№ 2 (44) 2016 - Юридический журнал Правовое государство: теория и практика

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№ 2 (44) 2016

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№ 2 (44) 2016
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  •  Present and Future in Philosophy of Law
  • Concepts of Sovereignty in the Modern World
  •  The Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation on Criminal Legislation
  •  New in Legal Regulation of Money 

Feature

Modern Problems of State and Law

CONTENTS
THEORY AND HISTORY OF LAW AND STATE.
HISTORY OF THE DOCTRINES OF LAW AND STATE
Zakhartsev S.I.
Salnikov V.P.
Philosophy of Law: Present and Future
Subochev V.V.
State Sovereignty as a Form of Positive Legal Responsibility of Public Authorities
Nigmatullin R.V.
Lawyers of Pre-Revolutionary Russia on the Problem of Death Penalty
Smirnov S.V.
Some Features of the Concept of Sovereignty in the Modern Rule-of-Law State
Abezgildin R.R.
Causes and Conditions That Impede Successful Development of Political Network Interaction in the Russian Federation
Arzamaskin A.N.
The Mechanism of Realization of the Economic Policy of the Modern Russian State: Problems and Solutions
CONSTITUTIONAL AND MUNICIPAL LAW. CONSTITUTIONAL PROCEDURE.
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW AND ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIVITIES. INFORMATION LAW
Kuksin I.N.
Novopavlovskaya E.E.
The Place and Role of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation in the Mechanism of Criminal Law Reforming
Lysenko E.S.
Preliminary Procedure of Examination of Cassation (Supervisory) Appeals in Courts of General Jurisdiction
Nozhnin I.N.
Consumers’ Right to Information
CIVIL AND FAMILY LAW. BUSINESS AND PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW. CIVIL AND ARBITRATION PROCESS
Timofeeva R.I.
Goloborodkina E.V.
Trust Administrationof Property
Gizetdinova I.Y.
Influence of the Vienna Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods on Russian Civil Law
Gripp E.Kh.
Yakhina J.Kh.
The Institute of Citizenship: In View of the Recent Changes in Legislation
Karimov R.R.
Karimova G.Y.           
Protection of the Rights of the Child Under the Law of the Russian Federation
Fatikhov R.V.
Legal Problems of Formation and Development of Business Partnerships in the Russian Federation
Fatikhova L. M.
Pecularities of Inheritance of Residential Accomodations in Houses of Household and Housing Cooperatives
Gaimaleeva A.T.
Topical Problems of Protection of Interests of a Debtor When Applying a Bankruptcy Procedure
Kalamova J.B.
Procedural Terms of Adopting and Enforcing an Arbitral Award
CRIMINAL LAW AND CRIMINOLOGY. CRIMINAL EXECUTIVE LAW.
CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
Igbaeva G.R.
The Problem of Criminalization of Vehicle Insurance in Russia
Nikolaev E.M.           
To the Question of Improving the Mechanism of Ensuring a Civil Action in Criminal Proceedings
Igumenov A.S.
On Peculiarities of Interrogation During the Search for Missing People, Who Disappeared Under Criminal Circumstances
Adelgildina M.Z.
The Potential of Using Expert Knowledge of the Guardianship.
Makarenko I.A.
Representatives in Juvenile Delinquency Investigations
Malykhina N.I.
Theory of the Offender: Concept, Structure, Place in the System of Forensic Theories
Noskov O.S.
Types of Expert Examinations of Regulatory Legal Acts
FINANCIAL AND BUDGETARY LAW. BANKING AND MONETARY LAW. TAX LAW.
ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
Vasiliev A.V.
New Development in Legal Regulation of Paper Money
Vidyasov E.O.           
Prerequisites of Investigating Economic Crimes in Housing and Utility Sector
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY.
INTERNATIONAL AND EUROPEAN LAW
Timonin A.N.
John Locke’s «Universal» Categories and American Realities: the Critical Essay of Ideological Principles of Colonialism and Imperialism
Khabirov R.F.            
Formation of the Ideas of State Sovereignty in the Western European Political and Legal Thought
Shonin N.E.
On the Role of Wars and Armaments in the Formation and Development of International Law
Gorelov M.V.             
Concerned Parties in Administrative Procedure of the People's Republic of China
Kamolov T.M.            
Formation of the Rule-of-Law State and People’s Sovereignty in the Republic of Tajikistan (RT)
PERSONALIA. JUBILEE.
SalnikovV.P.
EbzeevB.S.
Khabibulin A.G.
Classics of Contemporary Russian Theory of Law.
On the 75th Anniversary of Doctor of Law,
Professor Valeriy Lazarev
TO THE AUTHORS 
 
PHILOSOPHY OF LAW: PRESENT AND FUTURE
ZAKHARTSEV Sergei Ivanovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor of the chair of Theory and History of State and Law of the Moscow State University of Technologies and Management, Moscow, Russia.
SALNIKOV Viktor Petrovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Editor-in-Chief of the "Legal Science: History and the Present" Journal, Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation, Honored Worker of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Federation,
Moscow, Russia. 
Key words: philosophy; philosophy of law; philosophical-oriented science; ontology of law; epistemology of law; axiology of law; anthropology of law; logic of law; ethics of law; praxeology of law; legal consciousness; legal culture; legal reality.
References
1. Alekseev S.S. Filosofiya prava (Philosophy of Law), Moscow, 1998.
2. Ershov Yu.G. Filosofiya prava (Philosophy of Law), Ekaterinenburg, 1995.
3. Zakhartsev S.I. Nekotorye problemy teorii i filosofii prava (Some Problems of Theory and Philosophy of Law), Pod red. V.P. Sal'nikova. Moscow, 2014.
4. Zakhartsev S.I. Pravosoznanie: ponyatie i urovni (Sense of Justice: the Concept and Levels), Pravovoe pole sovremennoi ekonomiki, 2012, No. 2, pp. 48–53.
5. Zakhartsev S.I., Salnikov V.P. Informatsionnoe prostranstvo kak novaya global'naya ugroza chelovechestvu i ego pravam: filosofskii i pravovoi podkhody (Information Space as a New Global Threat to Humanity and its Rights: Philosophical and Legal Approaches), Pravovoe pole sovremennoi ekonomiki, 2015, No. 8, pp. 11–19.
6. Zakhartsev S.I., Salnikov V.P. Kak poznat' pravo? My predlagaem komprekhendnyi podkhod (How to Cognize Law? We Offer Comprehensive Approach), Pravovoe pole sovremennoi ekonomiki, 2015, No. 9, pp. 17–30.
7. Zakhartsev S.I., Salnikov V.P. Komprekhendnaya teoriya poznaniya prava (Comprehensive Legal Theory of Cognition of Law), Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremennost', 2015, No. 8, pp. 11–26.
8. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Filosofiya. Filosofiya prava. Yuridicheskaya nauka (Philosophy. Philosophy of Law. Jurisprudence), Moscow, 2015.
9. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Chto takoe pravo? Voprosy ontologii i gnoseologii (What is Law? Questions of Ontology and Epistemology), Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2015, No. 2 (40), pp. 14–22.
10. Kerimov D.A. Izbrannye proizvedeniya (Selected Works), V 3 t, T. 1, Moscow, 2007.
11. Logika (Logic), Ucheb. dlya yurid. vuzov, Salnikov V.P., Boldyrev A.S., Gusev S.S. i dr., Pod obshch. red V.P. Sal'nikova, Pod red. V.P. Salnikova, St. Petersburg, 2003. Ser. «Uchebniki dlya vuzov, spetsial'naya literatura».
12. Mikhalkin N.V., Mikhalkin A.N. Filosofiya prava (Philosophy of Law), Moscow, 2014.
13. Nersesyants V.S. Filosofiya prava (Philosophy of Law), Moscow, 2011.
14. Sal'nikov V.P. Nezrimoe vtorzhenie. Negativnoe vozdeistvie informatsii na soznanie cheloveka (Invisible Invasion. The Negative Impact of Information on Human Consciousness), Zashchita i bezopasnost'. 1999, No. 1, p. 26.
15. Syrykh V.M. Materialisticheskaya teoriya prava: Izbrannoe (Materialist Theory of Law: Selection), Moscow, 2011.
16. Syrykh V.M. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava (Theory of State and Law), Otv. red. N.A. Chibiryaev. Moscow, 1998.
17. Filosofiya (Philosophy), Uchebnik dlya yuridicheskikh vuzov, Pod red. V.P. Salnikova, V.V. Balakhonskogo, B.K. Dzhegutanova, G.N. Khona. Izdanie tret'e, ispr. i dop, St. Petersburg, Fond «Universitet», 2006.
18. Filosofiya (Philosophy), Uchebnik dlya yuridicheskikh vuzov, Pod red. I.I. Kal'nogo, V.A. Karpushina, V.P. Sal'nikova, St. Petersburg, Stiks, 1996.
19. Filosofiya (Philosophy), Uchebnoe posobie, 2-e izd., ispr. i dop., Pod obshch. red. V.P. Sal'nikova, G.N. Khona, St. Petersburg, Fond «Universitet», 2000.
STATE SOVEREIGNTY AS A FORM OF POSITIVE LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES
SUBOCHEV Vitaly Viktorovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Departmentof Legal Support of Public Administration, MGIMO-University
The paper is concerned with the development and analysis of a fundamentally new concept of state sovereignty. Based on the study of various international legal acts the author concludes that state sovereignty is not just a supremacy of state power over the territory of a particular country and its independence in international relations, but above all, the most important form of positive legal responsibility of public authorities. Particular attention is paid to the interpretation of state sovereignty outlined in the concept of "Responsibility to protect» which has received international acclaim and unanimous recognition on the sixtieth session of the UN General Assembly in 2005.
Key words: state, state sovereignty, international law, positive legal responsibility, independence, government, public authorities, the United Nations Organization.
References
2. Vypolnenie obyazannosti zashchishchat'. Doklad General'nogo sekretarya OON A/63/677 ot 12 yanvarya 2009 g. (Implementing the Responsibility to Protect. Report of the Secretary-GeneralA/63/677), URL: https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N09/206/12/ PDF/ N0920612.pdf?OpenElement, (accessed date: 02.05.2016).
3. Deklaratsiya o nedopustimosti interventsii i vmeshatel'stva vo vnutrennie dela gosudarstv (Declaration on the Inadmissibility of Intervention and Interference in the Internal Affairs of States) Prinyata rezolyutsiei 36/103 General'noi Assamblei ot 9 dekabrya 1981 goda. URL: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/ internal_affairs_decl. shtml, (accessed date: 02.05.2016).
4. Itogovyi dokument Vsemirnogo sammita 2005 goda. Rezolyutsiya General'noi Assamblei OON A/RES/60/1 (2005 World Summit Outcome. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 16 September 2005), URL:http://docs.cntd.ru/document/902131568, (accessed date: 02.05.2016).
5. Komarov S.A. Obshchaya teoriya gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik (General Theory of State and Law: Textbook), St. Petersburg, 2012.
6. Krasinskii V.V. Gosudarstvennyi suverenitet: gnoseologicheskii aspekt problemy (State Sovereignty: Epistemological Aspect),Sovremennoe pravo, 2015, № 7,pp. 5–10.
7. Leist E.O. Istoriya politicheskikh i pravovykh uchenii (History of Political and Legal Theories), Moscow, Zertsalo, 2000.
8. Mal'ko A.V., Subochev V.V., Sheriev A.M. Sub"ektivnye prava, svobody i zakonnye interesy kak samostoyatel'nye ob"ekty okhrany i zashchity (Subjective Rights, Freedoms and Legitimate Interests as Independent Object of Protection),Pravovaya politika i pravovaya zhizn', 2008, № 1, pp. 70–80.
9. Matuzov N.I. Pravovaya sistema i lichnost' (Legal System and Rersonality), Saratov, 1987.
10. Matuzov N.I., Mal'ko A.V. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik (Theory of State and Law: Textbook), Moscow, 2011.
11. Prilozhenie k pis'mu postoyannogo predstavitelya Kanady pri OON ot 26 iyulya 2002 goda na imya General'nogo sekretarya OON, podgotovlennoe Mezhdunarodnoi komissiei po voprosam vmeshatel'stva i gosudarstvennogo suvereniteta (Annex to the Letter of the Permanent Representative of Canada to the UN Secretary-General, prepared by the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty), URL: https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N02/525/72/IMG/N0252572.pdf? OpenElement (accessed date: 02.05.2016).
12. Subochev V.V. Teoriya zakonnykh interesov (Theory of Legitimate Interests): dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. Tambov, 2009.
13. Tikhomirov Yu.A. Suverenitet v usloviyakh globalizatsii (Sovereignty under the terms of Globalization) // Suverennaya demokratiya v konstitutsionno-pravovom izmerenii: sb. st. i materialov,Moscow, 2007.
14. Ustav OON (The UN Charter). URL: http://www.un.org/ru/sections/un-charter/preamble/index. Html (accessed date: 02.05.2016).
15. Chepus A.V. O ponyatii «pozitivnaya otvetstvennost'» v teorii prava (On the Concept of “Positive Responsibility” in Law Theory) // Zakon i pravo, 2015, № 11, pp. 59–63.
LAWYERS OF PRE-REVOLUTIONARY RUSSIA ON THE PROBLEM OF DEATH PENALTY
NIGMATULLIN Rishat Vakhidovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Deputy Head for Scientific Work of the FSGEI HE "Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation", Ufa, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Questions of death penalty have always been topical for Russia in different periods of history. The analysis of use of this type of punishment has been carried out at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries. On the ground of views of academic lawyers of pre-revolutionary Russia, it is possible to judge about the relation of the society and authority to the institute of death penalty. The article gives statistic data of implementation of death penalty. The author concludes that criminal penalty in the form of death penalty in the post-reform period was often used by military district courts. Originally, this institute was applied in the framework of a weak and belated Penal code of 1845. Later, in the context of the well-known “Regulations on protection of state order and public peace”, it became widely used in peacetime as a means of military justice, which executes justice on the basis of not only procedural but also material norms of military legislation.
Key words: death penalty, "Law" newspaper, pre-revolutionary lawyers, military courts.
SOME FEATURES OF THE CONCEPT OF SOVEREIGNTY IN THE MODERN RULE-OF-LAW STATE
SMIRNOV Sergey Vladimirovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Ulyanovsk State University, Ulyanovsk, Russia. 
Most of modern developed countries strive to implement the doctrine of the rule-of-law state in general and its essential principles both at the level of constitutional legislation and the practice of rule-of-law state construction, law-making, law enforcement and other activities. Therefore, the concept of sovereignty in the modern rule-of-law state has certain features. In particular, embodying the principle of rule by law, the modern rule-of-law state voluntarily limits itself through law, implementing the norms of international law into national law in cases where they do not contravene literal interpretation, the principles and actual meaning of the Constitution. One of the guarantees of state sovereignty of Russia is the special legal mechanism for ensuring the supremacy of the Constitution of the Russian Federation in executing the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights.
Keywords: rule-of-law state, sovereignty, legal sovereignty, rule by law, constitution.
References
1. Zorkin V.D. Pravo sily i sila prava (The Right of Force and the Force of Law), http://rapsinews.ru/ judicial_analyst/20150528/273817674.html
2. Zorkin V.D. Civilizacija prava i razvitie Rossii: monografija. (The Civilization of Law and the Development of Russia: A Monograph), M., Norma, INFRA – M, 2015.
3. Indeks verhovenstva prava dlja razlichnyh stran mira (The Rule of Law Index for Different Counties around the World), World Justice Project, www.worldjusticeproject.org/rule-of-law-index.
4. Lapaeva V.V. Pravovaja demokratija i pravovoj suverenitet kak al'ternativy «suverennoj demokratii» (Legal Democracy and Legal Sovereignty as an Alternative to "Sovereign Democracy"), Sovremennoe gosudarstvo: politiko-pravovye i jekonomicheskie issledovanija: Sb. nauchnyh trudov. Serija «Pravovedenie». Centr social. nauch.-inform. issled., Otv. red. E.V. Alferova, Moscow, 2010.
5. Mironov D.N. Pravovoe gosudarstvo: proishozhdenie i priznaki pravovogo gosudarstva (The Rule-of- Law State: The Origin and Features of the Rule–of-Law State), Vestnik Burjatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2015, No. 2 (1), pp. 149–155.
6. Morozova L.A. Pravovye prioritety (Legal Priorities), Pravovoe gosudarstvo i pravosudie: problemy teorii i praktiki, Otv. red. V.M. Syryh, V.N. Vlasenko, Moscow, RAP, 2014, pp. 49–59.
7. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14 ijulja 2015 g. No. 21-P, URL: www.pravo.gov.ru
8. Rajanov F.M. Pravovoe gosudarstvo i sovremennyj mir (The Rule-of-Law State and the Modern World.), St. Petersburg, Juridicheskij centr Press, 2012.
9. Rajanov F.M. Problemy teorii gosudarstva i prava (jurisprudencii) (Problems of Theory of State and Law (Jurisprudence),Moscow, Pravo i gosudarstvo, 2003.
10. Rajanov F.M. Teorija pravovogo gosudarstva v Rossii: sostojanie, puti pereosmyslenija (The theory of legal state in Russia: status, ways of rethinking), Lex Russica, 2015, No. 8, pp. 14–25.
11. Tihomirov Ju.A. Gosudarstvo: monografija (State: monograph), M, Norma, INFRA – M, 2015.
12. Tihomirov Ju.A. Pravovoe gosudarstvo: modeli i real'nost' (The legal state: the model and reality), Zhurnal rossijskogo prava, 2011, No. 12, pp. 5–20.
13. Tihomirov Ju.A. Pravovoj suverenitet: sfery i garantii (Legal sovereignty: the scope and guarantees), Zhurnal rossijskogo prava, 2013, No. 3, pp. 5–20.
14. Federal'nyj zakon Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14 dekabrja 2015 g. No 7-FKZ "O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj konstitucionnyj zakon "O Konstitucionnom Sude Rossijskoj Federacii" (On Amendments to the Federal Constitutional Law" On the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation), URL: www.pravo.gov.ru.
15. Chetvernin V.A. Demokraticheskoe pravovoe gosudarstvo: vvedenie v teoriju (Democratic rule of law: an introduction to the theory), Moscow, Nauka, 1993.
CAUSES AND CONDITIONS THAT IMPEDE SUCCESSFUL DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL NETWORK INTERACTION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
ABEZGILDIN Ruslan Rinatovich
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Political Science of the North-West Institute of Management of the RFPANE&PA (St. Petersburg), St. Petersburg, Russia. 
