№ 2 (16) 2009 - Юридический журнал Правовое государство: теория и практика

ISSN 2500-0217 / Включен в Перечень ВАК

 

№ 2 (16) 2009

№ 2 (16) 2009
Inside

  • Politico-legal regime in the modern state
  • Problems of realization of human rights protection
  • Problems of perfection of the Russian legislation
  • The subject and content of the criminal policy of the state
  • Russian state ideology

Feature

Problems of modernization of the state

CHIEF EDITOR COLUMN

STATE AND LAW THEORY
Gerasimov A.P., Erkeyev I.K.
Political an Legal Mechanism: Basic Conceptions
Minnigulova D.B.
Educational Law Forming Issues
Mironov A.N.
Social Justoce as Measure of Legal Norms
Grusheva G.V., Abdullina D.E
Human Rights Protection Problems Violated by Illegal Actions of Executive Authoress and Their Officials

LEGISLATION IMPROVING PROBLEMS
Akmanov S.S.

Law-organizing Issues of Agriculture Shareholding Companies
Galieva A.Z.
Legislation Conditions in RF Subjects Concerning with Education
Karimov A.S.
Legal Regulation of State Languages in RF Republies
Maksimova E.V.
Improving Tensdenal Concerning with Law Acception
Tuzhilov V.P.
Housirg as Object of Civil Law

MUSLOM LAW
Rakhmafullin R.Y
.
Sunni Muslim Law Schools

STATE CRIMINAL POLICE
Lopashenko N.A.

Subject Content and Methods of Criminal Polic
Esakov G.A.
Errors and Illegal Actions in Criminal law
Polstovalov O.V.
Determination of Typological Consisting During Studying of Legal Proceedings Participant Personality
Halikov A.N.
Formation of Anti-corruptional Relations
Khusnutdinova A.A.
Ways of akson on someone elses property

STATE AND LAW HISTORY
Fasgiyer T.A.

Russian State Ideology: Basic Tendencies
Fakhriullina О.R.
Mortgage in pre Revolutionary Russia
Yakushev V.A.
Activity Legal Regulation of Emeritus Cash in Russian Empire

JUBILEE

TO AUTHORS

State and law theory
Gerasimov A.P., Erkeyev I.K.
Political an Legal Mechanism: Basic Conceptions

