2 (52) 2018 - Юридический журнал Правовое государство: теория и практика

ISSN 2500-0217 / Включен в Перечень ВАК

 

2 (52) 2018

2 (52) 2018
THEORY AND HISTORY OF LAW AND STATE.
HISTORY OF THE DOCTRINES OF LAW AND STATE
Rayanov F.M.
Horizons of National State Law Thinking and On the Needs in Their Expansion
Shaburov A.S.
The Structure of Lawmaking
Sherpaev V.I.
Federation is the Most Important Form of Modern State Structure
Semitko A.P.
Culture of Law and the Common Good
Tlepina S.V.
The Contribution of Soviet and Russian Academic Lawyers and High Schools to the Formation of Higher Legal Education and Science in Kazakhstan. The Development of Legal Science (From History of Legal Science)
Popova A.V.
Information Society: Issues of Cognitive Management
Grandonyan K.A.
Legal Contradictions and Legal Conflicts in Civil Society: Issues of Interrelation
Rumiantcev P.A.
To the Issue of Restoration of Authorities in Crimea after the Nazi Occupation
Chernykh A.V.
“Human Capital”, Culture and Culture of Law
Alexandrov Il.A.
The Place of Materialist Dialectics in the System of the Methods of Obtaining Law Knowledge         
Bushuev V.A.
Conservative Trends in Resolving Modern Problems of National Security
Ismagilov I.R.
Yubin I.G.
Methodological Aspects of Interpreting the Relationship of the Individual, Society and State in G.W.F. Hegel’s Early Works
Mazitov A.I.
Development of Views of Legal Nihilism
CONSTITUTIONAL AND MUNICIPAL LAW. CONSTITUTIONAL PROCEDURE.
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW AND ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIVITIES. INFORMATION LAW 
Lipinskiy D.A.
On the Principles of State and Municipal Administration as Strategy Elements for Its Development
Mokoseeva M.A.
The Concept of “Silent” Transformation of Constitutional Legal Norms without Making Changes, Additions and Amendments to Them through Interpreting and Applying Legal Positions
Khyshiktuev O.V.
Current Issues of Regional Constitutional Control
CIVIL AND FAMILY LAW. BUSINESS AND PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW. CIVIL
AND ARBITRATION PROCESS
Revnov B.A.
Komarov V.S.
Procurement for Public Needs: Theory and Practice
Chuklova E.V.
Alternative Sanctions in Civil Law
Ivanova T.K.
Consequences of Invalidity of Legal Transactions of the Bankrupt Debtor
Khairlvarina L.I.
Inalienable Human Right to Housing
CRIMINAL LAW AND CRIMINOLOGY. CRIMINAL EXECUTIVE LAW.
CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
Kurmanov M.M.
Significant Violations of the Criminal Procedure Law When Varying a Pre-Trial Restraint by the Court Sentence and the Court of Appeal
Aleksanin A.S.
Using the Results of Obtaining Computer Information in Criminal Proceedings
Amineva Z.F.
To the Issue of Enshrining the Concept “Technical Facilities” in Criminal Procedure Law
Kabanova L.N.
Kabanov P.A.
Property Sanctions in the Future Development of National Criminal Law
Kokhman D.V.
Reducing Negative Consequences of Amnesty in Respect of Victims' Rights and Compensation for Material Losses Caused by the Crime
FORENSICS. FORENSIC ACTIVITIES. OPERATIVE SEARCH ACTIVITY
Fayzullina A.A.
Typical Investigative Situations and Planning of Investigations into Murders, Connected to Arson
Shagimuratova Z.A.
Forensic Tactics In View of Extending Subject Area of Forensic Investigations
FINANCIAL AND BUDGETARY LAW. BANKING AND MONETARY LAW. TAX LAW
Enikeev O.A.
Enikeeva S.A.
Some Problems of Introducing Performance-Based Contracts of Employment into Health Care Service
Davydova E.A.
The Rule of Law as a Factor of Innovative Economic Development
Gorokhova S.S.
Popova A.V.
To the Issue of the Problems of Implementing the State Program of Tourism Development in the Republic of Crimea
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND FOREIGN POLICY. 
INTERNATIONAL AND EUROPEAN LAW 
Salnikov V.P.
Romanovskaya V.B.
Shepotkina-Marinina T.V.
Political and Legal Views of Niklas Luhmann
Haddad E.
Prehistory of the State and Law of Algerian Amazighs
Mukhametgareeva N.M. Yusupova Z.A.International Law Aspects of Environmental Protection in the EU Countries (Part 2)
REVIEWS
Galiev F.Kh.
On Some History Pages of the State Law Development of Russia. To the Publication of the Book by Vladimir and Vera Semenov “The Orenburg Nepluevsky Cadet Corps. History in Faces / V.G. Semenov, V.P. Semenova. - Orenburg: OOO “Orenburgskoe knizhnoe izdatelstvo imeni G.P. Donkovtseva”, 2017. – 592 p.”
Rayanov F.M.
When Writing a Review Is Not Only Pleasant but Honorable
On the Book by S.I. Zakhartsev and V.P. Salnikov “The Philosophy of Law and Legal Science”, Translated into English and Published in Cambridge: S.I. Zakhartsev, V.P. Salnikov. The Philosophy of Law and Legal Science. - Newcastle Upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018. - 270 P.
TO THE AUTHORS
 
 
 
 
THEORY AND HISTORY OF LAW AND STATE.
HISTORY OF THE DOCTRINES OF LAW AND STATE
References
1. Vladimir Putin vystupil pered Rossiiskim soyuzom rektorov v Sankt-Peterburge (Vladimir Putin addressed the Russian Union of Rectors in Saint Petersburg). URL: https://www.1tv.ru/news/2018-04-26/344612-vladimir_putin_vystupil_pered_rossiyskim_soyuz om_rektorov_v_sankt_peterburge (accessed date: 20.05.2018). 
2. Rayanov F.M. Pravovoe obshchestvovedenie (Legal Social Studies). Moscow, Yurlitinform. 2018. 
3. Syrykh V.M. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava (Theory of State and Law), uchebnik. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. Moscow, «Yuridicheskii Dom «Yustitsinform», 2004.
4. Syrykh V.M. Logicheskie osnovaniya obshchei teorii prava. T. 3. Sovremennoe pravoponimanie (Logical Foundations of General Theory of Law. V.3. Contemporary Legal Understanding). Mos-cow, RAP, 2007.
5. Klimenko A.V., Rumynina V.V. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava (Theory of State and Law), ucheb. posobie dlya stud. uchrezhdenii sred. prof. obrazovaniya. Moscow, Masterstvo, 2002. 
6. Rayanov F.M. Aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki pravovogo gosudarstva v Rossii (Actual Problems of Theory and Practice of the Rule-of-Law State in Russia), Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2010, No. 1 (19), pp. 3-8.
7. Rayanov F.M. Teoriya pravovogo gosudarstva v Rossii: sostoyanie, puti pereosmysleniya (Theory of the Rule-of-Law State in Russia: State, Ways of Rethinking), LEX RUSSICA, 2015, No. 8, pp. 14-25.
8. Lokk Dzh. Sochineniya (Compositions). V 3 t. T. 3. M., Mysl', 1988. 
9. Spisok stran po indeksu chelovecheskogo razvitiya (List of Countries by Human Development Index). URL: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spisok_stran_po_indeksu_chelovecheskogo_razvitiy (accessed date: 20.05.2018).
Received: 09.04.2018
THE STRUCTURE OF LAWMAKING
SHABUROV Anatoliy Stepanovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Professor of the Department of Theory of State and Law of the Ural State Law University, Yekaterinburg,
Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
In modern conditions, there is a need to consider lawmaking from a broader perspective, within the framework of a comprehensive study, a systematic approach. The notion “structure” initially assumes the existence of elements that together form the entire, and it is a theoretical model that has a generalizing significance in characterizing complex entities. In jurisprudence and legal practice, this category is used widely enough. Therefore, it becomes necessary to consider the process of lawmaking within the framework of the new concept “structure of lawmaking”, including such elements of the structure as an object, a subject and some others, taking into account the presence of different approaches and contradictions in characterizing the content of these elements.
Key words: law, legislation, legal regulation, lawmaking, object, subject, legislative initiative, law, regulatory act.
References
1. Tikhomirov Yu.A. Teoriya zakona (Theory of Law). Moscow, 1982. 
2. Malinova I.P. Filosofiya pravotvorchestva (Philosophy of Law Making). Ekaterinburg, 1996. 
3. Alekseev S.S. Mekhanizm pravovogo regulirovaniya v sotsialisticheskom gosudarstve (The Me-chanism of Legal Regulation in the Socialist State). Moscow, Yurid. literatura. 1966.
4. Alekseev S.S. Gosudarstvo i pravo (State and Law), uchebnoe posobie. Moscow, Prospekt, 2016.
5. Kovachev D.A. Mekhanizm pravotvorchestva sotsialisticheskogo gosudarstva. Voprosy teorii (Mechanism of Lawmaking of the Socialist State. Questions of Theory). Moscow, Izd. «Yuridi-cheskaya literatura», 1977.
6. Shuvalov I.I. Pravotvorchestvo v mekhanizme upravleniya obshchestvom: neobkhodimost' kom-pleksnogo issledovaniya (Lawmaking in the Mechanism of Public Management: The Need for Comprehensive Research). Moscow, Norma, 2005. 
7. Slovar' russkogo yazyka (Dictionary of Russian language), sost. S.I. Ozhegov. Moscow, 1953. 
8. Trainin A.P. Obshchee uchenie o sostave prestupleniya (The General Doctrine of Elements of the Crime). Moscow, 1957. 
9. Shuvalov I.I. Pravotvorchestvo v mekhanizme upravleniya obshchestvom: neobkhodimost' kom-pleksnogo issledovaniya (Lawmaking in The Mechanism of Public Management: The Need for Comprehensive Research). Moscow, Norma, 2005. 
10. Obshchaya teoriya gosudarstva i prava (General Theory of State and Law), uchebnik, pod red. V.V. Lazareva. 2-e izd. Moscow, 1996. 
11. Nersesyants V.S. Obshchaya teoriya prava i gosudarstva (General Theory of Law and State), uchebnik dlya vuzov. Moscow, 1999.
12. Baranov V.M. Ocherki tekhniki pravotvorchestva (Essays on the Technology of Lawmaking). Izbr. trudy. N. Novgorod : Nizhegorodskaya akademiya MVD Rossii. 2015.
13. Obshchaya teoriya gosudarstva i prava (General Theory of State and Law), akad. kurs, v 2 t., pod red. M.N. Marchenko. T. 2. Teoriya prava (Theory of Law). Moscow, 1998. 
14. Grevtsov Yu.I. Sotsiologiya prava (Sociology of Law). SPb., Izd-vo «Yuridicheskii tsentr Press», 2011.
15. Rayanov F.M. Teoriya pravovogo gosudarstva v Rossii: sostoyanie, puti pereosmysleniya (The-ory of the Rule-of-Law State in Russia: State, Ways of Rethinking). LEX RUSSIKA, 2015, No. 8, pp. 14-25. 
16. Rayanov F.M. Aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki pravovogo gosudarstva v Rossii (Actual Problems of Theory and Practice of the Rule-Of-Law Sate in Russia), Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2010, No. 1 (19), pp. 3-8. 
17. Bagdasarov V.Yu. Ob"ekt pravotvorchestva (Object of Lawmaking), Pravo i sovremennye go-sudarstva, 2016, No. 2, pp. 49.
18. Sudebnaya praktika kak istochnik prava (Judicial Practice as a Source of Law). Moscow, 2000.
19. Drobyshevskii S.A., Dantsova T.N. Formal'nye istochniki prava (Formal Sources of Law). Mos-cow, 2011. 
20. Marchenko M.N. Gosudarstvo i pravo v usloviyakh globalizatsii (State and Law in the Context of Globalization). Moscow, 2008. 
21. Lazarev V.V. Pretsedent: realii i perspektivy v rossiiskom prave (Precedent: Realities and Pros-pects in Russian Law) Rossiiskoe pravosudie, 2012, No. 3, pp. 6-15. 
22. Bunina Yu.M. Pravotvorchestvo kak vid yuridicheskoi deyatel'nosti (Lawmaking as a Kind of Legal Activity), avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. St. Petersburg, 2004.
23. Saulyak O.P. Sudebnaya praktika kak istochnik rossiiskogo prava: material'nyi i formal'nyi as-pekty problemy (Judicial Practice as a Source of Russian Law: Material and Formal Aspects of the Problem), Gosudarstvo i pravo, 2009, No. 11, pp. 5-10. 
24. Nersesyants V.S. Sud ne zakonodatel'stvuet i ne upravlyaet, a primenyaet pravo (o pra-voprimenitel'noi prirode sudebnykh aktov) (The Court Does not Legislate or Rule, but Applies the Law (On the Law Enforcement Nature of Judicial Acts), Sudebnaya praktika kak istochnik prava, otv. red. B.N. Topornin. Moscow, IGiP RAN, 1997, pp. 34-41.
25. Sokolova I.A., Mytsykova O.I., Karpov N.N. Uchastie prokurora v pravotvorcheskoi deyatel'nosti (Participation of the Prosecutor in Lawmaking Activities), posobie dlya prokurorov. Moscow, 2007.
26. Smirnov A.F., Vinokurov Yu.E. Uchastie prokurora v pravotvorcheskoi deyatel'nosti (Participa-tion of the Prosecutor in Lawmaking Activities), Zakonnost', 1996, No. 8, pp. 36-38.
27. Bessarabov V.G., Khutoretskii R.B. Uchastie rossiiskoi prokuratury v pravotvorcheskoi deyatel'nosti (Participation of the Russian Prosecutor's Office in Lawmaking Activities). Moscow, 2006.
Received: 09.04.2018
FEDERATION IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FORM OF MODERN STATE STRUCTURE
SHERPAEV Vladimir Ivanovich
Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of the Department of Theory of State and Law of the Ural State Law University, Yekaterinburg, 
Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. issues of the vertical-territorial organization of state power in modern Russia are directly linked to the problems of improving federal relations. In this regard, there is a need to analyze the pros and cons of the practice of federal construction in our country. In the theory of federalism, from the very beginning, not only political but also great humanistic potential was laid. This form of state structure was developed as a social phenomenon, objectively necessary to improve people's lives. A fully-fledged federative state is organically interconnected with a democratic rule-of-law state. It is necessary to strive not only for the formation of a federal state, but also for the formation of a democratic rule-of-law state.
Key words: federal, structure, unitary, state, system, legislation, own, law, correlation, democratic.
References
1. Rayanov F.M. Pravovoe obshchestvovedenie (Legal Social Studies). Moscow, Yurlitinform. 2018. 
3. Rayanov F.M. Sistema zakonodatel'stva Respubliki Bashkortostan kak sub"ekta Rossiiskoi Fede-ratsii (The System of Legislation of the Republic of Bashkortostan as a Subject of the Russian Fed-eration), Sistema zakonodatel'stva Respubliki Bashkortostan: stanovlenie i dal'neishee razvitie, ma-terialy Respublikanskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii 27 fevralya 1996 g., g. Ufa. Akademiya nauk Respubliki Bashkortostan. Ufa, 1996, pp. 16-24.