The article analyzes various factors that have an adverse effect on Russians’ civic engagement, on emergence of network structures in the society. The author believes that Russian social and political realities demonstrate many difficulties in developing political network activity. In our country, political networks have acquired a certain "Russian specificity", which is due to several reasons. Firstly, the author draws attention to transitional political and legal status of Russia, immaturity and economic unsupported basis of democratic structures. Then the author points to corrupt mafia groups’ significant impact on the economy, rather low educational, cultural and legal level of a large part of the population, the growth of social tension associated with the protracted crisis and the increase in the number of poor people.
Keywords: political network, network interaction, information resource, dysfunctional determinants.
References
1. Baranov N.A. Politicheskie otnosheniya i politicheskii protsess v sovremennoi Rossii (Political Relations and Political Process in Modern Russia), URL: http://www.politnauka.org (accessed date: 25.01.2016).
2. Buraeva L.A. Terroristicheskie ob"edineniya v global'nom informatsionnom prostranstve (Terrorist Associations in Global Information Space), Probely v rossiiskom zakonodatel'stve. 2014. No. 3.
3. V khode realizatsii programmy «Elektronnaya Rossiya» bylo ukradeno 300 mln. rublei (During implementation of the program "Electronic Russia" was stolen 300 million rubles), URL: http://www.forbes.ru/news (accessed date: 25.01.2015).
4. Viktorov G.V. Terrorizm i ekstremizm: k voprosu o sovershenstvovanii mekhanizma presecheniya kanalov finansirovaniya (Terrorism and Extremism: the Issue of Improving the Mechanism of Suppression of Financing Channels), Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremennost', 2012, No. 9, pp. 121–125.
5. Doklad Upolnomochennogo po pravam cheloveka v Rossiiskoi Federatsii za 2015 g. (Report of the Human Rights Ombudsman of the Russian Federation for 2015), Rossiiskaya gazeta, 2016, 24 marta.
6. Karpovich O.G. Tsvetnye revolyutsii kak instrument sistemnoi destabilizatsii politicheskikh rezhimov: ugrozy i vyzovy dlya Rossii (Colour Revolutions as a Tool of System Destabilization of Political Regimes: Threats and Challenges to Russia), Natsional'naya bezopasnost', 2015, No. 1.
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10. Kunts E.V. Ekonomicheskie prestupleniya i ekonomicheskaya prestupnost' v epokhu finansovykh peremen (Economic Crime and Economic Crime in the Era of Financial Changes), Ugolovnoe pravo v epokhu finansovo-ekonomicheskikh peremen: materialy IX Rossiisko-go Kongressa ugolovnogo prava, 2014, 29–30 maya, Moscow, 2014.
11. Markov B.V. Istoriya i povsednevnost' (History and Everyday Life), Politiko-pravovoe ustroistvo reformiruemoi Ros-sii: plany i real'nost', Vyp. 3, St. Petersburg, 1995.
12. Morozov I.L. Informatsionnaya bezopasnost' politicheskoi sistemy (Information Security of Political System), Polis, 2002, No. 5.
13. Rossiyane otkazali v doverii recham chinovnikov i dannym statistiki (The Russians Refused to Trust the Speeches of Officials and Statistics), URL: http://www.interfax.ru (accessed date: 25.01.2016).
14. Rossoshanskii A.V. Riski i ugrozy informatsionnogo terrorizma v Rossii (Risks and Threats of Information Terrorism in Russia), Chelovek. Soobshchestvo. Upravlenie, 2011, No. 3.
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16. Sal'nikov M.V., Shchepkin S.S. Stanovlenie i evolyutsiya institutov nalogov v kontekste razvitiya obshchestva i gosudarstvennosti (Formation and Evolution of Tax Institutions in the Context of Society and State Development), Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo un-ta MVD Rossii, 2002, No. 4, pp. 24–32.
17. Setevoi analiz publichnoi politiki (Network Analysis of Public Policy), Uchebnik, pod red. L.V. Smorgunova. Moscow, RG-Press, 2013.
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THE MECHANISM OF REALIZATION OF THE ECONOMIC POLICY OF THE MODERN RUSSIAN STATE: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
ARZAMASKIN Alexei Nicolaevich
Post-graduate student of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Faculty of Law of the Ulyanovsk State University, Ulyanovsk, Russia. 
The topicality of the research of problems of modern economic politics, further development of the system of legal and regulatory provision and modernization of the mechanism of its realization, does not require any evidence. At present, the question of the necessity to introduce major changes into the economic policy proves itself, but at the same time due attention should be paid to the condition under which these changes would be implemented – to the mechanism of realization of a state’s economic policy. Certain problems in formation and functioning of such mechanism have aroused in Russia, and they must be solved. The effectiveness of attempted measures in the sphere of economic policy depends on a well-timed elaboration and introduction of a new, qualitative mechanism of their realization.
Key words: mechanism of implementation of economic policy, federal and regional legislation, economic policy, legal and regulatory provision.
References
1. Goiman V.I. Mekhanizm obespecheniya realizatsii zakona v sovremennykh usloviyakh (Mechanism to Ensure the Implementation of the Law in Modern Conditions), Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo, Moskva, Nauka, 1991, No 12, pp. 12–23.
2. Proekt federal'nogo zakona «Ob innovatsionnoi deyatel'nosti v Rossiiskoi Federatsii» (The Draft Federal Law "On innovation activity in the Russian Federation"), [Electronic resource], https://www.google.ru/ url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiQqJywps_LAhUlSJoKHY3jDa0QFggbMAA&url =ttp%3A%2F%2Fwww.mirbis.ru%2Fdata%2FFile%2FMBA-Hi-tech%
3. Federal'nyi zakon ot 05.04.2013 N 44-FZ (red. ot 09.03.2016) "O kontraktnoi sisteme v sfere zakupok tovarov, rabot, uslug dlya obespecheniya gosudarstvennykh i munitsipal'nykh nuzhd" (The federal Law from 05.04.2013 N 44-FL (ed. From 03.09.2016) "On contract system in the rocurement of goods, works and services for state and municipal needs"), Spravochno-pravovaya sistema «Konsul'tant Plyus», [Elektronnyi resurs], http://base.consultant.ru.
Federal'nyi zakon ot 18.07.2011 N 223-FZ (red. ot 13.07.2015) "O zakupkakh tovarov, rabot, uslug otdel'nymi vidami yuridicheskikh lits" (The Federal Law from 18.07.2011 N 223-FL (ed. From 13.07.2015) "On procurement of goods, works and services by certain kinds of legal entities"), Spravochno-pravovaya sistema «Konsul'tant Plyus», [Elektronnyi resurs],http://base.consultant.ru
THE PLACE AND ROLE OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE MECHANISM OF CRIMINAL LAW REFORMING
KUKSIN Ivan Nikolaevich 
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of Criminal Law Disciplines of the State Autonomous Educational Institution of Moscow "Moscow City Pedagogical University", Moscow, Russia. 
NOVOPAVLOVSKAYA Elena Evgenievna 
Assistant  Professor of the Department of State Law Disciplines, Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor of the Federal State Government Educational Institution of Higher Education "Belgorod Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation named after Putilin", Belgorod, Russia. 
The Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation plays an important role in provision of citizens’ rights. The Constitution of the Russian Federation (part 4, article 125) invests the Constitutional Court with powers: on appeals against violation of constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens and on courts’ requests it checks validity of statue, applied or liable for application in a specific case. The analysis of the rulings of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation (2012-2015) allowed the authors to come to the conclusion that they eliminate the restrictions, which the norms of the criminal law contain, in order to protect rights and freedoms of citizens, which fully corresponds to formation of the rule-of-law state in Russia. Herewith, the authors pay attention to the necessity of solving a long-standing problem of non-compliance with decisions of the Constitutional Court. 
Key words: rights, freedoms, complaints, inquiries, crime, norms of criminal law, criminal liability, retroactivity of the law, conviction, constitutional litigation, complaint, request. 
References 
1. Bolgova V.V., Zherebtsova E.E. Mify i real'nost' sovremennoy sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoy politiki (na primere zashchity konstitutsionnogo prava na trud) (Myths and Realities of Modern Social and Economic Policy (for example, Protection of the Constitutional Right to Work), European Social Science Journal, 2014. 4 (43), Tom 2, pp. 524–530.
2. Bolgova V.V., Zherebtsova E.E. Praktika Konstitutsionnogo Suda Rossiyskoy Federatsii i formirovanie publichnogo interesa v sfere ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti (The Practice of the Constitutional Court and the Formation of Public Interest in the field of Environmental Safety), Fundamental'nye issledovaniya, 2014, , pp. 515–519.
3. Novopavlovskaya E.E. Zashchita osnovnykh prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina v Rossiyskoy Federatsii posredstvom konstitutsionnogo sudoproizvodstva: monografiya (Protecting Fundamental Rights and Freedoms of Man and Citizen in the Russian Federation by Means of Constitutional Legal Proceedings), Belgorod, Bel YuI MVD Rossii im. I.D. Putilina, 2015.
4. Pereverzev E.A., Zherebtsova E.E. Realizatsiya prava na sudebnuyu zashchitu posredstvom ispol'zovaniya mekhanizmov konstitutsionnogo sudoproizvodstva (The Right to Judicial Protection through the Use of Constitutional Justice Mechanisms), Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Istoriya i pravo, 2014, 4, 21–29.
5. Postanovlenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 31.03.2011 № 3-P «Po delu o proverke konstitutsionnosti chasti tret'ey stat'i 138 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii v svyazi s zhalobami grazhdan S.V. Kaporina, I.V. Korshuna i drugikh» (The Ruling of the Constitutional Court of the RF “On the case on the constitutionality of the third paragraph of Article 138 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation in connection with the complaints of citizens S.V. Kaporin, I.V. Korshun and others”), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2011, 15, St. 2191.
6. Postanovlenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 16.07.2015 № 22-P «Po delu o proverke konstitutsionnosti polozheniya stat'i 226.1 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii v svyazi s zhalobami grazhdan Respubliki Kazakhstan O.E. Nedashkovskogo i S.P. Yakovleva» (The Ruling of the Constitutional Court of the RF “On the case on the constitutionality of the provisions of Article 226.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation in connection with the complaints of the citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan O.E. Nedashkovsky and S.P. Yakovlev”), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2015, 30, St. 4659.
7. Postanovlenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 19.11.2013 № 24-P «Po delu o proverke konstitutsionnosti polozheniy chasti pervoy stat'i 10 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii, chasti vtoroy stat'i 24, chasti vtoroy stat'i 27, chasti chetvertoy stat'i 133 i stat'i 212 Ugolovno-protsessual'nogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii v svyazi s zhalobami grazhdan S.A. Borovkova i N.I. Morozova» (The Ruling of the Constitutional Court of the RF “On the case on the constitutionality of the provisions of Section 10 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, the second part of Article 24, the second part of Article 27, Paragraph four of Article 133 and Article 212 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation in connection with the complaints of citizens S.A. Borovkov and N.I. Morozov”), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2013, 47, St. 6156.
8. Postanovlenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 10.10.2013 № 20-P «Po delu o proverke konstitutsionnosti podpunkta «a» punkta 3.2 stat'i 4 Federal'nogo zakona «Ob osnovnykh garantiyakh izbiratel'nykh prav i prava na uchastie v referendume grazhdan Rossiyskoy Federatsii», chasti pervoy stat'i 10 i chasti shestoy stat'i 86 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii v svyazi s zhalobami grazhdan G.B. Egorova, A.L. Kazakova, I.Yu. Kravtsova, A.V. Kupriyanova, A.S. Latypova i V.Yu. Sin'kova» (The Ruling of the Constitutional Court of the RF “On the Constitutionality of subparagraph "a" of paragraph 3.2 of Article 4 of the Federal Law "On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights and the right of Russian citizens  to participate in the referendum", the first part of Article 10 and part six of Article 86 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation in connection with the complaints of citizens G.B. Egorov, A.L. Kazakov, I.Y. Kravtsov, A.V. Kupriyanov, A.S. Latypov and V.Y. Sinkov”), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2013, 43, St. 5622.
9. Postanovlenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 31.03.2011 № 3-P «Po delu o proverke konstitutsionnosti chasti tret'ey stat'i 138 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii v svyazi s zhalobami grazhdan S.V. Kaporina, I.V. Korshuna i drugikh» (The Ruling of the Constitutional Court of the RF “On the case on the constitutionality of the third paragraph of Article 138 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation in connection with the complaints of citizens S.V. Kaporin, I.V. Korshun and others”), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2011, 15, St. 2191.
10. Postanovlenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 11.12.2014 № 32-P «Po delu o proverke konstitutsionnosti polozheniy stat'i 159.4 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii v svyazi s zaprosom Salekhardskogo gorodskogo suda Yamalo-Nenetskogo avtonomnogo okruga» (The Ruling of the Constitutional Court of the RF “On the case on the constitutionality of the provisions of Article 159.4 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation in connection with the request of the Salekhard Municipal Court of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Region”), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2014, 52 (chast' I), St. 7784.
11. Postanovlenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 07.04.2015 № 7-P «Po delu o proverke konstitutsionnosti polozheniy punktov 1 i 2 stat'i 1064 Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii i punkta «a» chasti vtoroy stat'i 166 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii v svyazi s zhaloboy grazhdanina V.V. Kryazheva» (The Ruling of the Constitutional Court of the RF “On the case on the constitutionality of the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 1064 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation and the item "a" of the second part of Article 166 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation in connection with the complaint of citizen V.V. Kryazhev”), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2015. No.
12. Postanovlenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 13.07.2010 № 15-P «Po delu o proverke konstitutsionnosti polozheniy chasti pervoy stat'i 188 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii, chasti 4 stat'i 4.5, chasti 1 stat'i 16.2 i chasti 2 stat'i 27.11 Kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh v svyazi s zhalobami  grazhdan V.V. Batalova, L.N. Valuevoy, Z.Ya. Ganievoy, O.A. Krasnoy i I.V. Epova» (The Ruling of the Constitutional Court of the RF “On the case on the constitutionality of the provisions of Section 188 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, Part 4 of Article 4.5 of Part 1 of Article 16.2 and Part 2 of Article 27.11 of the Code of Administrative Offences in relation to the complaints of citizens V.V. Batalov, L.N. Valuev, Z.Ya. Ganieva, O.A. Krasnaya and I.V. Epov”), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2010, No.29, St. 3983.
13. Postanovlenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 27.05.2003 № 9-P «Po delu o proverke konstitutsionnosti polozheniya stat'i 199 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii v svyazi s zhalobami grazhdan P.N. Beletskogo, G.A. Nikovoy, R.V. Rukavishnikova, V.L. Sokolovskogo i N.I. Talanova» (The Ruling of the Constitutional Court of the RF “On the case on the constitutionality of the provisions of Article 199 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation in connection with the complaints of citizens P.N. Beletckiy, G.A. Nikova, R.V. Rukavishnikov, V.L. Sokolovskiy and N.I. Talanov”), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2003, No.24, St. 2431.
14. Postanovlenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 17.06.2014 № 18-P «Po delu o proverke konstitutsionnosti chasti chetvertoy stat'i 222 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii i statey 1, 3, 6, 8, 13 i 20 Federal'nogo zakona «Ob oruzhii» v svyazi s zhaloboy grazhdanki N.V. Uryupino» (The Ruling of the Constitutional Court of the RF “On the case on the constitutionality of part four of Article 222 of the Criminal Code and Articles 1, 3, 6, 8, 13 and 20 of the Federal Law "On Weapons" in connection with the complaint of citizen N.V. Uryupino”), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2014, No.26 (chast' II), St. 3633.
15. Opredelenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 17.01.2013 № 2-O «Po zaprosu Kurganskogo oblastnogo suda o proverke konstitutsionnosti polozheniy statey 50, 80 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii i statey 396, 397 Ugolovno-protsessual'nogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii» (The Definition of the Constitutional Court of the RF “At the request of the Kurgan Regional Court on the constitutionality of the provisions of Articles 50, 80 of the Criminal Code and Articles 396, 397 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation”),  Vestnik Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF, 2013, No.
16. Postanovlenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 20.04.2006 № 4-P «Po delu o proverke konstitutsionnosti chasti vtoroy stat'i 10 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii, chasti vtoroy stat'i 3 Federal'nogo zakona «O vvedenii v deystvie Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii», Federal'nogo zakona «O vnesenii izmeneniy i dopolneniy v Ugolovnyy kodeks Rossiyskoy Federatsii" i ryada polozheniy Ugolovno-protsessual'nogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii, kasayushchikhsya poryadka privedeniya sudebnykh resheniy v sootvetstvie s novym ugolovnym zakonom, ustranyayushchim ili smyagchayushchim otvetstvennost' za prestuplenie, v svyazi s zhalobami grazhdan A.K. Ayzhanova, Yu.N. Aleksandrova i drugikh» (The Ruling of the Constitutional Court of the RF “On the case on verification of constitutionality of Part Two of Article 10 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, the second part of Article 3 of the Federal Law "On the introduction of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation", Federal Law "On introducing amendments and additions to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation" and certain provisions of the Criminal Procedural Code of the Russian Federation concerning the procedure for bringing judicial decisions in line with the new criminal law eliminating or mitigating the responsibility for an offense in relation to the complaints of citizens A.K. Ayzhanov, Y.N. Alexandrov and others”), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2006, No.18, St. 2058.
17. Opredelenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 21.05.2015 N 1132-O «Ob otkaze v prinyatii k rassmotreniyu zhaloby grazhdanina Respubliki Belarus' Kleymenova Andreya Pavlovicha na narushenie ego konstitutsionnykh prav chast'yu tret'ey stat'i 60 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii i chast'yu tret'ey stat'i 413 Ugolovno-protsessual'nogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii» (The Definition of the Constitutional Court of the RF “On the refusal in acceptance to consideration of the complaint of the citizen of the Republic of Belarus Andrei Pavlovich Kleimenov on the violation of his constitutional rights by part three of Article 60 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and the third part of Article 413 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation”), SPS «Konsul'tantPlyus».
18. Osnovnye pokazateli po prestupnosti: Pravonarusheniya v yanvare-noyabre 2015 g., Ofitsial'nyy sayt Federal'noy sluzhby gosudarstvennoy statistiki Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Key indicators on crime: Offences in January-November 2015, Official site of the Federal Service of State Statistics), URL: http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/population/infraction/ (date of the application: 25.01.2016).
19. Sostoyanie prestupnosti – yanvar'-noyabr' 2015 goda, Ofitsial'nyy sayt Ministerstva vnutrennikh del Rossiyskoy Federatsii (The State of Crime - January-November 2015, the Official website of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation), URL: https://mvd.ru/folder/101762/item/6917617/ (date of the application: 25.01.2016).
