the use of OSA results in criminal proceedings), Mir politiki i sotsiologii. 2014. No. 10, pp. 153–159.
5. Zakhartsev S.I. Nado li sud'e znat' operativno-rozysknuyu deyatel'nost' (Is it necessary to a judge to know operative search activity), Rossiiskii sud'ya. 2004. No. 1. pp. 13–14.
6. Zakhartsev S.I. Nauka operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti: filosofskii, teoretiko-pravovoi i prikladnoi aspekty (Science of operative search activity: philosophical, theoretical, legal and applied aspects). SPb., 2011.
7. Zakhartsev S.I. Nekotorye problemy teorii i filosofii prava, pod red. V.P. Sal'nikova (Some problems of theory and philosophy of law, ed. by V.P. Salnikov). M., 2014.
8. Zakhartsev S.I. O soderzhanii operativno-rozysknoi politiki (The content of operational search policy), Biblioteka krimina-lista. Nauchnyi zhurnal. 2014. No. 3 (14), pp. 315–321.
9. Zakhartsev S.I. Operativno-rozysknaya politika (Operational search policy), Pravovoe pole sovremennoi ekonomiki. 2012. No. 11, pp. 163–172.
10. Zakhartsev S.I. Operativno-rozysknye meropriyatiya v Rossii i za rubezhom, pod obshch. red. V.P. Sal'nikova (Operative search measures in Russia and abroad, under the ed. of V.P. Salnikov). SPb., 2003.
11. Zakhartsev S.I. Operativno-rozysknye meropriyatiya: teoriya i praktika, pod red. V.P. Sal'nikova (Operative search measures: Theory and Practice, ed. by V.P. Salnikov). SPb. 2004.
12. Zakhartsev S.I. Ponyatie i vidy operativno-rozysknykh meropriyatii (Concept and types of search operations), Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Pravovedenie. 2003. No. 4 (249), pp. 135–139.
13. Zakhartsev S.I. Pravo i istina (Law and truth), Mir politiki i sotsiologii. 2012. No. 9, pp. 146–152.
14. Zakhartsev S.I. Proslushivanie telefonnykh peregovorov v operativno-rozysknoi deya-tel'nosti i ugolovnom protsesse (Listening to telephone conversations in operational search activity and criminal trials): dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. SPb.: Sankt-Peterburgskii universitet MVD RF, 2002.
15. Zakhartsev S.I. Professional'naya deformatsiya pravosoznaniya sotrudnikov politsii, sudei i prokurorov (Professional deformation of legal consciousness of police officers, judges and prosecutors), Biblioteka kriminalista. Nauchnyi zhurnal. 2013. No. 4 (9), pp. 335–343.
16. Zakhartsev S.I. Teoriya i pravovaya reglamentatsiya operativno-rozysknykh meropriyatii (Theory and legal regulation of operative search actions): dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. SPb., 2004.
17. Zakhartsev S.I. Filosofiya prava i dialektika (Legal philosophy and dialectics), Mir politiki i sotsiologii. 2012. No. 11, pp. 180–189.
18. Zakhartsev S.I. Filosofiya prava: nekotorye razmyshleniya po povodu predmeta (Philosophy of Law: some reflections on the subject), Mir politiki i sotsiologii. 2012. № 7, pp. 122–131.
19. Zakhartsev S.I., Ignashchenkov Yu.Yu. K voprosu o reglamentatsii operativno-rozysknykh meropriyatii, ogranichivayushchikh konstitutsionnye prava cheloveka i grazhdanina (On the issue of regulation of operational search actions, limiting constitutional human and civil rights), Rossiiskii sledovatel'. 2006. No. 5, pp. 31–32.
20. Zakhartsev S.I., Kiryushkina N.O. Kratkii ekskurs v istoriyu vozniknoveniya i razvitiya operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti (A brief history of the origin and development of operational search activity), Biblioteka kriminalista. Nauchnyi zhurnal. 2014. № 6 (17), pp. 364–372.
21. Zakhartsev S.I., Kiryushkina N.O. Operativno-rozysknoe pravo (Operational search law), Pravovoe pole sovremennoi ekonomiki. 2013. No. 9, pp. 187–192.
22. Zakhartsev S.I., Medvedev V.N. Snyatie informatsii s tekhnicheskikh kanalov svyazi: pra-vovye voprosy / pod obshch. red. V.P. Sal'nikova (Removing information from technical communication channels: legal questions / Ed. by V.P. Salnikov). SPb., 2004.