4. Rayanov F.M. Razvitie sovremennykh predstavlenii o sushchnosti federativnogo gosudarstva (Development of Modern Ideas on the Essence of a Federal State), Rossiiskii yuridicheskii zhurnal, 1999, No.1 (21), pp. 110-118.
5. Umnova I.A. Konstitutsionnye osnovy sovremennogo rossiiskogo federalizma (Constitutional Bases of Modern Russian Federalism). Moscow1998.
6. Federalizm v Rossii: monografiya (Federalism in Russia), pod obshch. red. R. Khakimova. Kazan', 2001. 
7. Arzamaskin N.N. Etapy i sovremennye tendentsii stanovleniya rossiiskogo federalizma (Stages and Current Trends in the Formation of Russian Federalism), Pravo i politika, 2007, No. 4. 
8. Bartsits I.N. O edinstve gosudarstvennoi vlasti v Rossiiskoi Federatsii (On the Unity of State Power in the Russian Federation), Zakonodatel'stvo, 2001, No. 9.
9. Galiev F.Kh. Sochetanie traditsionnogo i pravovogo regulyatorov v pravovoi kul'ture federativ-nogo gosudarstva (The combination of traditional and legal regulators in the legal culture of a federal state), Pravovoe gosudarstvo, 2009, No. 3 (17), pp. 17-20.
10. Rayanov F.M. Aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki pravovogo gosudarstva v Rossii (Actual Problems of Theory and Practice of the Rule-of-Law State in Russia), Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2010, No. 1 (19), pp. 3-8.
Received: 09.04.2018
CULTURE OF LAW AND THE COMMON GOOD 
SEMITKO Alexey Pavlovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Head of the Chair of Public Law of the Autonomous Non-Profit Organization of Higher Education “Liberal Arts University” (Yekaterinburg), Visiting Professor at the University Paris Nanterre, France, Yekaterinburg, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
With a focus on integrative legal understanding, the author analyzes the concept “culture of law”, its composition and its relation to the notion of the common good. The content and procedural components of the latter are defined. In determining the common good, it is necessary to unite meaningful (through key social values and notions of justice) and procedural components, it is achieved in conditions of dialogic democracies. Since there is no procedural component in an authoritarian society (real, not fictitious), it is impossible to establish the conformity of state-power decisions to the common good. Following S.S. Alekseev, the concept of culture of law includes the ideas and provisions of modern constitutionalism, the recognition of the direct legal significance of human rights and freedoms, as well as the inviolability of certain legal realities, i.e. actually formed legal conditions. As a result, the author concludes that the ratio of these concepts is complex, but in all cases, the common good should correspond to the unity of the elements of the concept of culture of law. At the same time, the internal hierarchy of the latter is based on the inviolability of the provisions of modern constitutionalism, expressing the ideas of the rule-of-law state, democratic values, dignity and human rights and the need for the normative force to correspond to the first two components of culture of law.
Key words: culture of law, common good, national interests, human rights and freedoms, rule-of-law state, constitutionalism, dialogic democracy, public discussion, authoritarian political regime, justice.
References
1. Alekseev S.S. Demon vlasti i kul'tura prava. Sobr. soch. v 10 t. T. 4. Liniya prava. Kon-tseptsiya. Sochineniya 1990-kh –2009 godov (Demon of Power and Culture of Law. Collected Works in 10 Volumes. V. 4. The Line of Law. Concept. Works of the 1990s -2009). Москва, Statut, 2010. 
2. Kimlika U. Sovremennaya politicheskaya filosofiya. Vvedenie (Modern Political Philosophy. In-troduction). Москва, Izd. dom Gos. un-ta – Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki, 2010.   
3. Pugachev V.P., Solov'ev A.I. Vvedenie v politologiyu (Introduction to Political Science), ucheb. posobie dlya studentov vyssh. ucheb. zavedenii. 2-e izd. Москва, 1995.  
4. Kasimov T.S. Pravoslavnye kontseptsii budushchego gosudarstva v sovremennoi Rossii (Ortho-dox Concepts of the Future State in Modern Russia), Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2015, No. 1 (39), pp. 56-60. 
5. Rolz Dzh. Teoriya spravedlivosti (The Theory of Justice). Novosibirsk, Izd NGU, 1995. 
6. Bouz D. Libertarianstvo: istoriya, printsipy, politika (Libertarianism: History, Principles, Politics). Chelyabinsk, Cato Institute, 2004. 
7. Khaiek F. Pravo, zakonodatel'stvo i svoboda. Sovremennoe ponimanie liberal'nykh printsipov i politiki (Law, Legislation and Freedom. Modern Understanding of Liberal Principles and Policies). Москва, IRISEN, 2006. 
8. Tokvil' A. Demokratiya v Amerike (Democracy in America). Москва, Progress, 1992.
Received: 10.04.2018
THE CONTRIBUTION OF SOVIET AND RUSSIAN ACADEMIC LAWYERS AND HIGH SCHOOLS TO THE FORMATION OF HIGHER LEGAL EDUCATION AND SCIENCE IN KAZAKHSTAN. THE DEVELOPMENT OF LEGAL SCIENCE (FROM HISTORY OF LEGAL SCIENCE)
TLEPINA Sholpan Valerevna
Doctor of Law, Professor of the Department of International Law of the Faculty of Law of L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Astana, Kazakhstan. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. of legal science is one of the main components of the whole history of legal and political thought. It should be noted that history of the development of legal science has its own regularities. The study of the peculiarities of the development of legal science in Kazakhstan allows us to say that it differs in its own, mostly personified, memoir nature; there much attention is paid to the activities of such representatives of the state and legal thought of Kazakhstan as M.A. Binder, Ya.M. Belson, G.S. Sapargaliev, M.T. Baimakhanov, and many other academic lawyers. At the same time, the study of the specifics of the formation and development of legal science is impossible without analyzing specifics of the institutional development of legal science, and without studying theory of state and law, history of political and legal thought. Moreover, historical and legal works related to this issue, researches in the field of state (constitutional) law, Soviet construction and state administration, as well as state (constitutional) law of foreign countries and international law are not outside of research attention.
Key words: legal, science, theory, history, state, political thought, constitutional, law, international, Republic of Kazakhstan.
References
1. Arkhivnaya spravka (Archive Information). № 1-9-126 ot 14.05.2002.
2. Arkhiv Prezidenta Respubliki Kazakhstan (Archive of the President of the Republic of Ka-zakhstan), f. 708, op. 16/1, d. 684, l. 31.
3. Sartaev S.S. Yuristy Kazakhstana v litsakh (Lawyers of Kazakhstan in Persons). Almaty, 2002. 
4. Tsentral'nyi gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Respubliki Kazakhstan (Central State Archives of the Repub-lic of Kazakhstan), f. 1352, op. 2, d. 726, l. 29.
5. Arkhiv Natsional'noi akademii nauk Respubliki Kazakhstan (dalee A NAN RK) (Archive of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan (hereinafter A NAS of the RK), f. 98, op. 1, d. 1, l. 1,2.
6. Biobibliografiya obshchestvovedov Kazakhstana (Bibliography of Social Scientists of Ka-zakhstan). Alma-Ata, Nauka, 1986. 
7. Tlepina Sh. Evolyutsiya gosudarstvenno-pravovoi nauki v Kazakhstane (1930-e –1991 gg.) (Evo-lution of the State-Legal Science in Kazakhstan (1930-1991). Almaty, 2005. 
8. Istoriya gosudarstva i prava Sovetskogo Kazakhstana (History of State and Law of Soviet Ka-zakhstan). V 3 t. Alma-Ata, Nauka, 1961.
Received: 21.03.2018
INFORMATION SOCIETY: ISSUES OF COGNITIVE MANAGEMENT
POPOVA Anna Vladislavovna,
Doctor of Law, Candidate of Sciences (Philosophy), Associate Professor, Professor of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE  “Bashkir State University”; Professor of the Department of Legal Regulation of Economic Operations of the FSEBI “Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation”; Professor of the Department of Constitutional
Law of the Institute of Law and National Security of the FSEBI HE “Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy And Public Administration”, Moscow, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
One of the theories revealing the main trends in the development of modern society is a theory of information society. Comparative legal analysis of scientific works of representatives of this theory allows us to formulate a conclusion about the need for a more thorough and scrupulous study of the legacy, first of all, of American scientists who develop the foundations of a postindustrial society. At the same time, Russia's “blind” adherence to Western doctrines of forming an information society is fraught with negative consequences. All this bespeaks of a need to analyze not only positive, but also negative consequences of the information society formation in the Western European countries that are at the stage of postindustrial development.
LEGAL CONTRADICTIONS AND LEGAL CONFLICTS IN CIVIL SOCIETY: ISSUES OF INTERRELATION
GRANDONYAN Karapet Andranikovich
Candidate of  Sciences (Law), Dean of the Faculty of Economic Security and Customs of the Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Assistant Professor of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Saratov, Russia.Е-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Modern trends in transforming legal life, the need for its harmonization, cause the necessity to overcome legal contradictions and legal conflicts in civil society. The solution of methodological and practical problems seems to be in the study of the dialectics of the interrelation of these categories, their essence. The signs of legal contradictions of civil society are a kind of contradictions of civil society, multilevel structure, presence of opposite parties of the legal reality (existence of opposing legal interests of interacting entities). The boundaries of the relationship between legal conflict and legal contradiction of civil society are poorly studied. Legal conflict is a manifestation of legal contradiction of civil society, expressed in the confrontation between parties that have conflicting, opposing legal interests. Legal conflict is a form of manifestation of contradictions, a consequence of their development, a result. Legal contradictions of civil society can also be considered as a substantive condition, the basis of the conflict in civil society, its subject.
Key words: civil society, contradiction, social contradiction, legal contradictions, legal conflict, legal interest, legitimate interest, legal security, legal life, conflict of law.
References
1. Afanas'ev S.F. Evolyutsiya yuridicheskogo interesa kak predposylki prava na obrashchenie v sud grazhdanskoi yurisdiktsii (teoretiko-pravovoi obzor) (Evolution of Legal Interest As a Prerequisite for the Right to Apply to the Court of Civil Jurisdiction (Theoretical And Legal Review), Arbitrazhnyi i grazhdanskii protsess, 2007, No. 1, pp. 6–11.
2. Afonin M.V. Pravovye aspekty razresheniya konfliktov (Legal Aspects of Conflict Resolution), dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Yaroslavl', 2002. 
3. Gegel'. Nauka logiki, v 3 t. T. 2 (The Science of Logic: in 3 volumes. V. 2). M., Mysl', 1971. 
4. Konstantinov F.V. Dialekticheskii materializm. (Dialectical Materialism), Osnovy marksistskoi filosofii. Moscow, Politizdat, 1963, pp. 69–294.
5. Mishchenko A.V. Sootnoshenie pravovogo konflikta so smezhnymi pravovymi kategoriyami (Correlation of Legal Conflict with Related Legal Categories), Pravo i gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2012, No. 1, pp. 19.
6. Rossiiskaya sotsiologicheskaya entsiklopediya (Russian Sociological Encyclopedia), pod obshch. red. G.V. Osipova. Moscow, Norma–Infra–M, 1998. 
7. Savina K.A. Kogda konflikt stanovitsya pravovym (When the Conflict Becomes Legal), Nauka i obrazovanie: problemy i strategii razvitiya, 2017, T. 1, No. 1 (3), pp. 137–139.
8. Sotsiologicheskii entsiklopedicheskii slovar' (Sociological Encyclopaedic Dictionary), red. G.V. Osipov. Moscow, INFAM–NORMA, 1998. 
9. Stepanishchev S.A. Sotsial'noe protivorechie: osobennosti temporal'noi referentsii (Social Contradiction: Features of Temporal Reference), Filosofiya prava, 2009, No. 2, pp. 103–107.
10. Subochev V.V. Teoriya zakonnykh interesov (Theory of Legitimate Interests), avtoref. dis. ... d-ra yurid. nauk. Tambov, 2009. 
11. Khudoikina T.V. Yuridicheskii konflikt: dinamika, struktura, razreshenie (Legal Conflict: Dynamics, Structure, Resolution), avtoref. dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Moscow, 1996.
12. Rayanov F.M. Aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki pravovogo gosudarstva v Rossii (Actual problems of the theory and practice of the rule of law in Russia), Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2010, No. 1 (19), pp. 3-8.
Received: 28.03.2018
TO THE ISSUE OF RESTORATION OF AUTHORITIES IN CRIMEA AFTER THE NAZI OCCUPATION
RUMIANTCEV Pavel Alexandrovich 
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Chair of Criminal Law and Procedure of the Togliatti State University, Togliatti, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
The withdrawal of Nazi troops from the occupied territories during the Great Patriotic War was to be accompanied by the restoration of the Soviet state power mechanism at the local level. However, this process in different regions of the country had its own peculiarities. In Crimea, it was directly influenced by the deportation of the Crimean Tatars. Mass eviction of the Crimean Tatar population led to the need to replenish labor resources, including for public authorities. The study shows that, participants in the guerrilla movement, functionaries returned from evacuation, as well as leaders resettled to the Crimea together with collective farmers were involved in exercising state administration in the liberated territory during the restoration of the Soviet and party authorities. The staff hunger forced to involve persons who had remained in the occupied territory to work in government bodies, but a serious check was made for them. The process of the final restoration of the Soviet authorities can be considered complete only in late 1947, when the first postwar elections to local councils took place.
Key words: succession, local councils, occupied territory,  guerrilla movement, legitimacy, deportation of Tatars, staff training, resettlement, communists, postwar elections.
References
1. Krym v period Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny, 1941–1945 (Crimea during the Great Patriotic War, 1941-1945), sbornik dokumentov i materialov. Simferopol', 1973. 
2. Prikazy narodnogo komissara oborony SSSR. 22 iyunya 1941 g.-1942 g. (Orders of the People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR. June 22, 1941-1942). Moscow, Terra, 1997. T. 13 (2-2). 
3. Pinchuk M.N. Sovetskie partizany: mify i real'nost' (Soviet Partisans: myths and reality). Vil'nya : Nasha buduchynya, 2014. 
4. Bugai N.F. L. Beriya – I. Stalinu: Soglasno Vashemu ukazaniyu... (L. Beria to I. Stalin: According to your Instructions ...). Moscow, «AIRO-KhKh», 1995. 
5. Bugai N.F. K voprosu o deportatsii narodov SSSR v 30-kh-40-kh godakh (To the Issue of the Deportation of the Peoples of the USSR in the 30s-40s), Istoriya SSSR. 1989. No. 6. pp. 135-144.
6. Akulov M.R. Vosstanovitel'nye raboty v Krymu v 1944-1945 (Restorative Work in Crimea in 1944-1945), Otechestvennaya istoriya. 1993. No. 1. pp. 182-190.
7. Chirva I.S., Akulov M.R., Arbuzov V.D. Ocherki istorii Krymskoi oblastnoi partiinoi organizatsii (Essays on the History of the Crimean Regional Party Organization). Simferopol' : Tavriya, 1981. 
8. Vedomosti narodnykh deputatov SSSR i Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR (Bulletin of People's Deputies of the USSR and the Supreme Soviet of the USSR). 1989. 15 noyabrya. No. 23. 