In the given article authors are trying to identify the original notion of «political and legal mechanism». On the basis of studying scientific and educational sources of information, authors analyze current law categories in the theory of state and law, such as: state mechanism, mechanism of legal regulation, etc it is made to highlight some generalizing features, habitual to mechanism as a law category.
The notion of political and legal mechanism is formal on the basis of these generalizing features. Also this article analyzes the correlation of political and law, political system as a determining phenomenon of political and legal mechanism.
Key words: political-legal mechanism, machinery of government
Work bibliographic list
1.Sm. ob jetom, naprimer: Tropin S.A. Obespechenie jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti Rossii sredstvami gosudarstvennogo upravlenija v pravoohranitel'noj sfere Monografija. – Rjazan'.:Akademija prava i upravlenija Ministerstva Justicii Rossii.-2003. S.121.
2.Sm., naprimer: Ozhegov S.I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka: 70000 slov / Pod red. N.Ju. Shvedovoj. 22 izd.,ster. M.: Rus. jaz., 1990. S. 352.; 3.Lopatin V.V., Lopatina L.E. Malyj tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka.M.,1990. S.251.
4.Shundikov K.V. Pravoye mehanizmy: osnovy teorii // Gosudarstvo i pravo.-2006.#12. - S.13.
5.Sm.ob jetom:Teorija gosudarstva i prava: Uchebnik. Izd. 2-e, pererab.,dop. / L.A. Morozova. –M.: Izd-vo Jeksmo, 2005. – 448 s.
6.Sm.ob jetom:Teorija gosudarstva i prava: Uchebnik  / L.P. Rasskazov. – M.: Norma – RIOR, 2008. – 463 s.
7.Grigonis Je.P. Mehanizm gosudarstva: tradicionnoe ponimanie i novye interpretacii termina // Vestnik Sank-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 1999.#1. – S.35-40.
8.Sm. L.A. Morozova Ukaz. soch. S.350.
9.Teorija gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik / pod red. V.Ja. Kikotja, V.V. Lazareva. – 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: ID «FORUM»:INFRA-M,2008. S.519.
10.Shundikov K.V. Ukaz. soch. S.15.
11.Mal'ko A.V. Mehanizm pravovogo regulirovanija //  Pravovdenie.1996.#3. S.57. Cit.po Nazarova E.V. Mehanizm juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti //  Juridicheskij mir. 2008.#3. S.68.
12.Analogichnye aspekty problemy vydeljaet R.R. Aliulov pri issledovanii mehanizma upravlenija. Problemy mehanizma gosudarstvennogo upravlenija na sovremennom jetape (voprosy teorii i metodologii) // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2005.#3. – S.98.
13.Sm.: Sinjukov V.N. Rossijskaja pravovaja sistema. - Saratov, 1994. S. 259.
Sm. L.A. Morozova Ukaz. soch. S.212.
14.Shpak V.Ju., Koreshnikova A.O.  Pravovoe izmerenie: mnogoobrazie opredelennostej i svoeobrazie soderzhanija // Filosofija prava. – 2007. - #4. – S.39.
15.Sm. ob jetom  Teorija gosudarstva i prava: Uchebnik / Pod red. A.S. Pigolkina. – M.: Jurajt-Izdat, 2005. – S.169 Teorija gosudarstva i prava: Uchebnik / Pod red. M.M. Rassolova, V.O. Luchina, B.S. Jebzeeva. – M.: JuNITI-DANA, Zakon i pravo, 2001. – S.114.
Teorija gosudarstva i prava
D.B. Minnigulova
Problemy formirovanija obrazovatel'nogo prava v pravovom gosudarstve
Stat'ja «Problemy ponjatija i struktury obrazovatel'nogo prava v pravovom gosudarstve» raskryvaet osnovnye teoreticheskie podhody k opredeleniju ponjatija obrazovatel'nogo prava v rossijskoj pravovoj sisteme, osobennosti ego osnovnyh jelementov: predmeta i metoda pravovogo regulirovanija, znachimost' dannogo pravovogo instituta v rossijskom pravovom gosudarstve, krome togo, v rabote otrazheno mesto dannogo obrazovatel'nogo prava v sisteme prava Rossii.
Kljuchevye slova: obrazovatel'noe pravo, pravo, pravovoe regulirovanie, otrasl' prava.
Pristatejnyj bibliograficheskij spisok
1.Demidov A.I. Ukaz. soch. S. 76.
2.Jagofarov, D.A. Konceptual'nye napravlenija teoretiko-pravovyh issledovanij obrazovatel'nogo prava // Pravo i obrazovanie. – 2008. - # 5. - S. 4.
3.Sm.: Syryh, V.M. Obrazovatel'noe pravo kak samostojatel'naja otrasl' rossijskogo prava. M., 2000.; Syryh, V.M. Vvedenie v teoriju obrazovatel'nogo prava. M., 2002.
4.Sm.: Shkatulla, V.I. Obrazovatel'noe pravo: Uchebnik dlja vuzov. – M.: Izdatel'stvo NORMA (Izdatel'skaja gruppa NORMA-INFRA-M), 2001, - S. 2.
5.Jagofarov, D.A. Konceptual'nye napravlenija teoretiko-pravovyh issledovanij obrazovatel'nogo prava // Pravo i obrazovanie. - 2008. - # 5. - S. 4.
6.Jagofarov, D.A. Ukaz. soch.– S. 5.
7.Sm.: Shkatulla, V.I. Obrazovatel'noe pravo: Uchebnik dlja vuzov. – M.: Izdatel'stvo NORMA (Izdatel'skaja gruppa NORMA-INFRA-M), 2001. - S. 21.
8.Shkatulla, V.I. Ukaz. soch. - S. 34.
9.Sm.: Teorija gosudarstva i  prava/Pod red. V.M. Korel'skogo i V.D. Perevalova. - M.: Infra-M-Norma, 1997 - S. 317; Alekseev, S. S. 10.Teorija prava. – M.: BEK, 1995. – S. 194.; Teorija gosudarstva i  prava/Pod red. V.K. Babaeva. – 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Jurist", 2007. – S. 421.; Vengerov, A.B. Teorija gosudarstva i  prava: ucheb. dlja jurid. vuzov, 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Omega-L, 2006. – S. 441.; Chervanjuk, V. I. Teorija gosudarstva i  prava: ucheb. – M.: INFRA-M, 2007. – S. 355-356. i dr.
10.Kocherga, S.A. Tendencii razvitija administrativnoj reformy v obrazovanii //Pravo i obrazovanie. - 2008. - # 3. - S. 13.
11.Shkatulla, V.I. Obrazovatel'noe pravo: Uchebnik dlja vuzov. – M.: Izdatel'stvo NORMA (Izdatel'skaja gruppa NORMA-INFRA-M), 2001. - S. 34.
12.Sm.: Teorija gosudarstva i  prava/Pod red. V.M. Korel'skogo i V.D. Perevalova. - M.: Infra-M-Norma, 1997 - S. 317; Alekseev, S. S. Teorija prava. – M.: BEK, 1995. – S. 194.; Teorija gosudarstva i  prava/Pod red. V.K. Babaeva. – 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Jurist", 2007. – S. 421.; Vengerov, A.B. Teorija gosudarstva i  prava: ucheb. dlja jurid. vuzov, 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Omega-L, 2006. – S. 441.; Chervanjuk, V. I. Teorija gosudarstva i  prava: ucheb. – M.: INFRA-M, 2007. – S. 355-356. i dr.
 