23. Zakhartsev S.I., Pakhunov A.M. Organizatsiya prokurorskogo nadzora za operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nost'yu (Organization of prosecutorial supervision over operational and investigative activities), Rossiiskii sledovatel'. 2012. No. 9, pp. 37–40. 
24. Zakhartsev S.I., Rokhlin V.I. Pravovoe regulirovanie ispol'zovaniya rezul'tatov operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti v zarubezhnykh gosudarstvakh (Legal regulation of the use of the results of operative investigative activities in foreign countries), Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Pravovedenie. 2004. No. 2 (253), p 111–122.
25. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Vnenauchnoe znanie v operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti (Non-scientific knowledge in operational search activity), Pravovoe pole sovremennoi ekonomiki. 2013. No. 10, pp. 193–199. 
26. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Ispol'zovanie rezul'tatov operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti v dokazyvanii po ugolovnomu delu: perspektivy zakonodatel'noi reglamentatsii (Using the results of operational search activity in proving in criminal proceedings: perspectives of legal regulation), Konstitutsionnye aspekty sovremennogo sostoyaniya zakonodatel'stva Respubliki Tadzhikistan: materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-teoreticheskoi konferentsii. Dushanbe, Irfon, 2014, pp 90–93.
27. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Istinnost' bytiya i nauchnogo poznaniya (The truth of existence and scientific knowledge), Izvestiya Rossiiskoi akademii raketnykh i artilleriiskikh nauk. 2016. No. 3 (93).
28. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Kak poznat' pravo? My predlagaem komprekhendnyi podkhod (How to cognize law? We offer comprehensive approach), Pravovoe pole sovremennoi ekonomiki. 2015. № 9, pp. 17–30.
29. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Komprekhendnaya teoriya poznaniya prava (Comprehensive theory of cognizing law), Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremennost'. 2015. № 8, pp. 11–26.
30. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Konstitutsionnye prava cheloveka v Rossii i dopustimost' ikh ogranicheniya v khode provedeniya operativno-rozysknykh meropriyatii na kanalakh svyazi (Constitutional human rights in Russia and the admissibility of their restriction during search operations on communications channels), Konstitutsionnye aspekty sovremennogo sostoyaniya zakonodatel'stva Respubliki Tadzhikistan: materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-teoreticheskoi konferentsii. Dushanbe, Irfon, 2014, pp 84–89.
31. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Operativno-rozysknaya politika v kontekste sotsial'noi filosofii (Operational search policy in the context of social philosophy), Pravovoe pole sovremennoi ekonomiki. 2016. No. 2.
32. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Operativno-rozysknaya ekonomika i operativno-rozysknaya politika (Operational search economy and operational search policy), Pravovoe pole sovremennoi ekonomiki. 2015. No. 12, pp. 11–15.
33. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Predlagaem Vashemu vnimaniyu komprekhendnuyu teoriyu poznaniya prava (We offer to your attention comprehensive theory of cognizing law), Mir politiki i sotsiologii. 2016. No. 3, pp. 170–183.
34. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Prodolzhaya diskussiyu ob istine (Continuing the discussion on the truth), Mir politiki i sotsiologii. 2016. No. 1, pp. 35–43.
35. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Filosofiya. Filosofiya prava. Yuridicheskaya nauka (Philosophy. Philosophy of Law. Jurisprudence). M., 2015.
36. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Chto est' komprekhendnaya teoriya prava? (What is comprehensive theory of law), Yuridicheskaya nauka. 2016. No. 3.
37. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Chto takoe pravo? Voprosy ontologii i gnoseologii (What is law? Questions of ontology and epistemology), Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika. 2015. No. 2 (40), pp. 14–22.
38. Zakhartsev S.I., Chabukiani O.A. Operativno-rozysknye meropriyatiya i sledstvennye deistviya: ponyatiya i sootnoshenie (Operational search measures and investigative actions: concepts and values). SPb., 2010.
39. Zakhartsev S.I., Ignashchenkov Yu.Yu., Sal'nikov V.P. Operativno-rozysknaya deyatel'nost' v XXI veke (Operational search activity in the XXI century). M., 2015.
40. Zakhartsev S.I., Ignashchenkov Yu.Yu., Sal'nikov V.P. Operativno-rozysknye meropriyatiya v XXI veke: monografiya (Operational search activity in the XXI century: Monograph). SPb.: MVD Rossii, S.-Peterb. un-t, 2006.