9. Sobolevskaya T. Simferopol' v 1944-1945 godakh: Po materialam arkhivnogo fonda (Simferopol in 1944-1945: According to the Materials of the Archive Fund), Istoricheskoe nasledie Kryma. No. 8. 2004. pp. 123-131.
10. Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Respubliki Krym (State Archive of the Republic of Crimea). F. P–1. p. 1. D. 2411. 
11. GARK (State Archive of the Republic of Crimea). F. P–1. p. 1. D. 2411. 
12. Seitova E.I. Migratsionnye protsessy v Krymu v 1944-1953 godakh: k postanovke problemy (Migration Processes in the Crimea in 1944-1953: to the Formulation of the Problem), materiali 8–ї Vseukr. nauk. konf. Aktual'ni pitannya istoriї nauki i tekhniki”, 17-19 zhov. 2009 r. Tsentr pam’yatkoznavstva NAN Ukraїni i UTOPIK. Kiїv, 2009. pp. 49-51.
13. GARK (State Archive of the Republic of Crimea). F. R–2887. Op. 1. D. 1. 
14. GARK (State Archive of the Republic of Crimea). F. R–2888. Op. 1. D. 1. 
15. GARK (State Archive of the Republic of Crimea). F. P–8. Op. 1. D. 272. 
16. GARK (State Archive of the Republic of Crimea). F. P–8. Op. 1. D. 297. 
17. GARK (State Archive of the Republic of Crimea). F. P–8. Op. 1. D. 269. 
18. GARK (State Archive of the Republic of Crimea). F. P–8. Op. 1. D. 285. 
19. GARK (State Archive of the Republic of Crimea). F. P–8. Op. 1. D. 309. 
20. GARK (State Archive of the Republic of Crimea). F. P–8. Op. 1. D. 267. 
21. Maksimenko M.M. Mestnye sovety Kryma v poslevoennyi period. 1945-1958 gg. (Local Councils of Crimea in the Postwar period. 1945-1958). Kiev, Naukova dumka, 1972.
Received: 26.03.2018
“HUMAN CAPITAL”, CULTURE AND CULTURE OF LAW
CHERNYKH Alexey Victorovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), First Vice-rector of the Bolshoi Ballet Academy,
Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
The problem of developing “human capital”, interrelation of “human capital”, culture and culture of law acquires a special relevance in the period of globalization and defining priorities for the development of modern society and its economy on the base of humanistic values. The list of factors contributing to the development of “human capital” cannot be initially recognized as sufficient without recognizing the essential role of culture and law, which is possible only with the joint consideration of the concepts of “humanism”, “culture” and “law”. Such an approach inevitably leads to the need to study the concept “culture of law”, that is the initial definition of priorities and prospects for the development of society, focusing on the development of a competitive, stable and effective functioning legal “environment” of people, really contributing to the formation of individual and collective “human capital” on the basis of such universal ideals and values, which constitute the essence of humanism. At the same time, a civil society should be the initial matrix of law, high culture of which can ensure success in developing a proper “human capital” and the basis of a favorable environment for developing “human capital”.
Key words: globalization, human capital, culture, law, education, culture of law, justice, favorable environment for developing “human capital”.
References
1. Savchuk A. Potrebnost' v ekonomike – eto chto? Resursy i potrebnosti v ekonomike. Vidy potrebnostei v ekonomike (The Need for Economics – What does It Mean? Resources and Needs in Economics. Types of Needs in Economics). URL: http://fb.ru/article/185136/potrebnost-v-ekonomike-eto-chto-resursyi-i-potrebnosti-v-ekonomike-vidyi-potrebnostey-v-ekonomike (accessed date: 5.03.2018).
2. Tuguskina G. Faktory, vliyayushchie na stoimost' chelovecheskogo kapitala (Factors Affecting the Value of Human Capital), Kadrovik. Kadrovyi menedzhment, 2011, No. 3, pp. 68-75.
3. EPS «Sistema GARANT» (EPS “System “Garant”), GARANT-Analitik. Gruppa kompanii «IRBiS». Versiya ot 03.03.2018. 
4. Malinetskii G. Matematiki poschitali formulu tret'ei mirovoi voiny. (Mathematicians have Counted the Formula of the Third World War), Moskovskii komsomolets, 2014, 5 noyab.
5. Fridmen L. Amerikanskaya pravovaya kul'tura i federalizm (American Legal Culture and Federalism), «Polis» («Politicheskie issledovaniya»), 1992, No. 4, pp. 176-183.
Received: 28.03.2018
THE PLACE OF MATERIALIST DIALECTICS IN THE SYSTEM OF THE METHODS OF OBTAINING LAW KNOWLEDGE
ALEXANDROV Ilya Andreevich
Instructor of the Chair of Constitutional and Administrative Law of the Togliatti State University, Togliatti, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
The paper reviews a number of issues related to the system of the methods of obtaining law knowledge; in particular, the role of the method of materialist dialectics in terms of this system is investigated. The relevance of this topic is due to the revision of the role of dialectical materialist method in studying state law phenomena in the late XX - early XXI centuries. The concept “dialectical materialism”, the laws and categories of materialist dialectics are briefly characterized. In addition, the issue of the correlation between formation-based and civilizational approaches to the study of the history of state and law is addressed. The author states a point of view that negative attitude towards the method of materialist dialectics may be provoked by inadequate estimation of its place in the system of methods of cognition and negation of other philosophical methods by some authors. The conclusion is that the level of the system of methods of scientific research cannot be limited to any one method; we should not dogmatize the method of materialist dialectics, but critically reflecting and maintaining continuity, we should use those provisions that remain their value now.
Key words: law; method; methodology; theory of state and law; materialist dialectics.
References
1. Bajtin M.I. O metodologicheskom znachenii i predmete obshhej teorii gosudarstva i prava (On the Methodological Significance and Subject of General Theory of State and Law), Gosudarstvo i pravo, 2007, No 4, pp. 5-9.
2. Bryzgalov A.I. O nekotoryh teoretiko-metodologicheskih problemah juridicheskoj nauki na sovremennom jetape (On Some Theoretical and Methodological Problems of Legal Science at Present Stage), Gosudarstvo i pravo, 2004, No 4, pp. 17-22.
3. Syryh V.M. Logicheskie osnovanija obshhej teorii prava. T. 1. Jelementnyj sostav (Logical Basis of General Theory of Law. Vol.1. Elemental Composition). 2-e izd., ster. Moscow, ZAO Justicinform,2004. 
4. Ocherki po dialekticheskomu materializmu (Essays on Dialectical Materialism), otv. red. L.Ja. Stanis. Moscow, Nauka, 1985. 
5. Jengel's F. Dialektika prirody (Dialectics of Nature). Moscow, Izd-vo politicheskoj literatury, 1969. 
6. Materialisticheskaja dialektika v 5-ti tomah. T. 5. Kritika idealisticheskih koncepcij dialektiki (Materialist Dialectics in 5 volumes. Vol.5. Criticism of Idealistic Conceptions of Dialectics), pod obshh. red. F.V. Konstantinova, V.G. Marahova. Moscow, Mysl', 1985. 
7. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: Uchebnik (Theory of State and Law: Textbook), pod red. V.K. Babaeva. Moscow, Jurist, 2003. 
8. Novickaja T.E. Nekotorye problemy metodologii issledovanija istorii gosudarstva i prava (Some Problems of Methodology of Research of History of State and Law), Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 11, Pravo, 2003, No 3, pp. 75-104.
9. Alekseev P.V., Panin A.V. Teorija poznanija i dialektika (Theory of Cognition and Dialectics). Moscow, Vyssh. shk., 1991. 
10. Materialisticheskaja dialektika v 5-ti tomah. T. 4. Dialektika obshhestvennogo razvitija (Materialist Dialectics in 5 volumes. Vol.4. Dialectics of Social Development), pod obshh. red. F.V. Konstantinova, V.G. Marahova. Moscow, Mysl', 1984. 
11. Hrestomatija po dialekticheskomu i istoricheskomu materializmu (Reader on Dialectical and Historical materialism). Moscow, Politizdat, 1969. 
12. Pristanskij I.S. Civilizacionnyj i formacionnyj podhody v nauke istorii gosudarstva i prava: dostoinstva i nedostatki (Civilizational and Formation-based Approaches to the Science of History of State and Law: Advantages and Disadvantages), Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 11, Pravo, 2007, No 6, pp. 44-46.
13. Baranov V.M., Pershin V.B., Baranova M.V. Mesto i rol' metoda materialisticheskoj dialektiki v juridicheskom issledovanii (The Place and Role of the Method of Materialist Dialectics in Legal Research), Filosofija prava, 2007, No 3, pp. 7-12.
14. Matuzov N.I., Mal'ko A.V. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: Uchebnik (Theory of State and Law: Textbook), 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. Moscow, Jurist, 2005. 
15. Aver'janova T.V., Belkin R.S., Koruhov Ju. G., Rossinskaja E.R. Kriminalistika: Uchebnik dlja vuzov (Forensics: Textbook for Universities), pod red. R.S. Belkina. Moscow, Izd-vo NORMA, 2001. 
Received: 20.03.2018
CONSERVATIVE TRENDS IN RESOLVING MODERN PROBLEMS OF NATIONAL SECURITY
BUSHUEV Veniamin Aleksandrovich
Teacher at Autonomous Noncommercial Organization of Supplementary Professional Education Training Center “Obrazovaniye Plus”. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
In attempts to establish political law protection of the main domains of modern society and state activity, it is necessary to perform effective operations of national security. The political law measures of ensuring national security have historical experience in performing security in the sphere of the interaction of interests of a personality, society and state. The experience of using conservative political law measures of ensuring the Russian state and society security formed in the XIX and in the early XX century as well as the significancy and efficiency of conservative state law policy give ground to apply the conservative ideology potential as a fundamental formation in the modern system of countermeasures to threats to state national interests. The achievement of qualitative clearness of the Russian state law system, suggested by the author, will allow to release all positive resources of a personality, state and social institutions, to define a perspective novelty of conservative political, economic and spiritual orientations and values being requested in today’s word. 
Keywords: national security of Russia, conservatism, state law ideology.
References
1. «Zlo ischeznet, kak tol'ko vo vsem Velichii Vystupit Rossiya». Zapiska M.N. Katkova Aleksandru III (“Evil will disappear, as soon as in all the Greatness Russia will perform”, Note by M.N. Katkov to Alexander III), Publ. V.L. Stepanova. Istochnik, 1994, No. 5, pp. 4-9.
2. Aksakov I.S. Den' (Day). 1862, No. 22.
3. Il'in I.A. Sobr. soch. : v 10 t. T. 2. Kn. 1. Nashi zadachi: Stat'i, 1948-1951 gg (Complete Works : in 10 Vol. V. 2. Book 1. Our tasks: Articles, 1948-1951). Moscow, Russkaya kniga, 1993. 
4. Ishanova M.V. Ideya vsemirnogo gosudarstva v otechestvennoi politiko-pravovoi mysli (M.A. Bakunin, A.D. Gradovskii, L.A. Tikhomirov) (The idea of a World State in the National Politico-Legal Thought (M.A. Bakunin, A.D. Gradovsky, L.A. Tikhomirov). Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki, kul'turologiya i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktik, 2014, No. 9-2 (47), pp. 71-74.
5. Katkov M.N. O samoderzhavii i konstitutsii (On the Autocracy and Constitution). Moscow, Pechatnya A.I. Snegirevoi, 1905.
6. Leont'ev K.N. Izbrannoe (Selection). Moscow, Rarog", Moskovskii rabochii, 1993. 
7. Men'shikov M.O. Natsional'naya imperiya (National Empire), sbornik statei. Moscow, Imperskaya traditsiya, 2004. 
8. Pobedonostsev K.P. Velikaya lozh' nashego vremeni (Great Lie of Our Time). Moscow, Russkaya kniga, 2004. 
9. Popov E.A. Russkii konservatizm: ideologiya i sotsial'no-politicheskaya praktika (Russian Conservatism: Ideology and Socio-Political Practice), dis. … d-ra filos. nauk. Rostov-na-Donu, 2006. 
10. Solonevich I.L. Narodnaya monarkhiya (The People's Monarchy). M., Institut russkoi tsivilizatsii, 2010.  
11. Tikhomirov L.A. Monarkhicheskaya gosudarstvennost'. Sobr. soch., v 4 ch., Ch. 1, Proiskhozh-denie i soderzhanie monarkhicheskogo printsipa (Monarchical Statehood. Complete Works in 4 Parts, Part 1. Origin and Content of the Monarchical Principle). Moscow, Universit. tip, 1905. 
12. Tikhomirov L.A. Poslednee pis'mo Stolypinu (The Last Letter to Stolypin). Rukovodyashchie idei russkoi zhizni. Moscow, Institut russkoi tsivilizatsii, 2008, pp. 461-466.
13. Fromm E. Begstvo ot svobody (Flight from Freedom), per s angl., obshch. red. i poslesl. P.S. Gurevicha. Moscow, Progress, 1989. 
14. Khomyakov D.A. Pravoslavie. Samoderzhavie. Narodnost' (Orthodoxy. Autocracy. Nationality). Minsk, Belarus. gramata, 1997.
Received: 27.03.2018
METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF INTERPRETING THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE INDIVIDUAL, SOCIETY AND STATE IN G.W.F. HEGEL’S 
EARLY WORKS
ISMAGILOV Igor Rashidovich
Corporate Lawyer of Eurasian Resources Group (Luxembourg).
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
YUBIN Igor Gennadievich
Postgraduate Student of the Law Institute (St. Petersburg), St. Petersburg, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Criticizing the methodological limitation of empiricism and rationalism, G.W.F. Hegel developed theoretical prerequisites for overcoming it on the basis of the concept of freedom as a universal spiritual entity. At the same time, he created an appropriate methodology for such an interpretation of the concept of freedom with its subsequent extrapolation to the problems of the relationship of the individual, society and state. The foundations of this approach were laid already in early works of the German scientist.
DEVELOPMENT OF VIEWS OF LEGAL NIHILISM
MAZITOV Artur Ildusovich
Postgraduate Student of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of Law of the FBSEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Legal nihilism is an actual problem of modern Russian society and state. Many legal theorists point out legal nihilism as one of the reasons for committing crimes, since it characterizes, by means of a low sense of justice, a lack of respect for the law, and preferential non-use of it in everyday life, when a person or group is primarily guided in their actions by traditions, political, economic or other interests, but not by law. In view of a great influence of legal nihilism on society and the state, the issues of studying and forming scientific ideas on legal nihilism are very relevant today. 
Key words: legal nihilism, legal culture, nihilism, denial of law, legal idealism, rule-of-law state, totalitarianism.
References
1. Umer odin iz avtorov Konstitutsii Rossii (One of the Authors of the Russian Constitution has died), Novostnoĭ portal vesti.ru: sait. Moscow, 2013. URL: http://www.vesti. ru/doc.html?id=1083904&1083904 (accessed date: 01.03.2018).
2. Matuzov N.I. Complete Works Obshchaya teoriya prava i gosudarstva. Pravovoi nigilizm i pravovoi idealism (General Theory of Law and State. Legal Nihilism and Legal Idealism). Moscow, Yurait, 1998.