 
State and law theory
Minnigulova D.B.
Educational Law Forming Issues

The article «The problems of definition and structure of educational law in jural state» is about the main theoretical conceptions of educational law's definition in Russian legal system. This theses is defined the special object and method, which are regulated by educational law. It is also described the place of this institute in Russian jural state and in Russian legal system.
Key words: the educational right, the right, legal regulation, right branch.
Work bibliographic list
1.Demidov A.I. Ukaz. soch. S. 76.
2.Jagofarov, D.A. Konceptual'nye napravlenija teoretiko-pravovyh issledovanij obrazovatel'nogo prava // Pravo i obrazovanie. – 2008. - # 5. - S. 4.
3.Sm.: Syryh, V.M. Obrazovatel'noe pravo kak samostojatel'naja otrasl' rossijskogo prava. M., 2000.; Syryh, V.M. Vvedenie v teoriju obrazovatel'nogo prava. M., 2002.
4.Sm.: Shkatulla, V.I. Obrazovatel'noe pravo: Uchebnik dlja vuzov. – M.: Izdatel'stvo NORMA (Izdatel'skaja gruppa NORMA-INFRA-M), 2001, - S. 2.
5.Jagofarov, D.A. Konceptual'nye napravlenija teoretiko-pravovyh issledovanij obrazovatel'nogo prava // Pravo i obrazovanie. - 2008. - # 5. - S. 4.
6.Jagofarov, D.A. Ukaz. soch.– S. 5.
7.Sm.: Shkatulla, V.I. Obrazovatel'noe pravo: Uchebnik dlja vuzov. – M.: Izdatel'stvo NORMA (Izdatel'skaja gruppa NORMA-INFRA-M), 2001. - S. 21.
8.Shkatulla, V.I. Ukaz. soch. - S. 34.
9.Sm.: Teorija gosudarstva i  prava/Pod red. V.M. Korel'skogo i V.D. Perevalova. - M.: Infra-M-Norma, 1997 - S. 317; Alekseev, S. S. 10.Teorija prava. – M.: BEK, 1995. – S. 194.; Teorija gosudarstva i  prava/Pod red. V.K. Babaeva. – 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Jurist", 2007. – S. 421.; Vengerov, A.B. Teorija gosudarstva i  prava: ucheb. dlja jurid. vuzov, 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Omega-L, 2006. – S. 441.; Chervanjuk, V. I. Teorija gosudarstva i  prava: ucheb. – M.: INFRA-M, 2007. – S. 355-356. i dr.
10.Kocherga, S.A. Tendencii razvitija administrativnoj reformy v obrazovanii //Pravo i obrazovanie. - 2008. - # 3. - S. 13.
11.Shkatulla, V.I. Obrazovatel'noe pravo: Uchebnik dlja vuzov. – M.: Izdatel'stvo NORMA (Izdatel'skaja gruppa NORMA-INFRA-M), 2001. - S. 34.
12.Sm.: Teorija gosudarstva i  prava/Pod red. V.M. Korel'skogo i V.D. Perevalova. - M.: Infra-M-Norma, 1997 - S. 317; Alekseev, S. S. Teorija prava. – M.: BEK, 1995. – S. 194.; Teorija gosudarstva i  prava/Pod red. V.K. Babaeva. – 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Jurist", 2007. – S. 421.; Vengerov, A.B. Teorija gosudarstva i  prava: ucheb. dlja jurid. vuzov, 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Omega-L, 2006. – S. 441.; Chervanjuk, V. I. Teorija gosudarstva i  prava: ucheb. – M.: INFRA-M, 2007. – S. 355-356. i dr.
 
 
State and law theory
Mironov A.N.
Social Justoce as Measure of Legal Norms

The satisfaction of social justice is possible at the coordination of interests of separate people and social groups at creation of rules of law. Expressing the idea of social justice, the law, thus, mast consider interests of all members of a society. Social justice is necessary to understand as the coordination of individual interests of a society with the purpose of satisfaction of needs of the greatest part of its members.
Key words: rules of law, justice, social justice, the state.
Work bibliographic list
1.Aristotel'. Soch.: V 4 t. - M., 1983. T. 4. - S. 385.
2.Sm., napr.: Bentham J. Introduction to the principles of morals and legislation. London, 1970. P. 11. Rus. per.: Bentam J. Vvedenie v osnovanija nravstvennosti i zakonodatel'stva // Izbr. soch. - SPb., 1867. T. 1; Bentam J. Manuel of political economy // Jeramy Bentham-s Economie Weitings / Ed. by W. Stark. London, 1952. Vol. 1. P. 224. Cit. po: The New Palgrave dictionary of economics. London, 1988. Vol. 1. P. 226.
3.Nashic A. Pravotvorchestvo. Teorija i zakonodatel'naja tehnika. - S. 131.
4.Mal'cev G.V. Social'naja spravedlivost' i pravo. - M.: Izd-vo «Mysl'», 1977 g. - S.54.
5.Livshic R.Z. Teorija prava. – M., 1993. – S. 67.
6.Spirkin A.G. Filosofija: Uchebnik. - 2-e izd. M.: Gardariki, 2002. – S.567.
7.Sm.: Marks K., Jengel's F. Soch. 2-e izd. T. 18. - S. 273.
8.Klobukov E.V. Morfologija // Sovremennyj russkij literaturnyj jazyk: Uchebnik. - M., 1999. - S. 214—216.
9.Mal'cev G. V. Social'naja spravedlivost' i pravo. - M., 1977. - S. 76.
 
 
State and law theory
Grusheva G.V.,Abdullina D.E
Human Rights Protection Problems Violated by Illegal Actions of Executive Authoress and Their Officials
The paper discusses the executive body activities as well as the officials and an attempt in solving the citizen legal protection issues. The paper also mentions an absolutely innovative control institute, that is, the public chamber of the Russian Federation which is to prove its necessity in protecting offended individuals. However its competence is confined to collection and handling information on citizen and public organisation initiatives while its decisions are of recommendotary nature. Despite its constant economic development the state still pays insufficient attention to the faundation of aspecial body that would determine institutions competent to deal with offended individuals cases. We suppose it reasonable to establish redional specialized application offices under the Public chamber of the Russian Federation.
Key words: protection of the rights of citizens, courts, Office of Public Prosecutor, control, Public chamber of the Russian Federation.
Work bibliographic list
1.Livshic R.Z. Teorija prava. – M., 1993. – S. 68.
2.FZ RF «O prokurature Rossijskoj Federacii». – M.: Omega-L. - 2005. - s.15.
 