20. Statistika po resheniyam Konstitutsionnogo Suda Rossiyskoy Federatsii, Ofitsial'nyy sayt Konstitutsionnogo Suda Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Statistics on the decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, Official site of the Constitutional Court), URL:  http://www.ksrf.ru (date of the application: 25.01.2016).
21. Svodnye statisticheskie svedeniya o sostoyanii sudimosti v Rossii za 1 polugodie 2015 goda, Otchet o chisle privlechennykh k ugolovnoy otvetstvennosti i vidakh ugolovnogo nakazaniya, Ofitsial'nyy sayt Sudebnogo Departamenta pri Verkhovnom Sude Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Summary statistics on convictions in Russia during the 1st half of 2015, the report on the number of convicts and types of criminal punishment, the official website of the Judicial Department under the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation), URL: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79&item=3212 (date of the application: 25.01.2016).
22. Federal'nyy zakon ot 21.02.2014 № 19-FZ «O vnesenii izmeneniy v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossiyskoy Federatsii» (On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2014, No.8, St. 739.
PRELIMINARY PROCEDURE OF EXAMINATION OF CASSATION (SUPERVISORY) APPEALS IN COURTS OF GENERAL JURISDICTION
LYSENKO Evgeniy Sergeevich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of Civil Law Disciplines of the FSGEI HE "Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation",Ufa, Russia. 
Existing procedure of reference to the court with cassation or supervisory appeals presupposes the preliminary stage. Preliminary stage involves the stipulation that a complaint before processing in court hearing of cassation or supervisory instance should be preliminary studied by the judge at his/her sole discretion, whereupon the judge comes to the conclusion on possibility of submission of this complaint to court session. The subject of this article is to study this procedure. The existing procedure is recognized to be justified in legal practice, as well as in juridical literature. The ground for this justification, as a rule, lies in the necessity of maintenance of public interests. Therewith, there are no unified criteria on the basis of which it would be permissible to make a conclusion on the possibility of addressing a complaint to the court session of cassation or supervisory instance. Absence of such criteria leads to ambiguity in application of legal rules, which is not acceptable in the framework of modern legal system.
Key words: cassation appeal, supervisory appeal, cassation procedure, review proceedings, supervisory, preliminary procedure, individual study, individual order, collective order, procedural periods.
References
1. Solovieva T.V. Predvaritel'nyi etap kassatsionnogo proizvodstva v sudakh obshchei yurisdiktsii (The Preliminary Stage of Appeal Proceedings in Courts of General Jurisdiction) Arbitrazhnyi i grazhdanskii protsess, 2015, No. 4, pp. 40–43.
2. Khismatullin O.Yu., Kurbanov D.A. Nekotorye problemy nesoblyudeniya protsessu-al'nykh srokov v sudakh obshchei yurisdiktsii (Some Problems of Non-Compliance with Procedural Deadlines in Courts of General Jurisdiction), Chernye dyry v Rossiiskom zakonodatel'-stve, 2015, No 2, pp. 127–130.
3. Kovtkov D.I. Ob ustanovlenii sushchestvennykh narushenii norm material'nogo ili protsessual'nogo prava pri peredache dela v kassatsionnuyu instantsiyu (On Revealing Significant Violations of Substantive or Procedural Law during Transfer the Case to the Court of Cassation), Advokat, 2012, No 11, p. 33.
4. Terekhova L.A. Konstitutsionnyi Sud ne dolzhen ogranichivat'sya predlozheniyami za-konodatelyu o sovershenstvovanii nekonstitutsionnykh norm. Razmyshleniya o Postanovlenii Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 05.02.2007 (The Constitutional Court should not be Limited by Proposals to the Legislator on Improving Unconstitutional Provisions. Reflections on the Decision of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation of 05.02.2007) Zakon, 2007, No 3, pp. 97–108.
5. Terekhova L.A. Nadzornoe proizvodstvo v grazhdanskom protsesse: problemy razvitiya i sovershenstvovaniyu (Supervisory Procedure in civil Proceedings: Problems of Development and Improvement), Moscow, Volters Kluver, 2009.
CONSUMERS’ RIGHT TO INFORMATION
NOZHNIN Igor Nikolaevich
Applicant of the Department of Civil and Entrepreneurial Law of the Faculty of Law of the Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Chief Assistant Prosecutor of Kirovsky district of Kazan, Counsellor of Justice, Kazan, Russia.
The article reveals the problems of implementation of customers' rights to information; faults of its realization have impact on the civil mechanism of realization and protection of customers’ rights. The author researches in details the stage of formation and expression of intention, which is closely related to appearance and realization of customers’ rights to information, and addresses the issue of the impact of marketing technologies on distortion of civil aims of customers. He also writes about the necessity to broaden the contents of the right to information for the purposes of more effective employment and protection of customers’ rights.
Keywords: consumer, entrepreneur, consumers' right to information, civil mechanism to implement and protect consumers’ rights, advertising.
References
1. Vavilin E.V. Mekhanizm osushchestvleniya grazhdanskikh prav i ispolneniya obyazannostei (The Mechanism of Civil Rights and Duties), dis… d-ra yurid. nauk, Moscow, 2009.
2. Grazhdanskii kodeks Rossiiskoi Federatsii (chast' pervaya) ot 30 noyabrya 1994 g. № 51-FZ (The Civil Code of the Russian Federation (Part One) November 30, 1994 № 51-FL), Rossiiskaya gazeta, 1994, 8 dekabrya. Grazhdanskii kodeks Rossiiskoi Federatsii (chast' vtoraya) ot 26 yanvarya 1996 g. № 14-FZ (The Civil Code of the Russian Federation (Part Two) on January 26, 1996 № 14-FL), Rossiiskaya gazeta, 1996, 6, 7, 8 fevralya.
3. Dorofeev S.M. Informatsionnoe obespechenie tekhnicheskogo regulirovaniya kak instrument za-shchity prav potrebitelei (Information Provision of Technical Regulation as a Tool to Protect Consumers’ Rights), avtoref. dis. kand. ekonom. nauk, Moscow, 2012.
4. Zakon RF ot 7 fevralya 1992 g. № 2300-I «O zashchite prav potrebitelei» (RF Law dated February 7, 1992 № 2300-I «On Protection of Consumers’ Rights"), Rossiiskaya gazeta, 1992, 7 aprelya.
5. Kiryushina I.V. Pravovoi status potrebitelya i ego realizatsiya v grazhdanskom prave (The legal Status of the Consumer and its Implementation in Civil Law), avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk, Tomsk, 2004.
6. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 27 sentyabrya 2007 g. № 612 «Ob utverzhdenii Pravil prodazhi tovarov distantsionnym sposobom» (RF Government Resolution of September 27, 2007 № 612 "On Approval of the Rules of Distance Sale"), Rossiiskaya gazeta, 2007, 3 oktyabrya.
7. Federal'nyi zakon ot 27 iyulya 2006 g. № 149-FZ «Ob informatsii, informatsionnykh tekhnolo-giyakh i o zashchite informatsii» (Federal Law of 27 July 2006 № 149-FL "On Information, Information Technologies and Protection of Information"), Rossiiskaya gazeta, 2006, 29 iyulya.
INFLUENCE OF THE VIENNA CONVENTION ON CONTRACTS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL SALE OF GOODS ON THE RUSSIAN CIVIL LAW
GIZETDINOVA Irina Yunirovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Chair of Civil Law of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
The problems of development of private law are quite topical at the present time. Of course, Russian civil law is private. However, Russian civil law is far from international ideas of private law. The Russian legal system is in transition to private law. So the enforcers must be based on private law uniform notions that have been developed in different legal systems.
Key words:sale, international private law, unification, civil law, contract.
References
1. Konvenciya OON o dogovorah mezhdunarodnoj kupli-prodazhi tovarov, zaklyuchena v g. Vena 11.04.1980 g. (The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, adopted in Vienna 11.04.1980), Vestnik VAS RF, 1994, No. 1.
2. Rozenberg M.G. Kontrakt mezhdunarodnoj kupli-prodazhi. Sovremennaya praktika zaklyucheniya. Razreshenie sporov (The Contract for the International Sale. The modern practice of Concluding. Dispute Resolution), M, Mezhdunarodnyj centr finansovo-ehkonomicheskogo razvitiya, 1996, pp. 431–463.
3. Model Contract ICC of the International Sale: 2013 ed.; publ. ICC 738 N = The ICC Model International Sale Contract: 2013 revision; ICC publ. N 738. Moscow, ICC Russia, 2013.
4. Rozenberg M.G. Praktika Mezhdunarodnogo kommercheskogo suda pri TPP RF za 2003 g. (Practice of the International Commercial Court at the CCI of Russia for 2003), Moscow, Statut, 2004.
5. The ICAC with the CCI of the Russian Federation dated 30.01.2015 in case no 83/2014, the Resolution of FAS of the Ural district on 21.05.2013 No A09-2077/13 in the case No A60-1942/2011, [Electronic resource], The document has not been published. Access from legal system "Consultant "
6. The ICAC with the CCI of the Russian Federation of 14.04.2009 in the case No 118/2008,[Electronic resource]: The document has not been published. Access from legal system "Consultant "
7. The regulation of FAC WSO on case No A04/2712-494/A03-2002 August 06, 2002, URL:http://kad.arbitr.ru/PdfDocument/af21cac1-e00b-4322-9ae0-502c4fe236b1/A03-33-2001-6_20020806_Postanovlenie%20kassacionnoj%20instancii.pdf (Access date: 03.30.2016).
THE INSTITUTE OF CITIZENSHIP: IN VIEW OF THE RECENT CHANGES IN LEGISLATION
GRIPP Elvina Kharisovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Deputy Head of the Department of Constitutional and International Law of the Saint-Petersburg University of the MIA of Russia, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
YAKHINA Julia Kharisovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Constitutional Law of the Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Ufa, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
The institute of citizenship is the basis of the legal status of an individual within society and state. Citizenship is associated with such legal consequences for an individual as the scope of his rights, freedoms, responsibilities, reliability of their state security and protection. The law on citizenship of the Russian Federation is developing dynamically. The main goal of all changes and amendments to the law on citizenship of the Russian Federation is to provide the opportunity for expatriates to acquire Russian citizenship. However, citizenship is an essential attribute of state sovereignty. Thus, the institute of citizenship has an essential value for development of the Russian state and is a key element for the Russian statehood strengthening and patriotism development.
Key words: human rights, citizen, foreign citizen, person without citizenship, state, law, citizenship, acquisition of citizenship, Russian speaker, law on citizenship, sovereignty, patriotism.
References
1. Berdnikova K.L. Grazhdanstvo v sisteme prav i svobod cheloveka i institutov publichnoj vlasti (Citizenship in the System of Human Rights and Freedoms and Political Institutions), Sovremennoe pravo, 2012, No. 2, pp. 26–31.
2. Vanjushin Ya.L. Kommentarij k Federal'nomu zakonu ot 31 maja 2002 goda № 62-FZ “O grazhdanstve Rossijskoj Federacii – Kommentarij (Comments to the Federal Law of 31 May 2002 № 62-FL “On Russian Citizenship - Comments”), Sistema Garant, 2014, pp. 29.
3.  O grazhdanstve Rossijskoj Federacii: feder. Zakon Ros.Federacii ot 31 maja 2002 g. № 62–FZ (On Russian Citizenship: the Federal Law of 31 May 2002 № 62-FL): prinjat Gos. Dumoj Feder.Sobr. Ros.Federacii 19 aprelja 2002 g. odobr. Sovetom Federacii Feder.Sobr. Ros.Federacii 15 maja 2002 g., Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii, 2002, № 22, st. 2031.
4. Poslanie Prezidenta Vladimira Putina Federal'nomu Sobraniju RF (President Putin Address to the Federal Assembly of RF), Rossijskaja gazeta, 2012, 13dek.
5. Po materialam UFMS Rossijskoj Federacii po Respublike Bashkortostan (According data of the DFIS in the Republic of Bashkortostan).
6. Vnesenii izmenenij v Polozhenie o porjadke rassmotrenija voprosov grazhdanstva Rossijskoj Federacii, utverzhdennoe Ukazom Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14 nojabrja 2002 g. № 1325: ukaz Prezidenta Ros. Federacii ot 6 avgusta 2014 g. № 551 (Amending the Provision on Dealing with Russian Citizenship Matters, approved by the Decree of the President of RF of 14, November 2002 № 1325: the Decree of the President of RF of 6, August 2014 № 551), Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros.Federacii, 2014, № 32, st. 4469.
7. Farber I.E. Svoboda i prava cheloveka v sovetskom gosudarstve (Freedom and Human Rights in the Soviet State), Saratov, 1974, pp. 50.
PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD UNDER THE LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
KARIMOV Rim Rimovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Chief of the Research Department of the Ufa Law Institute of the MIA Russia, Ufa, Russia. 
KARIMOVA Guzel Yurisovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Senior Lecturer of the Department of Constitutional Law, Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Ufa, Russia.
An important task for any country is to educate a worthy generation, capable to continue further development of the country and society. For this task, it is necessary to comply with many conditions; among them, it is important to protect the rights and legitimate interests of the child. The Russian Federation is making significant efforts in this direction. The current legislation in the sphere of protection of the rights of the child is constantly developing. The Russian Federation has taken the most meaningful measures to develop the sphere of ensuring and protecting the rights of children, to develop state guarantees of this process, to implement international standards in Russian legislation. The authors analyze the basic normative documents, including various government programs; problematic aspects in various spheres of life of the child are identified. The authors formulate a number of proposals and recommendations intended to strengthen the legal protection of children in Russia, to ensure the implementation of their rights and legitimate interests.
Key words: rights of the child, guarantee of protection, Children’s Ombudsman, family, child neglect prevention.
References
1. Federal'nyi zakon ot 19.05.1995 No. 81-FZ «O gosudarstvennykh posobiyakh grazhdanam, ime-yushchim detei» (Federal law from 05.19.1995 No. 81-FL "On State benefits for citizens with children"), Ofitsial'nyi internet-portal pravovoi informatsii, URL: http://pravo.gov.ru/.
2. Sobranie Zakonodatel'stva Rossiiskoi Federatsii (Collection of Laws of the Russian Federation), 1998, No. 31, St. 3802.
3. Nigmatullin R.V. OON i problemy zashchity detei, okazavshikhsya v slozhnoi zhiznennoi si-tuatsii // OON – universal'nyi tsentr koordinatsii po pooshchreniyu zashchity prav i svobod cheloveka (The United Nations and Issues of the Protection of Children, found themselves in difficult life situations, United Nations – Universal Coordination Center to Protect Human Rights and Freedoms), Gorbachev S.B., Shonin N.E., Elizarov M.V., Novikova O.I., Khairullin V.I., Ibatullina N.S., Mukhametgareeva N.M., kollektivnaya monografiya, Ufa, 2015, pp. 20–30.
4. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossiiskoi Federatsii ot 26 marta 2008 goda No. 404 «O sozdanii Fonda podderzhki detei, nakhodyashchikhsya v trudnoi zhiznennoi situatsii» (Presidential Decree dated March 26, 2008 No. 404 "On the Creation of the Fund to Support the Children in Difficult Situations"), Rossiiskaya gazeta, 2008, No. 68.
5. URL: http:fond-detyam.ru/about/ (reference date: 04.02.2016).
6. URL: http:www.fond-detyam.ru/detskiy-telefon-doveriya, (reference date: 05.04.2016).
7. O rabote detskogo telefona doveriya (sluzhb ekstrennoi psikhologicheskoi pomoshchi) s edinym obshcherossiiskim telefonnym nomerom (On the children's helpline (emergency psychological assistance services) with a single all-Russian telephone number)), URL: http:www.fond-detyam.ru/detskiy-telefon-doveriya.
8. Doklad ob itogakh deyatel'nosti Fonda podderzhki detei, okazavshikhsya v trudnoi zhiznennoi situatsii za 2014 god (Report on the activities of the Foundation to support children found in a difficult situation in 2014), URL: http://www.fond-detyam.ru/upload/iblock/1683.pdf.
9. Federal'nyi Zakon Rossiiskoi Federatsii ot 21.12.1996 No. 159-FZ «O dopolnitel'nykh garantiyakh po sotsial'noi podderzhke detei-sirot i detei, ostavshikhsya bez popecheniya roditelei» (The Federal Law of the Russian Federation dated 12.21.1996 No. 159-FL "On additional guarantees for the social support of orphans and children left without parental care"), Rossiiskaya gazeta, 1996, No. 248.
10. Doroga k detyam: luchshie praktiki sodeistviya semeinomu ustroistvu detei-sirot i detei, ostavshikhsya bez popecheniya roditelei (The road to the children: best practices to promote family placement of orphans and children left without parental care), Moskva, 2014, pp. 6-7.
11. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 01.06.2012 No. 761 «O Natsional'noi strategii deistvii v interesakh detei na 2012–2017 gody» (Presidential Decree of 01.06.2012 number 761 "On the National Action Strategy for Children 2012-2017"), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2012, No. 23. Art. 2994.
12. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 10 sentyabrya 2012 g. No. 1274 «O Koordinatsionnom sovete pri Prezidente Rossiiskoi Federatsii po realizatsii Natsional'noi strategii deistvii v interesakh detei na 2012–2017 gody» (Presidential Decree of September 10, 2012 No. 1274 "On the Coordinating Council under the President of the Russian Federation on the implementation of the National Action Strategy for Children 2012–2017"), Ofitsial'nyi internet-portal pravovoi informatsii, URL:http:// www .pravo.gov.ru.
13. Federal'nyi zakon ot 24.06.1999 No. 120-FZ «Ob osnovakh sistemy profilaktiki beznad-zornosti i pravonarushenii nesovershennoletnikh» (The Federal Law of 24.06.1999 No. 120-FL "On Principles of Prevention of Neglect and Juvenile Delinquency"), Ofitsial'nyi internet-portal pravovoi informatsii, URL:http://www.pravo.gov.ru.
14. URL: http://www.rfdeti.ru/menu/12 (reference date: 07.04.2016).
15. URL: http://www.rfdeti.ru/menu/24 (reference date: 07.04.2016).
16. URL: http://government.ru/docs/20891/ (reference date: 09.04.2016).
LEGAL PROBLEMS OF FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF BUSINESS PARTNERSHIPS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
FATIKHOV Ruslan Vinerovich
Postgraduate student of the Chair of Civil Law of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.