3. Gorokhov P. A. Sotsial'naya priroda pravovogo nigilizma (Social Nature of Legal Nihilism). Orenburg, 1998.
4. Safonov V.G. Pravovoi nigilizm rabotnikov gosudarstvennogo apparata i puti ego preodoleniya (Legal Nihilism of Workers of the State Apparatus and Ways of Its Overcoming). Moscow, Universitet Rossiiskoi Akademii Obrazovaniya, 2004.
5. Nadezhdin N.I. Sonmishche nigilistov (The Crowd of Nihilists), Vestnik Evropy. SPb., Vestnik Evropy, 1829.
6. Dobrolyubov N.A. Chto takoe oblomovshchina. Sobranie sochinenii, v 9 t. (Complete Works, in 9 vols.). Moscow, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo khudozhestvennoi li-teratury, 1961. 
7. Koni A.F. Vospominaniya. Sobranie sochinenii, v 8 t. Т. 1. (Complete Works, in 8 vols.). Moscow, Yuridicheskaya literatura, 1963.
8. Gulina O.R. Fenomen pravovogo nigilizma v sovremennoi Rossii (The Phenomenon of Legal Nihilism in Modern Russia). Ufa, RIO BashGU, 2003.
9. Nitsshe F. Tak govoril Zaratustra. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii, v 13 t. Т. 10. (Complete Works, in 13 vols.). Moscow, Kul'turnaya revolyutsiya, 2016.
10. Shopengauer A. Parerga und paralipomena. Sobranie sochinenii, v 6 t. Т. 5. (Complete Works, in 6 vols.). Moscow, Dmitrii Sechin, 2012.
11. Shpengler O. Zakaz Evropy (Order of Europe). Moscow, AST, 2007. 
12. Klyuchevskii V.O. Kurs russkoi istorii. Sobranie sochinenii, v 9 t. Т. 2. (Complete Works, in 9 vols.). Moscow, Mysl', 1987. 
13. Platonov S.F. K istorii moskovskikh zemskikh soborov. Sobranie sochinenii, v 6 t. (Complete Works, in 6 vols.). Moscow, Nauka, 2017.
14. Poslanie Federal'nomu Sobraniyu Rossiiskoi Federatsii ot 05.11.2008 (Address to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation of 05.11.2008), Ofitsial'nyi sait Prezidenta Rossiiskoi Federatsii kremlin.ru. Moscow., 2008. URL://http://www.kremlin.ru/events/president/transcripts/1968 (accessed date: 01.03.2018).
Received: 25.01.2018
CONSTITUTIONAL AND MUNICIPAL LAW. CONSTITUTIONAL PROCEDURE.
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW AND ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIVITIES. INFORMATION LAW 
ON THE PRINCIPLES OF STATE AND MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION AS STRATEGY ELEMENTS FOR ITS DEVELOPMENT
LIPINSKIY Dmitry Anatolievich 
Doctor of Law, Professor, Professor of the Togliatti State University, Togliatti, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. 
The organizational and administrative activity of state bodies and civil servants has a legal form. Therefore, the principles of state governance in a certain part may coincide with the principles of the state and state bodies. Scientists try to develop fundamental differences between state functioning principles and state governance principals. Perhaps such a distinction should be made, but not at the level of general and systemic principles. It seems that the principle of mutual legal responsibility acts as one of the system principles on which the state as a whole is based, and even more so, if it aims to be a rule-of-law one and this principle is at the basis of the governance activity of state bodies and civil servants. The implementation of the principle of responsibility in state administration should be ensured by a system of relevant legal norms, otherwise it loses its implementation methods. At present, the principle of responsibility in state administration in a number of cases is still a declaration and is not provided with real implementation mechanisms.
THE CONCEPT OF “SILENT” TRANSFORMATION OF CONSTITUTIONAL LEGAL NORMS WITHOUT MAKING CHANGES, ADDITIONS AND AMENDMENTS TO THEM THROUGH INTERPRETING AND APPLYING LEGAL POSITIONS
MOKOSEEVA Marina Aleksandrovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, FSBEI HE “Mari State University”,
Yoshkar-Ola, Russia.
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This article is devoted to the development of the concept of transformation of constitutional legal norms without changes, additions and amendments directly to the text of normative acts. Moreover, the conception of transformation of constitutional norms means bringing changes, additions and amendments into legal acts without observing classical techniques and methods directly to the text of acts through: 1) interpretation of constitutional legal acts by constitutional and statutory courts, including the interpretation of the earlier decision; 2) application of legal positions of constitutional and statutory courts; 3) ratification of international legal acts and 4) implementation of foreign courts decisions. Nowadays we can observe the appearance of a new way of lawmaking, which is a transformation of constitutional legal norms without making changes, additions and amendments.
CURRENT ISSUES OF REGIONAL CONSTITUTIONAL CONTROL
KHYSHIKTUEV Oleg Valentinovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Head of the Department of International Law of the Buryat State University, Honoured Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Ulan-Ude, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Activities of the Constitutional courts in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation implement a principle of the federative state. In those constituent entities of the Federation where constitutional courts are established and function successfully, they operate within a single legal framework and exercise constitutional justice. On October 25th 1994, People’s Khural of the Republic of Buryatia adopted the law “On the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Buryatia”. Field of work of this Constitutional judicial body is identical to other courts functioning in different constituent entities of the federation. However, right now there is a debate about the necessity of the separate Constitutional court at the regional level. The problems that the court is facing now include lack of funding, lack of support from the parliament of the republic, and others. Finding solutions for these and other questions is the most pressing and crucial task, both for the Constitutional Court and regional authorities.
CIVIL AND FAMILY LAW. BUSINESS AND PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW. CIVIL AND ARBITRATION PROCESS
PROCUREMENT FOR PUBLIC NEEDS: THEORY AND PRACTICE
REVNOV Boris Alexandrovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law of the Law Institute (St.-Petersburg), Saint-Petersburg, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
KOMAROV Vladimir Sergeevich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of Civil Law and Procedure of the Law Institute (St.-Petersburg), Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
It is not an overstatement to say that the majority of budget money resources of all levels of public entities are realized precisely through the procedures provided for by Federal Law No. 44-FZ “On the contract system in the sphere of procurement of goods, works, services to ensure state and municipal needs” of Federal Law No. 44- FZ “On the contract system in the sphere of procurement of goods, works, services to ensure state and municipal needs”. We seldom look back upon the previous, less ambitious Federal Law of July 21, 2005, No. 94-FZ “On placing orders for the supply of goods, performing works, rendering services for state and municipal needs”. It would not be a big mistake to say that in its essence, Federal Law No. 94-FZ of July 21, 2005 regulated only that part of the procedures that Federal Law No. 44-FZ of April 5, 2013 refers to as “supplier's definition” that is, cumulative actions that are carried out by customers, starting with the placement of the procurement notice for public needs, or by sending an invitation to participate in the supplier’s definition (contractor, performer) and completing by entering into the contract. Despite the differences, the two Federal Laws have several very similar features in common.
ALTERNATIVE SANCTIONS IN CIVIL LAW
CHUKLOVA Elena Valerievna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Department of Business and Labour Law of the Togliatti State University, Togliatti, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Reviewing alternative sanctions in civil law is relevant in connection with the importance of determining their place and role in the system of responsibilities differentiating. It is of paramount importance to consider such categories as: “differentiation of responsibility”, “principle of differentiation of responsibility for civil offence”, “sanction”, “alternative sanction”, “civil law sanction”. The subject of the study is the norms of civil legislation, fixing sanctions for the appropriate types of offences and abuse of law, including alternative sanctions. The author analyzes decisions of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation on the application of civil penalties, as well as the practice of arbitration courts and courts of general jurisdiction. Civil law is characterized by a two-level alternativity, which involves choosing between several coercive measures and determining the amount of liability for breach of obligation. Alternative civil sanction can be characterized qualitatively and quantitatively.
CONSEQUENCES OF INVALIDITY OF LEGAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE BANKRUPT DEBTOR
IVANOVA Tatiana Konstantinovna
Postgraduate Student of the Chair of Civil Law of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir state University”, Sterlitamak, Russia.
E-mail:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
In the modern period in the civil law science there is no integral concept of the nature of consequences of invalidity of legal transactions of the bankrupt debtor. The uniform judicial practice of application of consequences of invalidity of transactions of the bankrupt debtor is not developed. The steady increase in bankruptcy cases of applications of arbitration managers, as well as temporary administrations of financial organizations for invalidation of transactions confirms the relevance and legal significance of the study of the consequences of invalidity of legal transactions of the bankrupt debtor. The consequences of invalidity of transactions of the bankrupt debtor established by rules of the Federal law of 26.10.2002 No. 127-FZ “On insolvency (bankruptcy)” reflect features of such legal transactions and are special. These consequences do not exclude the restorative nature of mandatory protective legal relations arising in connection with the use of these consequences. The content of such legal relations is a set of subjective restorative rights (claims) and obligations of the bankrupt debtor and his counterparty to an invalid transaction. The law, in fact, establishes a special, “bankruptcy” restitution, involving the obligation of the debtor's counterparty to return received from the debtor to bankruptcy assets and after such a return, the debtor's counterparty acquires the right of claim to the debtor, subject to inclusion in the register of creditors' claims. Such effects are of an intermediate nature between bilateral restitution and unilateral restitution. The results of the study can be used in theoretical researches aimed at determining the nature of invalid legal transactions of the bankrupt debtor.
INALIENABLE HUMAN RIGHT TO HOUSING
KHAIRLVARINA Lilia Ildarovna
Postgraduate Student, Chief Lawyer of the Legal Department of the Soviet District Administration of Urban District the Ufa City of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Ufa, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Human rights are the cornerstone of social transformations that have built modern civil society. Human rights are declared a universal value on both national and international levels. However, today’s world is not only a scene of triumph of human civil rights, but also a severe test of their enforcement mechanism. The XXI century has become a period of global recognition of human rights as a fundamental basis, as well as a period of their sheer defiance. During recent years, many criminal acts have spread globally and are undermining the basis of human rights, forcing to apply harsh response and raise the question about the possibility of a forced restriction of human rights. In terms of the research, special attention is given to the human right to housing – an inalienable civil right, which confirms the value and recognizes the importance of each person in the world. 
Key words: human rights to housing, freedom of choice of domicile.
References
1. Vseobshchaya deklaratsiya prav cheloveka, prinyata General'noi Assambleei OON 10.12.1948 g. (Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the UN General Assembly on 10.12.1948), Rossiiskaya gazeta. 1995. 5 aprelya.
2. Mezhdunarodnyi pakt ob ekonomicheskikh, sotsial'nykh i kul'turnykh pravakh, prinyat Rezolyutsiei 2200 A (XXI) Gen. Assamblei ot 16.12.1966 g. na 1496-om plenarnom zasedanii General'noi Assamblei OON (International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, adopted by Resolution 2200 A (XXI). Assembly of 16.12.1966 at the 1496th plenary meeting of the UN General Assembly), Mezhdunarodnaya zashchita prav i svobod cheloveka : sbornik dokumentov. Moscow, Yuridicheskaya literatura, 1990.
3. Mezhdunarodnyi pakt o grazhdanskikh i politicheskikh pravakh, prinyat 16.12.1966 g. Rezolyutsiei 2200 (XXI) na 1496-om plenarnom zasedanii General'noi Assamblei OON (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on 16.12.1966. Resolution 2200 (XXI) at the 1496th plenary meeting of the UN General Assembly), Rossiiskaya gazeta. 1995. No. 11.
4. Konventsiya o zashchite prav cheloveka i osnovnykh svobod, zaklyuchena v Rime 4.11.1950 g., s izmeneniyami ot 13.05.2004 g. (Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, concluded in Rome on 4.11.1950, with changes from 13.05.2004), Byulleten' mezhdunarodnykh dogovorov, 2001, No. 3.
5. Konstitutsiya Rossiiskoi Federatsii, prinyata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 g., s uchetom popravok, vnesennykh Zakonami Rossiiskoi Federatsii o popravkakh k Konstitutsii Rossiiskoi Federatsii ot 30.12. 2008 g. № 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 g. № 7-FKZ, ot 5.02.2014 g. № 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014 g. № 11-FKZ (The Constitution of the Russian Federation, adopted by popular vote on 12.12.1993, taking into account the amendments introduced by the Laws of the Russian Federation on Amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation of 30.12. 2008 No. 6-FKZ, from 30.12.2008 No. 7-FKZ, from 5.02.2014 No. 2-FKZ, from July 21, 2014 No. 11-FKZ), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federatsii, 2014, No. 31, St. 4398.
6. Grazhdanskii kodeks Rossiiskoi Federatsii (chast' pervaya) ot 30.11.1994 g. No. 51-FZ, v redaktsii ot 1.03.2016 g. (The Civil Code of the Russian Federation (Part One) of November 30, 1994 No. 51-FZ, as amended on March 1, 2016). Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federatsii, 1994, No. 32, St. 3301.
7. Zhilishchnyi kodeks Rossiiskoi Federatsii ot 29.12.2004 g. No. 188-FZ, v redaktsii ot 10.03.2016 g. (Housing Code of the Russian Federation No. 188-FZ of December 29, 2004, as amended on March 10, 2016), Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federatsii, 2005, No. 1 (ch. 1), St. 14.
8. Postanovlenie VS RSFSR ot 22.11.1991 g. No. 1920-1 «O Deklaratsii prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina» (Decree of the Supreme Court of the RSFSR of 22.11.1991 No. 1920-1 “On the Declaration of Rights and Freedoms of Man and Citizen”), Vedomosti SND RSFSR i VS RSFSR, 1991, No. 52, St. 1865.
9. Zakon Rossiiskoi Federatsii ot 25.06.1993 g. No. 5242-1, v redaktsii ot 01.02.2015 g. «O prave grazhdan Rossiiskoi Federatsii na svobodu peredvizheniya, vybor mesta zhitel'stva v predelakh Rossiiskoi Federatsii» (Law of the Russian Federation of June 25, 1993, No. 5242-1, as amended on 01.02.2015 “On the right of citizens of the Russian Federation to freedom of movement, choice of residence within the Russian Federation”), Vedomosti SND RF i VS RF, 1993, No. 32, St. 1227.
10. Postanovlenie Konstitutsionnogo Suda Rossiiskoi Federatsii ot 2.02.1998 g. No. 4-P. (Decree of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation from 2.02.1998 No. 4-P), Byulleten' Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF, 1998, No. 4.
11. Baru M.I., Pushkin A.A., Sibilev M.N. Ponyatie i yuridicheskaya priroda prava na zhilishche (The concept and legal nature of the right to housing), Osnovy sovetskogo zhilishchnogo zakonodatel'stva : Mezhvuzovskii sbornik nauchnykh trudov. Sverdlovsk, Izd-vo Ural. un-ta, 1981, pp. 56–61.
12. Grazhdanskie prava cheloveka: sovremennye problemy teorii i praktika (Civil Rights of Man: Modern Problems of Theory and Practice), pod red. F.M. Rudinskogo. Moscow, 2010. 
13. David R., Zhoffre-Spinozi K. Osnovnye pravovye sistemy sovremennosti (The Main Legal Systems of Our Time). Moscow, Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 1996. 