 
Legislation improving problems
Akmanov S.S.
Law-organizing Issues of Agriculture Shareholding Companies

The paper discusses both theoretical and organizational nature of the agricultural share holding company notion and its legal essence.
The available papers give different definitions to the notions of a company and a stare holding company.
For example according toVV, Dolinskaya a share holding company is the one that possesses the major amount of shares or parts in other companies shares so that it can control and manage its work to gain the surplus value.
Key words: agroholding, holding, agriculture, the functioning mechanism, bank activity.
Work bibliographic list
1.Administrativnoe pravo zarubezhnyh stran: Uchebnik / Pod red. A.N. Kozyrina i M.A. Shtatinoj. – M.: Spartak. – 2003. – s.191.
2.Nikolaeva A.A., Sal'nikov V.P., Solov'eva A.K. Administrativnoe sudoproizvodstvo: problemy teorii i praktiki razreshenija publichno-pravovyh sporov: Monografija. Fond Universitet / Pod obshh. red. V.P. Sal'nikova. SPb. - 2002. – s.44.
3.Sharipov S. A. Vstuplenie v VTO i regional'nyj APK // Jekonomika sel'skogo hozjajstva Rossii. 2007. # 7. S. 22–25.
4.Dolinskaja V. V. Akcionernoe pravo: Uchebnik / Otv. red. A. Ju. Kabalkin. M.: Jurid. lit., 1997. S. 308–309.
5.Kashanina T. V. Koporativnoe (vnutrifirmennoe) pravo. M.: Norma, 2005. S. 69.SAPP. 1993. # 52. St. 5143.
6.Jekonomika sel'skogo hozjajstva Rossii. 2004. # 11. S. 10.
7.Sm. ob jetom: Mel'nikov N. Vnesenie zemel'nyh dolej v ustavnoj kapital. Problemy teorii i praktiki // Hozjajstvo i pravo. 2005. # 4. S. 83–88.
8.Sm. ob jetom: Selo ostaetsja «sovetskim zapovednikom» // Kontinent Sibir'. 2005. # 13. Aprel'. S. 9.
9.FZ «O bankah i bankovskoj dejatel'nosti» v red. FZ ot 3 fevr. 1996 g. s posledujushhimi izmenenijami i dopolnenijami ot 29 dek. 2006 g., 2 nojab. 2007 g. // SPS «Garant».
10.Analiticheskij vestnik Soveta Federacii FS RF. - 1999. - # 9 (97).
11.Zakon RF «Ob obrazovanii» ot 10.07.1992g.# 3266-1 // SPS «Konsul'tant pljus»
 
 
Legislation improving problems
Galieva A.Z.
Legislation Conditions in RF Subjects Concerning with Education

In the article «The status of local legislation about education» on the basis of the analysis of the legislation of Russian Federation the division of competence between the levels of power in the educational sphere is discovered, the classification of laws and normative acts of state power bodies of Bashkortostan Republic in the sphere of education and closely related fields is considered.
Key words: formation, the legislation, the law, regulatory legal acts.
 
 
Legislation improving problems
Karimov A.S.
Legal Regulation of State Languages in RF Republies

The legal conditions of the state language (national) of the Russian Federation and the state languages of the republics of the Russian Federation are studied in the present report The constitutional principles and laws of the Russian Federation and of its subjects, which regulate linguistic legal relations, are analyzed. We have compared the correlation of the law terms «state language (national)» and «official language» in the present report.
Key words: republics of the Russian Federation, a state language, an official language, language legal relationship.
Work bibliographic list
1.Voroneckij P.M. Juridicheskaja priroda i status gosudarstvennogo jazyka respubliki v sostave Rossii.// Politika i obshhestvo.- 2008.- #4. S 47.
2.Voroneckij P.M. Pravovye problemy sovremennoj jazykovoj politiki RF i respublik v ee sostave. // Politika i obshhestvo.- 2007.- #12. S 12.
3.Jelektronnyj resurs: http://www.tsumada.ru/ru/text/143.
4.Jazyki  narodov Respubliki Bashkortostan: Kollektivnaja monografija / Pod red. Garipova T.M.- Ufa : «Vostochnyj universitet», 2000g. S. 12
5.Jelektronnyj resurs: http://gov.karelia.ru/Power/Committee/National/Lang/project_law.html.
 
 
Legislation improving problems
Maksimova E.V.
Improving Tensdenal Concerning with Law Acception

Implementing regulations of the executive department of the federal agencies, as of an instrument realizing legal provisions and other statutory regulations as well as instructions of the state authority higher bodies, insists on improving legislation, which shall provide the efficiency of their practical realization. This article determines and analyzes the main directions of increasing the activity efficiency of the executive department of the federal agencies while accepting regulations. Besides, the main tasks and trends of further development of the regulation system in these public authorities are defined in this work. A draft of Federal Law of Russian Federation on «Regulations of Russian Federation», which would create the basis for acceptance and realization of other acts, governing some special lawmaking aspects, was proposed as one of the priority directions for improving the government authority legislation.
Key words: actions of laws, federal enforcement authorities, the tool of realization of lawful instructions, executive power.
Work bibliographic list
1.Zakonodatel'naja tehnika/ Pod red. Ju.A. Tihomirova. - M., 2000; Pigolkin A.S. Zakonodatel'naja tehnika// Zakonotvorchestvo v Rossijskoj Federacii/ Pod red. A.S. Pigolkina. - M., 2000.
 