The article analyzes some characteristics of business partnerships in comparison with the existing forms of business organizations. The author finds out that business partnerships represent a new legal form of commercial organizations, intermediary between business entities and economic partnerships and having a wide discretion of legal regulation, allowing it to take various forms. The purpose of creation of economic partnerships is to render services in the field of reproduction of objects of intellectual work. In this organizational form, those organizations can be created that are engaged in venture business, for example, law firms providing services in the field of art or media companies. However, despite the attractiveness of economic partnership for risk spheres of business activity, some their essential shortcomings are considered in this article.
Key words: subject of civil law, legal entity, business partnership, characteristics of business partnership, organizational and legal form, business entity, economic partnership, investments.
References
1. Federalnyiy zakon «O hozyaystvennyih partnerstvah» ot 3 dekabrya, 2011, No. 380-FZ (Federal Law “On business partnerships”, December, 3, 2011? No 380-FL), Sobranie zakonodatelstva Rossiyskoy Federatsii, 2011, No. 49, (p. 5), st. 7058.
2. Poyasnitelnaya zapiska k proektam federalnyih zakonov «O hozyaystvennyih partnerstvah» i «O vnesenii izmeneniy v chast pervuyu Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii v svyazi s prinyatiem Federalnogo zakona «O hozyaystvennyih partnerstvah» (The explanatory note to drafts of federal laws «On economic partnership» and «On modification of part one of the Civil code of the Russian Federation in connection with adoption of the Federal law «On economic partnership» [An electronic resource]),URL.:http://asozd2.duma.gov.ru/arhiv/a_dz_5.nsf/ByID/FB7B9C888506445FC32578A7002E7A4B/$File/РџР.rtf?OpenElement..
3. Syzganov M. V., Rynenkov I.N. Hozyaystvennoe partnerstvo: novella rossiyskogo zakonodatelya kak pravovoy instrument dlya innovatsionnyih proektov (Economic Partnership: The Short Story of the Russian Legislator as the Legal Tool for Innovative Projects), Zakonodatelstvo, 2012, No. 6, pp.32–39.
4. Ekspertnoe zaklyuchenie na proektyi federalnyih zakonov No. 557159-5 «O hozyaystvennyih partnerstvah» I No. 557168-5 «O vnesenii izmeneniy v chast pervuyu Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii v svyazi s prinyatiem Federalnogo zakona «O hozyaystvennyih partnerstvah» » (The expert opinion on drafts of federal laws No. 557159-5 «On economic partnership» and No. 557168-5 «On modification of part one of the Civil code of the Russian Federation in connection with adoption of the Federal law «On economic partnership»» [An electronic resource]), URL.: http://zakon.ru.
5. Serova O. A. Hozyaystvennoe partnerstvo i hozyaystvennoe tovarischestvo: vozmozhnyiy put integratsii organizatsionno-pravovyih form (Economic partnership and Economic Association: Possible Way of Integration of Legal Forms), Zakonyi Rossii: opyit, analiz. Praktika, 2012. No. 2, pp. 35–40.
6. Greshnikov I.P. Sub'ektyi grazhdanskogo prava: yuridicheskoe litso v prave i zakonodatelstve (Subjects of Civil Law: Legal Entity in Law and Legislation), St. Petersburg, Norma, 2012.
7. Tsibenko A.Yu. Hozyaystvennoe partnerstvo kak organizatsionno-pravovaya forma venchurnogo i innovatsionnogo predprinimatelstva (komparativnoe issledovanie): dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. (Economic Partnership as Legal Form of Venture and Innovative Business (Comparative Research), diss.... cand. jurid.sciences), Moskva, 2015.
8. Tselovalnikov A.B. Osobennosti pravovogo polozheniya hozyaystvennyih partnerstv: «Pervyie vpechatleniya» (Features of Legal Status of Economic Partnership: «The First Impressions»), Vlast zakonа,
9. Zakon o hozyaystvennyih partnerstvah. Istoriya prinyatiya, ego tseli zadachi: Intervyu s E.A. Suhanovyim, doktorom yuridicheskih nauk, professorom, zasluzhennyim deyatelem nauki RF, zaveduyuschim kafedroy grazhdanskogo prava yuridicheskogo fakulteta MGU im. M.V. Lomonosova, zamestitelem predsedatelya Soveta pri Prezidente RF po kodifikatsii i sovershenstvovaniyu grazhdanskogo zakonodatelstva (Law on Economic Partnership. History of Acceptance, its Purposes, Tasks: Interview with E.A. Sukhanov, Doctor of Law, Professor, Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation, Head of the Department of Civil Law of Law Faculty of Lomonosov Moscow State University, vice-chairman of Russian President's Council for Codification and Enhancement of Civil Legislation), Zakonodatelstvo, 2012, No. 1.
10. Bragina E.B., Rusakov G.G. Osobennosti pravovogo polozheniya hozyaystvennyih partnerstv po grazhdanskomu zakonodatelstvu Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Features of Legal Status of Economic Partnership under the Civil Legislation of the Russian Federation), Rossiyskoe pravovedenie: tribuna molodogo uchenogo, sb. statey, Tomsk, Izd-vo Tom. un-ta, 2012, Vyip. 12, pp. 107–108.
11. Kondratov N. M., Tsepkov V.K. Snizhenie riskov vnutrikorporativnyih konfliktov v hozyaystvennyih partnerstvah (Decrease in Risks of Internal Conflicts in Economic Partnerships), Korporativnyiy yurist, 2012, No. 7, pp. 26–30.
12. Shitkina. I.S. Novellyi rossiyskogo korporativnogo zakonodatelstva (New Laws of the Russian Corporate Legislation), Hozyaystvo i parvo, 2012, No. 4, pp. 27–41.
13. Shitkina I.S. Lokalnoe (vnutrennee) normotvorchestvo v aktsionernom obschestve (Local (Internal) Rule-Making in Joint-Stock Company), Predprinimatelskoe pravo, 2005, No. 3, pp. 11–16.
14. Kulik A. A. Pravo na uchastie v raspredelenii pribyili korporativnoy organizatsii (The Right to Participation in Distribution of Profit of Corporate Organization), Pravo i politika, 2007, No. 10, pp. 100–104.
PECULARITIES OF INHERITANCE OF RESIDENTIAL ACCOMODATIONS IN HOUSES OF HOUSEHOLD AND HOUSING COOPERATIVES
FATIKHOVA Liudmila Mikhailovna
Postgraduate student of the Chair of Civil Law of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.     
The article reflects the specificity of legal regulation of relations, connected with inheritance of residential accommodations, which form part of household and housing cooperatives. The author dwells on the origin and development of legal regulation of the above-stated household cooperatives and problems of their activity. The article distinguishes legal peculiarities of inheritance of rights, connected to membership in housing cooperatives. The author states problems, which appear in practice in cases of inheritance of residential accommodations in common share ownership, and legal problems, which appear in cases when several heritors claim the right for membership in housing cooperatives, and a number of other topical problems of these legal relations.
Key words: inheritance, heritors, residential accommodation, inheritance, household cooperative,housing cooperative, share, rights to participate in housing cooperative, member of cooperative, legal regulation.
References
1. Andreyev I. A., Ayusheeva I. Z., Vasilyev A. S. Grazhdanskoe pravo: uchebnik: v 3 t. T. 2 (Civil Law: Textbook: in 3 v. V. 2), Moscow, Prospect, 2011.
2. Postanovlenie TsK KPSS, Sovmina SSSR ot 31 marta 1988 g. No.406 «O merah po uskoreniyu razvitiya zhilischnoy kooperatsii» (The Resolution of the Central Committee of CPSU, Council of Ministers of the USSR of March 31, 1988 No. 406 «On measures to accelerate the development of housing cooperation»), Svod zakonov SSSR, 1990, t. 6, pp. 232–2.
3. Zakon SSSR ot 26 maya 1988 g. No. 8998-XI «O kooperatsii v SSSR» (The Law of the USSR of May 26, 1988 No. 8998-XI «On cooperation in the USSR»), Vedomosti VS SSSR, 1988, No 22, st. 355.
4. Ivakin V. N. Zhilischnoe parvo (Housing Law), , 2010.
5. Zakon SSSR ot 6 marta 1990 g. No.1305-1 «O sobstvennosti v SSSR» (The Law of the USSR of March 06, 1990 No. 1305-1 «On property in the USSR»), Vedomosti SND SSSR i VS SSSR, 1990, No. 11, st. 164 (has become invalid).
6. Zakon RSFSR ot 24 dekabria 1990 g. No.443-1 «O sobstvennosti v RSFSR» (The Law of the RSFSR of December 24, 1990 No. 443-1 «On property in the RSFSR»), Vedomosti SND RSFSR i VS RSFSR, 1990. No. 30, st. 416 (has become invalid).
7. Krasheninnikov P. V. Zhilischnoe parvo (Housing Law. 7th ed., reworked and added), Moscow, Statut, 2010.
8. Leiba A. Nasledovanie zhilyih pomescheniy: sudebnaya praktika (Inheritance of Premises: Jurisprudence), Zhilischnoe parvo, 2013, No. 9, pp. 7–22.
9. Manyilov I.E. Osobennosti nasledovaniya zhilyih pomescheniy v domah zhilischnyih i zhilischno-stroitelnyih kooperativov(Features of Inheritance of Premises in Household and Housing Cooperatives), Semeynoe i zhilischnoe pravo, 2005, No. 4, pp. 27–30.
10. Bobrovskaya O.N. Nasledstvennoe pravopreemstvo v zhilischnyih kooperativah. Obzor sudebnoy praktiki (Hereditary Succession in Housing Cooperatives. Review of Jurisprudence), Sovremennoe parvo, 2010, No. 4, pp. 127–131.
11. Kolpakova L.S. Ob osobennostyah pravootnosheniy zhilischnyih kooperativov i sobstvennikov pomescheniy (On features of Legal Relationship of Housing Cooperatives and Owners), Problemnyiy analiz i gosudarstvenno-upravlencheskoe proektirovanie, 2012. No. 5 (25), pp. 138–142.
12. Chernyakova S.A. Osobennosti nasledovaniya otdelnyih kategoriy zhilyih pomescheniy (Features of Inheritance of Some Categories of Premises), Gosudarstvo i pravo. Yuridicheskie nauki, 2014, No. 9 (56), pp. 187–194.
TOPICAL PROBLEMS OF PROTECTION OF INTERESTS OF A DEBTOR WHEN APPLYING A BANKRUPTCY PROCEDURE
GAIMALEEVA Aisylu Tagirovna
Postgraduate Student of the Chair of Civil Law of the Institute of Law of the Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia. 
Appearance of bankruptcy institute became possible in Russia due to deflationary situations, connected to the default on loan facilities markets, including foreign currency mortgage loaning. In June, 29 of 2015 the Federal Law on “Bankruptcy” as of 26.10.2002 № 127–FL underwent changes, connected to bankruptcy of citizens.  This institute acquired popularity within a year. Along with this new legislation on bankruptcy requires a serious, complex research and critical re-evaluation, because in a number of cases the norms of bankruptcy legislation limit the possibilities of citizens to exercise their rights and legitimate interests.
Key words: debt relationship, protected interest, obligation parties, insolvency (bankruptcy) of a citizen, debtor.
References
1. Anisimov V.A. K voprosu o probleme fenomena potrebitelskih pravootnosheniy. Rossiyskaya natsionalnaya pravovaya sistema: sovremennoe sostoyanie, tendentsii i perspektivyi razvitiya (To the Question of the Problem of a Phenomenon of Consumer Legal Relationship), Materialyi mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, Perm, 2015. pp. 50–52.
2. Gubin P.E., Smirnyih A.G. Bankrotstvo grazhdan: ustanovlenie balansa interesov dolzhnika i kreditora (Bankruptcy of Citizens: Establishment of Balance of Interests of the Debtor and Creditor), Predprinimatelskoe pravo, 2010, 4, pp. 35–38.
3. Kirillovyih A.A. Bankrotstvo fizicheskih lits: novatsii zakonodatelstva o nesostoyatelnosti (Bankruptcy of Natural Persons: Innovations of the Insolvency Law), Zakonodatelstvo i ekonomika, 2015, 6, pp. 7–22.
4. Gongalo Yu.B., Mikhalev K.A., Petrov E.Yu., Putintseva E.P. Osnovyi nasledstvennogo prava Rossii, Germanii, Frantsii (Bases of the Law of Succession of Russia, Germany, France), Moscow, Statut, 2015.
5. Slepchenko E.V. Sudoproizvodstvo po delam o bankrotstve: nekotoryie novellyi zakonodatelstva (Legal Proceedings on Cases of Bankruptcy: Some New Laws), Leningradskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal, 2015, No. 4, pp. 297–300.
6. Tuzhilova-Ordanskaya E.M. Zaschita prav potrebitelya: problemyi i tendentsii razvitiya (Protection of Consumer Rights: Problems and Tendencies of Development), Regionalnyie aspektyi zaschityi prav potrebiteley: sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, Belgorod, 2013, pp. 16–19.
7. Shishmareva T.P. Federalnyiy zakon "O nesostoyatelnosti (bankrotstve)" i praktika ego primeneniya: uchebnoe posobie dlya ekzamena po Edinoy programme podgotovki arbitrazhnyih upravlyayuschih (The Federal Law "On Insolvency (Bankruptcy)" and Practice of Its Application: Teaching Aid to Examine Official Receivers within the Integrated Training Program), Moscow, Statut, 2015.
PROCEDURAL TERMS OF ADOPTING AND ENFORCING AN ARBITRAL AWARD
KALAMOVA Julia Bayazovna
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education «Saratov State Law Academy», Saratov, Russia.
Practical significance of the topic of interest in terms of this article is driven by the desire of the interested party to an arbitral proceeding to restore his violated right (legitimate interest), by the efficient and immediate enforcement of the arbitral award. Comparative analysis of provisions of the arbitration law, conducted by the author according to the results of the arbitration reform allows making a conclusion of absence of regulatory procedural terms for the adoption and enforcement of an arbitral award. The article provides the analysis of the legal issues and procedural specifics ofthe adoption and enforcement of an arbitral award. The author substantiates the position onamendments to the current legislation of the Russian Federation. In conclusion, оn the basis of the analysis of the doctrinal and law sources, the author defines conceptual proposals for improving the provisions of the Federal law «On the arbitration (arbitration proceedings) in the Russian Federation».
Key words: procedural term, arbitration procedural form, term of arbitral award, term of enforcement of an arbitral award.
References
1. Kostin A.A., Eliseev N.G. K voprosu o srokah v treteyskom razbiratelstv (To the Question on Arbitration Proceedings Terms), Aktualnyie problemyi mezhdunarodnogo chastnogo i grazhdanskogo prava. K 80-letiyu V.A. Kabatova: Sbornik statey, pod red. S.N. Lebedeva, M., Statut, 2006. pp. 143–152 [Elektronnyiy resurs], dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemyi «Konsultant plyus».
2. Treteyskie sudyi: vozmozhnosti i preimuschestva (Arbitration Courts: Features and Benefits), [Intervyu s N.I. Kapinusom], Zakonyi Rossii: opyit, analiz, praktika, 2015, No. 2, pp. 85-88 [Elektronnyiy resurs], dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemyi «Konsultant plyus».
3. Zaklyuchenie otvetstvennogo komiteta (Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Dumyi po grazhdanskomu, ugolovnomu, arbitrazhnomu i protsessualnomu zakonodatelstvu) na proekt federalnogo zakona No. 788111-6 «Ob arbitrazhe (treteyskom razbiratelstve) v Rossiyskoy Federatsii», vnesennogo Pravitelstvom Rossiyskoy Federatsii (The conclusion of the responsible committee (the State Duma Committee on Civil, Criminal, Arbitration and Procedural Law) on the draft federal law № 788111-6 «On arbitration (arbitration) in the Russian Federation", introduced by the Russian Federation Government). [Elektronnyiy resurs], URL: http://asozd.duma.gov.ru/main.nsf/ (Spravka)?OpenAgent&RN=788111-6 (accessed date 02.04.2016).
4. Semenov V.M. K voprosu o tsennosti grazhdanskogo protsessualnogo prava i grazhdanskoy protsessualnoy formyi (To the Question on the Value of Civil Procedural Law and Civil Procedural Forms), Problemyi sovershenstvovaniya Grazhdanskogo protsessualnogo kodeksa RSFSR, Sverdlovsk, 1975, pp. 13–15.
5. Zeyder N.B. Predmet i sistema sovetskogo grazhdanskogo protsessualnogo prava (Subject and System of Soviet Civil Procedural Law), Izvestiya Vyisshih uchebnyih zavedeniy, 6-y god izdaniya, Izd-vo Leningr.univ-ta. Pravovedenie, 1962, No. 3, pp. 70–71.
6. Postateynyiy kommentariy k Arbitrazhnomu protsessualnomu kodeksu Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Article-by-article commentary to the Arbitration Procedural Code of the Russian Federation), pod red. P.V. Krasheninnikova, M, Statut, 2013 [Elektronnyiy resurs], dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemyi «Konsultant plyus».
7. Kommentariy k Federalnomu zakonu «O treteyskih sudah v Rossiyskoy Federatsii» (postateynyiy) (The commentary to the Federal law «On arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation» (article-by-article), pod red. A.L. Makovskogo, E.A. Suhanova, M, Statut, 2003 (avtor glavyi, E.A. Vinogradova) [Elektronnyiy resurs], dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemyi «Konsultant plyus».
8. Sevastyanov G.V. Pravovaya priroda treteyskogo razbiratelstva kak instituta alternativnogo razresheniya sporov (chastnogo protsessualnogo prava) (The Legal Nature of Arbitration as an Institution of Alternative Dispute Resolution (Private Procedural Law), SPb, Redaktsiya zhurnala «Treteyskiy sud», 2015, M, Statut, 2015, Vyip. 7 [Elektronnyiy resurs], dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemyi «Konsultant plyus».
9. Kurochkin S.A. Mezhdunarodnyiy kommercheskiy arbitrazh i treteyskoe razbiratelstvo (International Commercial Arbitration and Arbitration Proceedings): dlya studentov vuzov, obuchayuschihsya po programme «Grazhd. protsess (sudeb. deyatelnost)» (v ramkah napravleniya podgot, 030900 Yurisprudentsiya FGOS VPO po napravleniyu podgot. «Yurisprudentsiya» (kvalifikatsiya (stepen) «magistr»)), M, Infotropik Media, 2013 [Elektronnyiy resurs], dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemyi «Konsultant plyus».
10. Mezhdunarodnaya i vnutrigosudarstvennaya zaschita prav cheloveka (International and Domestic Protection of Human Rights): uchebnik, A.H. Abashidze, Z.G. Aliev, K.F. Amirov i dr, pod red. R.M. Valeeva, M, Statut, 2011 [Elektronnyiy resurs]: dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemyi «Konsultant plyus».