14. Pogodina T.I. Pravo na zhilishche (The Right to Housing), Pravosub"ektnost' po grazhdanskomu i khozyaistvennomu pravu, Mezhvuzovskii sbornik. Leningrad, Izd-vo Leningr. un-ta, 1983, pp. 94–103. 
15. Starodubtseva O.I. Pravo grazhdan na zhilishche: problemy realizatsii i zashchity (The Right of Citizens to Housing: Problems of Implementation and Protection), 35 let Rossiiskoi pravovoi akademii Ministerstva yustitsii Rossiiskoi Federatsii i ee rol' v razvitii yuridicheskogo obrazovaniya, materialy Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, v 2 t, T. 2. M., RPA MYu RF, 2005, pp. 59–67.
Received: 25.03.2018
CRIMINAL LAW AND CRIMINOLOGY. CRIMINAL EXECUTIVE LAW.CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
SIGNIFICANT VIOLATIONS OF THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE LAW WHEN VARYING A PRE-TRIAL RESTRAINT BY THE COURT SENTENCE AND THE COURT OF APPEAL
KURMANOV Midhat Mazgutovich
Doctor of Law, Professor of the Department of State Law Disciplines of the Kazan Institute (branch) of the All-Russian State University of Justice (RPA of the Ministry of Justice
of Russia), Kazan, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
The paper analyzes the violations of the criminal procedure law committed by the courts in the event of varying a pre-trial restraint from house arrest for arrest.  It resulted in the fact that convicted I. was held in custody without a court decision, unlawfully from 14 April 2016 to 26 September 2016, that is, within 5 months and 12 days. The violations of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation were committed both during sentencing and during appointing a hearing by the court of appeal and when considering a petition for varying a restraint. In making the final decision on September 26, 2016, the court of appeal stated: “At the same time, varying a pre-trial restraint for detention, the court, in violation of paragraph 10 of part 1 of Article 308 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation, did not indicate in the verdict that the pre-trial restraint is imposed prior to entry of judgment into legal force and these violations are subject to elimination”. The court of appeal on September 26, 2016 issued a private ruling on the fact of the law violation, indicating that the court, in violation of paragraph 10 of part 1 of Article 308 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, had not indicated in the operative part of the  judgment that the pre-trial restraint  had been varied before the judgment entered into legal force. Despite the fact that the violation of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation while varying the pre-trial restraint was recognized by the court of appeal in court ruling of September 26 and in a private ruling, the judge of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Tatarstan I.F. Zagidullin while considering a cassation complaint, states “According to the materials of the criminal case, the custody terms of I. were prolonged in strict compliance with legal requirements”.
Key words: pre-trial restraint order in the sentence, variation of pre-trial restraint by the court.
References
1. Yakovleva N.M. Znachenie reshenii Konstitutsionnogo Suda Rossiiskoi Federatsii v realizatsii pravozashchitnykh funktsii prokurora v Arkhiv Vakhitovskogo raionnogo suda g. Kazani. Ugolovnoe delo №52172/2016 (The Significance of the Decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation in the Implementation of the Human Rights Functions of the Prosecutor in the Archive of the Vakhitovskiy District Court of Kazan. Criminal Case No. 52172/2016).
2. Arkhiv Vakhitovskogo raionnogo suda g. Kazani. Ugolovnoe delo №52172/2016 (Archive of the Vakhitovskiy District Court of Kazan. Criminal Case No. 52172/2016).
3. Kolokolov N.I. Srok predvaritel'nogo rassledovaniya, soderzhanie pod strazhei: kriterii razumnosti (The Term of the Preliminary Investigation, Detention: Criterion of Reasonableness), Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo, 2014, No. 4, pp. 3-7.
4. Kurchenko V.N. Zaklyuchenie pod strazhu: tipichnye oshibki (Detention: Typical Mistakes), Zakonnost', 2015, No. 8 (970), pp. 41-45. 
5. Chervotkin A.S. Novaya apellyatsiya i zaklyuchenie pod strazhu (New Appeal and Detention),  Rossiiskii sud'ya, 2013, No. 7, pp. 6-10.
6. Kashepov V.P. Prodlenie zaklyucheniya pod stazhu v praktike Evropeiskogo suda po pravam cheloveka i Verkhovnogo Suda Rossiiskoi Federatsii (Extension of the Imprisonment in the Practice of the European Court of Human Rights and the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation), Kommentarii sudebnoi praktiki. Vyp. 16, pod red. K.B. Yaroshenko. Moscow, Yurid. literatura, 2011, pp. 250-278.
7. Dikarev I.S. Razreshenie sudom voprosa o mere presecheniya pri postanovlenii prigovora (The court's decision on the measure of restraint while attaining a verdict), Mirovoi sud'ya, 2008, No. 11, pp. 23–25.
8. Yakovleva N.M. Znachenie reshenii Konstitutsionnogo Suda Rossiiskoi Federatsii v realizatsii pravozashchitnykh funktsii prokurora v sudoproizvodstve (The Significance of the Decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation in the Implementation of the Human Rights Functions of the Prosecutor in Proceedings), Rossiiskii sud'ya, 2005, No. 5, pp. 30-34.
Received: 27.03.2018
USING THE RESULTS OF OBTAINING COMPUTER INFORMATION IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS
ALEKSANIN Alexander Sergeevich
Adjunct of the Department of Operative Search Activities of the St. Petersburg University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Major Case Investigator of the Russian MIA General Administration for the city of St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region, St. Petersburg,
Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Due to the possibility of obtaining computer information in criminal proceedings, it becomes urgent to study the features and procedures for using the results of obtaining computer information in criminal proceedings. Particular attention should be given to controversial issues of using the results of the above-mentioned activity in proving in criminal cases.
Key words: operative search science, operative search measures, obtaining computer information
References
1. Belousov A.V. Protsessual'noe oformlenie dokazatel'stv pri rassledovanii prestuplenii (Procedural Preparation of Evidence in Investigating Crimes). Moscow, 2001. 
2. Vinnichenko N.A., Zakhartsev S.I., Rokhlin V.I. Pravovaya reglamentatsiya ispol'zovaniya operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve (Legal Regulation of the Use of Operative Search Activity in Criminal Proceedings), pod red. V.P. Sal'nikova. Seriya: Teoriya i praktika operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti. Izd. 2-e. St. Petersburg, 2004. 
3. Dolya E.A. Ispol'zovanie v dokazyvanii rezul'tatov operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti (Using the Results of Operative Search Activity in Proving). Moscow, 1996. 
4. Dolya E.A. Formirovanie dokazatel'stv na osnove rezul'tatov operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti (Formation of Evidence based on the Results of Operative Search Activity). Moscow, 2009. 
5. Zakhartsev S.I., Medvedev V.N., Sal'nikov V.P. Snyatie informatsii s tekhnicheskikh kanalov svyazi: pravovye voprosy (Withdrawal of Information from Technical Channels of Communication: Legal Issues), pod obshch. red. V.P. Sal'nikova. Seriya: Teoriya i praktika operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti. St. Petersburg, 2004. 
6. Zakhartsev S.I. Nauka operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti: filosofskii, teoretiko-pravovoi i prikladnoi aspekty (The Science of Operative Search Activity: Philosophical, Theoretical-Legal and Applied Aspects). St. Petersburg, 2012. 
7. Zakhartsev S.I., Ignashchenkov Yu.Yu., Sal'nikov V.P. Operativno-rozysknaya deyatel'nost' v XXI veke (Operative Search Activity in the XXI Century), monografiya. Moscow, 2015. 
8. Kipnis N.M. Dopustimost' dokazatel'stv v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve (Admissibility of Evidence in Criminal Proceedings). Moscow, 1995. 
9. Kommentarii k FZ «Ob operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti» (Commentary to the Federal Law “On Operative Search Activity”), otv. red. A.Yu. Shumilov. Moscow, 1997. 
10. Korenevskii Yu.V., Tokareva M.E. Ispol'zovanie rezul'tatov operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti v dokazyvanii po ugolovnym delam (Use of the Results of Operative Search Activity in Proving in Criminal Cases). Moscow, 2000. 
11. Mikhailov V.I. Kontroliruemaya postavka kak operativno-rozysknaya operatsiya (Controlled Delivery as an Operative Search Operation). Moscow, 1998. 
12. Novikov S.A. Pokazaniya obvinyaemogo v sovremennom ugolovnom protsesse Rossii (Testimony of the accused in the Modern Criminal Process in Russia). SPb., 2004. 
13. Osnovy operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti, uchebnik (Fundamentals of Operative Search Activity: Textbook), pod red. S.V. Stepashina. St. Petersburg, 1999. 
14. Federal'nyi zakon ob operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti, nauchno-prakticheskii kommentarii (Federal Law on Operative Search Activity: Scientific and Practical Commentary), pod red. I.N. Zubova, V.V. Nikolyuka. Moscow, 1999.
Received: 02.04.2018
TO THE ISSUE OF ENSHRINING THE CONCEPT “TECHNICAL FACILITIES” IN CRIMINAL PROCEDURE LAW
AMINEVA Zulfiya Farisovna
Degree-Seeking Student of the Department of Criminal Procedure of the FSBEI HE “Ural State Law University”, Yekaterinburg, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
The problem of using technical facilities in law enforcement activities has always attracted the attention of scientists and experts. At the same time, the current criminal procedure legislation needs additional scientific researches. The foregoing has predetermined the necessity for a legal analysis of views on understanding “technical facilities” in criminal procedure. The paper examines the criteria for forming the concepts “technical facilities”, “scientific and technical facilities” and “technical and forensic facilities”. The author gives her viewing of the concepts and their correlation. In the article, special attention is paid to the analysis of the requirements for technical facilities in criminal procedure. The author formulates certain proposals for improving the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation aimed at the legislative recognition of the concept “technical facilities”. The author's definition of "technical facilities” is proposed.
PROPERTY SANCTIONS IN THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW
KABANOVA Lyudmila Nikolaevna
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law of the Institute of Law, Togliatti State University. Togliatti, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
KABANOV Pavel Aleksandrovich
Candidate of Sciences, Assistant Professor of the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure of the Institute of Law, Togliatti State University. Togliatti, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Property sanctions against a legal entity that has violated the law currently exist in world practice and can be applied to a legal entity, both within the framework of sanctions of criminal law and administrative rules. In the Russian Federation, they can be also applied within other legislative regulation. Determining the place of property sanctions in the system of measures of impact of criminal and other regulations applied to collective entities, it can be stated (based primarily on foreign experience) that property sanctions are a very effective tool to ensure the formation of a “healthy” distribution of the market of goods and services in new economic conditions. Such measures allow to delimit the financial benefit of criminal activity, protecting the state economic system. This study, in our opinion, provides the basis for the theoretical justification of the independence of such a type of legal responsibility as economic responsibility, and such a legal category as “property sanctions”, which are designed to regulate economic relations, mainly with the participation of collective entities, which undoubtedly requires further scientific research and justification.
Key words: property sanctions, criminal law regulation, measure of legal, economic, civil liability, administrative law, financial law.
References
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3. Arslanbekova A.Z. Nalogovye sanktsii v sisteme mer finansovo-pravovoi otvetstvennosti (Tax Sanctions in the System of Measures of Financial and Legal Responsibility), dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Makhachkala, 2001. Kollektsiya RGB. URL: https://dlib.rsl.ru/01002293401 (accessed date: 04.02.2018).
4. Volzhenkin, B.V. K voprosu o sub"ekte korruptsionnykh pravonarushenii po proektu Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiiskoi Federatsii (On the Issue of the Subject of Corruption Offenses Under the Draft Criminal Code of the Russian Federation), Aktual'nye problemy bor'by s korruptsiei i organizovannoi prestupnost'yu v sfere ekonomiki, materialy nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, 18-19 aprelya 1995 g. Vyp. 1. M., Moskovskii in-t MVD Rossii, 1995, pp. 50-57.
5. Golovanova N.A., Eremin V.N., Ignatova M.A. Ugolovnoe pravo zarubezhnykh stran. Obshchaya i Osobennaya chasti (Criminal Law of Foreign Countries. General and Special Parts), uchebnik. M., Volters Kluver, 2010. EBS «IPRbooks». URL: http://www.iprbookshop.ru/16807.html (accessed date: 04.02.2018).
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10. Ugolovnoe pravo Rossiiskoi Federatsii. Obshchaya chast' (Criminal Law of the Russian Federation. The General Part), uchebnik dlya vuzov. N.N. Belokobyl'skii [i dr.]. M., Statut, 2014. EBS «IPRbooks». URL: http://www.iprbookshop.ru/29091.html (accessed date: 04.02.2018).
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Received: 29.03.2018
REDUCING NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF AMNESTY IN RESPECT OF VICTIMS' RIGHTS AND COMPENSATION FOR MATERIAL LOSSES CAUSED BY THE CRIME
KOKHMAN Dmitry Vadimovich
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Penal Law of the “Academy of Law and Management of the Federal Penal Service 
of Russia”, Ryazan, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Persons who are recognized as victims in criminal cases are entitled to receive compensation for the harm inflicted by the crime and to demand a fair punishment for the perpetrators. The policy of the Russian state in the criminal sphere can not do without the issuance of acts of amnesty. The legislator and authors of draft amnesty decrees ignore the issues of restoring material damage and victims’ rights. As a result, potentially amnestied individuals are not interested in making up losses caused by the crime. The author concludes that the prevention of negative consequences will become possible if persons convicted for committing crimes connected with causing serious harm to health or causing death will be required to obtain the victim’s  consent to apply for early parole.
Key words: amnesty, act of amnesty, amnesty decree, restoration of material damage, victims’ rights, harm to health, infliction of death.
References
1. Aleksandrov Yu. Amnistiya dolzhna byt' (Amnesty should be), Prestuplenie i nakazanie, 2007, No. 11, pp. 18-19.
2. Askerov E. Akty ob amnistii i pomilovanii (Acts of Amnesty and Pardon), Zakonnost', 2005, No. 11, pp. 53-54.
3. Zhogoleva E.V. Izmenenie obstanovki pri proizvodstve po ugolovnomu delu (Change in the Situation in Criminal Proceedings), dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2006.
4. Kolokolov N.A. Ugolovnaya politika: zagadochnaya ochevidnost' (Criminal Policy: Mysterious Evidence), monografiya. Moscow, «Yurlitinform», 2014. 
5. Kolomol'tseva A.A. Ivashkina E.A. Institut amnistii: pravovaya priroda i problemy primeneniya v sovremennoi Rossii (Institute of Amnesty: Legal Nature and Problems of Application in Modern Russia), Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naya sistema: pravo, ekonomika, upravlenie, 2012, No.  3, pp. 22-26.
6. Polishchuk N.I. Funktsional'naya tsennost' printsipa pravovoi opredelennosti v normotvorcheskoi politike gosudarstva (Functional Value of the Principle of Legal Certainty in the Normative Policy of the State), Pravovoe gosudarstvo, 2017, No. 4 (50), pp. 115-121.