 
Legislation improving problems
Tuzhilov V.P.
Housirg as Object of Civil Law

The paper by Valery P. Tuzhilov touches upon the properties of housing premises seen as one of the basic entities in civil rights. The author emphasizes the specificity of entity in question which is primarily in its belonging to real estate, its connection with land allotment as well as the building where the premises are located. All this calls forth a number of problems dealing with the legal regime determination. Basing on the analysis of present-day civil and housing legislation the author stipulates such housing premises properties as its being isolated and fit for living.
Key words: the property, premises, object of the civil rights, real estate.
Work bibliographic list
1.Sm.: Postatejnyj kommentarij k Zhilishhnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii / Pod red. P.V. Krasheninnikova. M., 2005. S. 184 (avtor kommentarija st. 36 - V.N. Simonov).SZ RF. 2006. N 6. St. 702.
2.Pyrikov E.G. Ponjatie "zhilishhe" v praktike Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka // Rossijskoe pravosudie. 2006. N 4. S. 77 - 78.
3.Shhennikova L.V. Nedvizhimost': zakonodatel'nye formulirovki i konceptual'nye podhody // Rossijskaja justicija. 2003. N 11.
4.Kozlova I.V. Ponjatie nedvizhimosti i voprosy registracii prav na nedvizhimost' v zakonodatel'stve RF // Pravovedenie. 1998. N 2. S. 156.
5.Syrodoev N.A. Registracija prav na zemlju i drugoe nedvizhimoe imushhestvo // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 1998. N 3. S. 91.
6.Syrodoev N.A. Tam zhe.
7.Kozyr' O.M. Ukaz. soch. S. 276.
8.Ivanov A.A. Voprosy nedvizhimosti v novom Zhilishhnom kodekse RF // Hozjajstvo i pravo. 2005. N 6. S. 88 - 89.
9.Ozhegov S.I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka / Pod obshh. red. prof. L.I. Skvorcova. 24-e izd., ispr. M.: OOO "Izdatel'stvo Oniks"; OOO "Izdatel'stvo "Mir i obrazovanie", 2005. S. 315.
10.Sm.: Postatejnyj kommentarij k Zhilishhnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii / Pod red. P.V. Krasheninnikova. M., 2005. S. 98 (avtor kommentarija st. 16 - B.M. Gongalo).
11.Sm.: Drozdov I.A. Ponjatie i priznaki zhilogo pomeshhenija // Zakon. 2006. N 8.
12.Sm.: Haldeev A.V. O pravovoj modeli zhilogo pomeshhenija v Zhilishhnom kodekse RF // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2006. N 8.
 
 
Muslom law
Rakhmafullin R.Y.
Sunni Muslim Law Schools

In this paper the principles? The sources of the law and the peculiarities of the legal schools (mathhabs) of the Sunni trend in islam are set forth. A special attention is paid to peculiar features of the Hanafi mathhab as the basis for all the rest three legal schools of Sunni islam: Maliki, Shafii, Hanbali.
Key words: the Muslim right, the state, the Koran, legal schools.
Work bibliographic list
1.Mec Adam. Musul'manskij Renessans. – M.. 1996. – S. 205-209.
2.Mazhab– religiozno-pravovaja shkola.
3.Polnoe imja –An-Numan ibn Sabit al'-Kufi. V islamskom mire ego eshhe nazyvajut imam Agzam –  velikij imam. Otnositel'no vremeni rozhdenija i smerti Abu Hanify sushhestvujut raznye svedenija: ukazyvaetsja god rozhdenija 685, 692 i 699, a god smerti – 767 i 772.
Akseki A. Islam dini, itikad, ibadat ve Ahlak. – Ankara (bez goda izdanija).
4.Rustam Batyr. Abu-Hanifa: zhizn' i nasledie. – M.,  2007.
Osnovnye principy i normy hanafitskogo mazhaba izlozheny v knigah sovremennogo arabskogo bogoslova Abdal'hamida Tahmaza 5.«Hanafitskij fikh. Kanony religioznoj praktiki» i «Hanafitskij fikh. Semejno-brachnye otnoshenija» (N. Novgorod, 2007). Krome togo na russkom jazyke imeetsja kniga izvestnogo uchenogo-pravoveda XII veka Burhanuddina Marginani «Hidoja: kommentarii musul'manskogo prava»: v 2 tomah (Kazan', 2003-2004), ispol'zovavshegosja kadijami-sunnitami v kachestve sudebnika.
6.Cvetkov P. Islamizm. – Ashhabad, 1912. – S. 314-317.
7.http://archives.maillist.ru/12263/126145.html
8.Abu Amina Biljal' Filips. Zakony zhizni musul'man. Jevoljucija fikha. – M., 2002. – S. 129.
9.Kerimov G.M. Shariat: Zakon zhizni musul'man. Otvety Shariata na voprosy sovremennosti. – SPb., 2007. – S. 18.
10.Po drugim istochnikam – 715-801, a takzhe 713-795 gg.
11.Atary – vyskazyvanija spodvizhnikov proroka Muhammada.
12.Sadagdar M.I. Osnovy musul'manskogo prava. – M., 1968. – S. 22.
13.Osnovatel' vahhabizma Muhammad Ibn Abdul' Vahhab obuchalsja u pravovedov hanbalitskogo tolka.
14.Arsanukaeva M.S.  Sunnitskie mazhaby: istorija vozniknovenija, osobennosti i perspektivy razvitija // Religija i pravo. – 2004. – # 2-3.
 
 
State criminal police
Lopashenko N.A.
Subject Content and Methods of Criminal Polic