11. Reglament Treteyskogo suda goroda Permi pri OOO «Tsentr pravovoy zaschityi» (The Rules of the Arbitration Court of Perm City at the Center of Legal Protection), [Elektronnyiy resurs], URL: http://tretsudcpz.narod.ru/index/0-3 (accessed date 20.04.2016).
12. Reglament Treteyskogo suda pri OAO «Gazprom», utverzhdennyiy prikazom OAO «Gazprom» ot 23.07.2003 No. 73 (s izm. ot 06.12.2010 No. 323) (The Rules of the Arbitration Court at OJSC Gazprom approved by the order of JSC Gazprom), [Elektronnyiy resurs], URL: http:// arbitral (accessed date 20.04.2016).
13. Reglament Treteyskogo suda pri Gosudarstvennoy korporatsii «Rosteh» (The Regulations of the Arbitration Court at the State Corporation Rostec), [Elektronnyiy resurs], URL: http:// rostec.ru/court/ reglament (accessed date 14.03.2016).
14. Reglament Treteyskogo suda pri RSPP, utverzhdennyiy rasporyazheniem Prezidenta RSPP 14.03.2013 No. RP-36 (The Regulations of the Arbitration Court at the RSPP approved by the RSPP President), [Elektronnyiy resurs], URL: http://ars-rspp.ru/arbitration_court/rules (accessed date 14.03.2016).
15. Reglament Treteyskogo suda pri NP «Energostroy», utverzhdennyiy Predsedatelem Treteyskogo suda pri NP «Energostroy» (The Rules of the Arbitration Court in RD “Energostroy”, approved by the Chairman of the Arbitration Court in RD “Energostroy”) 11.12.2014, [Elektronnyiy resurs], URL: http : // www.tsenergostroy.ru/documentation (accessed date 14.03.2016).
16. Nauchno-prakticheskiy kommentariy k Federalnomu zakonu «O treteyskih sudah v Rossiyskoy Federatsii» s obzorom sudebno-arbitrazhnoy praktiki (postateynyiy) (Scientific-practical commentary to the Federal Law «On arbitration courts in the Russian Federation» with the review of judicial-arbitration practice (article-by-article)), pod red. A.N. Lyisenko, A.A. Horosheva, «Delovoy dvor», 2011, [Elektronnyiy resurs]: dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemyi «Konsultant plyus».
17. Nestoliy V.G. Iz'yat iz pod yurisdiktsii treteyskih sudov (kommercheskih arbitrazhey) sporyi o pravah na nedvizhimoe imuschestvo (To Withdraw from the jurisdiction of Arbitration Courts (Commercial Arbitration), Disputes on the Rights to Real Estate), Arbitrazhnyiy i grazhdanskiy protsess, 2015, No. 2, pp. 34-38 [Elektronnyiy resurs]: dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemyi «Konsultant plyus».
18. Treteyskoe razbiratelstvo v Rossiyskoy Federatsii (The Arbitration Proceeding in the Russian Federation): uchebnoe posobie, Kurochkin S. A. i dr., pod red. O.Yu. Skvortsova, M, Volters Kluver, 2010.
19. Apellyatsionnoe opredelenie Novosibirskogo oblastnogo suda (The Appellate Decision of the Novosibirsk Regional Court) ot 11.06.2013 g. po delu No. 33-5020/2013 [Elektronnyiy resurs], dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemyi «Konsultant plyus».
THE PROBLEM OF CRIMINALIZATION OF VEHICLE INSURANCE IN RUSSIA
IGBAEVA Guzel Rimovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Department of Civil Law Disciplines of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia”, Ufa,Russia. 
The development of insurance market, the increasing demand for insurance services, and the growing number of customers contributed to the growth of fraud of various kinds, clearly demonstrating the problem of criminalization in vehicle insurance field. Russian insurers state that up to 15% of insured accidents can be called suspicious for FCAI (Fully Comprehensive Automobile Insurance) and MTPL (Mandatory Third Party Liability). It is difficult to reveal instances of deliberate fraud. Throughout the existence of Russian vehicle insurance market, so-called “experts” have appeared who earn money by organizing fraudulent accidents and claim for insurance payments as if they claim for their salary. On various distinctive examples of legal practice the author reviews some fraud schemes in vehicle insurance, focuses on the problem of fake insurance policies and defines the problem of criminalization of "traffic lawyers’” activity. The ways of solving the stated problems are proposed.
Key words: insurance fraud, MTPL, FCAI, vehicle insurance, insurance companies, insurer, insured, deception, victim, methods of fraud, falsification, insurance case, fake insurance policy, "traffic lawyers".
References 
1. http://forinsurer.com/public/12/08/20/4527 (accessed date: 15.04.2016).
2. Igbaeva G.R. Moshennichestvo v sfere obyazatel'nogo strakhovaniya grazhdanskoi otvetstvennosti vladel'tsev transportnykh sredstv (Fraud in the Area of Compulsory Insurance of Civil Liability of Vehicles Owners), Evraziiskii yuridicheskii zhurnal, 2015, 12 (91), pp 187–189.
3. Igbaeva G.R. Aktual'nye problemy zashchity prav strakhovatelei i tret'ikh lits po dogovoram strakhovaniya: uchebnoe posobie (Actual Problems of Protection of the Rights of Policyholders and Third Parties under Insurance Contracts: Tutorial), Ufa, UYUI the Russian Interior Ministry, 2014.
4. http://www.insur-info.ru/press/113924/ (accessed date: 15.04.2016).
5. http://www.asn-news.ru/news/48466#ixzz3DCIapvSs (accessed date: 15.04.2016).
TO THE QUESTION OF IMPROVING THE MECHANISM OF ENSURING
A CIVIL ACTION IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS
NIKOLAEV Evgenii Mikhailovich
Candidate of  Sciences (Law), Senior Lecturer of the Department of Criminal Procedure of the Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Ufa, Russia.
The article is dedicated to the issues of improving the mechanism of ensuring the civil claim as a means of restoring victims’ rights and legitimate interests in criminal proceedings. Special attention is paid to the seizure of property and securities of the suspect and the accused, as a means of reparations to victims. The author critically reviews bailiffs’ activities on the stages of enforcement proceedings in terms of recovery of prescribed amounts from the civil defendant. Labor activity of convicts is analyzed from the point of view of their real possibilities to recover damages caused by them. The author proposes ways to improve criminal procedure legislation and law enforcement practice, by redistribution of state revenues in the field of criminal proceedings and the creation of a state victims’ fund.
Key words: criminal procedure, victim, restoration of rights and legitimate interests, compensatory damages, seizure of property, victims’ fund.
References
1. Doklad Upolnomochennogo po pravam cheloveka v Rossiyskoy Federatsii za 2014 god (The Report of the Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation for the year 2014), Rossiyskaya gazeta, 2015, 7 maya.
2. V Sledstvennom Komitete Rossii sostoyalos rasshirennoe zasedanie kollegii po itogam rabotyi za 1-e polugodie 2015 goda (The Investigative Committee of Russia held an enlarged meeting of the Collegium on the results for the 1st half of 2015)[Elektronnyiy resurs], Ofitsialnyiy sayt Sledstvennogo Komiteta Rossiyskoy Federatsii. URL: http://sledcom.ru/news/item/950225 (accessed date: 10.05.2016).
3. Ilin P.V. Obschiy poryadok obespecheniya prav poterpevshego v dosudebnom proizvodstve: realii i puti sovershenstvovaniya (General Procedure of Enshuring Victim’s Rights in Pre-Trial Proceedings: Reality and Ways of Improvement), Rossiyskiy sledovatel, 2014, No. 12, pp. 5–10.
4. Galiev F.H. Pravovaya kultura i pravovoe gosudarstvo (Legal Culture and the Rule-of-Law State), Pravo i gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika. 2014, No. 2, pp. 32–34.
5. Materialnyiy uscherb ot prestupnyih posyagatelstv i ego vozmeschenie (The material Damage Caused by Criminal Attacks and Its Compensation), Schit i mech, 2007, 15 marta.
6. Nalimov D.F. Nalozhenie aresta na imuschestvo pri proizvodstve sledstvennyih deystviy: problemnyie voprosyi (Seizure of Property during the Investigation: Issues), Pravo i gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika. 2008, No. 2, pp, 134.
7. Chuvashova N.S. Nekotoryie problemyi zaschityi prav grazhdanskogo isttsa v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve (Some Problems of Civil Plaintiff’s Rights Protection in Criminal Proceedings), Uchenyie zapiski: sbornik nauchnyih trudov yuridicheskogo fakulteta Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, Vyipusk 1, Orenburg, 2004. pp. 71.
8. Arabuli D.T. Predelyi ogranicheniya prav litsa pri nalozhenii aresta na imuschestvo i tsennyie bumagi v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve (The Limits of Person’s Rights when Arresting Property and Securities in Criminal Proceeding), Pravovaya zaschita chastnyih i publichnyih interesov: materialyi V Mezhdunarodnoy mezhvuzovskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, Chelyabinsk, 2008, pp. 48–53.
9. Nikolaev E. M. Prava i zakonnyie interesyi poterpevshih v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: etimologiya, sposobyi i usloviya ih vosstanovleniya (The Rights and Legitimate Interests of Victims in Criminal Proceedings: Etymology, Ways and Conditions for Their Recovery), uchebnoe posobie. Ufa: UYuI MVD Rossii, 2015, pp. 65–66.
10. Osnovnyie pokazateli deyatelnostiFSSPRossii (2011-2014 gg.) (Key Indicators of Activity of the Federal Bailiff Service of Russia (2011-2014)) [Elektronnyiy resurs], Ofitsialnyiy sayt Federalnoy sluzhbyi sudebnyih pristavov RF, URL: http://www.fssprus.ru/indicators (accessed date: 15.05.2016).
11. Nikolaev E.M. Vosstanovlenie prav i zakonnyih interesov poterpevshih v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve (Restoration of Victims’ Rights and Legitimate Interests in Criminal Proceedings): monografiya, Moscow, Yurlitinform, 2010, pp. 128.
12. Otchet o summah uscherba ot prestupleniy, summah materialnyih vzyiskaniy v dohod gosudarstva, kolichestve vyinesennyih postanovleniy ob oplate protsessualnyih izderzhek za schet sredstv federalnogo byudzheta i naznachenii ekspertiz za 12 mesyatsev 2014 goda (Report on the amount of damages from crimes, the amounts of tangible penalties to the state income, the number of decisions on payment of procedural costs at the expense of means of the Federal budget and the appointment of examinations in the 12 months 2014) [Elektronnyiy resurs], Sudebnyiy departament pri Verhovnom Sude Rossiyskoy Federatsii, URL: http://www. cdep.ru (accessed date: 10.05.2016).
13. 80% osuzhdennyih v kolonii ne rabotayut – prokuratura (80% of convicts in the colony do not work – the Prosecutor's office)[Elektronnyiy resurs], Informatsionnyiy portal «Pravo.ru», URL: http://pravo.ru/news/view/41525 (accessed date: 15.05.2016).
14. Obzor sudebnoy statistiki o deyatelnosti federalnyih sudov obschey yurisdiktsii i mirovyih sudey v 2014 godu (The review of judicial statistics on the activities of Federal courts of General jurisdiction and Justices of the peace in 2014) [Elektronnyiy resurs], Sudebnyiy departament pri Verhovnom Sude Rossiyskoy Federatsii, URL: http://www.cdep.ru (accessed date: 12.05.2016).
15. Osnovnyie statisticheskie pokazateli deyatelnosti sudov obschey yurisdiktsii za 2014 god (Main statistical indicators of activity of courts of General jurisdiction in 2014) [Elektronnyiy resurs], Sudebnyiy departament pri Verhovnom Sude Rossiyskoy Federatsii, URL: http://www.cdep.ru (accessed date: 17.05.2016).
16. Kulikov V. V tyurmu uspeetsya (Prison Can Wait), Rossiyskaya gazeta, 2009, 25 marta.
17. Otchet o summah uscherba ot prestupleniy, summah materialnyih vzyiskaniy v dohod gosudarstva, kolichestve vyinesennyih postanovleniy ob oplate protsessualnyih izderzhek za schet sredstv federalnogo byudzheta i naznachenii ekspertiz za 12 mesyatsev 2014 goda (Report on the amount of damages from crimes, the amounts of tangible penalties to the state income, the number of decisions on payment of procedural costs at the expense of means of the Federal budget and the appointment of examinations in the 12 months 2014) [Elektronnyiy resurs], Sudebnyiy departament pri Verhovnom Sude Rossiyskoy Federatsii, URL: http://www. cdep.ru ((accessed date: 16.05.2016).
18. Rossiyskaya gazeta, 2007, 27 iyulya.
19. Ofitsialnyiy sayt Sledstvennogo komiteta Rossiyskoy Federatsii (The official website of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation) [Elektronnyiy resurs], URL: http://sledcom.ru (accessed date: 16.05.2016).
20. Sokovnin A. Poterpevshim predlozhili fond (A Fund is Proposed to Victims), Kommersant, 2009, 2 dekabrya.
ON PECULIARITIES OF INTERROGATION DURING THE SEARCH FOR MISSING PEOPLE, WHO DISAPPEARED UNDER CRIMINAL CIRCUMSTANCES
IGUMENOV Anton Sergeevich
Lecturer of the Department of Operational Search Activity of Law Enforcement Agencies of the Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Ufa, Russia.
The article studies some questions of organization of search activity of law enforcement agencies, which appear during the search for missing people, who disappeared under criminal circumstances. In particular, the article dwells on the tactics of conduction of interrogation. It distinguishes peculiarities of planning an interrogation, and order of its conduction, depending on relation of a person to the accident, category of people, who should be interrogated, contents of questions, that should be obligatory asked by officers.  The article pays special attention to psychological aspects and intricacies of conduction of such an investigative operation. The author distinguishes the most widely applied tactical options and means of communication with people with the aim to find out their possible involvement in disappearance of a person. The article views the peculiarities of interrogation with the help of a polygraph. Existing problems are presented and analyzed by the author with due regard to his practical activity in law enforcement authorities.
Key words: search activity, missing person, criminal circumstances, crime, murder, criminal case, kidnapping, interrogation, polygraph, version.
References
1. Panfilov V.V., Skosarev V.V. O rozyske lits, ischeznuvshikh pri kriminal'nykh obstoyatel'stvakh (On the Search for Persons who Disappeared under Criminal Circumstances), Operativno-rozysknaya rabota, 2003, No. 3.
2. Pravovye i organizatsionno-takticheskie osobennosti rozysknoi raboty v OVD (Legal and Organizational-Tactical Features of Investigation Work in the Police Department), kurs lektsii. Tyumen', Tyumenskii institut povysheniya kvalifikatsii sotrudnikov MVD Rossii, 2015.
3. Tambovtsev A.I. Problemy vedomstvennogo regulirovaniya rozyska lits, propavshikh bez vesti pri kriminal'nykh obstoyatel'stvakh (Challenges of Departmental Control of Search for Persons Missing under Criminal Circumstances), Aktual'nye problemy raskrytiya i rassledovaniya prestuplenii, Mezhvuz. sb. nauch. tr. Omsk, Omskaya akademiya MVD Rossii, 2012. No. 3.
THE POTENTIAL OF USING EXPERT KNOWLEDGE OF THE GUARDIANSHIP AUTHORITIES REPRESENTATIVES IN JUVENILE DELINQUENCY INVESTIGATIONS
ADELGILDINA Milyausha Zakirovna
Postgraduate Student of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.
The article dwells on the issues of the necessity of the juvenile offender personality research during a preliminary investigation. The importance of solving this issue through substantiation of all circumstances comprising the fact in proof is established. The article analyzes those circumstances to be established in the research of personality of a juvenile offender that are recognized in provisions of the criminal procedure legislation. The necessity of having potential for expanding circumstances characterizing the person under the legal age is revealed and justified. The articles stresses the possibility of obtaining a more full information enabling characterizing personality of the juvenile offender by an investigator by requiring it from representatives of a guardianship authority and of legislative formalization of the received information and of the use of expert knowledge of a guardianship authority representative by an investigator. 
Key words: minors; investigation of crimes; circumstances; legitimate representative; guardianship; personality; legislation; investigator; identification; juvenile offender.
References
1. Konstituciya rossijskoj federacii. prinyata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrya 1993 g. (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyx zakonami rossijskoj federacii o popravkax k konstitucii rossijskoj federacii ot 30 dekabrya 2008 g. №6-FKZ, ot 30 dekabrya 2008 g. № 7-FKZ, ot 5 fevralya 2014 g. № 2-FKZ) (Constitution of the Russian Federation (It is accepted by national vote on December 12, 1993 (taking into account the amendments made by Laws of the Russian Federation on the amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation of December 30, 2008 No. 6-FKZ of December 30, 2008 No. 7-FKZ, of February 5, 2014 No. 2-FKZ)// Sobranie zakonodatelstva RF. 04.08.2014. № 31. st. 4398.
2. Minimalnye standartnye pravila OON, kasayushhiesya otpravleniya pravosudiya v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnix (Pekinskie Pravila). Pekin. 29 noyabrya 1985 g. (The minimum standard rules of the UN concerning administration of justice concerning minors (The Beijing rules)) // Sovetskaya Yusticiya. 1991. №№ 12–14. p. 14.
3. Ugolovno-processualnyj kodeks rossijskoj federacii ot 18 dekabrya 2001 g. № 174-fz (v red. ot 30.12.2015) (The Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation of December 18, 2001 No. 174-FL (in an edition from 2015)) // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2001. 22 dekabrya.
4. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verxovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 01.02.2011 № 1 «O sudebnoj praktike primeneniya zakonodatelstva, reglamentiruyushhego osobennosti ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti i nakazaniya nesovershennoletnix» (red. ot 02.03.2013) (The Resolution of Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation from 2011 No. 1 (On court practice of application of the legislation regulating features of criminal liability and punishment of minors) (ed. 02.03/ 2013)) // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2011. 11 fevralya.
5. Prikaz Ministerstva obrazovaniya i nauki rossijskoj Federacii ot 14.09.2009 № 334 «o realizacii postanovleniya pravitelstva rossijskoj federacii ot 18.05.2009 № 334» (The Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation from 2009 No. 334 (On the Implementation of the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation from 2009 No 334), (zaregistrirovano v Minyuste RF 16.12.2009 n 15610) // Rossijskaya gazeta. 2009. 29 dekabrya.
6. Vasilyev V.L. Yuridicheskaya psikhologiya (Legal Psychology), St. Petersburg, Piter, 2001.
7. Gross G. Rukovodstvo dlya sudebnyx sledovatelej kak sistema kriminalistiki (Guide for Forensic Investigators as a System of Criminology), M., LeksEst, 2002.