7. Skoblikov P. Amnistiya v kontekste vozmeshcheniya vreda, prichinennogo prestupleniem (Amnesty in the Context of Compensation for Harm Caused by Crime), Ugolovnyi protsess, 2014, No. 5, pp. 62-68.
8. Skutina E.V. Amnistiya v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve (Amnesty in Criminal Proceedings), dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2008.
9. Ugolovnyi kodeks Kitaiskoi Narodnoi Respubliki ot 14.03.1997 g. (The Criminal Code of the People's Republic of China of 14 March 1997), pod red. A.I. Korobeeva, per. s kitaiskogo D.V. Vichikova. St. Petersburg, Yuridicheskii tsentr Press, 2001.
10. Ugolovnyi kodeks Frantsii (The Criminal Code of France). St. Petersburg, Yuridicheskii tsentr Press, 2002.
11. Pensky M. Jus Post Bellum and Amnesties. Larry May Editor, Jus Post Bellum. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, pp. 4–8.
Received: 29.03.2018
FORENSICS. FORENSIC ACTIVITIES. OPERATIVE SEARCH ACTIVITY
TYPICAL INVESTIGATIVE SITUATIONS AND PLANNING OF INVESTIGATIONS INTO MURDERS, CONNECTED TO ARSON 
FAYZULLINA Alina Anisovna
Candidate of Science (Law), Assistant Professor of the Chair of Forensics of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State 
University“, Ufa, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
For effective, consistent, tactically competent carrying out investigative actions, operative search activities while investigating murders involving arson, it is important for the investigator to know typical investigative situations that arise at certain investigative stages. Depending on typical investigative situations occurring at the initial and subsequent stages of crime investigation, model versions are put forward concerning the location of evidential information, alleged criminal, motives and purposes of the crime and other circumstances of the past event, in accordance with which further investigation is planned. The paper focuses on the analysis of typical investigative situations of the initial stage of the investigation into murders connected to arson; the correct assessment of these crimes contributes to the completeness of the versions, determination of the correct direction of criminal investigation. 
Key words: typical investigative situations, model investigative versions, investigation planning, murder, arson, criminal identity.
References
1. Belkin R.S. Kurs kriminalistiki, v 3 t. T. 3. Kriminalisticheskie sredstva, priemy i rekomendatsii (Course of Forensics: in 3 V. V. 3. Forensic Means, Techniques and Recommendations). Moscow, 1997. 
2. Kim D.V. Problemy teorii i praktiki razresheniya kriminalisticheskikh situatsii v protsesse raskrytiya, predvaritel'nogo rassledovaniya i sudebnogo rassmotreniya ugolovnykh del (Problems of Theory and Practice of Resolving Criminal Situations in the Process of Disclosure, Preliminary Investigation and Judicial Review of Criminal Cases), avtoref. dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. Omsk, 2009.  
3. Faizullina A.A. Metodika rassledovaniya umyshlennogo unichtozheniya ili povrezhdeniya chuzhogo imushchestva, sovershennogo putem podzhoga, monografiya (Methodology for Investigating Intentional Destruction or Damage to Property of Others Committed by Arson: monograph), nauch. red. A.N. Khalikova. Moscow, Izdatel'stvo Yurlitinform, 2017.  
4. Drapkin L.Ya., Karagodin V.N. Kriminalistika (Forensics). Moscow, Prospekt, 2011.   
5. Popov V.L. Rassledovanie ubiistv, sokrytykh podzhogami (Investigation of Murders Concealed by Arson), dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Minsk, 1993.  
Received: 04.04.2018
FORENSIC TACTICS IN VIEW OF EXTENDING SUBJECT AREA OF FORENSIC INVESTIGATIONS
SHAGIMURATOVA Zaliya Albertovna 
Senior Instructor of the Chair of Financial and Environmental  Law of the Institute of Law of the FBSEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia. E-mail:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Due to its synthetic nature and the possibility of using its provisions in any field of practical legal activity, directly or indirectly related to the establishment of the nature of the offense, proving grounds of liability for it, forensics can be actual in almost all areas of law enforcement, where there is a need to collect, verify and assess information about the circumstances of a tort, involvement in it and certain persons’ guilt. Moreover, in border areas of legal regulation preceding criminal proceedings, administrative procedures, lack of coordination of the efforts applied on a practical level sometimes leads to the loss of significant evidence, as forensic provisions do not apply to those activities that, in terms of implementing public functions, but outside of criminal proceedings are aimed at identifying offences with the uncertainty of the final outcome: what will be revealed – signs of a crime or an administrative offense or even the absence of the event and the composition of both.
Key words: interrogation, tactics of exposure, investigator, forensic tactics, interrogation tactics, crime, forensics, offense, relevance, theoretical and evidentiary concept.
References
1. Baev M.O. Taktika ugolovnogo presledovaniya i professional'noi zashchity ot nego. Prokurorskaya taktika. Advokatskaya taktika (The Tactics of Criminal Prosecution and Professional Defense against It. Prosecutorial Tactics. Advocacy Tactics), nauch.-prakt. posobie. Moscow, Ekzamen, 2005. 
2. Belkin R.S. Kurs kriminalistiki (Course of Forensics), v 3 t. T. 2. Chastnye kriminalisticheskie teorii (Private Forensic Theories). Moscow, Yurist", 1997. 
3. Vasil'ev A.N. Sledstvennaya taktika (Investigative Tactics). Moscow, Yurid. lit., 1976. 
4. Gross G. Rukovodstvo dlya sudebnykh sledovatelei kak sistema kriminalistiki (Manual for Forensic Investigators as a Forensic System), per. s nem. L. Dudkina, B. Zillera. 4-e izd. St. Petersburg, Tip. M. Merkusheva, 1908. 
5. Dakov S.V. Kriminalisticheskaya taktika (genezis i perspektivy razvitiya) (Forensic Tactics (Genesis and Development Prospects), dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. St. Petersburg, 1999. 
6. Karagodin V.N. O prakticheskom znachenii kontseptual'nykh polozhenii ob ob"ekte i predmete kriminalisticheskoi taktiki (On the Practical Significance of Conceptual Provisions on the Object and Subject of Forensic Tactics), Aktual'nye problemy kriminalisticheskoi taktiki, mater. Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. Moskva, 28 marta 2014 g. Moscow, Yurlitinform, 2014, pp. 108–111. 
7. Karlov V.Ya. Kriminalisticheskaya taktika (Forensic Tactics), ucheb. posobie dlya bakalavrov, pod nauch. red. d-ra yurid. nauk, prof., zasl. deyatelya nauki RF O.A. Zaitseva. Moscow, Yurlitinform, 2013. 
8. Knyaz'kov A.S. Problemy predmeta kriminalisticheskoi taktiki (Problems of the Subject of Forensic Tactics), Aktual'nye problemy bor'by s prestupleniyami i inymi pravonarusheniyami, 2016, No. 4-1, pp. 18–20. 
9. Komissarov V.I. Aktual'nye problemy sledstvennoi taktiki (Actual Problems of Investigative Tactics), dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. Saratov, 1989. 
10. Komissarov V.I. Kriminalisticheskaya taktika: istoriya, sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya (Forensic Tactics: History, Current State and Development Prospects). Moscow, Yurlitinform, 2009. 
11. Polstovalov O.V. Sovremennye problemy kriminalisticheskoi taktiki (Modern Problems of Forensic Tactics), pod nauch. red. d-ra yurid. nauk prof. V.I. Komissarova. Moscow, Yurlitinform, 2009. 
12. Tsentrov E.E. Paradigma kriminalisticheskoi taktiki i ee osnovnye ponyatiya (The Paradigm of Forensic Tactics and Its Basic Concepts), Izvestiya Tul'sk. gos. un-ta. Ser. «Ekonomicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki», 2016, No. 3-2, pp. 137–144. 
13. Shepit'ko V.Yu. Kriminalistika v sisteme nauchnogo znaniya: zadachi i nekotorye tendentsii v sovremennykh usloviyakh (Forensic Science in the System of Scientific Knowledge: Tasks and Some Trends in Modern Conditions), Biblioteka kriminalista, 2012, No. 3 (4), pp. 27–36. 
14. Yakushin S.Yu. Aktual'nye problemy taktiko-kriminalisticheskogo obespecheniya ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva v sovremennykh usloviyakh (Actual Problems of Tactical and Forensic Support of Criminal Justice in Modern Conditions), Kriminalistika XX stolittya, mater. mizhnar. nauk.-prakt. konf. 25–26 listop. 2010 r. Kharkіv, Pravo, 2010, pp. 554–560.
Received: 15.05.2018
FINANCIAL AND BUDGETARY LAW. BANKING AND MONETARY LAW. TAX LAW
SOME PROBLEMS OF INTRODUCING PERFORMANCE-BASED CONTRACTS OF EMPLOYMENT INTO HEALTH CARE SERVICE
ENIKEEV Oleg Anatolievich
Candidate of Science (Law), Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Chair of Civil Law and Procedure of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir Academy of State Service and Administration under the Head of the Republic of Bashkortostan”, Ufa, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ENIKEEVA Svetlana Akhmetovna
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy
of Natural Sciences, Ufa, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
In 2018, performance-based contracts of employment for all health workers have been introduced. At the same time, the problems of quality of medical care and payment for labour of health workers are not thoroughly resolved. The authors identify the following problems of introducing performance-based contracts of employment into health care service: 1. There is no basic payment for a health worker under a performance-based contract of employment, allowing him\her to work only in one place; 2. Performance-based contracts of employment for health workers do not specify criteria of patients recovery; 3. The real salary of medical workers is on average 2 times lower than it is reported by the Ministry of Health Care of the Russian Federation; 4. The transition to per capita principle of financing medical institutions has increased the workload of health workers and has not  improved the quality of medical care. The authors propose: 1. The basic part of the salary in an performance-based contract of employment should be fixed in the amount of 70%; 2. The average hourly wage of health workers should be bound to the average hourly wage through a constituent entity of the Russian Federation in the light of May Decrees of the President of the Russian Federation; 3. The basic criterion of the incentive part of the performance-based contract of employment should be the recovery (health) of the patient; 4. Health workers should be prohibited to have a second job more than at the rate of 0.5; 5. Unified Federal performance-based contracts of employment for each type of medical institutions should be developed.
Key words: labor law, medical law, health worker, performance-based contract of employment, salary, payment for labour. 
References
1. Migunova Yu.V. Problemy i protivorechiya kadrovogo obespecheniya medicinskih organizacij (Problems and Contradictions of Staffing of Medical Organizations), Obshchestvo: sociologiya, psihologiya, pedagogika, 2017, No. 10, pp. 47-51.
2. Molotkov Yu.I., Tockaya E.G. Kontraktnaya sistema oplaty truda kak instrument upravleniya razvitiem medicinskih organizacij v sub"ektah Rossijskoj Federacii (Contract System of Remuneration as a Tool of Management of Development of Medical Organizations in the Constituent Entities of the Russian Federation), Regional'naya ehkonomika: teoriya i praktika, 2015, No. 47 (422), pp. 32-46.
3. Mironov S.P., Arutyunov A.T., Egorova I.A. i dr. Sravnitel'naya kolichestvennaya ocenka ehffektivnosti deyatel'nosti poliklinik Upravleniya delami Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii (Comparative Quantitative Assessment of the Effectiveness of the Clinics of the Office of the President of the Russian Federation), Kremlevskaya medicina. Klinicheskij vestnik, 2008, No. 2, pp. 69–79.
4. Starodubov V.I. Problemy transformacii sushchestvuyushchih sistem oplaty truda v celyah vnedreniya ehffektivnogo kontrakta v zdravoohranenie (The Problems of Transformation of Existing Wage Systems in Order to Implement a Performance-Based Contract of Employment in Health Care Service), Menedzher zdravoohraneniya, 2013, No. 2, pp. 6–15.
5. Starodubov V.I. Effektivnyj kontrakt v zdravoohranenii: vozmozhnosti i riski (Performance-Based Contract of Employment in Health Care Service: Advantages and Risks), Menedzher zdravoohraneniya, 2013, No. 3, pp. 6–15.
6. Kalabina E.G. Politika stimuliruyushchej oplaty truda v byudzhetnyh medicinskih uchrezhdeniyah (The Policy of Incentive Pay in Budgetary Medical Institutions), Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika, 2016, No. 1, pp. 120-128.
7. Biryukova N.B. Innovacionnye aspekty upravleniya sistemoj zdravoohraneniya sovremennoj Rossii. Nacional'naya praktika i mezhdunarodnyj opyt (Innovative Aspects of Health Care System Management in Modern Russia. National Practice and International Experience), monografiya. Moscow, Ekslibris-Press, 2007. 
8. Vyakina I.V., Aleksandrov G.A. Modernizaciya rossijskoj ehkonomiki: problemy i resheniya (Modernization of the Russian Economy: Problems And Solutions), Rossijskoe predprinimatel'stvo, 2010, No.8-2, pp. 19–23.
9. Rastorgueva T.I., SHCHepin V.O. Perspektivnaya model' upravleniya chelovecheskimi resursami medicinskogo uchrezhdeniya (Perspective Model of Human Resources Management of Medical Institutions), Problemy social'noj gigieny, zdravoohraneniya i istorii mediciny, 2009, No. 1, pp. 27–31.
10. Nesterov S.E. Perekhod na ehffektivnyj kontrakt (Transition to a Performance-Based Contract of Employment), Oplata truda v gosudarstvennom (municipal'nom) uchrezhdenii: buhgalterskij uchet i nalogooblozhenie, 2013, No. 11, pp. 18–28.
11. Guseva S.L. Sovershenstvovanie upravleniya chelovecheskimi resursami kak strategicheskij imperativ lechebnogo uchrezhdeniya (Improvement of Human Resources Management as a Strategic Imperative of Medical Institutions), Organizacionnye osnovy kadrovoj politiki v zdravoohranenii Rossijskoj Federacii, sbornik nauchnih trudov. M., 2012, pp. 30-40.
12. Siburina T.A. Mobilizaciya tvorcheskogo potenciala vrachebnyh kadrov – strategicheskoe napravlenie kadrovoj politiki v zdravoohranenii (Mobilization of Creative Potential of Medical Staff is a Strategic Direction of Personnel Policy in Health Care), Social'nye aspekty zdorov'ya naseleniya, 2016, No. 4, pp. 10.
13. Akishkin V.G., Zverev V.V., Nabiev R.A. Teoretiko-konceptual'nye osnovy povysheniya ehffektivnosti regulirovaniya trudovyh otnoshenij v medicinskih organizaciyah (Theoretical and Conceptual Basis for Improving the Efficiency of Regulation of Labor Relations in Medical Organizations), Vestnik Astrahanskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika, 2018, No. 1, pp. 18-27.
14. Romanchuk I.G. Oplata truda i motivaciya medicinskogo personala v usloviyah perekhoda na ehffektivnyj kontrakt (Remuneration and Motivation of Medical Staff in the Conditions of Transition to a Performance-Based Contract of Employment), Upravlencheskoe konsul'tirovanie, 2014, No. 10, pp. 95-101.