The subject of criminal policy is rarely discussed in scholarly papers. However, a point of view a Ukrainian scholar P. L. Fris is most obvious. Accoreling to him, the subject of criminal legal policy comprises both law creative and law enforcement activity. In my opinion, the subject of criminal policy deals wits the stratedy and tactics of criminal legal impact on criminality.
Key words: the criminal policy, policy, the law, the criminological policy.
Work bibliographic list
1.Sm.: Fris P.L. Kriminal'no-pravova politika Ukraїni. - Disertacіja na zdobuttja naukovogo stupenja doktora juridichnih nauk. – Kiїv, 2005. – S. 38-39.
2.Sm.: Fris P.L. Kriminal'no-pravova politika Ukraїni. - Disertacіja na zdobuttja naukovogo stupenja doktora juridichnih nauk. – Kiїv, 2005. – S. 38.
3.Tak zhe schitajut, naprimer, V.P. Konjahin i N.V. Ogorodnikova. Sm.: Konjahin V.P., Ogorodnikova N.V.  Rol' sudebnogo tolkovanija ugolovnogo zakona v processe normotvorcheskoj i pravoprimenitel'noj dejatel'nosti. – Mezhdunarodnoe i nacional'noe ugolovnoe zakonodatel'stvo: problemy juridicheskoj tehniki. – M.: LeksJest, 2004. – S. 116.
4.Primerno ob jetom pisal, v svoe vremja, G. Prshenosil, govorja o sushhnosti ugolovnoj politiki - «opredelenie granic prestupnogo povedenija s uchetom social'nyh zadach dannogo jetapa razvitija socialisticheskogo obshhestva». Sm.: Sovremennye tendencii razvitija socialisticheskogo ugolovnogo prava. – M.: Nauka, 1983. – S. 166.
5.Sm.: Korobeev A.I. Ugolovno-pravovaja politika: ponjatie, soderzhanie, teoreticheskie osnovy. - V sb.: Pravovaja politika sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii. Materialy kruglogo stola. 26 sentjabrja 2001g. – Vladivostok, 2002. – S. 256.
6.Sm.: Panchenko P.N. Upravlenie primeneniem ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva kak strategija i taktika ugolovnoj politiki. – V sb.: Problemy juridicheskoj tehniki v ugolovnom i ugolovno-processual'nom zakonodatel'stve /Pod red. prof. L.L. Kruglikova. – Jaroslavl', 1996. – S. 106.
7.Sm.: Rossijskoe ugolovnoe pravo. Kurs lekcij. T.1. Prestuplenie /Pod red. prof. A.I. Korobeeva. – Vladivostok, 1999. – S. 60. Avtor glavy – A.I. Korobeev.
8.Sm.: Pobegajlo Je.F. Ugolovnaja politika sovremennoj Rossii: konceptual'nyj podhod. – Protivodejstvie prestupnosti: ugolovno-pravovye, kriminologicheskie i ugolovno-ispolnitel'nye aspekty. Materialy III Rossijskogo Kongressa ugolovnogo prava, sostojavshegosja 29-30 maja 2008 g. – M.: Prospekt, 2008. – S. 465.
9.Sm.: Panchenko P.N. Upravlenie primeneniem ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva kak strategija i taktika ugolovnoj politiki. – V sb.: Problemy juridicheskoj tehniki v ugolovnom i ugolovno-processual'nom zakonodatel'stve /Pod red. prof. L.L. Kruglikova. – Jaroslavl', 1996. – S. 106.  
10.A.I. Korobeev, kak otmechalos' v konce predydushhego paragrafa, vydeljaet odnovremenno soderzhanie i soderzhatel'nuju storonu ugolovnoj politiki.
11.Sm.: Panchenko P.N. Sovetskaja ugolovnaja politika. – Tomsk, 1988. – S. 123.
Sm.: Korobeev A.I. Ugolovno-pravovaja politika: ponjatie, soderzhanie, teoreticheskie osnovy. - V sb.: Pravovaja politika sub"ektov 12.Rossijskoj Federacii. Materialy kruglogo stola. 26 sentjabrja 2001g. – Vladivostok, 2002. – S. 256, 33.
Sm.: Kruglikov L.L., Vasil'evskij A.V. Differenciacija otvetstvennosti v ugolovnom prave. – SPb., 2002. – S. 48, 68. Avtor glavy – L.L. Kruglikov.
13.Sm.: Antonov I.M. Penalizacija prestuplenij, prichinjajushhih vred zdorov'ju. – Avtoref. kand. diss. – Vladivostok, 2004. – S. 8.
Sm., naprimer: Ozhegov S.I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka. – M., 1983. – S. 309.
 