8. Koludarova O.P. Usloviya zhizni i vospitaniya beznadzornogo nesovershennoletnego kak obstoyatelstvo, podlezhashhee dokazyvanii po ugolovnym delam (Living Conditions and Education of the Neglected Minor as the Circumstance which is Subject Proof on Criminal Cases) // vestnik udmurtskogo universiteta. 2011. № 2–1. p. 135–137.
9. Melnikova E.B. Yuvenalnaya yusticiya. Problemy ugolovnogo prava, ugolovnogo processa i kriminologii: uchebnoe posobie (Juvenile Justice. Problems of Criminal Law, Criminal Trial and Criminology: Textbook), 2-e izd., ispr., dop. M., 2001.
10.  Pashkov V.A. Rol organov opeki i popechitelstva pri opredelenii sudom mesta zhitelstva rebenka (The Role of the Guardianship and Custody during Court Determining the Child Residence) // Gosudarstvo i pravo: Teoriya i praktika: Materialy mezhdunar. nauch. konf. (g. Chelyabinsk, aprel2011 g.). Chelyabinsk: Dvakomsomolca, 2011. p. 158–161.
THEORY OF THE OFFENDER: CONCEPT, STRUCTURE, PLACE IN THE SYSTEM OFFORENSIC THEORIES
MALYKHINA Natalya Ivanovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Department of Criminalistics of the Saratov State Law Academy, Saratov, Russia.
The article reviews the problems of understanding the essential content of the forensic theory of the offender. In order to solve these problems, the author gives reasons for separating theoffender theory (along with the theories of the suspect, the accused, the defendant) from the systemof the forensic theory of criminal participators; the author formulates the concept of the researchedtheory and proposes its structure.
Key words: offender, forensic theory, theory structure, criminal participator, study of an unknown offender.
References
1. Avdonin V.A. Predposylki formirovanija kriminalisticheskogo uchenija o lichnosti prestupnika (Background Formation of the Forensic Doctrine of the Offender), Publichnoe i chastnoe pravo, 2014, №1, pp. 151–156.
2. Belkin R.S.  Kurs kriminalistiki. V 3 t. T. 2, Chastnye kriminalisticheskie teorii (The Course of Forensics. In 3 V. V. 2, Private Forensic Theories), Moscow, 1997.
3. Volcheckaja T.S. Kriminalisticheskaja situalogija: monografija (Forensic Situation Study: Monograph), pod red. N.P. Jablokova, Moscow, Kaliningrad, 1997.
4. Glazyrin F.V. Kriminalisticheskoe izuchenie lichnosti obvinjaemogo (Forensic Study of the Offender), avtoref. dis. … d-ra jurid. nauk, Sverdlovsk, 1973.
5. Malykhina N.I. Voprosy formirovanija kriminalisticheskogo uchenija ob uchastnikah kriminal'nogo sobytija (The Questions of the Formation of Forensic Theory of Criminal Participators), Sovremennaja kriminalistika, problemy, tendencii, perspektivy, materialy mezhd. nauch.-praktich. konferencii, posvjashhennoj 90-letiju so dnja rozhdenija Zasluzhennogo dejatelja nauki RF, Zasluzhennogo jurista RSFSR, doktora juridicheskih nauk, professora Nikolaja Pavlovicha Jablokova, Moskva, 22 dekabrja 2015 g. / Red.-sost. M.A. Lushechkina. Moscow, 2015. pp. 84–88.
6. Malykhina N.I. Kriminalisticheskoe issledovanie svojstv i sostojanij lica, sovershivshego prestuplenie (Forensic Study of the Offender’s Properties and States). Raleigh, North Carolina, USA, Lulu Press, 2015.
7. Malykhina N.I. Osobennosti postroenija modeli lica, sovershivshego prestuplenie (Features of the Construction of the Model of the Offender), Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika, 2015. № 41, pp. 141–144.
8. Mozhaeva I.P. Kriminalisticheskoe uchenie ob organizacii rassledovanija prestuplenij (Forensic Theory of the Organization of Crime Investigations), dis. … d-ra jurid. nauk. Moscow, 2014.
9. Novikov A.M., Novikov D.A. Metodologija: slovar' sistemy osnovnyh ponjatij (Methodology: The Dictionary of the System of Basic Concepts), Moscow, 2013.
10. Filosofija. Metodologija. Nauka (Methodology. Science) / Red. kol. V.A. Lektorskij (otv. red.), B.S Dynin, E.P. Nikitin, V.S. Shvyrev, Moscow, 1972.
TYPES OF EXPERT EXAMINATIONS OF REGULATORY LEGAL ACTS
NOSKOVOlegSergeyevich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Police Major, Head of the Department of Fire and Special Tactical Training of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia”, Ufa, Russia. 
Modern society and state need legal regulation of various topical issues of their functioning. Since we live in the rule-of-law state, adopted regulatory legal acts have to correspond to requirements and standards. It is very important to comply with sequence while working on legislation improvement. It is necessary to work so that the adopted laws correspond to the current state of the Russian society, and our further plans. Every newly adopted regulatory legal act concerning introduction of new duties and expenses has to be justified and the most part of the Russian society has to agree with it. All newly made law principles and draft regulatory legal acts have to pass public discussion and public examination. There are many types of expert examinations of regulatory legal acts. Their accurate list is absent. Carrying out expert examinations at the stage of creating the concept of a regulatory legal act will influence the qualitative and quantitative characteristic of the regulatory legal act.
Key words: regulatory legal act, legislation, expert examination, types of expert examinations.
References
1. Ob antikorrupcionnoj ehkspertize normativnyh pravovyh aktov i proektov normativnyh pravovyh aktov: feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 17 iyulya 2009 g. № 172-FZ (On Anti-Corruption Examination of Regulations and Drafts of Regulations: Federal Law of the Russian Federation of July 17, 2009 No. 172-FL).
2. Ob Obshchestvennoj palate Rossijskoj Federacii: feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 4 aprelya 2005 g. № 32-FZ (On the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation: Federal Law of the Russian Federation of April 4, 2005 No. 32-FL).
3. Ob ehkologicheskoj ehkspertize: feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 23 noyabrya 1995 g. № 174-FZ (On Environmental Assessment: Federal Law of the Russian Federation of November 23, 1995 No. 174-FL).
4. O schetnoj palate Rossijskoj Federacii: feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 11 yanvarya 1995 g. № 4-FZ (On the Audit Chamber of the Russian Federation: Federal Law of the Russian Federation of January 11, 1995 No. 4-FL).
5. Ob organizacii predostavleniya gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh uslug: feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 27 iyulya 2010 g. № 210-FZ (On the Organization of Providing State and Municipal Services: Federal Law of the Russian Federation of July 27, 2010 No. 210-FL).
6. Razuvaev A.A. Ekspertiza kak sredstvo povysheniya effektivnosti protsessa pravorealizatsii (voprosy teorii i praktiki) (Expertise as a Means of Increasing the Efficiency of Law Enforcement Process (The Issues of Theory and Practice), avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk, Saratov, 2006.
7. Polenina S.V. Itogi zakonodatel'noi deyatel'nosti v RF i opredelenie zadach perspektivnogo, planirovaniya zakonoproektnoi raboty (The Results of Legislative Activity in the Russian Federation and the Definition of Objectives Perspective Planning of Legislative Work), Materialy NPK, Moscow, 1995, pp. 67.
NEW DEVELOPMENT IN LEGAL
REGULATION OF PAPER MONEY
VASILIEV Anatoly Vasilyevich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Professor of the Department of Theory of State and Law of the Faculty of Law of the Institute of Law and National Security of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia. 
The article considers the role of paper money in the regulation of the economic relations connected with employees’ wage rate determination, price of goods produced in the society, paper money ensures merchandise turnover and exercises other functions. The article gives the analysis of paper money positive and negative effects on economic performance. Legal regulation of paper money is researched. Proposals for its improvement, optimization, adaptation to economic laws are developed.
Key words: economic relations, economic laws, paper money, wage, labour costs, price of goods, their value, legal regulation of paper money, optimization of legal regulation of paper money.
References
1. Marks K. Kapital (The Capital). Kvintessentsiya vsekh tomov v odnoi knige. Per. s nem. S.Alekseeva, Moscow, 2010.
2. Politicheskaya ekonomiya. Kapitalisticheskii sposob proizvodstva (Political Economy. The Capitalist Mode of Production), uchebnik / pod red.. G.A. Kozlova, Moscow, 1972.
3. Kaurova N.N. Den'gi kak upravlyayushchii element sistemy tsen i finansovo-ekonomicheskikh otnoshenii (Money as a Control Element of the Price System and Financial and Economic Relations), Finansy i kredit, 2013, No. 44.
4. Dvoretskaya A.E. Den'gi, kredit, banki (Money, Credit, Banks), Moscow, 2014.
5. Ermakov A.R. Ekonomicheskie funktsii deneg (Economic Functions of Money), Finansy i kredit, 2014, No. 35.
PREREQUISITES OF INVESTIGATING ECONOMIC CRIMES IN HOUSING AND UTILITY SECTOR
VIDYASOV Evgeniy Olegovich
postgraduate student, Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Russia.
A successful investigation of economic crimes in housing and utility sector is possible only on condition that corresponding prerequisites would be created in advance. Prerequisites are viewed as actions and information, preceding an investigation, which create favorable conditions for establishment of facts of a committed crime. Moreover, theoretical constructions, such as crime classifications, criminalistics characteristics, investigation situations, should be referred to as special prerequisites. For an effective preliminary investigation of this type of crimes, it is necessary to distinguish a preparative stage of investigation, which has a methodological significance. The necessity to separate this stage allows viewing the actions of creation of a new informational basis for investigation of crimes as the grounds for the further establishment of facts of a committed crime. Thus, all prerequisites guarantee a successful investigation of economic crimes in the housing and utility sector.
Key words: investigation; economic crimes in housing and utility sector; detection of crime; preparative stage of crime investigation; forensic classification of crimes.
References
1. Vardanyan A.V., Kuleshov R.V. Kriminalisticheskie klassifikatsii prestuplenii i ikh sistemoobrazuyushchaya rol' v formirovanii chastnykh kriminalisticheskikh metodik rassledovaniya prestuplenii kak nauchno obosnovannykh kompleksov kriminalisticheskikh rekomendatsii (Forensic Classifications of Crimes and their System-Forming Role in the Formation of Private Forensic Crime Investigation Techniques as Science-Based Complexes of Forensic Recommendations), Rossiiskii sledovatel', 2015, No 21, pp. 5–10.
2. Gelyus T.F., Kryuchkova V.F., Osipova T.V. Problemyi, voznikayuschie pri rassledovanii prestupleniy v sfere zhilischno-kommunalnogo hozyaystva, i puti ih resheniya (Problems Arising in the Investigation of Crimes in the Sphere of Housing and Communal Services and their Solutions), Vlast i upravlenie na Vostoke Rossii, 2015, No 1 (70), pp. 149–154.
3. Kulikova T.B. Problemnyie voprosyi primeneniya norm ugolovno-protsessualnogo zakonodatelstva pri provedenii dosledstvennyih proverok organami doznaniya organov vnutrennih del (Problematic Issues of Application of the Rules of Criminal Procedure Legislation during the Pre-Investigation Checks by the Inquiry Bodies of Internal Affairs Bodies), Mir nauki, kulturyi, obrazovaniya, 2015, No 1 (50), pp. 249–250.
4. Larichev V.D., Borin B.V. Obschaya metodika vyiyavleniya prestupleniy ekonomicheskoy napravlennosti (General Procedure for the Identification of Economic-Related Crimes), Operativnik (syischik), 2015, No 2 (43), pp. 23–27.
5. Podolnyiy N.A. Znachenie razresheniya situatsii informatsionnoy neopredelyonnosti dlya rassledovaniya prestupleniy (The Value of Solving the Situation of Information Uncertainty for the Investigation of Crimes), Rossiyskiy sledovatel', 2011, No 17, pp. 4–6.
6. Podolnyiy N.A. Kriminalisticheskaya klassifikatsiya prestupleniy kak sredstvo optimizatsii rassledovaniya (Forensic Classification of Crimes as a Means of Optimizing the Investigation), Biblioteka kriminalista. Nauchnyiy zhurnal, 2014, No 2 (13), pp. 201–214.
7. Podolnyiy N.A. Metodologicheskoe i ideologicheskoe znachenie problemyi istinyi v ugolovnom protsesse (Methodological and Ideological Significance of the Problem of Truth in Criminal Proceedings), Rossiyskiy sudya, 2012, No 8, pp. 22-26.
8. Podolnyiy N.A. Operezhayuschaya chastnaya metodika rassledovaniya prestupleniy (Advancing Private Method of Investigation of Crimes), Rossiyskiy sledovatel', 2011, No 14, pp. 5-8.
9. Podolnyiy N.A. Podgotovitelnyiy k rassledovaniyu etap - etap formirovaniya informatsionnoy osnovyi raskryitiya i rassledovaniya prestupleniy (The Stage Preparatory to the Investigation - the Stage of Forming the Information Basis to Reveal and Investigate Crimes), Biblioteka kriminalista. Nauchnyiy zhurnal, 2014, No 4 (15), pp. 249-257.
10. Podolnyiy N.A. Predposyilki rassledovaniya prestupleniy (Backgrounds of Investigation of Crimes), Rossiyskiy sledovatel', 2014, No 8, pp. 7-11.
11. Titova K.A., Pahomova E.V. Klassifikatsiya sledstvennyih situatsiy, skladyivayuschihsya na predvaritelnom sledstvii po delam o hischeniyah v sfere zhilischno-kommunalnogo hozyaystva (Classification of Investigative Situations at the Preliminary Investigation in Cases of Theft in the Housing and Communal Services), Trudyi Kubanskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta, 2014, No 50, pp. 171-175.
JOHN LOCKE’S «UNIVERSAL» CATEGORIES AND AMERICAN REALITIES: THE CRITICAL ESSAY OF IDEOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES OF COLONIALISM AND IMPERIALISM
TIMONIN Anatoliy Nicolayevich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Professor of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the FSBEI HE "Bashkir State University", Ufa, Russia
John Locke as an ideologist of British and American imperialism and colonialism remains practically unknown to the wide scientific and juridical community of our country. Having read special scientific literature, the most important juridical documents of the colonial and post-colonial periods in the history of the USA, the author came to the conclusion that such inherent rights  as rights to freedom, equality and property, which are usually viewed  as universal categories, according to Locke do not cover the Indians and Afro-Americans. John Locke believed that the former were savages or even wild animals, which must be killed under the condition of rebellion against colonial land seizure, the latter were given the status of slaves by the co-author of the colonial constitution of Carolina. Thus, John Locke and his followers share the responsibility for the ideological grounding of the longest, the most high-scale genocide, and the cruelest exploitation of black slaves. 
Keywords: Anglo-Saxon political and legal myths, «universal» categories, ideological principles of colonialism and imperialism, genocide of the Celts, genocide of the American Indians.
References
1. Stannard D. E. American Holocaust: The Conquest of the New World. New York, 1992. [Electronic resource].URL: http: bookzz.org/book/2457055/8d430b (accessed date: 18.02.2016).
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4. The Virginia Declaration of Rights [Electronic resource]. URL:http: charters/virginia_declaration_of_rights.html. (accessed date: 28.02.2016).
5. Armitage D. John Locke Theorist of Empire? Empire and Modern Political Thought, ed. Sankar Muthu. Cambridge, 2012. [Electronic resource].URL: https: dash.harvard.edu/handle/1/10718367 (accessed date: 26.11.2015).
6. Tully J. Strange Multiplicity: Constitutionalism in an Age of Diversity /James Tully. Cambridge, United Kingdom, 2004. [Electronic resource]. URL: http: bookzz.org/book/941085/0f8e4f (accessed date: 13.08.2015).
7. Lokk D. Dva tractata o pravlenii, Soch.: V 3 t. /Per. s angl. and lat. Tom. 3. KN. II. Red. i sost., avt. primech. A. L. Subbotin. M., 1988. (Locke J. Two Treatises of Government, Vol. 3 tons. / Transl. from English, and Lat. V. З. Bk. II / Edit. and Comp., Aut. Notes. A. L. Subbotin. Moscow, 1988.). 
8. Declaratsia nezavisimosti (1776), Soedinennye Shtati Ameriki: Constitutsia i zakonodatelnye acty: per. s angl. /Sost. V. I. Lafitsky; pod red. i vstup. st. O. A. Zhidkov. M., 1993. (Declaration of Independence (1776), United States of America: Constitution and Acts: transl. from  English / The Comp., V. I. Lafitsky; under edit. and introductory article of O. A. Zhidkov. Moscow, 1993.).
9. Calloway C. G. (Colin Gordon). The American Revolution in Indian Country: Crisis and Diversity in Native American Communities /Colin G. Calloway. Cambridge, New York, USA, 1995. [Electronic resource]. URL: http: bookzz.org/book/2483593/af8e67 (accessed date: 03.01.2016).
10. Jaimes A. M. Crazy Snake and the Creek Struggle for Sovereignty: The Native American Legal Culture and American Law //Native American Sovereignty /Edit. with an introduction by John R. Wunder. New York & London, 1999. [Electronic resource]. URL: http: bookzz.org/book/905731/34c4b8 (accessed date: 24.02.2016).
11. Morris G. T. International Law and Politics Toward a Right to Self-Determination for Indigenous Peoples //Native American Sovereignty /Edit. with an introduction by John R. Wunder. New York & London, 1999; [Electronic resource]. URL: http: bookzz.org/book/905731/34c4b8 (accessed date: 24.02.2016); Henriksson Markku. Treaty Legislation, Ibidem; Kickingbird Kirke. et al. Indian Sovereignty, Ibidem.
FORMATION OF THE IDEAS OF STATE SOVEREIGNTY IN THE WESTERN EUROPEAN POLITICAL AND LEGAL THOUGHT
KHABIROV Radiy Faritovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Deputy Head of the Russian President’s Domestic Policy Directorate, Moscow, Russia. 
The author analyzes the formation of the views of Western European thinkers of the remote past on the nature and content of state sovereignty. The paper reviews the statements on this and related issues of J. Bodin, Th. Hobbes, H. Grotius and G. Parker, this last previously was little known in domestic theory. The author pays attention to not only the main content of political and legal concepts of incunabula of sovereignty notions, but also describes some details, which were not adequately reflected in the Russian legal science. A comparative analysis of these statements takes a comprehensive and balanced form in the article. The author remarks that at dawn of the formation of sovereignty ideas in the Western European political and legal thought, there were both common positions and significant differences; but almost all the authors directly or indirectly dealing with this issue recognized the highest value of this category for public authorities of that period.