41. Kommentarii k Federal'nomu zakonu «Ob operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti» (Commentary to the Federal Law "On operational search activity), otv. red. A.Yu. Shumilov. M., 1997.
42. Rokhlin V.I. Operativno-rozysknaya deyatel'nost' kak filosofskaya, teoreticheskaya i prikladnaya nauka. Retsenziya na knigu: Zakhartseva S.I. Nauka operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti: filosofskii, teoretiko-pravovoi i prikladnoi aspekty (Operational search activity as a philosophical, theoretical and applied science. Book Review: S.I. Zakhartsev Science of operational search activity: philosophical, theoretical, legal and applied aspects), SPb., 2011. Mir politiki i sotsiologii. 2013. No. 11, pp. 177–182.
43. Stepashin S.V., Egorshin V.M. Kniga, operedivshaya vremya. Retsenziya na monografiyu Zakhartseva S.I., Ignashchenkova Yu.Yu. i Sal'nikova V.P. «Operativno-rozysknaya deyatel'-nost' v XXI veke» (The book that has outstripped time. Review of the monograph of Zahartsev S.I., Ignaschenkov U.U., Salnikov V.P. "Operative-search activity in the XXI century”), (M.: Norma, 2015. 400 s.). Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremen-nost'. 2015. No. 1, pp. 119–125.
44. Teoriya operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti (Theory of operational search activity): uchebnik, pod red. K.K. Goryainova, V.S. Ovchinskogo, G.K. Sinilova. M., 2006.
TACTICAL FORENSIC TECHNIQUE AS A SCIENTIFIC CATEGORY OF FORENSIC TACTICS: CURRENT STATUS AND NEED FOR SYSTEMATIZATION
VARDANYAN Akop Varazdatovich
 Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Head of the Department of Forensics  of the Federal State Government Educational Institution of Higher Education "Rostov Law Institute of the MIA of Russia", Rostov-on-Don, Russia.
 AIVAZOVA Olga Vladislavovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Forensics of the Federal State Government Educational Institution of Higher Education "Rostov Law Institute of the MIA of Russia”, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.
The article is devoted to the analysis of essence of the term "tactical forensic technique", the key to forensic tactics as the division of forensic science. Special attention is paid to the specification of the principles of tactical and forensic techniques; the compliance with these principles is the distinction between lawful tactical impact of the investigator or other subject of criminal procedural activities from impermissible invasion of privacy, unjustified restrictions of rights and legitimate interests of the individual. After analyzing the different points of view, the authors have substantiated their own vision of a systematic list of principles of tactical and forensic techniques.
ENFORCEMENT OF FOREIGN CITIZENS’ RIGHTS IN RUSSIA: PROBLEMATIC ASPECTS
ANDREYTSO Sergey Yuryevich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate professor, Doctoral Candidate of the Saint-Petersburg University of the MIA of Russia, Saint-Petersburg,Russia.  
GRIPP Elvina Kharisovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Deputy Head of the Department of Constitutional and International Law of the Saint-Petersburg University of the MIA of Russia, Saint-Petersburg,Russia.  
YAKHINA Julia Kharisovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Constitutional Law of the Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Ufa, Russia.
 In part 3 of article 62 of the Russian Constitution it is stated that foreign citizens and persons without citizenship in the Russian Federation exercise rights and bear liability on a par with Russian citizens, except the cases established by Federal law or international treaty of the Russian Federation. However, there are many problems associated with foreign citizens’ rights protection. Currently, the need for migrants’ integration and adaptation is  discussed; however, the issues of the result of this integration and of a future integrated immigrant remain unresolved. The problems of enforcement and protection of foreign citizens’ rights are not so much in law as in law enforcement. It is difficult for foreigners’ to exercise their social rights generally because it is intended to provide social services only to individuals who have either temporary or permanent registration. To solve these problems it is proposed to adopt measures in the area of integration, adaptation and protection of foreign citizens’ rights in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: migration, human rights, migrants, labor power, labor, integration, adaptation, temporary residence, residence permit, Russian citizenship, work permit.
References
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REVIEW OF THE MONOGRAPH OF MALIKHINA N.I. FORENSIC STUDY OF THE PERPETRATOR:  THEORETICAL AND APPLIED PROBLEMS / EDITED BY DOCTOR OF LAW, PROFESSOR, HONORED WORKER OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, HONORED LAWYER OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION A.F. VOLYNSKYI. M. URLITINFORM, 2016, 312 p. 