 
State criminal police
Esakov G.A.
Errors and Illegal Actions in Criminal law

The article «Errors and Illegal Actions in Criminal law» by G.A. Esakov, doctor of law, professor of the Moscow State Legal Academy discusses the issue of valuing the actions with actual errors concerning non-criminal law, which is innovative in the theory and practice of criminal law. This issue occurred as a result of criminalization of action based on illegal activities (negligence), defined so from the position of other law branches, that is, according to the author, allows to distinguish between two levels of illegal actions in criminal law: criminal illegal actions and basic illegal actions. Just taking into account the levels in question, the author proposes to solve the criminal significance of delusions that appear as a result of erroneous legal valuations of actions, which is lawful from the perspective of legal acts of regulative branches of law, in case a person is aware of the existence of the criminal ban. Simultaneously, the author highlights that this approach only concerns the material- legal part of the delusion in non-criminal law cases and does not settle the whole issue. The recognition of legal significance of the errors inevitably results in the criminal-procedural law into a difficult and yet not solved problem of the recognition of the pre-judicial strength of court decisions made in civil and arbitrary hearings.
Key words: the criminal policy, policy, the law, the criminological policy.
Work bibliographic list
1.Panchenko P. N. Sovetskaja ugolovnaja politika. Tomsk, 1988. S. 123.
2.Korobeev A. I. Ugolovno-pravovaja politika: ponjatie, soderzhanie, teoreticheskie osnovy // Pravovaja po¬litika sub"ektov Rossijskoj 3.Federacii. Materialy kruglogo stola. 26 sentjabrja 2001 g. Vladivostok, 2002. S. 256, 33.
4.Kruglikov L. L., Vasil'evskij A. V. Differenciacija otvetstvennosti v ugolovnom prave. SPb., 2002. S. 48,68. Avtor glavy — A. A. Kruglikov.
5.Antonov I. M. Penalizacija prestuplenij, prichinjajushhih vred zdorov'ju: Avtoref. dis.... kand. jurid. nauk. Vladivostok, 2004. S. 8.
6.Sm., naprimer: Ozhegov S. I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka. M., 1983. S. 309.
7.Klepickij I. A. Tam zhe. 2005. S. 65-66.
8.Fatkullina M. B. Juridicheskie i fakticheskie oshibki v ugolovnom prave: problemy kvalifikacii: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2001. S. 65 i dr.
9.Shishko I. V. Jekonomicheskie pravonarushenija: voprosy juridicheskoj ocenki i otvetstvennosti. SPb., 2004. S. 273-291.
10.Volzhenkin B. V. Nekotorye voprosy obshhej harakteristiki prestuplenij v sfere jekonomicheskoj dejatel'¬nosti po Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii // Volzhenkin B. V. Izbrannye trudy po ugolovnomu pravu i kriminologii (1963-2007 gg.). SPb., 2008. S. 627-628; 11.Polnyj kurs ugolovnogo prava: v 5 t. /Pod red. A. I. Korobeeva. T. III: Prestuplenija v sfere jekonomiki. SPb., 2008. S. 372.
12.Klepickij I. A. Sistema hozjajstvennyh prestuplenij. M., 2005. S. 64-65.
13.Ugolovnoe pravo. Sochinenie doktora Pavla Anzel'ma Fejerbaha. SPb., 1810. S. 21.
14.So vremen K. Bindinga v nauke ukorenilos' predstavlenie o tom, chto, sovershaja prestuplenie, lico ne na¬rushaet ugolovnyj zakon, a «ispolnjaet» ego, poskol'ku dlja nakazanija uchinennoe dejanie dolzhno otvechat' vsem priznakam sostava prestuplenija (sm.: Tagancev N. S. Russkoe ugolovnoe pravo. Chast' Obshhaja. Tom I. Tula, 2001. S. 41). Pojetomu ugolovnuju protivopravnost' tochnee imenovat' imenno ugolovnoj zapreshhennost'ju, i ispol'¬zovanie pervogo ponjatija est' lish' dan' doktrinal'noj tradicii.
15.Ugolovnoe pravo. Sochinenie doktora Pavla Anzel'ma Fejerbaha. S. 31.
16.Tagancev N. S. Russkoe ugolovnoe pravo. Chast' Obshhaja. Tom I. S. 42.
 
 
State criminal police
Polstovalov O.V.
Determination of Typological Consisting During Studying of Legal Proceedings Participant Personality
In this article typologisation is reviewed as a method of practical cognitive activity of investigators, judges in the light of deciding tactical tasks in criminal procedure. The author applies not only criminalistical sources but also analyses scientific principles of psychology and patopsychology. The article is devoted to a wide range of readers interested in the problems of criminal procedure, modern criminalistics and judicial psychology.
Key words: criminal legal proceedings, typology, the inspector.
Work bibliographic list
1.Konovalov S.I. Teoretiko-metodologicheskie osnovy kriminalistki: sovremennoe sostojanie i problemy razvitija: Dis. … d-ra jurid. nauk. – Volgograd, 2001. – S. 51.
2.Isaev N.A. Metodologija kriminal'nogo profilirovanija nasil'stvennyh seksual'nyh prestuplenij // Fundamental'nye i prikladnye problemy upravlenija rassledovaniem prestuplenij: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov: V 2 ch. – M.: Akademija upravlenija MVD Rossii, 2005. – Ch. 2. – S. 151.
3.Mezinov D.A. Prestupnaja motivacija kak ob"ekt poznanija v kriminalistike: Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Tomsk, 1999. – S. 126.
4.Sm.: Psihologija i psihoanaliz haraktera: Hrestomatija po psihologii i tipologii harakterov / Pod red. D.Ja.Rajgorodskogo. – Samara: Izdatel'skij dom «BAHRAH», 1997. – S. 24–115.
5.Sm.: Voloshina T.V. Psihologicheskie mehanizmy povyshenija urovnja aktivnosti obshhenija: Dis. … kand. psihol. nauk. – Novosibirsk, 1996. – S. 49.
 
 
State criminal police
Halikov A.N.
Formation of Anti-corruptional Relations

The article is devoted to the formation of public relations and sense of justice which ex¬clude corruption constituency. Based on the whole complex of establishing such relations together with the functioning efficiency of legal norms it is possible to achieve positive results in the struggle against corruption.
Key words: corruption, public relations, sense of justice, anticorruption relations.
Work bibliographic list
1.Sm.: Antropov V.A., Bojarincev V.P., Oblasova L.Z. Prikladnaja psihologija i pedagogika: Ucheb. posob.: V 3 kn. – Ekaterinburg: Izd-vo UGTU–UPI, 1995. – Kn. 1. – S. 35–36.
2.Rossijskaja gazeta 05.08.2008 g.
3.Kel'zen G. Chistoe  uchenie o prave/ Antologija mirovoj pravovoj mysli v  5 t. – M, 1999 –  T. 3, s. 710-711.
4.Alekseev S.S. Pravo: azbuka – teorija – filosofija: Opyt kompleksnogo  issledovanija – M, 1999 – S. 38.
5.Nemov R.S. Psihologicheskij slovar' – M, 2007 – S. 402.
6.Gegel'  G.V.F. Filosofija prava – M, 1990 – S. 57-58.
7.Alekseev S.S. Teorija prava – M, 1995 – S. 75.
8.Poljakov A.V. Obshhaja teorija prava: Fenomenologo-kommunikativnyj podhod. Kurs lekcij – SPb, 2003 – S, 415.
9/Tolkachev V.V. Metodologija issledovanija korrupcionnyh otnoshenij v  kontekste sovremennoj teorii prava//Gosudarstvo i pravo # 7 – 2006 – S. 16-19.
10.Poljakov A.V. Ukaz. soch. S. 836. V kakoj to  stepeni jeto  napominaet razdelenie prava na  estestvennoe i pozitivnoe.
11.Sm: Kurakin A.V. Administrativno-pravovye sredstva preduprezhdenija i presechenija korrupcii v sisteme gosudarstvennoj sluzhby  Rossijskoj Federacii: Avtoreferat diss…. dokt. jurid. nauk – Ljubercy, 2008.
 