Received: 14.05.2018
THE RULE OF LAW AS A FACTOR OF INNOVATIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
DAVYDOVA Ekaterina Aleksandrovna
Postgraduate student, Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Federal State-Funded  Educational Institution of Higher Education “Ural Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation”, Yekaterinburg, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
An urgent task of modern jurisprudence is searching for legal factors and conditions that contribute to the transition of the Russian economy to an innovative development path. The implementation of the rule of law is seen as one of such factors. The author analyzes the influence of the rule of law on innovative development and proves its adaptation in the countries of continental law (on the example of Germany). The main role of the rule of law in innovative development consists in formation of three necessary legal elements of the innovative economy: a regulated institutional environment, interrelated normative means and judicial practice on innovation issues. In the Russian Federation, the principle of the rule of law is given undeservedly little attention, which impedes effective functioning of economic, legal and public institutions.
Key words: rule of law, rule-of-law state, innovative economy, institutions, regulation, factors, development.
References
1. Beljaeva O.M. Politiko-pravovye vozzrenija I. Kanta (Politico-legal Views of I. Kant), Vestnik Permskogo universiteta, 2014, No. 1(23), pp. 23-28.
2. Novikova E.V., Fedotov A.G., Rozentsvaig A.V, Subbotin M.A. Verkhovenstvo prava kak faktor ekonomiki: mezhdunarodnaya kollektivnaya monografiya (The Rule of Law as a Factor of the Economy: International Collective Monograph). Moscow, Mysl', 2013.
3. Volynkina M. V. Innovatsionnoe zakonodatel'stvo Rossii (Innovative Legislation of Russia). Moscow, Aspekt, 2005.
4. Gorodov O. A. Pravovaya innovatika. Pravovoe regulirovanie innovatsionnoi deyatel'nosti (Legal innovation. Legal Regulation of Innovation Activity). SPb, OOO “Universitetskii izdatel'skii konsortsium Yuridicheskaya kniga”, 2008.
5. Ob utverzhdenii Strategii innovacionnogo razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2020 goda (Order of the Government of the Russian Federation “On the Approval of the Strategy for Innovative Development of the Russian Federation for the Period to 2020”). Available at: http://www.//rg.ru/2012/01/03/innov-razvitie-site-dok.html (Accessed 3 February 2018).
6. Ob utverzhdenii Koncepcii dolgosrochnogo social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2020 goda (Order of the Government of the Russian Federation “On the Approval of the Concept of Long-Term Social and Economic Development of the Russian Federation for the Period to 2020”). Available at: http://government.consultant.ru/page.aspx?986081. (Accessed 3 February 2018).
7. Rayanov F.M. Teoriya pravovogo gosudarstva: problemy modernizatsii: monografiya (Theory of the Rule-of-Law State: Modernization Problems: Monograph), Ufa, AN RB, Gilem, 2010.
8. Sokolov A.N. Kotkovskii L.E. O printsipakh pravovogo gosudarstva (On the Principles of the Rule-of-Law State), Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. 2013, No. 9, pp. 71-81.
9. Strategie 158. Social and Ecological Market Economy Principles in German Development Policy. Available at: https://www.bmz.de/en/publications/archiv/type_of_publication/ strategies/konzept 158.pdf (accessed 12 February 2018).
10. Strategies 178. Promotion of Good Governance in German Development Policy. Available at: https://www.bmz.de/en/publications/archiv/type_of_publication/strategies/konzept 178.pdf (accessed 12 February 2018).
11. Udartsev S. F. Temirbekov Zh.R. Kontseptsii «Rule of Law» («verkhovenstvo prava») i «Rechtsstaat» («pravovoe gosudarstvo»): sravnitel'nyi analiz (Concepts "Rule of Law" and "Rechtsstaat": Comparative Analysis), Gosudarstvo i pravo, 2015, No. 5, pp. 5-16.
12. Hayek F.A. fon. Doroga k rabstvu (The road to Slavery), per.s angl., Moscow, Novoe izdatel'stvo, 2005.
Received: 28.03.2018
TO THE ISSUE OF THE PROBLEMS OF IMPLEMENTING THE STATE PROGRAM OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF CRIMEA 
GOROKHOVA Svetlana Sergeevna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Department of Legal Regulation of Economic Operations of the FSEBI HE “Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation”, Moscow, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
POPOVA Anna Vladislavovna
Doctor of Law, Candidate of Sciences (Philosophy), Associate Professor, Professor of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE  “Bashkir State University”; Professor of the Department of Legal Regulation of Economic Operations of the FSEBI “Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation”; Professor of the Department of Constitutional Law of the Institute of Law and National Security of the FSEBI HE “Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy And Public
 Administration”, Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
State strategic planning in the sphere of tourism development in the Russian Federation for 2017-2020 covers the main aspects of the State Program for the Development of Resorts and Tourism in the Republic of Crimea, which have recently become especially relevant. In this regard, it becomes necessary to analyze the current state of the resort and tourist complex of the Republic of Crimea, identify key areas of the “road map” for tourism development in the region, study target indicators and indicators for the development of resorts and tourism, as defined by the State Program for the Development of Resorts and Tourism in the Republic of Crimea.
Key words: Republic of Crimea, tourism, state strategy, road map for tourism development, target indicators and indicators of the development of resorts and tourism.
References
1. Postanovlenie Soveta ministrov Respubliki Krym ot 29 dekabrya 2016 g. No. 650 «Ob utverzhdenii Gosudarstvennoi programmy razvitiya kurortov i turizma v Respublike Krym na 2017–2020 gody» (Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Crimea of December 29, 2016 No. 650 “On the Approval of the State Program for the Development of Resorts and Tourism in the Republic of Crimea for 2017-2020”) (v red. 27.11.2017 g.). URL: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/ (accessed date: 03.01.2018).
2. Rasporyazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 31.05.2014 No. 941-r (red. ot 26.10.2016 g.) «Ob utverzhdenii Strategii razvitiya turizma v Rossiiskoi Federatsii na period do 2020 goda» (Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 941-r of May 31, 2014 (as amended on October 26, 2016) “On the Approval of the Strategy for the Development of Tourism in the Russian Federation for the Period until 2020”). URL: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/ (accessed date: 03.01.2018).
3. Ponomarenko T.A., Volkova T.A., Karpova Yu.I. Osnovnye pokazateli razvitiya sanatorno-kurortnogo kompleksa Respubliki Krym i Krasnodarskogo kraya (Main Indicators of the Development of the Sanatorium and Resort Complex of the Republic of Crimea and the Krasnodar Territory), Molodoi uchenyi, 2016, No. 17, pp. 445-450.
4. Shil'chenko T.N. Perspektivy razvitiya turistskikh klasterov v RF (Prospects for the Development of Tourist Clusters in the Russian Federation), Vestnik Taganrogskogo instituta upravleniya i ekonomiki, 2015, No. 1 (21), pp. 65-70.
Received: 25.04.2018
POLITICAL AND LEGAL VIEWS OF NIKLAS LUHMANN
SALNIKOV Viktor Petrovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal “Legal Science: History and Modernity”, St. Petersburg, Russia
 E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ROMANOVSKAYA Vera Borisovna
Doctor of Law, Professor, Head of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod (National Research University), Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
SHEPOTKINA-MARININA
Tatyana Vladimirovna
Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod (National Research University), Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
This paper is devoted to the study of N. Luhmann’s ideas of the nature of legal and political phenomena. Theoretical provisions developed by the researcher represent noteworthy versions of modern sociological type of legal consciousness. The authors review the central issues of the concept: how the law separates itself from other subsystems of society; power as the centre of system relations; the problem of correlation between law and policy.
Key words: sociology, legal system, communication, politics, law, contingency, power, communication, syncretism.
References
1. Antonovskii A.Yu. Obshchestvo kak obshchenie i razobshchenie. Posleslovie k knige N. Luman «Differentsiatsiya» (Society as Communication and Separation. Epilogue to N. Luhmann's Book “Differentiation”). Moscow, Logos, 2006.
2. Akhiezer A.S. Rossiya: kritika istoricheskogo opyta (Sotsiokul'turnaya dinamika Rossii). T 1. Ot proshlogo k budushchemu (Russia: Criticism of Historical Experience (Sociocultural Dynamics of Russia). V 1. From the Past to the Future), 2-e izd. pererab. i dop. Novosibirsk, Sibirskii khronograf, 1997. 
3. Galiev F.Kh. O sinkretizme pravovoi kul'tury (On Syncretism of Legal Culture), Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2013, No. 4 (34), pp. 36-73.
4. Galiev F.Kh. Pravovaya kul'tura: sotsial'no-filosofskie problemy (Legal Culture: Socio-Philosophical Problems), Mir politiki i sotsiologii, 2016, No. 7, pp. 182-190.
5. Galiev F.Kh. Sinkretizm pravovoi kul'tury sovremennoi Rossii: teoretiko-metodologicheskoe i istoriko-prikladnoe issledovanie (Syncretism of Legal Culture of Modern Russia: Theoretical and Methodological and Historic-Applied Research), avtoref. dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. M., Rossiiskaya akademiya narodnogo khozyaistva i gosudarstvennoi sluzhby pri Prezidente Rossiiskoi Federatsii, 2014.
6. Galiev F.Kh. Sinkretizm sovremennoi pravovoi kul'tury (Syncretism of Modern Legal Culture), monografiya. Ufa, RITs BashGU, 2011. 
7. Ideya spravedlivosti v traditsiyakh postklassicheskoi filosofii prava (The Idea of Justice in the Traditions of Postclassical Philosophy of Law), nauchnoe izdanie. R.F. Ismagilov, D.V. Maslennikov, V.P. Sal'nikov, S.I. Zakhartsev, M.V. Sal'nikov, L.K. Petrosyan, A.V. Chernyaeva. SPb., Fond «Universitet», 2012.  
8. Ismagilov R.F., Sal'nikov V.P. Pravo i spravedlivost': istoricheskie traditsii i sovremennye modeli (Istoriko-pravovoi analiz teoreticheskikh issledovanii aktual'nykh voprosov otnosheniya idei prava i idei spravedlivosti v XX-XXI vv.) (Law and Justice: Historical Traditions and Modern Models (Historical and Legal Analysis of Theoretical Studies of Topical Issues of the Relationship between the Idea of Law and the Idea of Justice in the XX and XXI Centuries)), monografiya. St. Petersburg, Fond «Universitet», 2017. (Seriya: «Nauka i obshchestvo»).
9. Lapaeva V.V. Sotsiologiya prava (Sociology of Law). Moscow, 2008.
10. Luman N. Vlast' (Power). Moscow, Praksis, 2001.
11. Luman N. Differentsiatsiya (Differentiation). Moscow, Logos, 2006.
12. Luman N. Obshchestvo obshchestva. Ch. I. Obshchestvo kak sotsial'naya sistema (Society of Society. Part I. Society as a Social System). Moscow, Logos, 2004. 
13. Luman N. Ponyatie obshchestva. Problemy teoreticheskoi sotsiologii (The Concept of Society. Problems of Theoretical Sociology). St. Petersburg, Petropolis, 1994.
14. Luman N. Pochemu neobkhodima «sistemnaya teoriya»? Problemy teoreticheskoi sotsio-logii (Why is a “System Theory” Necessary? Problems of Theoretical Sociology). St. Petersburg, Petropolis, 1994.
15. Luman N.. Real'nost' massmedia (The Reality of the Mass Media), per. s nem. A Yu. Antonovskogo. Moscow, Praksis, 2005.
16. Maslovskaya E.V. Natsional'nye shkoly sovremennoi sotsiologii prava (National Schools of Modern Sociology of Law), Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsial'noi antropologii, 2007, No. 3, pp. 52-64.
17. Nazarchuk A.V. Teoretiko-politicheskie vozzreniya Niklasa Lumana (Theoretical and Political Views of Niklas Luhmann), Polis, 2006, No. 3, pp. 136-149.
18. Ozirchenko D. Nekotorye ponyatiya sistemnoi teorii Niklasa Lumana (Some Concepts of Niklas Luhmann's System Theory), Sotsiologicheskii zhurnal, 1995, Tom 0, No. 3, pp. 110-113. 
19. Poskonin V.V. Kul'turologicheskoe pravoponimanie Tolkotta Parsonsa: teoretiko-metodologicheskii aspect (Culturological Understanding of Tolcott Parsons: Theoretical and Methodological Aspect), dis. ... d-ra yurid. nauk. St. Petersburg, 1996. 
20. Poskonin V.V. Sotsial'no-politicheskaya teoriya T. Parsonsa: metodologicheskii aspect (Socio-Political Theory of T. Parsons: Methodological Aspect). Izhevsk, 1994.
21. Poskonina O.V. Politiko-pravovaya teoriya Niklasa Lumana: metodologicheskii aspect (Political and Legal Theory of Niklas Luhmann: Methodological Aspect), avtoref. dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. SPb., Sankt-Peterburgskaya akademiya MVD Rossii, 1997. 
22. Poskonina O.V. N. Luman o probleme otnosheniya politiki i prava (Luhmann on the Problem of the Relationship between Politics and Law), Prava cheloveka i status pravookhranitel'nykh organov, materialy Mezhdunarodnogo simpoziuma. Sankt-Peterburg, 3-4 marta 1994 g. Ch. 2, pod obshch. red. V.P. Sal'nikova. SPb., Sankt-Peterburgskii yuridicheskii institut MVD Rossii, 1995.
23. Poskonina O.V. Niklas Luman o politicheskoi i yuridicheskoi podsistemakh obshchestva (Niklas Luhmann on Political and Legal Subsystems of Society), monografiya, pod red. V.P. Sal'nikova. Izhevsk, Udmurtskii un-t, 1997.
24. Poskonina O.V. Obshchestvenno-politicheskaya teoriya N. Lumana: metodologicheskii as-pekt (Social and Political Theory of N. Luhmann: Methodological Aspect), monografiya. Izhevsk, Udmurtskii universitet, 1997. 
25. Poskonina O.V. Teoriya demokratii Niklasa Lumana (Niklas Luhman's Theory of Democracy), Grazhdanskoe obshchestvo i silovye struktury: problemy vzaimodeistviya, sb. trudov doktorantov, ad"yunktov i soiskatelei. Vyp. 8, pod obshch. red. V.P. Sal'nikova. St. Petersburg, Sankt-Peterburgskaya akademiya MVD Rossii, 1997.
26. Shtikhvee R. Niklas Luman. Nemetskaya sotsiologiya (Niklas Luhmann. German sociology). St. Petersburg, Nauka, 2003.
27. Shul'ts V.L. Filosofiya Yu. Khabermasa (Philosophy of Yu. Habermas). Moscow, Nauka, 2005.
28. Habermas J., Luhmann N. Theorie der Gesellschaft oder Sozialtechnologie – Was leistet die Systemforschung? Frankfurt a. Moscow, 1971.
29. Luhmann N. Rechtssoziologie. Opladen, 1983.
30. Luhmann N. Soziale Systeme. Frankfurt a. Moscow, 1984.
Received: 20.04.2018
PREHISTORY OF THE STATE AND LAW OF ALGERIAN AMAZIGHS
HADDAD Elhadi
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Law Faculty of the Lobachevsky State University of Nizhniy Novgorod, Lawyer, Algiers,
Algeria. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
One of the understudied topics in the Russian historical and legal science is the history of the early kingdoms and their peoples in North Africa. The article briefly describes the origin of the state of Lubien, which in the 2nd century BC was called Numidia, and the people of Amazigh, who lived in this territory and survived to our time in the Maghreb countries: Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia. The author analyzes the historical and legal development of this state, its disintegration and new unification, the reasons for these processes, the social and state structure, the organization of legal proceedings and the beginning of legal life, international relations with neighboring States – Egypt, Phoenicia, Carthage. Attention is drawn to the peculiarity of the ancient writing of Amazigh, which arose earlier Phoenician, and has survived to this day.