Key words: state sovereignty, theory of state and law, formation of political and legal views on sovereignty.
References
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2. Voloshina E.E. Obshchestvennaya mysl Francii v XVI veke: politicheskaya teoriya Zhana Bodena (Public Opinion in France in the XVI Century: the Political Theory of Jean Bodin), Kultura, nauka, integraciya, 2011, № 1 (13), pp. 71–74.
3. Stéphane Beaulac. The Social Power of Bodin’s «Sovereignty» and International Law // Melbourne Journal of International Law. May 2003. Vol. 4 (1). pp. 1–28.
4. Degtyareva M.I. Razrabotka ponyatiya suvereniteta Zhanom Bodenom (Development of the Concept of Sovereignty of Jean Bodin), Polis, 2000, № 3, pp. 157–169.
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7. Baturin A.P. Vlast i poddannye: problema vzaimodeystviya v sochineniyakh franczuzskikh politicheskikh pisateley XVI v. (Power and Subjects: the Problem of Interaction in the Writings of French Political Writers of the XVI Century), Vestnik KemGU, 2013, № 2 (54), T. 3, pp. 16–21.
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9. Bayazitova G.I. K voprosu o bozhestvennom i estestvennom zakonakh v politicheskoy filosofii Zhana Bodena i Tomasa Gobbsa (On the Question of the Divine and Natural Law in the Political Philosophy of Jean Bodin and Thomas Hobbes), Vestnik Tyumenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2012, № 10, pp. 106–109.
10. Some few observations upon His Majesties late answer to the declaration or remonstance sic of the Lords and Commons of the 19 of May, 1642. 1 editionBy Parker Henry.
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15. Abukarova M.U. Teoreticheskiy vzglyad na uchenie o gosudarstvennom absolyutizme Tomasa Gobbsa (Theoretical view of Thomas Hobbes on the Doctrine of State Absolutism), Teoriya i praktika obshchestvennogo razvitiya, 2015, № 3, pp. 149–150.
16. Kirsanov Ya.A. Metafora mashiny vlasti v «Leviafane» T. Gobbsa: mekhanicistskaya i absolyutistskaya tradicii diskursa (The Metaphor of the Machine Power in Th. Hobbes’s "Leviathan": Mechanistic and Absolutist Tradition of Discourse), Vestnik Chelyabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2008, № 32, pp. 145–149.
17. James R. Hurtgen. Hobbes's theory of sovereignty in Leviathan, Reason papers, No. 5, (Winter 1979), p. 55–67.
18. Gobbs T. Leviafan (Leviathan), Moscow, Mysl', 2001.
19. Galimova A.Sh. Uchenie o suverenitete v trudakh uchenykh-yuristov «shkoly estestvennogo prava» i politicheskikh myslitelei XVII – XVIII vv. (The Doctrine of the Sovereignty in the Writings of Legal Scholars of the “Natural Law School" and Political Thinkers of XVII - XVIII Centuries), avtoref. … dis. kand. yurid. nauk, Moscow, 2011.
20. Hoekstra Kinch. Hobbes on the Natural Condition of Mankind // The Cambridge Companion to Hobbes’s Leviathan/ Edited by Patricia Springborg University of Sydney. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, pp. 109–127.
21. Shmitt K. Leviafan v uchenii o gosudarstve Tomasa Gobbsa (Leviathan in Thomas Hobbes’s Theory of State), Per. s nemeczkogo D.V.Kuznicyna. Saint Petersburg, «Vladimir Dal», 2006.
22. Volkov S. Racionalisticheskaya interpretaciya teorii estestvennogo prava v traktate Gugo Grociya «O prave voyny i mira» (The Rationalist Interpretation of the Theory of Natural Law in the Treatise of Hugo Grotius "On the Law of War and Peace"), Aktualnі problemi vіtchiznyanoї ta vsesvіtnoї іstorії, 200, № 12, pp. 152–160.
23. Anners E. Istoriya evropeyskogo prava (per. so shved). (History of European Law (trans. from Swedish), Institut Evropy, Moscow, Nauka, 1994.
24. On the rights of war and peace an abridged translation by W. Whewell. Published 1853 by inCambridge.
25. Grociy G. O prave voyny i mira (On the Law of War and Peace), Reprint, s izd, 1956 g., Moscow, Ladomir, 1994.
26. Kozlikhin I.Yu. Gugo Grociy (Hugo Grotius), Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Pravovedenie, 1999, № 4, pp. 263–271.
27. Galimova A.Sh. Ponyatie i istochniki suvereniteta v ucheniyakh yuristov «shkoly estestvennogo prava» (The Concept and Sources of Sovereignty in the Theories of the Lawyers of the “School of Natural Law"), Aktualnye problemy rossiyskogo prava, 2009, № 3, pp. 48–54.
28. Grociy G. O prave voyny i mira (On the Law of War and Peace), Moscow, Yurid. lit., 1956.
29. Donnelly J. International human rights: a regime analysis // International Organization. Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the World Peace Foundation, Summer 1986, 40, 3, pp. 599–639.
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ON THE ROLE OF WARS AND ARMAMENTS IN THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
SHONIN Nikolay Egorovich
Candidate of Political Sciences, Assistant Professor of the Chair of International Law and International Relations of the Institute of Law of the FBSEI HPE Bashkir State University, Honored Worker of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Federation, Ufa, Russia. 
This article brings up the questions of the role of wars and armaments in the formation and development of international law. The author asked himself the question, why the observance of the principles and norms of international law are sabotaged in increasing frequency today, why the UNO and its organs and institutes are turning into foreign policy instruments of the NATO states. Based on the fact, that in the mankind history the prevailing form of contacts were the wars, that the scientific and technical revolution led by the end of the 19th century to such armaments, that the idiom “Pyrrhic victory” began to become reality, because the number of cripples among the warriors and tolls among the civilian population reached such dimensions, that it could produce a demographic and social catastrophe in every state, the author comes to a conclusion, that it was the arms perfection, which stimulated the leaders of the states to take measures to found a special imperative international law base for the regulation of relations between the states and to provide international agreements with the highest legal validity.
Key words: international law, international relations, international treaties and agreements, the UNO, conflicts, wars, armaments, nuclear armaments, national interests, balance of forces, balance of interests, double standards.
References
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CONCERNED PARTIES
IN ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE
OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
GORELOV Maksim Vladimirovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Chair of Civil Procedure of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir state University”, Ufa, Russia.
This article considers the institution of third parties participation in administrative proceedings in the People's Republic of China. In Chinese law literature there is a general concept of the third party of administrative procedure. In order to participate as a third party in administrative proceedings in China it is required to have a legal interest, which may be specified in the administrative agreement, and by adjudication results.
Keywords: Code of administrative procedure of the People's Republic of China; concerned parties; third parties; administrative contract; material interest.
References
1. 应松年主编行政诉讼法学北京: 中国政法大学出版社, 1994. Fan Shiyun. Course of Administrative Procedural Law. Beijing: Chinese University of Politics and Law Press, 1999, pp.168–169.
2. 胡锦光等著行政法专题研究北京: 中国人民大学出版社, 1998. Hu Jinguang. Special Administrative Law. Beijing: People’s University of China Publishing House, 1998. P.12
3. 胡锦光、杨建顺、李元起著.行政法专题研究(M). 北京:中国人民大学出版社1998.Ху Jinguang, Jan Tszyanshun Lee Yuanchi. Special Administrative Law. Beijing: People’s University of China Publishing House, 1998.
4. 余明永.对行政诉讼第三人的法律界定(A).陈光中、江伟主编.诉讼法论丛:第1卷(C)北京:法律出版社,1998. Yu Minyun. The Legal Definition of a Third Party in the Administrative Process. Edited by Chen Guan / Jiang Wei. Judicial forum: 1 st.Pekin,1998陈桂明、马德怀著.案例诉讼法教程(北京:中国政法大学出版社,1996. Chen Guiming, Ma Dehuai. The Course of Court Practice (M). Beijing: Publishing Chinese University of Politics and Law, 1996. 赵正群论行政机关不宜成为行政诉讼第三人经济与法, 1993 (8 : Zhao Chzhenchun. The administrative body should not be a third party in an administrative action. Economics and Law, 1993, (8), pp.14–15.
FORMATION OF THE RULE-OF-LAW STATE AND PEOPLE’S SOVEREIGNTY IN THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN (RT)
KAMOLOV Timur Melsovich
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Theory of State and Law of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation.
After the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics throughout the area of the former Soviet Union various sovereign states were formed that have opted for the main purpose, to form a constitutional state. One of these sovereign states was the Central Asian Republic of Tajikistan. An urgent task for Tajikistan at the present stage of its development is the consolidation of the people, who went through a civil war. As well as finding the optimum balance between state and people’s sovereignty in order to enshrine in the Constitution the guarantees to the people's sovereignty and the formation of the rule-of-law state. As a priority factor for further state and legal development and the formation of the rule-of-law state in Tajikistan, the author connects with the people’s sovereignty, its strengthening and its protection against any state encroachments.
Key words: people, state, sovereignty, Republic, rule-of-law state.
References
1. Dostiev A.S. Konstitutsiya Respubliki Tadjikistan 1994: Istoriya razrabotki, prinyatiya i osnovnye polo-jeniya (Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan 1994: History of Constitutional Development, Passing and Basic Provisions of the Constitution), avtoreferat dissertatsiya kandidata iuridicheskih nauk Dushanbe, 1999. 
2. Komarov S.A. Obshaya Teoriya Gosudarstva i Prava (General Theory of State and Law), uchebnik 8 izdanie, ispravlennoe i dopolnennoe, Moscow, St. Petersburg, izdatel’stvo Iuridicheskogo institute, 2012. 
3. Prokopovich G.A. O roli gosudarstva i pravitel’stva v usloviqh sil’no politizirovannoy ekonomiki (On the Role of State and Government in a Much Politicized Economy), Vlast’ zakona, 2015, No. 2 (22), pp. 32-40. 
4. Sadiev Sh. S. Istoriya tadjikskogo naroda (The History of the Tajik People), Kratkiy kurs lekciy, Du-shanbe, 2012. 
5. Ebzeev B.S. Chelovek, narod, gosudarstvo v konstitucionnom stroe Rossiyskoy Federatsiy (The Per-son, the People, the State in the Constitutional Order of the Russian Federation), Moscow, Iuridicheskaya lit-erature, 2005. 
6. Iugov A.A. Pravovye osnovy publichnoy vlasti v Rossiyskoy Federaciy (Legal Basis for Public Au-thorities in the Russian Federation), Ekaterinburg, 2004, 124 p. 
7. Konstitutsiya Respubliki Tadzhikistan (The Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan), Natsional'nyy tsentr zakonodatel'stva pri Prezidente Respubliki, URL: http://mmk.tj/ru/legislation/legislation-base/constitution/. 
8. Independent Information Agency of Tajikistan ASIA-Plus, URL: http://news.tj/ru/node/221568.
CLASSICS OF CONTEMPORARY RUSSIAN THEORY OF LAW.
On the 75th Anniversary of Doctor of Law,
Professor Valeriy LAZAREV 
SALNIKOV Viktor Petrovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Editor-in-Chief of the "Legal Science: History and the Present" Journal, Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation, Honored Worker of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Federation,
Moscow, Russia.
EBZEEV Boris Safarovich
Member of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Law, Professor, Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia. E-mail: cikrf.ru
KHABIBULIN Alik Galimzyanovich
Head of the Department of Economic and Financial Investigations of the Supreme State Audit School (Faculty) of Lomonosov MSU, Professor of the Department of Theory of State and Law and Political Science of  the Faculty of Law of MV Lomonosov Moscow State University, Doctor of Law, Professor, Moscow, Russia. 
References
1. Vinnichenko N.A., Zakhartsev S.I., Rokhlin V.I. Pravovaya reglamentatsiya ispol'zovaniya operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve (Legal Regulation of the Use of Operational Search Activity in Criminal Proceedings), pod red. V.P. Sal'nikova. SPb, Sankt-Peterburgskii universitet MVD Rossii, Fond «Univer-sitet», 2004. Ser. Teoriya i praktika operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti.
2. Egorshin V.M. Politsiya – Militsiya – Politsiya (obshchee sostoyanie i operativno-rozysknoi aspekt) (Police-Milice-Police (General State and Operational Search Aspect)), Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremennost', 2012, No. 11, pp. 167–187.
3. Zakhartsev S.I., Ignashchenkov Yu.Yu., Sal'nikov V.P. Operativno-rozysknye meropriyatiya v XXI veke, monografiya (Operational Search Activities in the XXI Century. Monograph). (Seriya: «Teoriya i praktika operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'no-sti»). SPb, Sankt-Peterburgskii universitet MVD Rossii, Fond «Universitet», 2006.
4. Issledovaniya teoreticheskikh problem pravovogo gosudarstva (Research of Theoretical Problems of the Rule-of-Law State), Tr. akad., Akad. MVD Rossii, Redkol.: V.V. Lazarev (otv. red.) [ i dr.], M., Akad. MVD Rossii, 1996.
5. Istoricheskii opyt i sovremennost' (Historical Experience and Present), sb. nauchnykh trudov / pod red. V.V. Lazareva. M., Akademiya MVD SSSR, 1990.
6. Istoriya gosudarstvenno-pravovykh uchenii, khrestomatiya (History of State and Law Studies, Reader), avt.-sost. S.V. Lipen'; pod obshch. red. V.V. Lazareva. M., Spark, 2006.
7. Istoriya politicheskikh i pravovykh uchenii, uchebnik (History of Political and Legal Studies, Textbook) / Yu.Ya. Baskin [i dr.]; otv. red. V.V. Lazarev. 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. M.: Vyssh. obrazovanie, 2008. Konstitutsionnoe pravo, uchebnik, Al'khimenko V.V., Butylin V.N., Vitruk N.V. i dr.; otv. red. V.V. Lazarev. M., Yurist", 1999.
8. Lazarev V.V. Izbrannye trudy, V 3 t. Tom 1: Zakon. Zakonnost'. Primenenie zakona (Selected Works, in 3 V. Volume 1: Law. Legality. Application of the Law), Federal'naya palata advokatov Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Yuridicheskaya firma «YuST». M., Novaya yustitsiya, 2010.
9. Lazarev V.V. Izbrannye trudy, V 3 t. Tom 2: Probely v zakonodatel'stve: ustanovlenie, preodolenie, ustranenie (Selected Works, in 3 V. Volume 2: Gaps in Legislation: Finding Out, Overcoming, Elimination), Federal'naya palata advokatov Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Yuridicheskaya firma «YuST». M., Novaya yustitsiya, 2010.
10. Lazarev V.V. Izbrannye trudy, V 3 t. Tom 3: Iz istorii politicheskoi mysli (Selected Works, in 3 V. Volume 3: From the History of Political Thought), Federal'naya palata advokatov Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Yuridicheskaya firma «YuST». M., Novaya yustitsiya, 2010.
11. Lazarev V.V. K voprosu o meste i roli reshenii Konstitutsionnogo Suda Rossiiskoi Federatsii (To the Question of the Role and Place of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation), Vestnik mezhdunarodnogo instituta ekonomiki i prava, 2010, No. 1, pp. 114–119.
12. Lazarev V.V. K voprosu o ponyatii i predelakh eksperimenta v oblasti gosudarstva prava (On the Question of the Concept and Limits of the Experiment in the Field of Law of State), Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Pravovedenie, 1966, No, 1. pp. 17–23.
13. Lazarev V.V. K ponyatiyu pravovogo eksperimenta v konkretno-sotsiologicheskom issledovanii (To the Concept of the Legal Experiment in a Concrete Sociological Research) // Itogovaya nauchnaya konferentsiya Kazansk. gos. un-ta im. V.I. Ul'yanova-Lenina za 1964 g. Kratkoe soderzhanie dokladov: filosofiya, pravovedenie. Kazan', 1966.
14. Lazarev V.V. Kul'turnye traditsii prava. Retsenziya na knigu: Mal'tsev G. V. Kul'turnye traditsii prava (Cultural Traditions of Law. Book Review: Maltsev G.V. Cultural Traditions of Law) // Zhurnal Rossiiskogo prava. 2014, No. 3 (207), PP. 140–145.
15. Lazarev V.V. Lobbirovanie pravotvorcheskikh reshenii (Lobbying Law-Making Decisions), Yuridicheskaya tekhnika, 2014, No. 8, pp. 216–223.
16. Lazarev V.V. Mesto i rol' suda v pravovoi sisteme (The Place and Role of the Court in Legal System), Zhurnal Rossiiskogo prava, 2014, No. 10 (214), pp. 17–30.
17. Lazarev V.V. Normativnaya priroda sudebnogo pretsedenta (The Normative Nature of Judicial Precedent), Zhurnal Rossiiskogo pra-va. 2012, No. 4 (184), pp. 92–99.
18. Lazarev V.V. O proekte zakona po okazaniyu kvalifitsirovannoi yuridicheskoi pomoshchi (On the Draft Law of Providing Qualified Legal Assistance ) // Dogovor: pravovye i ekonomicheskie aspekty: sb. nauch. trudov / predisl., otv. red. V.V. Lazarev. Vyp. 5. M., MIEP, 2008.
19. Lazarev V.V. O roli konkretno-sotsiologicheskikh issledovanii v organizatsii i deyatel'nosti Sovetskogo suda (On the Role of Concrete Sociological Researches in the Soviet Court Organization and Activity), Sovetskaya yustitsiya, 1966, No. 18, pp. 10–12.
20. Lazarev V.V. Osobennosti argumentatsii pozitsii Postoyannogo predstavitelya Gosudarstvennoi Dumy v Konstitutsionnom Sude RF (Features to Reason the Position of the Permanent Representative of the State Duma in the Constitutional Court of the RF), Yuridicheskaya tekhnika, 2013, No. 7–1, pp. 163–169.
21. Lazarev V.V. Poisk gosudarstva (nauchno-publitsisticheskoe esse) (Search of the State (Scientific and Publicist Essay)), Leningradskii yuridicheskii zhurnal, 2010, No. 2, pp. 153–167.
22. Lazarev V.V. Poisk nauki o prave i gosudarstve (nauchno-publitsisticheskoe esse) (Search of the Science of Law and State (Scientific and Publicist Essay)), Lex Russica, 2013, No. 4, pp. 345–352.
23. Lazarev V.V. Ponimanie prava v trudakh uchenykh Kazanskogo universiteta (Understanding of Law in the Works of Scientists of Kazan University) // Dva veka yuridicheskoi nauki i obrazovaniya v Kazanskom universitete: materialy yubileinoi Vserossiiskoi nauchnoi konferentsii. Kazan': Tsentr innovatsionnykh tekhnologii, 2004, pp. 18–25.