MAKARENKO Ilona Anatolievna 
Doctor of Law, Professor, Head of the Chair of Forensics, Director of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE "Bashkir State University", Ufa, Russia. 
CELEBRATING THE 70TH ANNIVERSARY
OF VICTOR PETROVICH SALNIKOV!
BARANOV Viktor Mikhailovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Deputy Chief of the Nizhniy Novgorod Academy of the MIA of Russia, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia. ZAKHARTSEV Sergei Ivanovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor of the Chair of Theory and History of State and Law of the Moscow State University of Technologies and Management named after K.G. Razumovsky, Moscow, Russia.
RAYANOV Fanis Mansurovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Professor of the chair of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of Law of the FBSEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia. 
Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation, Honored Law Enforcement Official of Russia, Honored worker of higher professional education of the Russian Federation, lieutenant general of militia in retirement, Salnikov V. P. was given national awards.  The authority of a scientist is always automatically accomplished by his/her official recognition.  Salnikov Viktor Petrovich is the vice-president of the Russian Law Society, vice president of the Russian Academy of Juridical Sciences, vice president of the Academy of Security, Defense and Public Order,  an academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, an academician of the International Academy Sciences of Ecology and Security of Life Activities, an academician of the International Academy of Acmeological Sciences, an academician of the National Academy of Youth Studies, an academician of The Engineering Academy of Saint-Petersburg, a corresponding member of the Russian Rocket and Artillery Forces Academy. Salnikov V. P. is the winner of the international competition “Person of the Year” in the nomination “Attorney of the Year - 2011”. Salnikov V. P. is included in the list “Distinguished people of the ХХ century” of Cambridge University. 
Key words: V.P. Salnikov, Saint Petersburg, Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, philosophy, jurisprudence, legal science.
References 
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11. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. O pravovom progresse kak filosofsko-pravovoi probleme (On Legal progress as a legal philosophical problem), Rossiiskii zhurnal pravovykh issledovanii. 2015. № 2 (3), рр. 113–121.
12. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. O razumnosti i bessmyslennosti prava (On reasonableness and meaninglessness of law), Izvestiya Rossiiskoi akademii raketnykh i artilleriiskikh nauk. 2016. № 4 (94).
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18. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Pravosoznanie yurista i pravovoi nigilizm: sovremennye problemy professional'noi deformatsii (Legal conscience of the lawyer and legal nihilism: modern professional deformation problems), Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremennost'. 2013. № 11, рр. 11–29.
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30. Zakhartsev S.I., Medvedev V.N., Sal'nikov V.P. Snyatie informatsii s tekhnicheskikh kanalov svyazi: pravovye voprosy (Removing information from technical communication channels: legal issues), Sankt-Peterburgskii universitet MVD Rossii; Akademiya prava, ekonomiki i bezopasnosti zhiznedeyatel'nosti; pod obshchei redaktsiei V.P. Sal'nikova. SPb., 2004. Seriya: Teoriya i praktika operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti.
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THE 65TH ANNIVERSARY OF SERGEI ALEXANDROVICH KOMAROV!
 



 
SEMITKO Alexey Pavlovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Senior Research Associate of the RAS, Professor, Visiting Professor of University Paris West (France), Dean of the Law Department, Head of the Chair of Public Law of the Autonomous Nonprofit Organization of Higher Education “Liberal Arts University”, Yekaterinburg, Russia. 
VINOKUROV Vladimir Anatolievich
Doctor of Law,  Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law of the Law Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia.
AZNAGULOVA Guzel Mukhametovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Deputy Director of the Institute of Law, Assistant Professor of the chair of Theory of State and Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”,
Ufa, Russia. 
SULTANOV Akhsan Kharisovich
Candidate of Sciences (History), Head of the Department of History and Theory of State and Law of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Ufa, Russia. 
KHABIROV Radiy Faritovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Deputy Head of the Russian President’s Domestic Policy Directorate, Moscow, Russia. 
ROMANOV Anton Aleksandrovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Head of the Printing and Publishing Department of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Ufa, Russia.
KASIMOV Timur Salavatovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Chair of Theory and History of the Bashkir Academy of Public Administration and Management under the President of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Ufa, Russia.
KHAFIZOV Engel Dinyarovich
Candidate of Historical Sciences, Assistant Professor of the Department of Socio-Humanitarian and Economic Disciplines of the Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Ufa,Russia. 
ABEZGILDIN Ruslan Rinatovich
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Political Science of the North-West Institute of Management of the Russian Federation Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Saint Petersburg, Russia. 