 
State criminal police
Khusnutdinova A.A.
Ways of akson on someone elses property
The article deals with the study of the most commonly encountered ways of the destruction or damage of someone else's property by means of arson. The article covers certain peculiarities of solving and investigating the arson criminal cases. The reasons of low detect ability and solving the crimes of the given category are analyzed in it. Ways of preparation, commitment and concealment of arson as well as tools and means of their commitment are studied in details. Besides problems of the classification of the arson commitment ways are widely covered and different scientific points of view relating to this subject are presented.
The article is intended for students, post-graduate students and teachers of higher educational institutions as well as for law machinery officers.
Key words: property, arson, crime, criminalistics.
Work bibliographic list
1.Mishin A.V. Rassledovanie i preduprezhdenie podzhogov lichnogo imushhestva grazhdan. Kazan', 1991. S. 16.
2.Megorskij B. V. Metodika ustanovlenija prichin pozharov. – M.: Strojizdat, 1966. S. 37.
 
 
State and law history
Fasgiyer T.A.
Russian State Ideology: Basic Tendencies

Due to multiple breaches in the cultural and historic continuity, five historical periods can be singled out:«Kievan Russia, Russia of the Tatar period, Muscovy, Peter the Great's Russia, imperial and at last the Neo-Soviet Russia». There is a number of features in the historical development of the Russian national ideology. And it is not only staging and discrecity which were noticed by N.A. Berdiaev. Continuity is not of less importance. It always promoted the maintenance, revision andfurther development of the original elements of the Russian national ideology.
Key words: the state ideology, ideological function of the state, cultural-historical continuity

Work bibliographic list
1.Sm.: Berdjaev N.A. Istoki i smysl russkogo kommunizma. Reprintnoe vosproizvedenie izdanija  YMKA-PRESS, 1955 g. M.Nauka, 1990.S.7.
2.Veber. M. O burzhuaznoj demokratii v Rossii //Cit. po: Muhaev R.T. Hrestomatija po teorii gosudarstva i prava, politologii, istorii politicheskih i pravovyh uchenij. M.: Prior,  S.605.
 
 
State and law history
Fakhriullina О.R.
Mortgage in pre Revolutionary Russia

The institute of hypotheca is an integral part of any law systems since ancient Greece and Rome. It is impossible to receive a total notion about hypotheca without knowledge about history of this institute of civil law. The article is devoted to hypotheca in Russia in pre-revo- lutionary period.
Key words: mortgage, property, the credit, столыпинские reforms, pledge.
Work bibliographic list
1.Grishaev S.P. Ipoteka kak sposob obespechenija ispolnenija objazatel'stv// Zakony Rossii.-2006. #12.-S.42.
2.Mejer D. Drevnee russkoe pravo zaloga. Jurid.sbornik.Kazan', 1855.-S. 218.
3.Pobedonoscev K.P. Kurs grazhdanskogo prava: V treh tomah.Tom 1/Pod redakciej i s predisloviem V.A. Tomsinova.-M.: Izdatel'stvo «Zercalo»,2003.- S. 521.
4.Sm.: Gruzickij Ju.L. Ipoteka v Rossijskoj imperii (iz istorii stanovlenija ipotechnyh bankov) // Den'gi i kredit. 2005. # 1. S. 62; 5.Pecherin Ja.I. Istoricheskij obzor pravitel'stvennyh, obshhestvennyh i chastnyh kreditnyh ustanovlenij v Rossii. SPb., 1904.- S. 4.
Sm.: Gabitov M.R.Sobstvennost' na zemlju, pravovye osnovy stanovlenija zapadnoj modeli gosudarstvennosti i istorija rossijskogo gosudarstva i prava: Uchebnoe posobie.-Ufa: RIC BashGU, 2007.- S.148.
6.Tolmachev A.V. Razvitie ipotechnogo kreditovanija v Rossii // Zhilishhnoe pravo.- 2000. # 2.- S. 19.
7.Hohlov V.A. Obespechenie ispolnenija objazatel'stv: Uchebnoe posobie. -Samara, 1997. –S.3-4.
 
 
State and law history
Yakushev V.A.
Activity Legal Regulation of Emeritus Cash in Russian Empire

In the article there is an analysis of becoming, development emeriter benefit fund department of military-overland department in Russian empire since 1859 till 1917.
Legislation for the specified period of activity of emeriter benefit fund department of military-overland department in Russian empire Is generalized.
Prospects of creation of similar emeriter benefit fund department in modern Russia for improvement of a financial position of employees of militia are presented.
Key words: militia, police, the state, the legal facts.
Work bibliographic list
1.Rogachev V.V. Razvitie ipotechnogo zakonodatel'stva   v Rossijskoj imperii vtoroj poloviny HIH - nachala  HH veka  (istoriko-pravovoe issledovanie). Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Moskva, 2007.-S.12.
Jemeritura ot lat. emeritus – zasluzhennyj.
2.SU RI. SPb. 1880. # 46 ot 17 maja 1880 goda. St. 328. S. 587-590.
 

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