Key words: Amazighs, Berbers, lubben, Numidians, writing, typhinag, haruba, state, law, court.
References
1. Artamonova G.K., Khaddad E. Osobennosti organizatsii i deyatel'nosti advokatury v Alzhire (Features of the Organization and Activities of the Bar in Algiers), Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremennost', 2017, No. 5, pp. 172-176.
2. Artamonova G.K., Khaddad E. Semeinye alimenty po alzhirskomu zakonodatel'stvu (Family Alimony under the Algerian Legislation), Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremennost', 2017, No. 7, pp. 120-122.
3. Deifallakh Mokhammad al'-Akhdar. Lektsii po islamskoi sisteme i arabskoi tsivilizatsii. Diuan al'-matbuat al'-zhamiia (Lectures on the Islamic System and the Arab Civilization. Diuan al-matbuat al-jamiyah), per. s arab.
4. Dzhamil' Khamdavi D. Proiskhozhdenie Amazigov (Origin of the Amazighs), Al' Al'ua. 2014. http://www.alukah.net/culture/0/74461/ (accessed date: 15.12.2017).
5. Ibragim Bakir Abdusalam. Grammatika amazigskogo yazyka (Grammar of the Amazigh Language). T. 1. Al'-Matbaa al'-arabia. Gardaiya, per. s arab.
6. Makha Issavi. Numidiiskie nadpisi (Numidia Inscriptions), per. s arab. 
7. Makhfud Kaddash. Alzhir v drevnei epokhe (Algeria in the Ancient Era), per. s arab. Salekha Abbad. Al'-Muassasa al'-Uatania Lil'kitab. Alzhir, 1993. 
8. Mokhammad Assageir Ganim. Korolevstvo Numidiya i punicheskaya tsivilizatsiya (The Kingdom of Numidia and Punic Civilization), per. s arab. Dar al'-Umma. Alzhir, 1998. 
9. Mokhammad Khamza. Tifinag – drevnyaya pis'mennost' (Tifinag - Ancient Script), per. s arab. Taualt. 16.06.2016. URL: http://www.tawalt.com/?p=1260 (accessed date: 30.01.2018). 
10. Rashid Innadur. Magrib v drevnei epokhe (Maghrib in the Ancient Era). T.1, per. s arab. Dar annakhda. Beirut, 1981. 
11. Sadek Mazkhud. D. Istoriya sudebnoi sistemy Alzhira s berberskogo perioda do natsional'no-osvoboditel'noi voiny (History of the Judicial System of Algeria from the Berber Period to the National Liberation War), per. s arab. Dar-bakha-ddin, 2012. 
12. Taufik al'-Madani. Kniga Alzhira. Dar al'-kitab. Al'-Buleida (The Book of Algeria. Dar al-Kitab. Al-Bouleida), per. s arab.
13. Khaddad E., Barzaniya A. K voprosu o nakazanii za verootstupnichestvo v islamskom prave (On the Issue of the Punishment for Apostasy in Islamic Law), Mir politiki i sotsiologii, 2016, No. 8, pp. 82-86.
14. Khaddad E., Barzaniya A. Printsipy alzhirskoi sudebnoi sistemy (Principles of the Algerian Judicial System), Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremennost', 2017, No. 4, pp. 170-173.
15. Shar Zhulian. Istoriya Severnoi Afriki (History of North Africa), per. s arab. Mokhammada Mozali. Tunis, 1969.
16. F-Decret et M,Fantar, L’afrique du nord dans l’antiquité (des origines au vénes ). P. Payot. 1981, p. 15.
Received: 27.04.2018
INTERNATIONAL LAW ASPECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN THE EU COUNTRIES (PART 2)
MUKHAMETGAREEVANatalia Mikhailovna
Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Senior Instructor of the Chair of International Law and International Relations of the Institute of Law of the Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
YUSUPOVA Zilya Anasovna
Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Chair of International Law and International Relations of the Institute of Law of the Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
The industrial way of the world’s development led to the environmental degradation. At the same time the European countries first realized that the quality of life depends on favorable living environment for every human being. To avoid global environmental changes the European Union began to pursue the centralized ecological policy with the aim of pollution abatement. The paper discusses the issues of environmental protection in the countries of the European Union, the fundamental objectives of economic policy embodied in special programs (on the example of the Sixth Community Environment Action Program). 
Key words: environment, environmental protection, EU environmental policy, environmental quality, EU directives, the Sixth Community Environment Action Program.
References
1. Council Decision of 14 May 1973 adopting a research programme for the European Economic Community on the protection of the environment Council Decision of 14 May 1973 adopting a research programme for the European Economic Community on the protection of the environment. URL:http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:31973D0126&qid=15100745 06525 (accessed date: 03.11.2017). 
2. Decision No 1600/2002/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 July 2002 laying down the Sixth Community Environment Action Programme. URL:http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1510075805967&uri=CELEX:32002D 1600 (accessed date: 03.11.2017).
3. Ramochnaya konvencija OON ob izmenenii klimata (09.05.1992) (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (concluded in New York on 09/05/1992), Mejdunarodnoe publichnoe pravo. Sbornik dokumentov. T. 2. Moscow, BEK, 1996, pp. 138-153. 
4. Konvencija o biologuicheskom raznoobrazii ot 5.06.1992 (Convention on Biological Diversity of 5 June 1992). Sobr. Zakonodatelstva RF, 1996, No. 19, St.2254.
5. Soglashenie ob osuschesvlenii Chasti XI Konvenciji OON po morskomu pravu ot 10.12.1982 (Agreement on the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10.12.1982), Electronniji fond pravovoi I nauchno-tehnicheskoi documentatsii. URL: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/902014019 (accessed date: 13.10.2017).
6. Direktiva 79/409/ EEC Evropejskogo Soveta ot 02 aprelja 1979 g. o sohranenii vidov ptic, zhivushhih v dikoj prirode (Directive 79/409 / EEC of the European Council of April 2, 1979 on the Conservation of Species of Birds Living in the Wild), Pravo Evropejskogo sojuza. URL: http://eulaw.ru (accessed date: 13.10.2017).
7. Rotterdamskaya konvencija o procedure predvaritelnogo obosnovannogo soglasia v otnoshenii opasnih himicheskih veschestv i pestisidiv v mesdunarodnoi torgovle (10.09.1998) (Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade (concluded in Rotterdam on 10.09.1998). Bulleten mesdunarodnih dogovorov, 2012, No. 9, pp. 45-66.
8. Direktiva 75/442 Evropejskogo Soveta ob othodah (Directive 75/442/ EEC of the European Council on waste), Pravo Evropejskogo sojuza. URL: http://eulaw.ru (accessed date: 13.10.2017).
9. European Commission: site. URL: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/pubs/pdf/factsheets/7eap/en. pdf (accessed date: 13.10.2017).
10. The programmed is guided by a long-term vision: In 2050, we live well, within the planet’s ecological limits. Our prosperity and healthy environment stem from an innovative, circular economy where nothing is wasted and where natural resources are managed sustainable, and biodiversity is protected, valued and restored in ways that enhance our society’s resilience. Our low-carbon growth has long been decoupled from resource use, setting the pace for a safe and sustainable global society: European Commission: site. URL: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/pubs/pdf/factsheets/7eap/en. pdf (accessed date: 13.10.2017).
Received: 20.02.2018
ON SOME HISTORY PAGES OF THE STATE LAW DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIA
To the Publication of the Book by Vladimir and Vera Semenov “The Orenburg Nepluevsky Cadet Corps. History in Faces / V.G. Semenov, V.P. Semenova. - Orenburg: OOO “Orenburgskoe knizhnoe izdatelstvo imeni G.P. Donkovtseva”, 2017. – 592 p.”
GALIEV Farit Khatipovich
Doctor of Law, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Economic and Legal Security of the Institute of History and Public Administration of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Bashkir State
University”, Ufa, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Received: 15.05.2018
REVIEWS
WHEN WRITING A REVIEW IS NOT ONLY PLEASANT BUT HONORABLE
On the book by S.I. Zakhartsev and V.P. Salnikov “The Philosophy of Law and Legal Science”, translated into English and published in Cambridge: S.I. Zakhartsev, V.P. Salnikov. The Philosophy of Law and Legal Science. - Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018. - 270 p.
GALIEV Farit Khatipovich
 Doctor of Law, Professor of the Department of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of Law of Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia.
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
RAYANOV Fanis Mansurovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Professor of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of Law of the FBSEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.
Е-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Received: 25.05.2018
TO THE AUTHORS
 
 
ALEXANDROV Ilya Andreevich
Instructor of the Chair of Constitutional and Administrative Law of the Togliatti State University, Togliatti, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ALEKSANIN Alexander Sergeevich
Adjunct of the Department of Operative Search Activities of the St. Petersburg University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Major Case Investigator of the Russian MIA General Administration for the city of St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region, St. Petersburg,Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
AMINEVA Zulfiya Farisovna
Degree-Seeking Student of the Department of Criminal Procedure of the FSBEI HE “Ural State Law University”, Yekaterinburg, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
BUSHUEV Veniamin Aleksandrovich
Teacher at Autonomous Noncommercial Organization of Supplementary Professional Education Training Center “Obrazovaniye Plus”. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
CHERNYKH Alexey Victorovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), First Vice-rector of the Bolshoi Ballet Academy,Moscow, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
CHUKLOVA Elena Valerievna
 Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Department of Business and Labour Law of the Togliatti State University, Togliatti, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
DAVYDOVA Ekaterina Aleksandrovna
Postgraduate student, Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Federal State-Funded  Educational Institution of Higher Education “Ural Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation”, Yekaterinburg, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ENIKEEV Oleg Anatolievich
Candidate of Science (Law), Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Chair of Civil Law and Procedure of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir Academy of State Service and Administration under the Head of the Republic of Bashkortostan”, Ufa, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ENIKEEVA Svetlana Akhmetovna
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Ufa, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
FAYZULLINA Alina Anisovna
Candidate of Science (Law), Assistant Professor of the Chair of Forensics of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir State University“, Ufa, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
GALIEV Farit Khatipovich
Doctor of Law, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Economic and Legal Security of the Institute of History and Public Administration of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Bashkir State
University”, Ufa, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
GRANDONYAN Karapet Andranikovich
Candidate of  Sciences (Law), Dean of the Faculty of Economic Security and Customs of the Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Assistant Professor of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Saratov, Russia.Е-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
GOROKHOVA Svetlana Sergeevna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Department of Legal Regulation of Economic Operations of the FSEBI HE “Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation”, Moscow, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
HADDAD Elhadi
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Law Faculty of the Lobachevsky State University of Nizhniy Novgorod, Lawyer, Algiers,Algeria. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ISMAGILOV Igor Rashidovich
Corporate Lawyer of Eurasian Resources Group (Luxembourg).E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
LIPINSKIY Dmitry Anatolievich 
Doctor of Law, Professor, Professor of the Togliatti State University, Togliatti, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. 
IVANOVA Tatiana Konstantinovna 
Postgraduate Student of the Chair of Civil Law of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE “Bashkir state University”, Sterlitamak, Russia.E-mail:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
KABANOVA Lyudmila Nikolaevna
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law of the Institute of Law, Togliatti State University. Togliatti, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
KABANOV Pavel Aleksandrovich
Candidate of Sciences, Assistant Professor of the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure of the Institute of Law, Togliatti State University. Togliatti, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
KHAIRLVARINA Lilia Ildarovna
Postgraduate Student, Chief Lawyer of the Legal Department of the Soviet District Administration of Urban District the Ufa City of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Ufa, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
KHYSHIKTUEV Oleg Valentinovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Head of the Department of International Law of the Buryat State University, Honoured Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Ulan-Ude, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
KOKHMAN Dmitry Vadimovich
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Penal Law of the “Academy of Law and Management of the Federal Penal Service  of Russia”, Ryazan, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
KOMAROV Vladimir Sergeevich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of Civil Law and Procedure of the Law Institute (St.-Petersburg), Saint-Petersburg, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
KURMANOV Midhat Mazgutovich
Doctor of Law, Professor of the Department of State Law Disciplines of the Kazan Institute (branch) of the All-Russian State University of Justice (RPA of the Ministry of Justiceof Russia), Kazan, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
MAZITOV Artur Ildusovich
Postgraduate Student of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of Law of the FBSEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
MOKOSEEVA Marina Aleksandrovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, FSBEI HE “Mari State University”,Yoshkar-Ola, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
MUKHAMETGAREEVA Natalia Mikhailovna
Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Senior Instructor of the Chair of International Law and International Relations of the Institute of Law of the Bashkir State University, Ufa,Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
POPOVA Anna Vladislavovna,
Doctor of Law, Candidate of Sciences (Philosophy), Associate Professor, Professor of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of Law of the FSBEI HE  “Bashkir State University”; Professor of the Department of Legal Regulation of Economic Operations of the FSEBI “Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation”; Professor of the Department of Constitutional Law of the Institute of Law and National Security of the FSEBI HE “Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy And Public Administration”, Moscow, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
RAYANOV Fanis Mansurovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Professor of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of Law of the FBSEI HE  “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.Е-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
REVNOV Boris Alexandrovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law of the Law Institute (St.-Petersburg), Saint-Petersburg, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
RUMIANTCEV Pavel Alexandrovich 
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Chair of Criminal Law and Procedure of the Togliatti State University, Togliatti, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
ROMANOVSKAYA Vera Borisovna
Doctor of Law, Professor, Head of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of the Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod (National Research University), Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
SALNIKOV Viktor Petrovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal “Legal Science: History and Modernity”, St. Petersburg, Russia E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
SEMITKO Alexey Pavlovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Head of the Chair of Public Law of the Autonomous Non-Profit Organization of Higher Education “Liberal Arts University” (Yekaterinburg), Visiting Professor at the University Paris Nanterre, France, Yekaterinburg, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
SHABUROV Anatoliy Stepanovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Professor of the Department of Theory of State and Law of the Ural State Law University, Yekaterinburg, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
SHAGIMURATOVA Zaliya Albertovna 
Senior Instructor of the Chair of Financial and Environmental  Law of the Institute of Law of the FBSEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia. E-mail:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
SHERPAEV Vladimir Ivanovich
Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of the Department of Theory of State and Law of the Ural State Law University, Yekaterinburg,  Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
SHEPOTKINA-MARININA Tatyana Vladimirovna
Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod (National Research University), Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
TLEPINA Sholpan Valerevna
Doctor of Law, Professor of the Department of International Law of the Faculty of Law of L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Astana, Kazakhstan. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
YUBIN Igor Gennadievich
Postgraduate Student of the Law Institute (St. Petersburg), St. Petersburg, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
YUSUPOVA Zilya Anasovna
Candidate of Sciences (Philology), Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Chair of International Law and International Relations of the Institute of Law of the Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
 
 

ISSN 2500-0217 / Включен в Перечень ВАК