24. Lazarev V.V. Pravo i ekonomika, Teoriya prava i gosudarstva, kurs lektsii (Law and Economics, Theory of Law and State, Lectures), V.S. Afanas'ev, N.L. Granat, N.A. Kataev [ i dr.] ; pod red. N.A. Kataeva, V.V. Lazareva; M-vo vnutr. del Ros. Federatsii, Ufim. vyssh. shk. Ufa: UVSh MVD RF, 1994, pp. 62–76.
25. Lazarev V.V. Pravoprimenitel'nye akty i ikh effektivnost' v usloviyakh razvitogo sotsialisticheskogo obshchestva: Teoreticheskoe issledovanie (Law Enforcement Acts and Their Effectiveness in a Developed Socialist Society: Theoretical Study), avtoref. dis. … dokt. yurid. nauk: (12.00.01) / Mosk. gos. un-t im. M.V. Lomonosova. Yurid. fak. M., 1977.
26. Lazarev V.V. Pravoprimenitel'nye akty i ikh effektivnost' v usloviyakh razvitogo sotsialisticheskogo obshchestva: Teoreticheskoe issledovanie (Law Enforcement Acts and Their Effectiveness in a Developed Socialist Society: Theoretical Study), dis. … d-ra. yurid. nauk. M., 1977.
27. Lazarev V.V. Pretsedent:  realii i perspektivy v rossiiskom prave (Precedent: Realities and Prospects in Russian Law), Rossiiskoe pravosudie, 2012, No. 4, pp. 5–15.
28. Lazarev V.V. Primenenie sovetskogo prava (Applying Soviet Law). Kazan', Kazan. un-t, 1972.
29. Lazarev V.V. Probely v prave i puti ikh ustraneniya (Gaps in Law and How to Overcome Them). M., Yurid. lit., 1974.
30. Lazarev V.V. Probely v prave: Voprosy ponyatiya probelov i kritika teorii besprobel'nosti prava (Gaps in Law: Questions of the Concept of Gaps and Criticism of the Theory of Gaplessness in Law) / Kazan. gos. un-t im. V.I. Ul'yanova-Lenina. Kazan', 1969.
31. Lazarev V.V. Probely v sovetskom prave i metody ikh ustanovleniya (Gaps in Soviet Law and Methods of Finding Them), dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 1967.
32. Lazarev V.V. Probely v sovetskom prave i metody ikh ustanovleniya (Gaps in Soviet Law and Methods of Finding Them): avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. M., 1967.
33. Lazarev V.V. Realizatsiya prava, Teoriya prava i gosudarstva: Kurs lektsii (Implementation of Law, Theory of Law and State: Lectures), V.S. Afanas'ev, N.L. Granat, N.A. Kataev [i dr.]; pod red. N.A. Kataeva, V.V. Lazareva; M-vo vnutr. del Ros. Federatsii, Ufim. vyssh. shk. Ufa: UVSh MVD RF, 1994, pp. 372–387.
34. Lazarev V.V. Sovety deputatov trudyashchikhsya kak organy gosudarstvennoi vlasti i upravleniya i kak massovye organizatsii vsego naroda (Councils of People's Deputies as Organs of State Power and Administration, and as Mass Organizations of All the People), Vtoraya nauchnaya konferentsiya molodykh uchenykh goroda Kazani 27–28 marta 1964 g., sb. nauch. rabot. Kazan': Kazansk. un-t, 1966, pp. 31–33.
35. Lazarev V.V. Sovremennye podkhody k ponimaniyu prava, Teoriya prava i gosudarstva, kurs lektsii (Modern Approaches to the Understanding of Law, Theory of Law and State, Lectures), V.S. Afanas'ev, N.L. Granat, N.A. Kataev [i dr.]; pod red. N.A. Kataeva, V.V. Lazareva; M-vo vnutr. del Ros. Federatsii, Ufim. vyssh. shk. Ufa, UVSh MVD RF, 1994, pp. 215–228.
36. Lazarev V.V. Sostavlyayushchie pravovogo gosudarstva (The Rule-of-Law State Elements) // Teoriya prava i gosudarstva: Kurs lektsii / V.S. Afanas'ev, N.L. Granat, N.A. Kataev [i dr.]; pod red. N.A. Kataeva, V.V. Lazareva; M-vo vnutr. del Ros. Federatsii, Ufim. vyssh. shk. Ufa, UVSh MVD RF, 1994, pp. 202–214.
37. Lazarev V.V. Sotsial'no-psikhologicheskie aspekty primeneniya prava (Social and Psychological Aspects of the Law Application). Kazan': Kazan. un-t, 1982.
38. Lazarev V.V. Teoreticheskie predposylki podgotovki obrazovatel'nogo kodeksa, Kodifikatsiya zakonodatel'stva: teoriya, praktika, tekhnika (Theoretical Backgrounds of the preparation of the Educational Code, Co-dification of Legislation: Theory, Practice, Techniques), pod red. V.M. Baranova, D.G. Krasnova, N. Novgorod, 2009.
39. Lazarev V.V. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava: Aktual'nye problemy, ucheb. posobie dlya slushatelei akad. (Theory of State and Law: Actual Problems, Teaching Aid for Students of the Academy). M, Akad, MVD RF, 1992.
40. Lazarev V.V.  Chaadaev: Iz istorii politicheskoi i pravovoi mysli (Chaadaev: From the History of Political and Legal Thought). M, Yurid. lit., 1986.
41. Lazarev V.V. Effektivnost' pravoprimenitel'nykh aktov: Voprosy teorii (The Effectiveness of Law Enforcement acts: Theory). Kazan', Kazan. un-t, 1975.
42. Lazarev V.V. Yuridicheskaya nauka: sovremennoe sostoyanie, vyzovy i perspektivy (razmyshleniya teoretika) (Legal Science: the Current state, Challenges and Prospects (Theorist’s Reflections)), Lex Russica, 2013, No. 2, pp. 181–191.
43. Lazarev V.V., Levchenko I.P. Pravoprimenitel'naya deyatel'nost' OVD, ucheb. Posobie (Law Enforcement Activity of Departments of Internal Affairs). M.: Akademiya MVD SSSR, 1989.
44. Lazarev V.V., Lipen' S.V. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava, uchebnik dlya bakalavrov (Theory of State and Law, Textbook for Undergraduates) / Mosk. gos. yurid. akad. im. O.E. Kutafina. 4-e izd., pererab. i dop. M., Yurait, 2015.
45. Lazarev V.V., Popov L.L. Rol' prava v deyatel'nosti organov vnutrennikh del po obespecheniyu obshchestvennogo poryadka (The Role of Law in Activities of Law-Enforcement Bodies To Ensure Public Order). M., Akademiya MVD SSSR, 1985.
46. Lazarev V.V., Lipen' S.V., Saidov A.Kh. Problemy obshchei teorii jus, ucheb. dlya magistrantov yurid. vuzov (Problems of Law General Theory, Textbook for Master’s Students of Law High Schools) / otv. red. V.V. Lazarev. M., Norma, 2014. 
47. Lazarev V.V., Popov L.L., Rozin L.M. Pravovye osnovy obespecheniya obshchestvennogo poryadka (Legal Bases of Maintenance of Public Order). M., 1987.
48. Mestnoe samoupravlenie: teoriya i praktika (Local Self-Government: Theory and Practice): Tr. Akad. upr. MVD Rossii; Redkol.: V.V. Lazarev (otv. red.) [i dr.]. M., Akad. upr. MVD RF, 1998.
49. Nauchno-prakticheskii kommentarii k Konstitutsii Rossiiskoi Federatsii (Scientific-Practical Commentary to the Constitution of the Russian Federation), V.S. Afanas'ev [i dr.]; otv. red. V.V. Lazarev. M.: Spark, 1997.
50. Nauchno-prakticheskii kommentarii k Konstitutsii Rossiiskoi Federatsii (Scientific-practical commentary to the Constitution of the Russian Federation), Yu.G. Arzamasov [i dr.]; otv. red. V.V. Lazarev. 4-e izd., dop. i pererab. M.: Yurait, 2009.
51. Obshchaya teoriya prava i gosudarstva, ucheb. dlya stud. vuzov, obuchayushchikhsya po spets. «Yurisprudentsiya» (General Theory of Law and State, Textbook for University Students Studying for a Degree in Law), V.S. Afanas'ev, A.P. Gerasimov, V. I. Goiman [i dr.]; pod red. V.V. Lazareva. 3 izd., pererab. i dop. M.: Yurist", 1999.
52. Obshchaya teoriya prava i gosudarstva, ucheb. dlya stud. vuzov, obuchayushchikhsya po napravleniyu 521400 Yurisprudentsiya i spetsial'nosti 021100 Yurisprudentsiya (General Theory of Law and State, Textbook for University Students Studying under 521400 Degree Program and 021100 Program “Jurisprudence”) / V.S. Afanas'ev [i dr.]; pod red. V.V. Lazareva. 4-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: Yurist", 2005.
53. Obshchaya teoriya prava i gosudarstva, ucheb. dlya yurid. vuzov (General Theory of Law and State, Textbook for Law Universities), V.S. Afanas'ev, A.G. Brat-ko, A.P. Gerasimov [i dr.]; pod red. V.V. Lazareva. M.: Yurist, 1994.
54. Obshchaya teoriya prava i gosudarstva: Ucheb. dlya yurid. vuzov po napr. i spets. «Yurisprudentsiya» (General Theory of Law and State, Textbook for Law Universities) / V.S. Afanas'ev, A.P. Gerasimov, V.I. Goiman [i dr.]; pod red. V.V. Lazareva.   2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M., Yurist", 1996.
55. Obshchaya teoriya prava i gosudarstva, uchebnik (General Theory of Law and State, Textbook), V.S. Afanas'ev [i dr.]; pod red. V.V. Lazareva. 5-e izd., pererab. i dop. M., Norma, Infra-M, 2010.
56. Politologiya. Entsiklopedicheskii slovar' (Political Science. Encyclopedic Dictionary) / sost. i obshch. red. Yu.I. Aver'yanova. M., Moskovskii kommercheskii universitet, 1993.
57. Popov A.V., Lazarev V.V. Printsip pravovogo gosudarstva v mekhanizme sovershenstvovaniya deyatel'nosti organov gosudarstvennoi vlasti (The Principle of the Rule-of-Law State in the Mechanism of Improving the Activities of Public Authorities), Sotsiologiya i pravo, 2013, No. 1(18), pp. 46–57.
58. Problemy razvitiya pravookhranitel'nykh organov (Problems of Development of Law Enforcement Agencies), tr. akad., Akad. MVD Rossii; Red-kol., V.V. Lazarev, A.G. Bratko (otv. redaktory) [i dr.]. M.: Akad. MVD Rossii, 1994.
59. Professional'nye i obshchestvennye nachala v deyatel'nosti organov vnutrennikh del: istoriya i sovremennost' (Professional and Public Sources in Activities of Internal Affairs Agencies: Past and Present): Sbornik nauchnykh trudov, pod red. V.V. Lazareva. M., Akade-miya MVD SSSR, 1990.
60. Rad'ko T.N., Lazarev V.V., Morozova L.A. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava, ucheb. dlya bakalavrov: dlya studentov vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii, obuchayushchikhsya po spetsial'nosti i napravleniyu podgotovki «Yurisprudentsiya» (Theory of State and Law, Textbook for Bachelor Students: for Students of High Schools under the Program “Jurisprudence”), M., Prospekt, 2015.
61. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava, ucheb. dlya kursantov i slushatelei obrazovatel'nykh uchrezhdenii vysshego professional'nogo obrazovaniya MVD Rossii po spetsial'nosti 030501.65 «Yurisprudentsiya» (Theory of State and Law, Textbook for Cadets and Trainees of Educational Institutions of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Interior Ministry under the Program 030501.65 “Jurisprudence”), V.S. Afanas'ev [i dr.] ; pod red.: V.Ya. Kikotya, V.V. Lazareva. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. M., Forum: INFRA-M, 2008. 
62. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava: problemy, poiski, ucheb. Posobie (Theory of State and Law: Problems, Searches), pod red. V.V. Lazareva M.: Akademiya MVD RF, 1992.
63. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava, khrestomatiya. V 2 t. T. 1 (Theory of State and Law: Reader. In 2 V., V. 1), avt.-sost. V.V. Lazarev, S.V. Lipen'. M., Yurist", 2001.
64. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava, khrestomatiya: V 2 t. T. 2 (Theory of State and Law: Reader. In 2 V., V. 2), avt.-sost. V.V. Lazarev, S.V. Lipen'. M., Yurist", 2001.
65. Teoriya prava i gosudarstva, ucheb. dlya kurs. i slush. obr. uchrezh. vyssh. prof. obrazovaniya MVD Rossii (Theory of State and Law, Textbook for  Cadets and Trainees of Educational Institutions of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Interior Ministry), V.S. Afanas'ev, V.K. Babaev, V.M. Baranov [i dr.]; pod red. V.V. Lazareva. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M., Pravo i zakon, 2001.
66. Teoriya prava i gosudarstva, ucheb. dlya yurid. vuzov (Theory of State and Law, Textbook for  Law Higher  Educational Institutions), V.S. Afanas'ev, A.G. Bratko, V.N. Butylin [i dr.]; pod red. V.V. Lazareva; Akad. M-va vnutr. del Rossii. M., Pravo i zakon, 1996.
67. Fel'dman D.I., Lazarev V.V. Iz istorii pravovoi mysli na yuridicheskom fakul'tete v dooktyabr'skii period, Fakul'tet, na kotorom uchilsya Lenin (From the History of Legal Thought at the Faculty of Law in the Pre-October Period, the Faculty where Lenin studied). Izd. 2-e, dop. i pererab., pod red. prof. D.I. Fel'dmana, Kazan', Kazan. un-t, pp. 81–106.
 
ABEZGILDIN Ruslan Rinatovich
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Political Science of the North-West Institute of Management of the RFPANE&PA (St. Petersburg), St. Petersburg, Russia. 
ADELGILDINA Milyausha Zakirovna
Postgraduate Student of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.
ARZAMASKIN Alexei Nicolaevich
Post-graduate student of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Faculty of Law of the Ulyanovsk State University, Ulyanovsk, Russia. 
EBZEEV Boris Safarovich
Member of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Law, Professor, Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.
FATIKHOV Ruslan Vinerovich
Postgraduate student of the Chair of Civil Law of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.
FATIKHOVA Liudmila Mikhailovna
Postgraduate student of the Chair of Civil Law of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.     
GAIMALEEVA Aisylu Tagirovna
Postgraduate Student of the Chair of Civil Law of the Institute of Law of the Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia. 
GIZETDINOVA Irina Yunirovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Chair of Civil Law of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia. 
GRIPP Elvina Kharisovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Deputy Head of the Department of Constitutional and International Law of the Saint-Petersburg University of the MIA of Russia, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
GORELOV Maksim Vladimirovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Chair of Civil Procedure of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir state University”, Ufa, Russia.
IGBAEVA Guzel Rimovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Department of Civil Law Disciplines of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia”, Ufa,Russia. 
KALAMOVA Julia Bayazovna
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Civil Procedure of the Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education «Saratov State Law Academy», Saratov, Russia.
KARIMOV Rim Rimovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Chief of the Research Department of the Ufa Law Institute of the MIA Russia, Ufa, Russia. 
KARIMOVA Guzel Yurisovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Senior Lecturer of the Department of Constitutional Law, Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Ufa, Russia.
KHABIBULIN Alik Galimzyanovich
Head of the Department of Economic and Financial Investigations of the Supreme State Audit School (Faculty) of Lomonosov MSU, Professor of the Department of Theory of State and Law and Political Science of  the Faculty of Law of MV Lomonosov Moscow State University, Doctor of Law, Professor, Moscow, Russia. 
KHABIROV Radiy Faritovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Deputy Head of the Russian President’s Domestic Policy Directorate, Moscow, Russia. 
KUKSIN Ivan Nikolaevich 
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of Criminal Law Disciplines of the State Autonomous Educational Institution of Moscow "Moscow City Pedagogical University", Moscow, Russia. 
LYSENKO Evgeniy Sergeevich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of Civil Law Disciplines of the FSGEI HE "Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation",Ufa, Russia. 
MALYKHINA Natalya Ivanovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Department of Criminalistics of the Saratov State Law Academy, Saratov, Russia.
NIGMATULLIN Rishat Vakhidovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Deputy Head for Scientific Work of the FSGEI HE "Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation", Ufa, Russia.
NIKOLAEV Evgenii Mikhailovich
Candidate of  Sciences (Law), Senior Lecturer of the Department of Criminal Procedure of the Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Ufa, Russia.
NOSKOVOlegSergeyevich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Police Major, Head of the Department of Fire and Special Tactical Training of the FSGEI HE “Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia”, Ufa, Russia. 
NOZHNIN Igor Nikolaevich
Applicant of the Department of Civil and Entrepreneurial Law of the Faculty of Law of the Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Chief Assistant Prosecutor of Kirovsky district of Kazan, Counsellor of Justice, Kazan, Russia.
NOVOPAVLOVSKAYA Elena Evgenievna 
Assistant  Professor of the Department of State Law Disciplines, Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor of the Federal State Government Educational Institution of Higher Education "Belgorod Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation named after Putilin", Belgorod, Russia. 
SALNIKOV Viktor Petrovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Editor-in-Chief of the "Legal Science: History and the Present" Journal, Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation, Honored Worker of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Federation,Moscow, Russia. 
SMIRNOV Sergey Vladimirovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Ulyanovsk State University, Ulyanovsk, Russia. 
SHONIN Nikolay Egorovich
Candidate of Political Sciences, Assistant Professor of the Chair of International Law and International Relations of the Institute of Law of the FBSEI HPE Bashkir State University, Honored Worker of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Federation, Ufa, Russia. 
SUBOCHEV Vitaly Viktorovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Departmentof Legal Support of Public Administration, MGIMO-University
TIMONIN Anatoliy Nicolayevich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Professor of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the FSBEI HE "Bashkir State University", Ufa, Russia
VASILIEV Anatoly Vasilyevich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Professor of the Department of Theory of State and Law of the Faculty of Law of the Institute of Law and National Security of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia. 
VIDYASOV Evgeniy Olegovich
postgraduate student, Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Russia.
YAKHINA Julia Kharisovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Constitutional Law of the Ufa Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, Ufa, Russia.
ZAKHARTSEV Sergei Ivanovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor of the chair of Theory and History of State and Law of the Moscow State University of Technologies and Management, Moscow, Russia.
 
 
 
 

ISSN 2500-0217 / Включен в Перечень ВАК

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