ARZAMASKIN Aleksey Nicolaevich
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Faculty of Law of the Ulyanovsk State University. Ulyanovsk, Russia. 
MAKEEV Ivan Ivanovich
Postgraduate Degree Seeker of the Chair of Theory of State and Law named after G. V. Maltsev of the Department of Law named after M.M. Speransky of the FSEBI HE "Russian Academy of National Economy and State Service under the President of the Russian Federation", Moscow, Russia.
MARAKULIN Alexander Yuryevich
Master of Law, Senior Instructor of the Chair of Private Law of the Law Department, Postgraduate Student of  the Autonomous Nonprofit Organization of Higher Education “Liberal Arts University”,Yekaterinburg, Russia. 
KUKSIN Ivan Nikolaevich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of Criminal Law Disciplines of the Law Institute of the State Autonomous Educational Institution of Moscow "Moscow City Pedagogical
University", Moscow, Russia.
NOVOPAVLOVSKAYA Elena Evgenyevna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Assistant  Professor of the Department of State Law Disciplines of the Federal State Government Educational Institution of Higher Education "Belgorod Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation named after Putilin", Belgorod, Russia.  
REVNOV Boris Alexandrovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law of the Law Institute, Saint-Petersburg, Russia. 
USMANOVA Rezida Miniyrovna
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Dean of the Law Faculty of BashSU Sterlitamak Branch, Sterlitamak, Russia.
ALSYNBAYEVA Elvira Makhamatovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Teaching Assistant of the Chair of Civil Law of the Institute of Law of the FBSEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.
BALYAKINA Elena Borisovna
Senior Instructor of the Chair of Civil Law of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia. 
POLSTOVALOV Oleg Vladimirovich
Doctor of Law, Professor of the Chair of Forensics of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.
AGZAMOV Ildar Marsovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Chief of the Department of Administrative Law Disciplines of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry Of Internal Affairs of Russia”, Ufa, Russia. 
SERDYUK Pavel Leonidovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Lecturer of the Department of Criminal Procedure of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation”, Ufa, Russia. 
SULEYMANOVA Inna Evgenievna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Lecturer of the Department of Criminal Law and Criminology of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia”, Ufa, Russia.
GOLUBEVA Elina Radikovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Lecturer of the Department of Criminal Law and Criminology of the Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
KLYZBAYEVA Veronika Abdullovna
Lecturer of the Department of Fire and Special Tactical Training of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia”, Ufa,Russia. 
SULEIMANOV Timur Maratovich
Deputy Judge of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Ufa, Russia.
SALNIKOV Viktor Petrovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Editor-in-Chief of the “Legal Science: History and the Present” Journal, St Petersburg, Russia.
STEPASHIN Sergei Vadimovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Chairman of the Supervisory Board of State Corporation - Fund of Assistance to Reforming Housing and Communal Services, Moscow, Russia.
KONDRAT Ivan Nikolaevich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor of the Chair of Legal Bases of Management of MGIMO Universiy, Moscow, Russia.
VARDANYAN Akop Varazdatovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Head of the Department of Forensics  of the Federal State Government Educational Institution of Higher Education "Rostov Law Institute of the MIA of Russia", Rostov-on-Don, Russia.
AIVAZOVA Olga Vladislavovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Forensics of the Federal State Government Educational Institution of Higher Education "Rostov Law Institute of the MIA of Russia”, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.
ANDREYTSO Sergey Yuryevich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate professor, Doctoral Candidate of the Saint-Petersburg University of the MIA of Russia, Saint-Petersburg,Russia. 
GRIPP Elvina Kharisovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Deputy Head of the Department of Constitutional and International Law of the Saint-Petersburg University of the MIA of Russia, Saint-Petersburg,Russia.  
YAKHINA Julia Kharisovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Constitutional Law of the Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Ufa, Russia. 
MAKARENKO Ilona Anatolievna
Doctor of Law, Professor, Head of the Chair of Forensics, Director of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE "Bashkir State University", Ufa, Russia. 
BARANOV Viktor Mikhailovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Deputy Chief of the Nizhniy Novgorod Academy of the MIA of Russia, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia.
ZAKHARTSEV Sergei Ivanovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor of the Chair of Theory and History of State and Law of the Moscow State University of Technologies and Management named after K.G. Razumovsky, Moscow, Russia.
RAYANOV Fanis Mansurovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Professor of the chair of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of Law of the FBSEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia. 
 
 

ISSN 2500-0217 / Включен в Перечень ВАК